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News Article | May 23, 2017
Site: www.realwire.com

London, UK and Oslo, Norway and New York, NY - 23 May 2017: Ecorys has selected Confirmit Horizons as the Market Research platform underpinning its expanding international research and consultancy business. Migration to the solution was completed in May and will provide the increased flexibility and adaptability that is required by Ecorys to conduct research studies and project work on behalf of central and local government, not-for-profit, and multi-national private sector clients in over 100 countries. A Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) solution, Confirmit Horizons will enable Ecorys to develop, deploy, manage and report on multi-channel, multi-lingual research projects from a single, end-to-end platform and to scale capacity to meet project peaks as needed. It will have the ability to burst to 5-6,000 seats to conduct major annual surveys for 1-2 months each year. Ray Lindley, Associate Director, Policy and Research Survey Team at Ecorys, explained: “Our clients need us to be able to marry sound research with deep analysis. In order to help them formulate and evaluate social and economic programmes and policies, we need to be able to survey people from various backgrounds and countries, using a wide range of data collection methods. We also need to be able to interrogate that data and provide customised reports that will support the decision-making process so that our clients can manage and evaluate those programmes and policies and make a real difference.” Key to the selection of Confirmit Horizons was its ability to offer CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing) and CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing) data collection alongside online, mobile, SMS and paper-based methods. Other critical considerations were its easy-to-use survey authoring and programming capabilities, streamlined panel management and customisable reporting and dashboards. “Adaptability is a very important quality for our clients. In order for us to provide a highly flexible and scalable service that is capable of meeting their changing needs, we needed to invest in a research platform that provides us with exactly the same qualities,” added Lindley. “Our research team is already benefitting from the intuitive nature Confirmit Horizons, enabling staff with different skill sets to design, conduct and deliver survey results quickly and easily. There are no restrictions on our choice of data collection methods, we can create highly attractive surveys that drive response rates and can offer a superior survey experience for respondents which is essential for policy and programme development. Confirmit provides us with the flexibility and functionality we need to offer a responsive yet reliable research service and enables to focus on the consultative nature of our work,” he said. Tim Hannington, EVP at Confirmit said: “We’re delighted to be supporting Ecorys as they continue to grow their business. A single-system approach to research will undoubtedly enable Ecorys to streamline and centralise many aspects of the data collection, analysis and administrative processes behind the scenes and to encourage increased collaboration between research teams and clients at the same time.” About Confirmit Confirmit is the world’s leading SaaS vendor for multi-channel Voice of the Customer, Voice of the Employee, and Market Research solutions. The company has offices in Oslo (headquarters), Chengdu, Grimstad, London, Moscow, New York, San Francisco, Sydney, Vancouver, and Yaroslavl. Confirmit’s software is also distributed through partner resellers in Madrid, Milan, Salvador, and Tokyo. Confirmit powers Global 5000 companies and Market Research agencies worldwide with a wide range of software products for feedback / data collection, panel management, data processing, analysis, and reporting. Customers include Aurora, British Airways, British Standards Institution, Copart, Cross-Tab, Dow Chemical, GfK, GlaxoSmithKline, GMO Research, KeepFactor, Morehead Associates, Nielsen, Research Now, RS Components, QRS, Sony Mobile Communications, and Swisscom. Visit www.confirmit.com for more information. About Ecorys UK Ecorys UK, part of the international research, consulting and management services company Ecorys, provides high-quality communication, research and technical assistance services across education, economic and social policy areas. Ecorys employs over 150 staff in the UK specialising in education and culture, employment and labour markets, economic and international development, communications, public grant managed programmes and capacity building. Our mission is to add value to public service delivery through our experience of the entire policy cycle.


