CCSHAU Regional Research Station

Bāwal, India

CCSHAU Regional Research Station

Bāwal, India
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Khippal A.,CCS HAU Regional Research Station | Khippal A.,ICAR Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research | Singh S.,CCS HAU Regional Research Station | Singh S.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | And 7 more authors.
Legume Research | Year: 2016

To increase the area, production and productivity of sugarcane and legumes/oilseeds for increasing the profit of the farmers’, field experiments were conducted at Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Karnal during 2005-06 and 2006-07 followed by demonstrations on intercropping of legumes/oilseed with sugarcane at farmers’ field in Kaithal district during 2009-10 and 2010-11. Cane yield did not reduce significantly due to intercropping except raya during 2005 -06. The percent incidence of pink borer, shoot borer, top borer and root borer remained below economical threshold level (ETL). In all intercropping systems, total land equivalent ratio (LERt) was greater than unity, indicated yield advantage for the intercropped plots. Land equivalent coefficient (LEC) followed the same pattern as LERt. Total area time equivalent ratio (ATERt) values showed an advantage (22-28 %) with all intercropping systems than sole cropping with maximum advantage from sugarcane + chickpea. Sugarcane was more competitive than pea and lentil intercrops, whereas, raya and chickpea were more competitive than sugarcane. Higher competitive ratio values for the intercrops (CRi) indicated that all the intercrops were more competitive than sugarcane. Total values of actual yield loss (AYL) showed an advantage of 22-38% from intercropping compared to sole cropping. Highest monetary advantage index (MAI) value was obtained from sugarcane + pea intercropping system (75779). However, the minimum MAI was obtained from sugarcane + lentil intercropping system (62382). Demonstrations on intercropping at farmers’ field also resulted in higher gross returns, returns over variable cost and benefit: cost ratio. © 2016, Agricultural Research Communication Centre. All rights reserved.


Kumar P.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Singh B.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Poonia S.S.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Kumar V.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station
Annals of Biology | Year: 2013

A field experiment was conducted at CCSHAU Regional Research Station Bawal, Rewari on loamy sand soil to study the effect of temporal adjustment on the productivity of Indian mustard {Brassica juncea L.) genotypes under late planting condition during rabi 2003-04. Results of the investigation revealed that cultivation of Indian mustard after November 12 was not economical under semi-arid climatic conditions of south-western Haryana. Indian mustard crop planted on October 27 recorded higher seed and oil yield, productivity and net returns (2382 and 938 kg/ha, 16.7 kg seed/ha/day and Rs. 19073/ha) over November 4 (2206 and 865 kg/ha, 15.6 kg seed/ha/day and Rs. 16092/ha), November 12 (1701 and 599 kg/ha, 12.5 kg seed/ha/day and Rs. 7499/ha) and November 20 (1130 and 372 kg/ha, 8.4 kg seed/ha/day and Rs. -2211/ha). Seed yield and its contributory characters differed significantly within genotypes of Indian mustard. Indian mustard genotypes RH-0115 and RH-9801, RH-0115 and Vardan and RH-0115 and RH-0028 may be preferred for cultivation, if sowing is delayed by October 27, November 4 and 12, respectively, for exploiting full seed and oil yield potential of crop and to fetch maximum net gain. Genotype RH-0115 recorded significantly highest productivity of 14.8 kg seed/ha/day over others and gave maximum seed yield and net returns under all situations except November 20 sowing.


Kumar M.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Jaipal S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Jaipal S.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Malik V.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kumar A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Annals of Agri Bio Research | Year: 2013

Sugarcane industry byproducts such as molasses, bagasse, press-mud and cane trash were evaluated for mass production of green muscardine fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschn.) Sorokin. These substrates amended exogenously the carbohydrate and protein sources in various concentrations, autoclaved at 15 psi pressure (121.6°C) for 30 min, inoculated with 2 ml conidial suspension of M. anisopliae (1 x 107 conidia/ml) and incubated for 20 days at 26±1°C. After 20 days of inoculation, the number of conidia per ml of suspension and fungal biomass and time taken to sporulate was calculated. The production of conidia was significantly different among the different substrates. In liquid media highest conidiation (17.49 x 107 conidia/ml) was observed when 4% molasses were amended with 1.5% yeast. Among solid media, highest conidiation (721.00 x 107 conidia/ml) was observed when pressmud was amended with 3% molasses and 1.5% yeast.


