Hisār, India
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Rajanna G.A.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Dhindwal A.S.,CCSHAU | Nanwal R.K.,CCSHAU
Cereal Research Communications | Year: 2017

Field experiment was conducted during the rabi (winter) seasons of 2012-2013 and 2013-2014, to evaluate the outcome of irrigation schedules and crop establishment techniques on physiological parameters, root parameters and water productivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum (L.) emend. Flori & Paol) on sandy loam soils at CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar under four crop establishment techniques with three irrigation schedules allotted in strip plot design and replicated thrice. Zero tillage (ZT) and irrigation applied at CRI + IW:CPE = 0.90 registered significantly highest relative water content (RWC) of wheat leaves during 2012-2013 (83.6%) and during 2013-2014 (80.9%) as compared to conventional tillage (CT) and minimum tillage (MT). Wheat planted on bed (FIRBS) and irrigation applied at CRI + IW:CPE = 0.90 evidenced significantly higher grain yield by 12-19% and took more days from spike initiation to anthesis, anthesis to milk stage and milk to maturity during 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 crop seasons. WUE (144.6 and 155.4 kg ha-cm-1) and IWP (4.3 and 4.5 kg m-3) perceived highest under bed planting by using lower total consumptive use of water (35.71 and 35.45 cm) during the respective crop seasons. Thus the CU was around 6-12%, lower under FIRBS as compared to other crop establishment techniques. Application of irrigation at CRI + IW:CPE = 0.75 resulted in highest WUE (129.0 and 140.0 kg ha-cm-1) and IWP (4.2 and 4.4 kg m-3) with minimum water used (37.41 and 36.22 cm) during 2012-2013 and 2013-2014, respectively in contrast to other two moisture regimes. © 2017 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

Kumar S.,CCSHAU | Chawla V.,CCSHAU | Kumar P.,CCSHAU | Yadava R.K.,CCSHAU
Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding | Year: 2017

Parental genotypes H567.71 and WH542 and 107 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were grown in field conditions during the rabi season 2010-11 and 2011-12. The numbers of infected grains were recorded and percentage of infected grains and coefficients of infection were worked out. A wide range of variation was observed among the RILs evaluated for Karnal bunt resistance. The distribution of RILs based on Karnal bunt disease was higher towards the resistant parent (H567.71). The population also characterized morphologically for various traits and analysis of variance for morphological characters showed significant variations among the RILs. Seventy SSRs markers were used for screening of the parental genotypes out of these 42 were found polymorphic. These 42 SSR markers were used to screen selected RILs and a total of 88 alleles were detected, number of alleles per locus ranged from 2-3 with an average of 2.09 alleles per locus. The NTSYS-pc UPGMA cluster analysis was used to determine similarity between parental genotypes and selected RILs based on the SSR scoring data. The dendrogram represented two major groups; 1st major group consist of H567.71 (resistant parental genotype) along with resistant RILs and the 2nd major group comprised of WH542 (susceptible parental genotype) and susceptible RILs at the similarity coefficient value of 0.39. Genetic relationship was also assessed by Principal component analysis (PCA) and similar results were obtained.

Yadav S.,CCSHAU | Sharma D.P.,CCSHAU
Indian Veterinary Journal | Year: 2010

Organoleptically acceptable enrobed broiler meat patties were prepared using rice flour, refined wheat flour, CMC and OG as coating materials. Coating resulted in increase in cooking yield, retention of moisture and decrease in shear force value. Rice flour was found to be a more suitable enrobing material than refined wheat flour as it resulted in less fat absorption during cooking and lower shear force value. Addition of nisin and tocopherol did not cause any significant effect on any of the physicochemical parameters of fresh enrobed patties.

Chopra R.,CCSHAU | Punia S.,CCSHAU | Sangwan S.,CCSHAU
Indian Journal of Ecology | Year: 2017

The present study was undertaken on 460 adolescents of 11th and 12th standard i.e., 112 studying in university and 348 studying in government school. Results highlighted that adolescents studying in school had good peer-relationship as compared to adolescents studying in university environment and significant differences were observed in peer-relationship across educational institute. Bullying level was also significantly different across caste and annual income.

Kholiya R.,C.C.S.H.A.U | Khambra K.,C.C.S.H.A.U | Yadav N.,C.C.S.H.A.U
Textile Asia | Year: 2012

This study examining the application of enzymes for removing natural impurities from raw wool without causing any damage to the fibre has found that enzymes for woollen scouring is an eco-friendly option.

Singh M.K.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Manish,Chaudhary Devi Lal University | Yadav B.S.,CCSHAU | Arya R.K.,CCSHAU
Annals of Agri Bio Research | Year: 2012

To know the allelopathic effects of senescent leaf litter of Jatropha curcas on greengram (Vigna radiata) cv. MH-961, clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) cv. HG-563, mothbean (Phaseolus aconitifolius) cv. RMO-40 and pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) cv. HHB-67, pot experiment was conducted. Pots were incorporated with dry senescent leaves with soil @ 7.37, 9.82 and 12.28 g/pot. As the doses of Jatropha leaf litter increased, the growth, yield and yield attributes of test crops also increased upto 9.82 g/pot, thereafter, it reduced at 12.28 g/pot but significantly higher than control.