News Article | May 18, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.com

SSI (Survey Sampling International) earned Confirmit ACE Awards based on its collaboration with Orange to rollout the Orange Customer Experience Tracker (CxTracker), a continuous survey with a monthly quota focused in seven European countries: France, Poland, Spain, Belgium, Slovakia, Romania and Moldova.  Insights from this key performance indicator study have been used to support Orange's CX Strategy around improving and measuring customers' experience. "SSI is proud to be a recipient of two 2017 Confirmit ACE awards," said Sylvain Rouri, senior vice president, sales operations at SSI.  "Our partnership with Orange is a great opportunity for SSI to combine our deep sampling and data collection expertise and questionnaire design to maximize the quality of data coming from consumers in Orange's markets." "We're delighted to honor SSI as a 2017 Confirmit ACE Award winner for its proven innovation and excellence in its Voice of the Customer program," said Ken Østreng, president and CEO of Confirmit.  "The customer experience is a critical component of the business, and SSI continues to show its commitment to listening to its customers to better understand their needs, drive business change and deliver an exceptional experience." For more information about SSI's B2B and B2C solutions, please visit surveysampling.com. Celebrating 40 years in business, SSI is the premier global provider of data solutions and technology for consumer and business-to-business survey research.  SSI reaches participants in 90+ sample countries via internet, telephone, mobile/wireless and mixed-access offerings. SSI staff operates from 40 offices and remote staff in over 20 countries, offering sample, data collection, CATI, questionnaire design consultation, programming and hosting, online custom reporting and data processing.  SSI's employees serve more than 3,500 customers worldwide. Orange is one of the largest operators of mobile and internet services in Europe and Africa (present in 29 countries) and a global leader in corporate telecommunication services.  With 265 million customers worldwide and 155,000 employees, Orange had revenue of nearly €41 billion in 2016 and €732 million invested in research and innovation. Confirmit is the world's leading SaaS vendor for multi-channel Voice of the Customer, Voice of the Employee and market research solutions.  The company has offices in Oslo (headquarters), Chengdu, Grimstad, London, Moscow, New York, San Francisco, Sydney, Vancouver and Yaroslavl.  Confirmit's software is also distributed through partner resellers in Madrid, Milan, Salvador and Tokyo. Confirmit powers Global 5000 companies and market research agencies worldwide with a wide range of software products for feedback / data collection, panel management, data processing, analysis and reporting.  Customers include Aurora, British Airways, British Standards Institution, Copart, Cross-Tab, Dow Chemical, GfK, GlaxoSmithKline, GMO Research, KeepFactor, Morehead Associates, Nielsen, Research Now, RS Components, QRS, SSI, Sony Mobile Communications and Swisscom.  Visit www.confirmit.com. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/ssi-earns-confirmit-ace-award-in-customer-excellence-300459757.html


PALM BEACH GARDENS, FL / ACCESSWIRE / February 27, 2017 / Olympus Insurance Company, a leading Florida homeowners' insurer, announced that Mariela Perez-Pennock, FCLS, was elected Chair and voting member of the Public Relations and Public Outreach Committee of the Florida Property and Casualty Insurance Fraud Task Force. The Task Force was created by the Florida Department of Financial Services in 2010. The organization's mission is to reduce, deter, or eliminate property and casualty (P&C) insurance fraud. As Chair of the Public Relations and Public Outreach Committee, Ms. Perez-Pennock will oversee the efforts of the Committee to provide fraud awareness to consumers through social media, seminars, and legislative support, in order to fight the escalating epidemic of property fraud. "Through this new role, I hope to continue the Task Force's work to fight insurance fraud in Florida," said Ms. Perez-Pennock. "I have dedicated my career to investigating and reducing fraud in our industry and am passionate about working to decrease the impact that this issue has had in our state." Ms. Perez-Pennock began her insurance career in 1988 with Progressive Insurance in Tampa, Fla. Prior to joining Olympus Insurance, she was the SIU Manager for North American Risk Services (NARS). Her background also includes working as a Special Agent with the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) where she served as part of the Mid-Atlantic Fraud Task Force, covering Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Additionally, she was the SIU Medical Fraud Manager for Nationwide Insurance in Florida and has held SIU positions with Travelers and Safe Auto Insurance. Ms. Perez-Pennock attended the University of South Florida, pursuing a double major in Criminal Justice and Voice Performance. She holds FCLS, CCA, and CATI designations and is a prominent speaker and trainer at industry conferences. "We are all very proud of Mariela for taking on this new and critical role and fully support her efforts," said Jeffrey B. Scott, CEO of Olympus Insurance. "At Olympus, we are dedicated to fighting anything that increases rates for our customers." Headquartered in Palm Beach Gardens, FL and founded in 2007, Olympus Insurance Company specializes in Florida property insurance. Through its independent agency force, Olympus insures $45 billion worth of residential and investment property, including homes, condos, rental property, and valuable personal property. The company also writes flood insurance and umbrella policies. Coverage for individual risks up to $5 million in total insured value is provided on one of the most comprehensive coverage forms in the industry. For more information, visit olympusinsurance.com.


