Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University is a public funded agricultural university located at Hisar in the Indian state of Haryana. It is one of the biggest agricultural universities in Asia. It is named after India's seventh prime minister, Chaudhary Charan Singh.It was initially a satellite campus of Punjab Agricultural University at Hisar. After formation of Haryana, it was declared as an autonomous institution. It was established as a university by Haryana and Punjab Agricultural Universities Act, ratified 2 February 1970 and was named as Haryana Agricultural University. On 31 October 1991, it was renamed as Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University. A. L. Fletcher was the first Vice-Chancellor of the university.The university publishes the largest number of research papers among agricultural universities in India. It won the Indian Council of Agricultural Research's Award for the Best Institute in 1997. It contributed significantly to Green Revolution and White Revolution in India. Wikipedia.
Narwal S.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Allelopathy Journal | Year: 2010
To make our modern agriculture successful, the use of new agricultural technology in a short span of 35-40 years have caused havoc by contaminating our soil, environment and food with toxic pesticides residues. Modern agriculture is exploitive of growth resources and has caused very serious problems such as environmental pollution through (i). contamination of underground drinking water resources, food and fodder with pesticides and nitrates, which are harmful to human beings and livestock, (ii). poor soil health/ soil Sickness leading to low soil productivity and (iii). poor quality of life. These problems may be overcome with the adoption of Organic Agricultural practices. The definition of Organic Agriculture used in this paper is "Organic Agriculture consists of those practices, which reduces the use of outside inputs viz., fertilizers and pesticides etc on the farm". Therefore, various types of allelopathic strategies may be used for (a) maintenance of soil fertility (use of crop rotations, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, crop mixtures, crop residues and leaf litter etc.), (b) weed management (cover crops, crop residues as mulches, intercropping, crop rotations, phytotoxic or allelopathic varieties and natural herbicides etc.), (c) insects pest management (cropping systems, resistant varieties, insecticidal allelochemicals etc.), (d) nematodes management (plant materials, oilseed cakes, nematicidal compounds etc.), (e) diseases management (cropping systems, crop residues, organic amendments etc.) and (f) use of allelochemicals as growth regulators. Therefore, research efforts are needed to utilise inhibitory allelopathic effects of plants for natural control of crop pests (weeds, insects, nematodes, pathogens), so that use of present pesticides' could be minimized or eliminated for developing Sustainable Organic Agriculture, keeping the environment clean for our future generations and reducing the cost of Organic food.
Raj D.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Antil R.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in physical, chemical and biological parameters to assess the maturity and stability of composts prepared from mixture of different farm and agro-industrial wastes over a period of 150days. All the composts appeared granular, dark grey in color without foul odor and attained an ambient temperature at 120days of composting indicating the stable nature of composts. Correlation analysis showed that the optimal values of the selected parameters for our experimental conditions are as follows: organic matter loss >42%, C:N ratio <15, water soluble organic carbon (C w):organic N (N org) ratio <0.55, humic acid (HA):fulvic acid (FA) ratio >1.9, humification index (HI) >30%, cation exchange capacity (CEC):total organic carbon (TOC) ratio >1.7 and germination index (GI) >70%. Compost enriched with sewage sludge, pressmud and poultry waste matured earlier compared to composts either enriched with distillery effluent or un-enriched. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Dhillon R.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
von Wuehlisch G.,Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2013
Rising level of atmospheric CO2 and consequent global warming is evident. Global surface temperature have already increased by 0.8 °C over the 20th century and is projected to increase by 1.4-5.8 °C during the twenty-first century. The global warming will continue till atmospheric concentrations of the major greenhouse gases are stabilized. Among them, CO2 is mainly responsible and is expected to account for about 60% of the warming over the next century. This study reviews advances on causes and consequences of global climate change and its impact on nature and society. Renewable biomass has tremendous potential to mitigate the global warming. Renewable biomass is expected to play a multifunctional role including food production, source of energy and fodder, biodiversity conservation, yield of goods and services to the society as well as mitigation of the impact of climate change. The review highlights the different management and research strategies in forestry, agriculture, agroforestry and grasslands to mitigate the global warming. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Sangwan P.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Kumar V.,Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology |
Joshi U.N.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Enzyme Research | Year: 2014
Heavy metals are the intrinsic component of the environment with both essential and nonessential types. Their excessive levels pose a threat to plant growth and yield. Also, some heavy metals are toxic to plants even at very low concentrations. The present investigation (a pot experiment) was conducted to determine the affects of varying chromium(VI) levels (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 mg chromium(VI) kg - 1 soil in the form of potassium dichromate) on the key enzymes of nitrogen metabolism in clusterbean. Chromium treatment adversely affect nitrogenase, nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, glutamine synthetase, and glutamate dehydrogenase in various plant organs at different growth stages as specific enzyme activity of these enzymes decreased with an increase in chromium(VI) levels from 0 to 2.0 mg chromium(VI) kg - 1 soil and 4.0 mg chromium(VI) kg - 1 soil was found to be lethal to clusterbean plants. In general, the enzyme activity increased with advancement of growth to reach maximum at flowering stage and thereafter decreased at grain filling stage. © 2014 Punesh Sangwan et al.
David K.J.,National Research Center for Citrus |
Ramani S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Zootaxa | Year: 2011
An illustrated key and a checklist are provided for 126 species of fruit flies under 46 genera in four subfamilies namely Dacinae, Phytalmiinae, Tephritinae and Trypetinae. Among these, Acroceratitis striata (Froggatt), Rhochmopterum venustum (de Meijere) and Themara yunnana Zia are new records for India. Bactrocera yercaudiae Drew is placed as a synonymn of Bactrocera digressa Radhakrishnan. Copyright © 2011 · Magnolia Press.
