CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Hisar, India

Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University is a public funded agricultural university located at Hisar in the Indian state of Haryana. It is one of the biggest agricultural universities in Asia. It is named after India's seventh prime minister, Chaudhary Charan Singh.It was initially a satellite campus of Punjab Agricultural University at Hisar. After formation of Haryana, it was declared as an autonomous institution. It was established as a university by Haryana and Punjab Agricultural Universities Act, ratified 2 February 1970 and was named as Haryana Agricultural University. On 31 October 1991, it was renamed as Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University. A. L. Fletcher was the first Vice-Chancellor of the university.The university publishes the largest number of research papers among agricultural universities in India. It won the Indian Council of Agricultural Research's Award for the Best Institute in 1997. It contributed significantly to Green Revolution and White Revolution in India. Wikipedia.

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Duhan S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Sheokand S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Indian Journal of Ecology | Year: 2016

Waterlogging and salinity are serious problems, which affect crop growth and yield. Waterlogged plants are affected by various stresses, such as limitations to gas, mineral nutrient deficiencies and microelement toxicities. The main cause of damage under waterlogging is oxygen deprivation, which affect nutrient and water uptake, so the plants show wilting even when surrounded by excess of water. Most of the waterlogged area is saline also which further exacerbates the effect of waterlogging. In the present investigations the effects of waterlogging and salinity on percent survival and aerenchyma formation were studied individually and in combination. Four genotypes (ICPH 2431, UPAS 120, H09 33 and Paras) were raised in polythene bags filled with half kg soil + FYM manure mixture (3 soil: 1 manure v/v), NPK (@20:60:20 kg per ha) and irrigated with hoagland nutrient solution. Waterlogging, salinity (30 mM NaCI) and waterlogging + salinity (30 mM NaCI) treatments were given for 8 and 12 days to the 20 and 40 day old plants and observations were taken 1 and 8 days after removal from treatments. Waterlogging and combined stress resulted in decline in percent survival and increased aerenchyma formation in roots.. No significant effect was observed under alone salinity.

Phougat D.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Panwar I.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Indian Journal of Ecology | Year: 2016

Forty-eight progeny families were produced by crossing 16 wheat varieties with three male testers (WH 1105, WH 283 and their F,) in a triple test cross fashion to detect epistasis and estimate additive and dominance components of genetic variation. Epistasis was present for all the seven metric traits in both environments. Testers were also found to be adequate for all the traits. Though both the additive (D) and dominance (H) components were significant for all the traits in both the environments (except dominance component for 1000-grain weight (g) in both the environments) the D component was relatively more important in all the cases. Hence, high estimates of additive component and larger mean squares due to i type epistasis for yield and its component traits further indicated that such characters can be improved by using simple selection procedures. However, homozygous genomic heterosis which contributes towards non-additive genetic variation which is fixable, can be increased through alien gene transfer for increasing and stabilizing yield potential in wheat.

Kala S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Research on Crops | Year: 2017

Chlorophyll content in leaves of isabgol (Plantago ovata Forsk.) genotypes viz., GI-2, HI-96, PB-80 and HI-5 was studied under salt stress at different EC levels viz., control (without salt), 5 and 10 d/Sm of nutrient supplemented NaCl salt solutions in sand filled polythene bags. The results revealed a significant decrease in chlorophyll 'a' and chlorophyll 'b' contents with increasing EC levels. Reduction in chlorophyll 'a' and chlorophyll 'b' contents was maximum in the genotype PB-80 and minimum in the genotype GI-2 indicating the higher tolerance of genotype GI-2 and higher sensitivity of the genotype PB-80 to salt stress among all genotypes studied.