Kumar M.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Jaipal S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Jaipal S.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Malik V.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Annals of Biology | Year: 2013

Metarhizium anisopliae was cultured on sugarcane industry byproducts viz., molasses, bagasse, press-mud and cane trash. The production of conidia was significantly different among the different substrates. Conidia produced in all the substrates tested were pathogenic to Holotrichia consanguniea and workers of termite (Microtermes obesi). The conidia produced from liquid media (molasses-yeast based media) and solid media (bagasse based media) showed high virulence against both H. consanguniea and workers of termite (M obesi).


Ahmed A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Ahmed A.,Haramaya University | Thakral S.K.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kumar A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | And 2 more authors.
Research on Crops | Year: 2013

Sustaining and improving the productivity of wheat in Indo-Gangetic Plains of India would require research focused to evolve new and innovative production technologies. A study was conducted during winter seasons of 2008-09 and 2009-10 to evaluate the effects of three planting techniques (furrow irrigated raised bed system-FIRBS, conventional tillage-CT and zero till-ZT), wheat cultivars (WH 711, WH 1022 and PBW 343), weed control treatments (some weed control treatments (clodinafop fb metsulfuron @ 60 & 4 g/ha, weedy and weed free) and their interaction on the productivity of wheat and associated weeds. The weed population and dry weight were significantly lower when the crop was planted on FIRBS as compared to ZT and CT. Weed infestation was lower in cultivar PBW 343 than cultivars WH 711 and WH 1022. Application of clodinafop fb metsulfuron @ 60 & 4 g/ha effectively controlled the weed flora over weedy check and was comparable with weed free treatment. The crop planted on FIRBS produced 0.4 and 3.4% higher grain yield than ZT and CT, respectively. Cultivar PBW 343 produced higher grain yield than cultivars WH 711 and WH 1022. No significant differences were found in grain yield obtained with the application of clodinafop fb metsulfuron and weed free treatments. However, both weed control treatments resulted in significant yield gains over weedy check. The interaction between planting techniques × weeding methods and planting techniques × cultivars was significant. The results revealed that application of clodinafop fb metsulfuron in wheat planted on FIRBS provided effective control of weeds comparable to weed free crop planted either on FIRBS or ZT and CT. Cultivar PBW 343 produced highest grain yield under FIRBS and CT, whereas cultivar WH 711 performed better under ZT.


Ahmed A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Ahmed A.,Haramaya University | Thakral S.K.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kumar A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | And 4 more authors.
Research on Crops | Year: 2013

Studies were carried out during the winter seasons of 2008-09 and 2009-10 to evaluate the influence of establishment methods and weed management practices on physiological traits and yield of wheat cultivars at CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India. The experiment was laid out in split plot design taking three crop establishment methods, furrow irrigated raised bed system (FIRBS), convential tillage (CT) and zero till (ZT) in main plots and three wheat cultivars, WH 711, WH 1022 and PBW 343 in sub-plots and three weed management practices, application of clodinafop fb metsulfuron @ 60 & 4 g/ha (C fb M), weedy check and weed free in sub-sub-plots replicated four times. The results revealed that establishment methods, wheat cultivars and weed management practices significantly affected weed populations and their dry weight, physiological traits and yield of wheat. Weed populations and their dry weight decreased significantly in FIRBS and ZT established crop and cultivar PBW 343. Application of C fb M was as effective as hand weeding in controlling weeds. Sowing of wheat on FIRBS, use of cultivar PBW 343 and control of weeds by C fb M resulted in higher leaf area index (LAI), leaf area duration (LAD) and crop growth rate (CGR) as compared to other treatments. The grain yield of wheat was higher in FIRBS than ZT and CT, in cultivar PBW 343 than WH 711 and WH 1022 and by the application of Cfb M than weedy check. The interaction between establishment methods × weeding management practices and establishment methods × wheat cultivars was significant. The results revealed that application of C fb M in the crop planted on FIRBS provided effective control of weeds comparable to hand weeding in the crop planted either on FIRBS or ZT and CT. Cultivar PBW 343 produced highest grain yield under FIRBS and CT, whereas cultivar WH 711 performed better under ZT. The results revealed that among the physiological traits, LAI was the most critical trait influencing grain yield of wheat through its effect on LAD, CGR and biomass.