PALM BEACH GARDENS, FL / ACCESSWIRE / February 27, 2017 / Olympus Insurance Company, a leading Florida homeowners' insurer, announced that Mariela Perez-Pennock, FCLS, was elected Chair and voting member of the Public Relations and Public Outreach Committee of the Florida Property and Casualty Insurance Fraud Task Force. The Task Force was created by the Florida Department of Financial Services in 2010. The organization's mission is to reduce, deter, or eliminate property and casualty (P&C) insurance fraud. As Chair of the Public Relations and Public Outreach Committee, Ms. Perez-Pennock will oversee the efforts of the Committee to provide fraud awareness to consumers through social media, seminars, and legislative support, in order to fight the escalating epidemic of property fraud. "Through this new role, I hope to continue the Task Force's work to fight insurance fraud in Florida," said Ms. Perez-Pennock. "I have dedicated my career to investigating and reducing fraud in our industry and am passionate about working to decrease the impact that this issue has had in our state." Ms. Perez-Pennock began her insurance career in 1988 with Progressive Insurance in Tampa, Fla. Prior to joining Olympus Insurance, she was the SIU Manager for North American Risk Services (NARS). Her background also includes working as a Special Agent with the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) where she served as part of the Mid-Atlantic Fraud Task Force, covering Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Additionally, she was the SIU Medical Fraud Manager for Nationwide Insurance in Florida and has held SIU positions with Travelers and Safe Auto Insurance. Ms. Perez-Pennock attended the University of South Florida, pursuing a double major in Criminal Justice and Voice Performance. She holds FCLS, CCA, and CATI designations and is a prominent speaker and trainer at industry conferences. "We are all very proud of Mariela for taking on this new and critical role and fully support her efforts," said Jeffrey B. Scott, CEO of Olympus Insurance. "At Olympus, we are dedicated to fighting anything that increases rates for our customers." Headquartered in Palm Beach Gardens, FL and founded in 2007, Olympus Insurance Company specializes in Florida property insurance. Through its independent agency force, Olympus insures $45 billion worth of residential and investment property, including homes, condos, rental property, and valuable personal property. The company also writes flood insurance and umbrella policies. Coverage for individual risks up to $5 million in total insured value is provided on one of the most comprehensive coverage forms in the industry. For more information, visit olympusinsurance.com. PALM BEACH GARDENS, FL / ACCESSWIRE / February 27, 2017 / Olympus Insurance Company, a leading Florida homeowners' insurer, announced that Mariela Perez-Pennock, FCLS, was elected Chair and voting member of the Public Relations and Public Outreach Committee of the Florida Property and Casualty Insurance Fraud Task Force. The Task Force was created by the Florida Department of Financial Services in 2010. The organization's mission is to reduce, deter, or eliminate property and casualty (P&C) insurance fraud. As Chair of the Public Relations and Public Outreach Committee, Ms. Perez-Pennock will oversee the efforts of the Committee to provide fraud awareness to consumers through social media, seminars, and legislative support, in order to fight the escalating epidemic of property fraud. "Through this new role, I hope to continue the Task Force's work to fight insurance fraud in Florida," said Ms. Perez-Pennock. "I have dedicated my career to investigating and reducing fraud in our industry and am passionate about working to decrease the impact that this issue has had in our state." Ms. Perez-Pennock began her insurance career in 1988 with Progressive Insurance in Tampa, Fla. Prior to joining Olympus Insurance, she was the SIU Manager for North American Risk Services (NARS). Her background also includes working as a Special Agent with the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) where she served as part of the Mid-Atlantic Fraud Task Force, covering Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Additionally, she was the SIU Medical Fraud Manager for Nationwide Insurance in Florida and has held SIU positions with Travelers and Safe Auto Insurance. Ms. Perez-Pennock attended the University of South Florida, pursuing a double major in Criminal Justice and Voice Performance. She holds FCLS, CCA, and CATI designations and is a prominent speaker and trainer at industry conferences. "We are all very proud of Mariela for taking on this new and critical role and fully support her efforts," said Jeffrey B. Scott, CEO of Olympus Insurance. "At Olympus, we are dedicated to fighting anything that increases rates for our customers." Headquartered in Palm Beach Gardens, FL and founded in 2007, Olympus Insurance Company specializes in Florida property insurance. Through its independent agency force, Olympus insures $45 billion worth of residential and investment property, including homes, condos, rental property, and valuable personal property. The company also writes flood insurance and umbrella policies. Coverage for individual risks up to $5 million in total insured value is provided on one of the most comprehensive coverage forms in the industry. For more information, visit olympusinsurance.com.


