Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University is a public funded agricultural university located at Hisar in the Indian state of Haryana. It is one of the biggest agricultural universities in Asia. It is named after India's seventh prime minister, Chaudhary Charan Singh.It was initially a satellite campus of Punjab Agricultural University at Hisar. After formation of Haryana, it was declared as an autonomous institution. It was established as a university by Haryana and Punjab Agricultural Universities Act, ratified 2 February 1970 and was named as Haryana Agricultural University. On 31 October 1991, it was renamed as Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University. A. L. Fletcher was the first Vice-Chancellor of the university.The university publishes the largest number of research papers among agricultural universities in India. It won the Indian Council of Agricultural Research's Award for the Best Institute in 1997. It contributed significantly to Green Revolution and White Revolution in India. Wikipedia.
Sharma B.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Chugh L.K.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2017
This study describes the partial purification and characterization of lipoxygenase (LOX) from pearl millet mature grains of inbred HBL 0843-2. Two isoforms of LOX, i.e., LOX 1 and LOX 2, were purified using ammonium sulphate fractionation, gel filtration chromatography and ion exchange chromatography near homogeneity to 56 and 40 folds with yield of 28 and 24%, respectively. LOX 1 and LOX 2 having molecular masses of approximately 85 and 79 kDa, respectively were purified. LOX 1 and LOX 2 exhibited maximum activity at pH 4.5 and 4.8, respectively at 25 °C temperature. Both the isoforms, which showed thermostability up to 35 °C when incubated for 30 min, were stable at a pH range of 7–7.8. LOX 1 and LOX 2 had apparent Km value of 0.86 and 0.57 µM, respectively. Ascorbic acid and vitamin E inhibited 66–78 and 61–69% activity of LOX 1 and LOX 2, respectively but Na+, Zn2+ and K+ strongly inhibited the activity of these isozymes. The present information about lipoxygenase enzyme might be valuable in drafting the strategies for its inactivation, which in turn can obstruct the LOX damaging effects on food products during processing and storage. © 2017 Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India)
Duhan S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Sheokand S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Indian Journal of Ecology | Year: 2016
Waterlogging and salinity are serious problems, which affect crop growth and yield. Waterlogged plants are affected by various stresses, such as limitations to gas, mineral nutrient deficiencies and microelement toxicities. The main cause of damage under waterlogging is oxygen deprivation, which affect nutrient and water uptake, so the plants show wilting even when surrounded by excess of water. Most of the waterlogged area is saline also which further exacerbates the effect of waterlogging. In the present investigations the effects of waterlogging and salinity on percent survival and aerenchyma formation were studied individually and in combination. Four genotypes (ICPH 2431, UPAS 120, H09 33 and Paras) were raised in polythene bags filled with half kg soil + FYM manure mixture (3 soil: 1 manure v/v), NPK (@20:60:20 kg per ha) and irrigated with hoagland nutrient solution. Waterlogging, salinity (30 mM NaCI) and waterlogging + salinity (30 mM NaCI) treatments were given for 8 and 12 days to the 20 and 40 day old plants and observations were taken 1 and 8 days after removal from treatments. Waterlogging and combined stress resulted in decline in percent survival and increased aerenchyma formation in roots.. No significant effect was observed under alone salinity.
Phougat D.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Panwar I.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Indian Journal of Ecology | Year: 2016
Forty-eight progeny families were produced by crossing 16 wheat varieties with three male testers (WH 1105, WH 283 and their F,) in a triple test cross fashion to detect epistasis and estimate additive and dominance components of genetic variation. Epistasis was present for all the seven metric traits in both environments. Testers were also found to be adequate for all the traits. Though both the additive (D) and dominance (H) components were significant for all the traits in both the environments (except dominance component for 1000-grain weight (g) in both the environments) the D component was relatively more important in all the cases. Hence, high estimates of additive component and larger mean squares due to i type epistasis for yield and its component traits further indicated that such characters can be improved by using simple selection procedures. However, homozygous genomic heterosis which contributes towards non-additive genetic variation which is fixable, can be increased through alien gene transfer for increasing and stabilizing yield potential in wheat.