Kharb S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Charan S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Veterinary Research Communications | Year: 2011

To investigate the effect of boosting immunity via mucosal route vis-a-vis parenteral route in the mouse model of haemorrhagic septicaemia, mice preimmunized with OMP of Pasteurella multocida (B:2) were immunized with 10 2 cfu of P. multocida via intranasal and subcutaneous routes. Mice were challenged through intranasal route (natural route of infection) with 10 8 cfu 14 days after immunization. Group of mice which were immunized intranasally showed significant protection (P < 0.05) of 88% as compared to 50% protection in group of mice immunized subcutaneously. In the control group of mice, 100% mortality occurred within 48 h. of challenge. The results of present study indicated that boosting of immunity via mucosal route in mice preimmunized with OMP provided better protection against P. multocida. This study may have implications for developing better vaccination strategies for the natural host. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

In the semi-arid environment of north west India, I found that 22.3% of colonies of the giant honey bee, Apis dorsata nested on man-made structures (buildings), whereas 77.7% nested on trees. The latter had a higher Nesting Site Occupation Index (Nsioi = 0.008) than buildings (Nsioi = 0.002). The nesting source reoccupation index (Nsori) was maximal for Indian rosewood (0.772), whilst the nesting site reoccupation index (Nsiri) was maximal for buildings (0.91) followed by Indian rosewood (0.147). On the basis of these indices, Indian rose wood was the best nesting resource whereas buildings provided the best sites. A. dorsata preferred smooth surfaces over unevenly grooved surfaces for nesting. More than 95% of the colonies nested on supports with an inclination from 0° to 45°. About 48.6% of colonies constructed their nests in an east/west direction, and about 70% of colonies nested at heights between 14 and 17 m. The majority of the “immigrated swarm colonies” had 100–120 cm nest length and 30–50 cm nest height. Likewise, about 56% of the “reproductive swarm colonies” had 30–40 cm nest length and about 53% had 20–25 cm nest height. The basal thickness of the comb in the non-honey region was 2.04 ± 0.6 cm whilst in the honey region it was 5.7 ± 1.2 cm. Three types of nest shapes on the horizontal as well as inclined surfaces were observed. This information will be valuable in devising strategies for the domestication and conservation of A. dorsata. © 2017 International Bee Research Association

Narwal S.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Allelopathy Journal | Year: 2010

To make our modern agriculture successful, the use of new agricultural technology in a short span of 35-40 years have caused havoc by contaminating our soil, environment and food with toxic pesticides residues. Modern agriculture is exploitive of growth resources and has caused very serious problems such as environmental pollution through (i). contamination of underground drinking water resources, food and fodder with pesticides and nitrates, which are harmful to human beings and livestock, (ii). poor soil health/ soil Sickness leading to low soil productivity and (iii). poor quality of life. These problems may be overcome with the adoption of Organic Agricultural practices. The definition of Organic Agriculture used in this paper is "Organic Agriculture consists of those practices, which reduces the use of outside inputs viz., fertilizers and pesticides etc on the farm". Therefore, various types of allelopathic strategies may be used for (a) maintenance of soil fertility (use of crop rotations, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, crop mixtures, crop residues and leaf litter etc.), (b) weed management (cover crops, crop residues as mulches, intercropping, crop rotations, phytotoxic or allelopathic varieties and natural herbicides etc.), (c) insects pest management (cropping systems, resistant varieties, insecticidal allelochemicals etc.), (d) nematodes management (plant materials, oilseed cakes, nematicidal compounds etc.), (e) diseases management (cropping systems, crop residues, organic amendments etc.) and (f) use of allelochemicals as growth regulators. Therefore, research efforts are needed to utilise inhibitory allelopathic effects of plants for natural control of crop pests (weeds, insects, nematodes, pathogens), so that use of present pesticides' could be minimized or eliminated for developing Sustainable Organic Agriculture, keeping the environment clean for our future generations and reducing the cost of Organic food.