Balina P.K.,CCSHAU | Sharma S.K.,CCSHAU | Rana M.K.,CCSHAU
Journal of Apicultural Research | Year: 2012

Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) is a cross-pollinated crop, so needs bees for fruit set. An experiment was conducted at the Entomological Research Farm, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar during the rainy season of 2009. Observations were taken throughout the blooming period. A total of nine bee species of three families (Apidae, Halictidae and Megachilidae) were recorded as visitors to bitter gourd flowers. Amongst these, Halictus sp., Megachile sp. and Apis dorsata Fabricius were found to be the most frequent visitors. The abundance of Halictus sp. was highest, followed by Megachile sp. and A. dorsata. Irrespective of species, the bee population was maximum at 0800-1000 h of the day. Based on pollination index (Number of loose pollen grains sticking on the body of bee x abundance x foraging rate), A. dorsata was the most efficient pollinator of bitter gourd, followed by Halictus sp. and Megachile sp. © IBRA 2012.

Yadav M.,H+ Technology | Sharma M.P.,H+ Technology | Prawasi R.,H+ Technology | Khichi R.,C.C.S.H.A.U. | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing | Year: 2014

Haryana has emerged as an important state for Rice & Wheat production in India contributing significantly in the central pool. Mechanized combine harvesting technologies, which have become common in Rice Wheat System (RWS) in India, leave behind large quantities of straw in the field for open burning of residue. Besides causing pollution, the burning kills the useful micro flora of the soil causing soil degradation. There is no field survey (Girdawari) data available with the Government for the areas where stubble burning is taking place. The present paper describes the methodology and results of wheat and rice residue burning areas for three districts of Haryana namely Kaithal, Kurukshetra and Karnal for the year 2010 using complete enumeration approach of multi-date IRS-P6 AWiFS and LISS-III data. In season ground truth was collected using hand held GPS and used to identify area of burnt wheat/rice residues, associated crops and land features. After geo-referencing the satellite images, district images were masked-out and multi-date image data stacks were created. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) of each date was generated and used at the time of classification along with other spectral bands. The non-agricultural classes in the image included: forest, wasteland, water bodies, urban/settlement and permanent vegetation etc. The vector of these non-agriculture classes were extracted from the land use, imported and mask was generated. During the classification non-agriculture area was excluded by using mask of these classes. From this the agricultural area could be separated out. The area was estimated by computing pixels under the classified image mask. In season multi-date AWiFS data along with available single-date LISS-III data between third week of April to last week of May are found to be useful for estimation of wheat residue burning areas estimation. The data between second week of October to last week of November is useful for estimation of rice residue burning areas estimation at district level. © 2013 Indian Society of Remote Sensing.

Panghal S.,Md University | Soni S.S.,CCSHAU
Journal of Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Short- Term effect of different concentrations of NaCI on callus cultures of Jatropha curcas was investigated at different concentration of NaCI (0,20,40,60,80,100 mM). Results showed a decrease in fresh weight of callus cultures when subjected to increasing concentration of salt in the medium. Callus morphology correspondingly changed from off-white to blackish-brown above 40mM to acutely necrotic stage at 100 mM NaCI .The callus cultures after recurrent selection (at 20mM for 20 days) were transferred to salt free optimized callus regeneration medium expressed 90.0% recovery. The callus placed in 40mM, 60mM concentration of NaCI exhibited moderate tolerance and showed 64.0% and 56.0% recovery. In 80mM concentration, callus showed moderate susceptibility and showed 6.9 % recovery of callus. © Triveni Enterprises,Lucknow(India).

Kaushik N.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kumari S.,CCSHAU | Singh S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Kaushik J.C.,CCSHAU
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2014

A field experiment was conducted in two years old fruit and tree species namely shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) + aonla (Embilica officinalis), shisham (D. sissoo) + guava (Psidium guajava), khejri (Prosopis cineraria) + aonla (E. officinalis) and khejri (P. cineraria) + guava (P. guajava) during 2007-08 and 2008-09 planted at a spacing of 6m×6m. The crop sequences, viz. ridgegourd (Lifa acutangula) - Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), moongbean (Vigna radiata) - fallow and cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) - fallow were raised in the interspaces of the trees. Ridgegourd and tomato were raised with drip irrigation, while moongbean and cluster bean were raised as rainfed. The trees and crops were subjected to three drip irrigation treatments, viz. T1 (100% ETc), T2 (70% ETc) and T3 (40% ETc) with three replications per treatment. Yield of intercrops was not affected by the different silvi-horti systems. The irrigation treatments influenced the yield of crops and growth of trees. Maximum yield (39323 kg/ha) of tomato and growth of trees was recorded under 100% replenishment of water except in case of shisham, where maximum height (803.0 cm), diameter (15.4 cm) and crown spread (550 cm2) was recorded under 70% replenishment of water after 48 months of plantation. Maximum irrigation water use efficiency (19.34 g/l) was recorded for ridgegourd under 40% replenishment of water when grown in association with khejri + aonla. Intercropping of tomato and ridgegourd with khejri + guava was found most remunerative with maximum NPV, BC ratio and net returns after sole cropping.

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