Singh A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2011
Polyacrylamide gels are widely used as matrices for biomolecular analysis and fractionation, and they are being developed as biomaterials for diverse medical and industrial applications. This study reports silver nitrate as a novel catalyst for the synthesis of polyacrylamide gels from acrylamide and N,N-methylene bisacrylamide monomers. The conditions were defined for silver-catalyzed, free-radical-induced polymerization, and a suitable buffer system was devised for the electrophoretic resolution of nucleic acids. A silver-staining procedure was modified for these gels, and they were compared with N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine-catalyzed gels for sensitivity and gel background. Silver nitrate and ammonium persulfate at final concentrations of 100 and 625 μg/mL, respectively, polymerized the resolving gels within 20 min at room temperature. These gels exhibited antimicrobial properties. The gels with ≥10 μg/mL silver nitrate showed a zone of complete inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus growth on a Luria-Bertani agar plate. The silver-catalyzed gels were also suitable as antigen- and drug-delivery devices. Silver, acting as both a catalyst and a microbicidal agent, was better than N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine for the synthesis of polyacrylamide gels as drug- and oxygen-delivery devices for topical applications. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Dhanda S.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Munjal R.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Field Crops Research | Year: 2012
Cell membrane stability (CMS) and tetrazolium triphenyl chloride (TTC) test, heat susceptibility index (HSI), heat response index (HRI) and grain yield were used to evaluate diverse 28 bread wheat genotypes including parents and their progenies under normal and heat stress conditions for two years. The genotypes differed significantly for all the characters indicating considerable variation for improvement of these traits. The varieties WH 1021 had a desirable combination of grain yield and heat tolerance potential, while WH 730 had a combination of cellular thermotolerance (TTC and chlorophyll fluorescence), heat tolerance (HRI) and high grain yield under heat stress conditions. Correlation coefficients revealed that HRI was the most important trait followed by TTC because the genotype having high HRI also had high grain yield and showed better mitochondrial viability and membrane stability under heat stress. The use of the parents with high GCA effects, namely, NIAW 34 and WH 730 and WH 1021 in crossing programme for thermotolerance may provide desirable segregants for improvement of heat tolerance in material under study. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Talukder S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Sharma D.P.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2010
Dietary fiber rich chicken meat patties were developed by incorporating wheat and oat bran to chicken meat at 5, 10 and 15% levels. Oat bran contained higher amount of soluble dietary fiber (SDF) and unsaturated fatty acids (USFA) than wheat bran, whereas total dietary fiber (TDF), insoluble dietary fiber (IDF) and saturated fatty acids (SFA) were higher in wheat bran. Incorporation of bran significantly increased the water holding capacity (WHC) and emulsion stability (ES). Oat bran showed better effect on WHC and ES than wheat bran. Addition of bran resulted in significant increase in cooking yield, firmness, TDF, USFA and reduction in sensory attributes, moisture, protein, fat and cholesterol content. IDF was higher in wheat bran added patties and SDF and SFA/USFA ratio in oat bran added patties. It is concluded that oat and wheat bran can be incorporated up to 10 and 15% level, respectively for preparation of baked and steamed chicken patties. © Association of Food Scientists and Technologists (India), Mysore.
Sihag R.C.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Sharma P.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2012
Diseases are considered to be the major constraint in aquaculture production. They cause mortality in shrimp larviculture and fish hatcheries. They are also a constraint on consistent production offish and shell fish. Traditionally, the control of diseases in aquaculture has relied on the use of chemical compounds. More recently probiotic microorganisms and vaccination or other forms of immunostimulation have also been employed. The abuse of antimicrobials can result in the development of resistant strains of bacteria. Such resistance can be readily transferred to other strains, either following 1 alterations to the existing genome or by transfer of genetic material between cells through plasmids or bacteriophages. The massive use of antibiotics for the control of diseases has been questioned by acquisition of antibiotic resistance in disease causing agents and the need of alternative measures to control these diseases is of prime importance. In recent years, probiotics have a center stage and are used as alternative measures to control the fish diseases. Probiotics have been used by man for millennia since the time humans first consumed fermented milk products. Probiotics can be essential for the normal digestive, endocrine and immunological functions of the bowel. They inhibit pathogenic microorganisms and have been used therapeutically to treat a variety of gastrointestinal and even systemic disorders. Probiotics transiently colonize the bowel and except when used to treat an acute disorder, must be regularly consumed to maintain benefit. Use of microbial probiotics to promote health maintenance and disease prevention and control is now widely accepted as the new eco friendly alternative measures for sustainable aquaculture. © 2012 Academic Journals Inc.
Arora S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Jood S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Khetarpaul N.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010
Food mixtures formulated from non-germinated and germinated barley flour, whey powder and tomato pulp (2:1:1w/w) were autoclaved, cooled and fermented with 5% Lactobacillus acidophilus curd (106 cells/ml) at 37 °C for 12 h. The cell count was found significantly higher (8.88 cfu/g) in the fermented food mixture formulated from germinated flour as compared to the non-germinated barley based food mixture. A significant drop in pH with corresponding increase in titratable acidity was found in the germinated barley flour based food mixture. Processing treatments like germination, autoclaving and probiotic fermentation did not bring about any significant change in ash and fat contents, but significant decrease was noticed in crude protein, crude fibre, starch, total and insoluble dietary fibre contents. The combined processing caused significant improvement in reducing sugar, thiamine, niacin, lysine and soluble dietary fibre contents of barley based food mixtures. In conclusion, a combination of germination and fermentation is a potential process for enhancing the nutritional quality of food mixtures based on coarse cereals. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.