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Jaboticabal, Brazil

de Negreiros Sousa S.M.,West Parana State University | Freccia A.,West Parana State University | dos Santos D.L.,Federal University of Parana | Meurer F.,Federal University of Parana | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2013

This study was carried out to evaluate the influenceofdifferentlevelsofdigestibleenergyanddigestibleprotein in diets of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) broodstock on offspring growth during sex reversal stage. A total of 2,700 post-larvae (8.2±0.001 mg) derived from breeders fed nine diets with distinct levels of digestible protein (28, 34 and 40% DP) and digestible energy (2,800; 3,400; and 4,000 kcal DE.kg-1) were stored in twenty-seven 70 L tanks. After 30 days of growth, their average finalweight(AFW,g),averageweightgain(AWG,g),finalstandardlength(SL,cm),conditionfactor(CF), specificgrowthrate(SGR,%/day),stockuniformity(UNI,%),survival(SUR,%)andsexreversalrate(SRR,%)weremeasured. Although female nutrition is thought to influencetheperformanceorqualityofprogenyduringearlylifestages,noinfluenceofdietssuppliedtobroodstockwasdetectedonanyparameter.Nonetheless,theoffspringpresentedcommerciallysatisfactory growth rates. Thus, diets containing 28% of digestible protein and 2,800 kcal of digestible energy.kg of diet-1 can be used to feed Nile tilapia broodstock without jeopardizing offspring performance during the sex reversal phase ©2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia. Source


Zanini H.L.H.T.,Sao Paulo State University | do Amaral L.A.,Sao Paulo State University | Zanini J.R.,Sao Paulo State University | Tavares L.H.S.,CAUNESP
Engenharia Agricola | Year: 2010

The evaluation of water quality index (WQI) and mean trophic state index (mTSI) may be useful for management and administration projects of water systems. Quality of water from the stream Rico micro-basin that supplies the town of Jaboticabal - SP, Brazil, with fresh water has been evaluated, using WQI and mTSI. Collects were undertaken between September 2007 and August 2008, at three sites: a) one of the sources, b) after the Sewage Treatment Stations of Monte Alto city, and c) in the abstraction of water for public supply of Jaboticabal. It was analyzed the physical, chemical and microbiological variables of the water: temperature, pH, BOD5, total nitrogen, total phosphorous, turbidity, total residue, dissolved oxygen, orthophosphate and chlorophyll-a. According to the results, it was concluded: (a) the anthropic activities developed in the neighborhood of the Rico Stream reduces the quality of the water during different times of the year; (b) the average values of WQI in three points analyzed showed a direct relationship with the average values of mTSI, but there was more discrimination of water quality by mTSI, identifying different trophic degrees for points and periods of sampling; (c) the WQI showed better differentiation of water quality in dry period and the mTSI showed better differentiations in the rainy season; (d) the natural depuration and the confluence of the Tijuco Stream with the Rico Stream contribute to better water quality, making it suitable for urban supply after conventional treatment. Source


Lui T.A.,West Parana State University | Bittencourt F.,CAUNESP | Neu D.H.,West Parana State University | Dallagnol J.M.,West Parana State University | And 2 more authors.
Archivos de Zootecnia | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of fish oil acidity on the growth of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) juveniles. Two hundred juveniles with 10.53±0.65 g of weight and 8.74±0.13 cm of total length, were distributed in a totally randomized design in 20, 0.15 m3 meshmade tanks placed in a 25 m3 holding tank. Extruded commercial diets sprayed with soybean oil (control) with acidity index of 0.24 and fish oil with acidity index of 1.48, 6.40 and 9.85 were used. The fish were fed four times a day until apparent satiety. Productive performance, centesimal composition and blood biochemistry were analysed. At the end of the feeding period none of the analyzed parameters was affected by the use of acidified fish oil. Therefore, fish oil may be supplied to the pacu juveniles regardless of their pH. Source


de Carvalho P.L.P.F.,Sao Paulo State University | da Silva R.L.,CAUNESP | Botelho R.M.,Sao Paulo State University | Damasceno F.M.,Sao Paulo State University | And 2 more authors.
Boletim do Instituto de Pesca | Year: 2012

The aim was to evaluate the nutritional value of the root and leaves of cassava (Manihot sculenta) for juveniles of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Three diets were prepared, a reference and two test diets. The first tested diet contained 50.0% of cassava root and 50.0% of reference diet and the second one consisted of 30.0% of cassava leaf meal and 70.0% of reference diet. Moreover, in every diet was added 0.1% chromium oxide-III (Cr2O3) as inert marker. Sixty juveniles (100.0 ± 9.0 g) were accommodated in cages (10 fish/cage) for feeding and feces collection. During the day these cages were maintained in a feeding tank (250 L), one tank for each treatment, where they were fed until apparent satiation. After the aforementioned feeding period they were transferred to a fecal collection tank, where they remained until next morning. The collected feces were frozen and dried for analyzes. The apparent digestibility coefficients (ADC) were calculated on basis of Cr2O3 concentration present in diets and feces. The ADC of reference diet for DM, cassava leaf and root were, respectively 85.23%, 81.22% and 91.44%; CP to 97.35%, 73.37% and 91.46% and for the GE to 87.70%, 64.70% and 92.20%, the values obtained for the diet with cassava root significantly higher (P<0.05). Summarizing, root and cassava leaves can be used as alternative ingredients for compose balanced diets for Nile tilapia juveniles. Source


Pinheiro S.R.F.,Sao Paulo State University | Sakomura N.K.,Sao Paulo State University | Nascimento D.C.N.,Sao Paulo State University | Dourado L.R.B.,Sao Paulo State University | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2011

It was performed three trials to determine the nutritional levels of available phosphorus (aP) for males and females of the strain ISA Label in the starter (1 to 28 days), growing (28 to 56 days) and finisher (56 to 84 days) phases, reared in a free-range system. In each trial, 480 birds with age corresponding to rearing phase were housed in 24 experimental units with shelter and pasture areas. It was used a complete random experimental design, in a 4 × 2 factorial scheme (levels of aP and sexes) with three replicates of 20 birds. The levels of aP evaluated were the following: 0.25, 0.36, 0.47 and 0.58% in the starter phase; 0.18, 0.31, 0.44 and 0.57% in the growing phase; and 0.14, 0.27, 0.40 and 0.53% in the finisher phase. Body weight gain, feed intake, aP intake, feed conversion, contents of phosphorus, calcium and ash in the tibia and bone breaking strength were evaluated. According to results, the optimum dietary aP levels in the starter phase, for males and females, are 0.39 and 0.49%, which correspond to the intake of 3.94 and 3.96 g of aP/bird, respectively. For the growing phase, it is recommended 0.35% of aP in the diet for birds of both sexes, which correspond to an intake of 8.45 and 6.70 g of aP/bird. In the finisher phase, it is recommended the levels 0.32 and 0.30% of aP, which corresponds to intakes of 12 g and 9.5 g aP/bird for males and females, respectively. © 2011 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia. Source

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