Narwal S.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Allelopathy Journal | Year: 2010
To make our modern agriculture successful, the use of new agricultural technology in a short span of 35-40 years have caused havoc by contaminating our soil, environment and food with toxic pesticides residues. Modern agriculture is exploitive of growth resources and has caused very serious problems such as environmental pollution through (i). contamination of underground drinking water resources, food and fodder with pesticides and nitrates, which are harmful to human beings and livestock, (ii). poor soil health/ soil Sickness leading to low soil productivity and (iii). poor quality of life. These problems may be overcome with the adoption of Organic Agricultural practices. The definition of Organic Agriculture used in this paper is "Organic Agriculture consists of those practices, which reduces the use of outside inputs viz., fertilizers and pesticides etc on the farm". Therefore, various types of allelopathic strategies may be used for (a) maintenance of soil fertility (use of crop rotations, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, crop mixtures, crop residues and leaf litter etc.), (b) weed management (cover crops, crop residues as mulches, intercropping, crop rotations, phytotoxic or allelopathic varieties and natural herbicides etc.), (c) insects pest management (cropping systems, resistant varieties, insecticidal allelochemicals etc.), (d) nematodes management (plant materials, oilseed cakes, nematicidal compounds etc.), (e) diseases management (cropping systems, crop residues, organic amendments etc.) and (f) use of allelochemicals as growth regulators. Therefore, research efforts are needed to utilise inhibitory allelopathic effects of plants for natural control of crop pests (weeds, insects, nematodes, pathogens), so that use of present pesticides' could be minimized or eliminated for developing Sustainable Organic Agriculture, keeping the environment clean for our future generations and reducing the cost of Organic food.
Raj D.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Antil R.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in physical, chemical and biological parameters to assess the maturity and stability of composts prepared from mixture of different farm and agro-industrial wastes over a period of 150days. All the composts appeared granular, dark grey in color without foul odor and attained an ambient temperature at 120days of composting indicating the stable nature of composts. Correlation analysis showed that the optimal values of the selected parameters for our experimental conditions are as follows: organic matter loss >42%, C:N ratio <15, water soluble organic carbon (C w):organic N (N org) ratio <0.55, humic acid (HA):fulvic acid (FA) ratio >1.9, humification index (HI) >30%, cation exchange capacity (CEC):total organic carbon (TOC) ratio >1.7 and germination index (GI) >70%. Compost enriched with sewage sludge, pressmud and poultry waste matured earlier compared to composts either enriched with distillery effluent or un-enriched. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Dhillon R.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
von Wuehlisch G.,Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2013
Rising level of atmospheric CO2 and consequent global warming is evident. Global surface temperature have already increased by 0.8 °C over the 20th century and is projected to increase by 1.4-5.8 °C during the twenty-first century. The global warming will continue till atmospheric concentrations of the major greenhouse gases are stabilized. Among them, CO2 is mainly responsible and is expected to account for about 60% of the warming over the next century. This study reviews advances on causes and consequences of global climate change and its impact on nature and society. Renewable biomass has tremendous potential to mitigate the global warming. Renewable biomass is expected to play a multifunctional role including food production, source of energy and fodder, biodiversity conservation, yield of goods and services to the society as well as mitigation of the impact of climate change. The review highlights the different management and research strategies in forestry, agriculture, agroforestry and grasslands to mitigate the global warming. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
David K.J.,National Research Center for Citrus |
Ramani S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Zootaxa | Year: 2011
An illustrated key and a checklist are provided for 126 species of fruit flies under 46 genera in four subfamilies namely Dacinae, Phytalmiinae, Tephritinae and Trypetinae. Among these, Acroceratitis striata (Froggatt), Rhochmopterum venustum (de Meijere) and Themara yunnana Zia are new records for India. Bactrocera yercaudiae Drew is placed as a synonymn of Bactrocera digressa Radhakrishnan. Copyright © 2011 · Magnolia Press.