Raj D.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Antil R.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in physical, chemical and biological parameters to assess the maturity and stability of composts prepared from mixture of different farm and agro-industrial wastes over a period of 150days. All the composts appeared granular, dark grey in color without foul odor and attained an ambient temperature at 120days of composting indicating the stable nature of composts. Correlation analysis showed that the optimal values of the selected parameters for our experimental conditions are as follows: organic matter loss >42%, C:N ratio <15, water soluble organic carbon (C w):organic N (N org) ratio <0.55, humic acid (HA):fulvic acid (FA) ratio >1.9, humification index (HI) >30%, cation exchange capacity (CEC):total organic carbon (TOC) ratio >1.7 and germination index (GI) >70%. Compost enriched with sewage sludge, pressmud and poultry waste matured earlier compared to composts either enriched with distillery effluent or un-enriched. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Dhillon R.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | von Wuehlisch G.,Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2013

Rising level of atmospheric CO2 and consequent global warming is evident. Global surface temperature have already increased by 0.8 °C over the 20th century and is projected to increase by 1.4-5.8 °C during the twenty-first century. The global warming will continue till atmospheric concentrations of the major greenhouse gases are stabilized. Among them, CO2 is mainly responsible and is expected to account for about 60% of the warming over the next century. This study reviews advances on causes and consequences of global climate change and its impact on nature and society. Renewable biomass has tremendous potential to mitigate the global warming. Renewable biomass is expected to play a multifunctional role including food production, source of energy and fodder, biodiversity conservation, yield of goods and services to the society as well as mitigation of the impact of climate change. The review highlights the different management and research strategies in forestry, agriculture, agroforestry and grasslands to mitigate the global warming. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Singh A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2011

Polyacrylamide gels are widely used as matrices for biomolecular analysis and fractionation, and they are being developed as biomaterials for diverse medical and industrial applications. This study reports silver nitrate as a novel catalyst for the synthesis of polyacrylamide gels from acrylamide and N,N-methylene bisacrylamide monomers. The conditions were defined for silver-catalyzed, free-radical-induced polymerization, and a suitable buffer system was devised for the electrophoretic resolution of nucleic acids. A silver-staining procedure was modified for these gels, and they were compared with N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine-catalyzed gels for sensitivity and gel background. Silver nitrate and ammonium persulfate at final concentrations of 100 and 625 μg/mL, respectively, polymerized the resolving gels within 20 min at room temperature. These gels exhibited antimicrobial properties. The gels with ≥10 μg/mL silver nitrate showed a zone of complete inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus growth on a Luria-Bertani agar plate. The silver-catalyzed gels were also suitable as antigen- and drug-delivery devices. Silver, acting as both a catalyst and a microbicidal agent, was better than N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine for the synthesis of polyacrylamide gels as drug- and oxygen-delivery devices for topical applications. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Sihag R.C.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | Sharma P.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2012

Diseases are considered to be the major constraint in aquaculture production. They cause mortality in shrimp larviculture and fish hatcheries. They are also a constraint on consistent production offish and shell fish. Traditionally, the control of diseases in aquaculture has relied on the use of chemical compounds. More recently probiotic microorganisms and vaccination or other forms of immunostimulation have also been employed. The abuse of antimicrobials can result in the development of resistant strains of bacteria. Such resistance can be readily transferred to other strains, either following 1 alterations to the existing genome or by transfer of genetic material between cells through plasmids or bacteriophages. The massive use of antibiotics for the control of diseases has been questioned by acquisition of antibiotic resistance in disease causing agents and the need of alternative measures to control these diseases is of prime importance. In recent years, probiotics have a center stage and are used as alternative measures to control the fish diseases. Probiotics have been used by man for millennia since the time humans first consumed fermented milk products. Probiotics can be essential for the normal digestive, endocrine and immunological functions of the bowel. They inhibit pathogenic microorganisms and have been used therapeutically to treat a variety of gastrointestinal and even systemic disorders. Probiotics transiently colonize the bowel and except when used to treat an acute disorder, must be regularly consumed to maintain benefit. Use of microbial probiotics to promote health maintenance and disease prevention and control is now widely accepted as the new eco friendly alternative measures for sustainable aquaculture. © 2012 Academic Journals Inc.

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