Mathieu A.-L.,University of Lyon |
Mathieu A.-L.,Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon |
Sperandio O.,CDithem |
Sperandio O.,University Paris Diderot |
And 24 more authors.
Journal of Biomolecular Screening | Year: 2014
One approach currently being developed in anticancer drug discovery is to search for small compounds capable of occupying and blocking the hydrophobic pocket of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members necessary for interacting with pro-apoptotic proteins. Such an approach led to the discovery of several compounds, such as ABT-737 (which interacts with Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, and Bcl-w) or the latest one, ABT-199, that selectively targets Bcl-2 protein. The efficacy of those compounds is, however, limited by the expression of two other anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 members, Mcl-1 and Bfl-1. Based on the role of Bfl-1 in cancer, especially in chemoresistance associated with its overexpression in B-cell malignancies, we searched for modulators of protein-protein interaction through a high-throughput screening of a designed chemical library with relaxed drug-like properties to identify small molecules targeting Bfl-1 anti-apoptotic protein. We found two compounds that display electrophilic functions, interact with Bfl-1, inhibit Bfl-1 protective activity, and promote cell death of malignant B cells. Of particular interest, we observed a synergistic effect of those compounds with ABT-737 in Bfl-1 overexpressing lymphoma cell lines. Our results provide the basis for the development of Bfl-1 specific antagonists for antitumor therapies. © 2014 Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening.