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(Reuters) - Silicon Valley’s hoodie-wearing tech entrepreneurs are the poster kids of innovation. But the innovators who are really changing the world are more likely to wear labcoats and hold government-related jobs in Grenoble, Munich or Tokyo. That's the conclusion of Reuters’ Top 25 Global Innovators – Government, a list that identifies and ranks the publicly funded institutions doing the most to advance science and technology. Topping the list is France's Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), for its research into areas including renewable power, public health, and information security. Rounding out the top three: Germany’s Fraunhofer Society and Japan’s Science and Technology Agency. On a country-by-country basis, the United States leads the list, with six organizations ranked (France and Japan each have four, and Germany has three). The Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) is the top U.S. finisher, placing fourth. The rankings were compiled by the Intellectual Property & Science division of Thomson Reuters, which used proprietary data and analysis tools to examine patents and research papers from the past eight years to find the governmental organizations most likely to change the world. A separate ranking of similar data from universities was published last year. (Reuters.com/most-innovative-universities) It took a government agency to put a man on the moon, and even in the age of the Internet, governments are still moving science and technology forward. They do pure research that private companies often find it hard to justify and afford, and make discoveries that launch entire industries: publicly funded organizations split the atom, invented the Internet, and mapped the human genome. There are 16,000 technicians, engineers and researchers in 10 government-run centers throughout France working on the next great innovation. They’re all a part of CEA, a public research institution specializing in nuclear and renewable energies, defense and security, as well as information and health technologies. Established by General Charles de Gaulle at the end of World War II, the organization represents France in the nuclear sector, promoting safe and responsible use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. CEA ranks first among government research institutes in part because its researchers apply for and receive significantly more patents than most government organizations - an indication that their research has strong potential for commercial value. Those patents are also frequently cited by outside researchers, showing that CEA has a big impact on R&D efforts at other organizations. CEA receives the majority of its funding from the French government, and works closely with national agencies on projects ranging from building nuclear-powered naval vessels to improving the nation's cybersecurity. But it also has more than 500 industrial partners, and its research has led to the creation of 115 spinoff companies since 2000, including Paris-based biopharmaceutical company Theranexus, which is working on advanced treatments for psychiatric disorders. The second most innovative institution on the Top 25 Global Innovators – Government list also focuses on developing technology that can help fuel private industry. Germany’s Fraunhofer Society is Europe's largest applied research institution, with 24,000 staff members in 67 institutes and research units. Public sector funds account for only about a third of its annual budget; most of the Society's research is funded by contracts with industry. European institutions account for nine out of 25 ranked institutions, more than any other continent. Asia comes in second with eight institutions, including third-place finisher the Japan Science & Technology Agency, or JST. An independent administrative institution under the government's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, it works primarily with academia, industry and other international research institutions. Three JST scientists won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2014 for inventing efficient blue-light-emitting diodes, which have enabled bright, energy-saving white-light sources. HHS, the top-ranked government innovator in the U.S., is a cabinet-level department of the federal government tasked with protecting the health of American citizens. Although primarily known as a regulatory and service agency, the department's 11 operating divisions include some of the nation's most active centers of scientific research, including the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Food and Drug Administration. (Patents filed by these institutions list the name of their parent agency, so for the purposes of this list, Thomson Reuters ranked HHS instead of its subsidiaries.) Also on the list: The United States Navy and the United States Army. Like HHS, these military service organizations aren’t best known for science, but they perform a wide range of basic and applied research in pursuit of their mission. More than 60 researchers have won a Nobel Prize for work funded by the Office of Naval Research since it was established in 1946. The United States Army Laboratory, established in 1992, has developed products such as advanced coatings to shield vehicles from chemical warfare, which are now used to protect monuments, sculptures and artworks. To compile the ranking, the IP & Science division of Thomson Reuters began by identifying more than 500 global organizations - including universities, nonprofit charities, and government-funded institutions - that published the most articles in academic journals. Then they identified the total number of patents filed by each organization and evaluated each candidate on factors including how many patents it filed, how often those applications were granted, how many patents were filed to global patent offices in addition to local authorities and how often the patents were cited by other patents. Candidates were also evaluated in terms of the number of articles published by researchers in academic journals, how often those papers were cited by patents and how many articles featured a co-author from industry. Finally, they trimmed the list so that it only included government-run or funded organizations, and then ranked them based on their performance. (Full methodology: Reuters.com/global-innovators-government/methodology.)
French Institute of Health, Medical Research, Cea, University Paris - Sud and University Paris Diderot | Date: 2013-07-31
The present invention relates to the prevention or treatment of inflammatory diseases. The present invention also relates to a method for screening a compound capable of promoting or restoring the resolution of inflammation and which may be useful for preventing or treating inflammatory disorders.