Kumar A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kumar M.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Nandal D.P.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kaushik N.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kaushik N.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station
Range Management and Agroforestry | Year: 2013

Two crops namely wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cv. WH- 542 and Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) cv. RH-30 were sown in the inter spaces of two and half years old plantation of Eucalyptus tereticornis planted at a spacing of 6 × 2m. The height of wheat and mustard was significantly less under agri-silviculture system as compared to sole cropping. The other parameters such as plants per running meter row length (161.7), spike length (7.7 cm), grains per spike (37.7) and test weight (26.7g) were significantly less under Eucalyptus than in sole cropping. In mustard primary branches per plant and seeds per siliqua was less under Eucalyptus than sole cropping. Yield parameters such as secondary branches per plant, siliqua per plant and test weight were also significantly higher in sole cropping. The grain and straw/stover yields of both the crops under Eucalyptus decreased significantly as compared to sole cropping. Grain yield reduction (63.2%) was less in wheat. Net returns from crop grown with Eucalyptus and sole cropping revealed that higher income (Rs 46, 620/ha) was recorded in sole wheat and Rs 1,890/ ha in wheat- Eucalyptus agroforestry system.


Kumar Y.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Lamba R.A.S.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Singh B.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Kumar V.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station
Annals of Agri Bio Research | Year: 2014

The present investigation was undertaken to study the variability parameters, correlation and path coefficient analysis for 10 quantitative traits in 17 wheat varieties under late sown condition at CCSHAU Regional Research Station, Bawal (Haryana) during rabi 2012-13. Significant genotypic differences were observed for all the traits studied indicating considerable amount of variation among varieties for each trait. Highest PCV and GCV were recorded for grain yield followed by harvest index, number of grains per spike, biological yield and plant height, whereas days to heading and maturity exhibited least coefficients of variation. Moderate to high heritability (broad sense) was observed for all the traits except for number of tillers per meter row that showed low heritability. Moderate to high heritability coupled with high genetic advance as per cent of mean was observed for harvest index, grain yield, number of grains per spike, plant height, biological yield and 1000-grain weight. Number of tillers per metre row, number of grains per spike and harvest index showed significant positive correlation with grain yield. Path coefficient analysis revealed that harvest index and biological yield had highest positive direct effect on grain yield. Hence, main emphasis should be given on harvest index, biological yield, number of grains per spike and number of tillers per metre row in wheat improvement programme under late sown condition.


Nehra S.D.S.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Kathwal R.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Satpal S.M.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station | Kumar A.,CCSHAU Regional Research Station
Annals of Agri Bio Research | Year: 2014

Field experiments were carried out during rabi seasons of 2002-03 and 2003-04 at Agronomy Research Farm of CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. Experiments aimed at evaluating the effect of seed rate and weed management practices in different tillage techniques viz., Zero tillage (ZT), Bed planting (BP), Conventional line sowing (CT-L) and conventional broadcasting (CT-B). Each experiment was laid out in factorial R. B. D. with treatments comprising three seed rates (75, 100 and 125 kg/ha) and four weed management practices (Sulfosulfuron @ 25 g/ha, metsulfuron methyl @ 4 g/ha, weed free and weedy check) replicated thrice. Crop growth characters, yield attributes and yield significantly increased with increase in seed rates in all tillage experiments except in bed planted experiment where two higher seed rates were at par for grain yield and yield attributes. Application of sulfosulfuron @ 25 g/ha significantly reduced the weeds over weedy check and resulted in yield statistically at par with weed free treatment.

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