Singh A.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2011
Polyacrylamide gels are widely used as matrices for biomolecular analysis and fractionation, and they are being developed as biomaterials for diverse medical and industrial applications. This study reports silver nitrate as a novel catalyst for the synthesis of polyacrylamide gels from acrylamide and N,N-methylene bisacrylamide monomers. The conditions were defined for silver-catalyzed, free-radical-induced polymerization, and a suitable buffer system was devised for the electrophoretic resolution of nucleic acids. A silver-staining procedure was modified for these gels, and they were compared with N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine-catalyzed gels for sensitivity and gel background. Silver nitrate and ammonium persulfate at final concentrations of 100 and 625 μg/mL, respectively, polymerized the resolving gels within 20 min at room temperature. These gels exhibited antimicrobial properties. The gels with ≥10 μg/mL silver nitrate showed a zone of complete inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus growth on a Luria-Bertani agar plate. The silver-catalyzed gels were also suitable as antigen- and drug-delivery devices. Silver, acting as both a catalyst and a microbicidal agent, was better than N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine for the synthesis of polyacrylamide gels as drug- and oxygen-delivery devices for topical applications. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Dhanda S.S.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Munjal R.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Field Crops Research | Year: 2012
Cell membrane stability (CMS) and tetrazolium triphenyl chloride (TTC) test, heat susceptibility index (HSI), heat response index (HRI) and grain yield were used to evaluate diverse 28 bread wheat genotypes including parents and their progenies under normal and heat stress conditions for two years. The genotypes differed significantly for all the characters indicating considerable variation for improvement of these traits. The varieties WH 1021 had a desirable combination of grain yield and heat tolerance potential, while WH 730 had a combination of cellular thermotolerance (TTC and chlorophyll fluorescence), heat tolerance (HRI) and high grain yield under heat stress conditions. Correlation coefficients revealed that HRI was the most important trait followed by TTC because the genotype having high HRI also had high grain yield and showed better mitochondrial viability and membrane stability under heat stress. The use of the parents with high GCA effects, namely, NIAW 34 and WH 730 and WH 1021 in crossing programme for thermotolerance may provide desirable segregants for improvement of heat tolerance in material under study. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Sihag R.C.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University |
Sharma P.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2012
Diseases are considered to be the major constraint in aquaculture production. They cause mortality in shrimp larviculture and fish hatcheries. They are also a constraint on consistent production offish and shell fish. Traditionally, the control of diseases in aquaculture has relied on the use of chemical compounds. More recently probiotic microorganisms and vaccination or other forms of immunostimulation have also been employed. The abuse of antimicrobials can result in the development of resistant strains of bacteria. Such resistance can be readily transferred to other strains, either following 1 alterations to the existing genome or by transfer of genetic material between cells through plasmids or bacteriophages. The massive use of antibiotics for the control of diseases has been questioned by acquisition of antibiotic resistance in disease causing agents and the need of alternative measures to control these diseases is of prime importance. In recent years, probiotics have a center stage and are used as alternative measures to control the fish diseases. Probiotics have been used by man for millennia since the time humans first consumed fermented milk products. Probiotics can be essential for the normal digestive, endocrine and immunological functions of the bowel. They inhibit pathogenic microorganisms and have been used therapeutically to treat a variety of gastrointestinal and even systemic disorders. Probiotics transiently colonize the bowel and except when used to treat an acute disorder, must be regularly consumed to maintain benefit. Use of microbial probiotics to promote health maintenance and disease prevention and control is now widely accepted as the new eco friendly alternative measures for sustainable aquaculture. © 2012 Academic Journals Inc.