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The top clean tech jobs for this week include listings for the deputy lab director of operations position at NREL, an ad manager for a solar media company, a cleantech services analyst, a project manager at an early-stage “cleanweb” company, an environmental permitting manager, and more. As part of our collaboration with other projects within the Important Media network, we’ve partnered with our sister site Green Job Post to bring you a weekly summary of the top clean tech job listings. We’ve also set up a dedicated clean tech jobs newsletter to deliver these weekly listings to your inbox, and there are a number of other green job listings newsletters available (see below), including one for all new job listings. The top clean tech job listings for the week of January 22nd, 2016 Advertisement Manager: Solar Media We are looking for an experienced media sales individual to help drive advertising revenue on our, already successful, products in the United States and provide clients with multiplatform, creative marketing solutions in a rapidly growing and exciting industry. Given the recent announcement on the solar investment tax credits (ITC) the US is set to be one of the biggest growth solar markets in the world over the next 5 years resulting in an additional $125 Billion of new, private sector investment in the US economy. Primarily selling digital, print and video advertising solutions to the United States. Project Specialist: WegoWise WegoWise is an early-stage cleanweb company offering an online utility intelligence platform. Work with a motivated team providing support to new and existing clients. This will include demonstrating the company’s products and services, assisting new clients with the onboarding process, developing and presenting proposals to current and potential customers, and assisting the technical team in improving the software’s features, reliability, and deployment. Deputy Laboratory Director, Operations: NREL The Deputy Laboratory Director – Operations is a member of the Senior Leadership team, and is responsible for leading and overseeing all business operations (support) for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The Deputy Laboratory Director – Operations primary role is to provide operational leadership in support of NREL’s mission to accomplish world class research and to act with the decision authority of the Laboratory Director on matters involving mission and support functions regardless of where they are performed across the laboratory. Cleantech Services Analyst: Schneider Electric The Cleantech Services Analyst will develop and deliver high-impact services and solutions that create client value, financial and environmental impact reductions, and develop / track performance against client goals and strategies. Schneider Electric is seeking candidates with experience in the below responsibility areas. Overall, the Cleantech Services Analyst will have a disciplined focus on providing client services and solutions on renewable energy solutions, evolving energy response management services (e.g., demand and price response), emerging technologies such as fuel cells, batteries and energy storage solutions as well as other evolving opportunities. Environmental Permitting Manager: Apex Clean Energy We are currently seeking an Environmental Permitting Manager to support our national portfolio of wind and solar projects. This position reports to the Director of Wildlife and Environmental Permitting based in our Charlottesville, Virginia, office and will work with the development, construction, and operations groups to support all aspects of environmental permitting and regulatory compliance. Work will focus on wildlife, cultural, wetlands, and Phase 1 ESAs, but may include other permitting and compliance disciplines as well as due diligence reviews of potential acquisitions and greenfield development. Project Manager: Green Charge Networks Founded in 2009, Green Charge provides financed intelligent energy storage solutions for companies, institutions, and cities across the United States. Green Charge is growing and we’re looking for a Project Manager with construction projects experience. The project manager is responsible for the overall planning, direction, coordination, implementation, execution, control, and completion of specific energy storage projects within the allocated budget and schedule while ensuring compliance with company policies and procedures. Act as a liaison with all company departments to execute construction projects in a timely and cost effective manner. Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Systems Engineer: NREL The National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s Transportation & Hydrogen Systems Center is seeking an engineer with experience in research and development of fuel cells and hydrogen infrastructure. This position requires experience in fuel cell vehicle development, testing, and analysis. Hydrogen infrastructure systems testing, codes and standards, and analysis are also required for this position. Corporate Environmental Affairs Professional: IBM IBM’s Corporate Environmental Affairs (CEA) position reports to the Manager, Environmental Programs and Policy. You will gain a thorough familiarity with IBM’s Global Environmental Management System and all aspects of environmental affairs at IBM. This will include the application of environmental laws, regulations, and standards to IBM’s operations, products and solutions offerings; evaluation of suppliers responsible for hazardous waste management and end-of-life product disposal; and internal and external communications involving IBM’s environmental programs and performance. Reliability Test Engineer: Tesla Motors This position is within the Reliability Engineering team, supporting electrical reliability testing. The role requires exceptional communication skills in order to work with various teams. Also requires organizational skills to manage and streamline the flow of parts into various electrical tests. Level of this position will be determined at the time of the interview. Get green job notifications in your industry! Subscribe to: Get CleanTechnica’s 1st (completely free) electric car report → “Electric Cars: What Early Adopters & First Followers Want.” Come attend CleanTechnica’s 1st “Cleantech Revolution Tour” event → in Berlin, Germany, April 9–10. Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter.
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The galaxy cluster is called CL J1001+0220 (CL J1001 for short) and is located about 11.1 billion light years from Earth. The discovery of this object pushes back the formation time of galaxy clusters -the largest structures in the Universe held together by gravity - by about 700 million years. "This galaxy cluster isn't just remarkable for its distance, it's also going through an amazing growth spurt unlike any we've ever seen," said Tao Wang of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) who led the study. The core of CL J1001 contains eleven massive galaxies - nine of which are experiencing an impressive baby boom of stars. Specifically, stars are forming in the cluster's core at a rate that is equivalent to over 3,000 Suns forming per year, a remarkably high value for a galaxy cluster, including those that are almost as distant, and therefore as young, as CL J1001. The diffuse X-ray emission detected by Chandra and ESA's XMM-Newton Observatory comes from a large amount of hot gas, one of the defining features of a true galaxy cluster. "It appears that we have captured this galaxy cluster at a critical stage just as it has shifted from a loose collection of galaxies into a young, but fully formed galaxy cluster," said co-author David Elbaz from CEA. Previously, only these loose collections of galaxies, known as protoclusters, had been seen at greater distances than CL J1001. The results suggest that elliptical galaxies in galaxy clusters like CL J1001 may form their stars during shorter and more violent outbursts than elliptical galaxies that are outside clusters. Also, this discovery suggests that much of the star formation in these galaxies happens after the galaxies fall onto the cluster, not before. In comparing their results to computer simulations of the formation of clusters performed by other scientists, the team of astronomers found that CL J1001 has an unexpectedly high amount of mass in stars compared to the cluster's total mass. This may show that the build-up of stars is more rapid in distant clusters than simulations imply, or it may show that clusters like CL J1001 are so rare that they are not found in today's largest cosmological simulations. "We think we're going to learn a lot about the formation of clusters and the galaxies they contain by studying this object," said co-author Alexis Finoguenov of the University of Helsinki in Finland, "and we're going to be searching hard for other examples." The result is based on data from a large group of observatories in space and on the ground including Chandra, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and Spitzer Space Telescope, ESA's XMM-Newton and Herschel Space Observatory, the NSF's Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the Institut de Radioastronomie Millimetrique Northern Extended Millimeter Array (IRAM NOEMA), and ESO's Very Large Telescope. A paper describing these results will appear in The Astrophysical Journal on August 30th and is available online. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, manages the Chandra program for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, controls Chandra's science and flight operations. Explore further: Chandra weighs most massive galaxy cluster in distant universe
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A water-borne answer to the Solar Impulse—the plane that completed its round-the-globe trip using only solar energy in July—the Energy Observer will be powered by the Sun, the wind and self-generated hydrogen when it sets sail in February as scheduled. The multi-hulled catamaran is in a shipyard at Saint-Malo on France's west coast, awaiting the installation of solar panels, wind turbines and electrolysis equipment, which breaks down water to produce its component elements, hydrogen and oxygen. "We are going to be the first boat with an autonomous means of producing hydrogen," says Frenchman Victorien Erussard, who is behind the project—confidential until now—with compatriot Jacques Delafosse, a documentary filmmaker and professional scuba diver. The plan is for the boat's batteries, which will feed the electric motors, to be powered in good weather by solar and wind energy, explains the 37-year-old merchant navy officer with a smile. "If there's no Sun or wind, or if it's night, stored hydrogen—generated by electrolysis powered by the solar panels and two wind turbines—will take over," he says. As a result, the vessel's trip will not use any carbon-emitting fossil fuels, as is the case for 96 percent of boats today. The vessel itself has a storied past. The catamaran won the Jules Verne trophy, for a team sailing non-stop round the world, in 1994. It was bought for 500,000 euros ($562,000) and extended by a whopping six metres, to 30.5 metres (100 feet), for the project. One of the backers of the endeavour is well-known French environmentalist Nicolas Hulot. "I support it because it's the first project of this kind to actually be undertaken, it's ambitious and looking toward the future," Hulot, a former special envoy on environmental protection to President Francois Hollande, told AFP. "It's very promising for marine transport," Hulot added. "The Energy Observer is going to demonstrate that you can have great autonomy (at sea) and you can store and find energy when there isn't any more wind or sun." The Energy Observer was designed in partnership with a team of naval architects and the CEA-Liten research institute in the French city of Grenoble, which is dedicated to renewable energy technologies. At a total cost of 4.2 million euros ($4.72 million), the green energy boat will be fitted with sensors to act as veritable moving laboratory for CEA-Liten, whose director Florence Lambert describes the project as a "great challenge" to take on. "Energy Observer is emblematic of what will be the energy networks of tomorrow, with solutions that could even be used within five years," says Lambert. "For example, the houses of tomorrow could incorporate a system of hydrogen storage, which is produced during the summer months and then used in the winter." The head of the project at CEA-Liten, Didier Bouix, adds that hydrogen can store "20 times more energy" than conventional batteries. Energy Observer's world tour is expected to take six years. After a careful crossing of the Mediterranean, the catamaran will venture out into the Atlantic and then Pacific oceans. In all, 101 stopovers are planned from Cuba to New Caledonia to Goa on India's west coast. There are still hurdles to overcome, not least in funding: the Energy Observer's trip is expected to cost a minimum of four million euros a year, notably to develop a traveling exhibition. But the team says it is confident of getting the funds. And once again it finds inspiration from its airplane mentor Solar Impulse—which flew around the world on renewable energy and accomplished "what everyone said was impossible," said Delafosse. Explore further: Scientists using sunlight, water to produce renewable hydrogen power