Martins L.,CATI | do Lago A.A.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas | de Andrade A.C.S.,Jardim Botanico
Revista Arvore | Year: 2012

Tabebuia impetiginosa is a tree species of high economical, ornamental and medicinal value. Its seeds present short viability period and they are difficult to be stored. Thus, the objective of this study was to study the ideal conditions of moisture water content and storage temperature for preservation of Tabebuia impetiginosa seeds for one year. Firstly, the initial moisture content of the seed was determined (18.3%) and a sample was taken. The remaining seeds were submitted to drying with air circulation at 30°C, in order to obtain seeds with the water contents of 12.5, 8.4 and 4.2%. After that, the samples were stored in chambers at -10°C and 20°C and evaluated at the beginning and after 90, 180, 270 and 360 days of storage regarding percentage of germination and seedling emergence in sand. The experiment was set up in a complete random design, in a 4 x 2 factorial design with four treatments (water contents) before storage, and eight treatments (four water content x 2 thermal conditions) in each evaluation period during storage. Means were compared by the Tukey test at 5%. The preservation of Tabebuia impetiginosa seeds is favored by maintaining them with moisture degrees ranging from 4.2 and 12.5%, at -10°C, and from 4.2 to 8.4% at 20°C.


News Article | November 9, 2016
Site: www.prnewswire.co.uk

- Le leader européen du portefeuille de cartes de fidélité vient renforcer le Panel Mobile de SSI - SHELTON, Connecticut, 9 novembre, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- FidMe, le leader européen de l'application de portefeuille de cartes de fidélité sur mobile, et SSI ont annoncé aujourd'hui le lancement d'un nouveau programme de fidélisation sous le nom de My Opinion Club. Le programme permet aux utilisateurs de FidMe de gagner des points en participant à des enquêtes sur mobile et en partageant leurs opinions. SSI, leader mondial en matière de solutions et de technologies de collecte de données consommateurs et B2B fait équipe avec FidMe pour renforcer son offre de panel mobile en Europe. Les utilisateurs de FidMe qui rejoignent le programme gratuit My Opinion Club sur www.myopinionclub.fr recevront 250 points dès qu'ils auront répondu à leur premier sondage, puis collecteront des points FidMe complémentaires en répondant à chaque nouvelle enquête. Ces points seront directement crédités sur les comptes des utilisateurs et pourront être échangés contre des réductions sur des offres et promotions proposées par le réseau de partenaires de l'application, en forte croissance, de nombreux sites web ainsi que des offres spéciales exclusives de FidMe "FidMe explore en permanence les manières de faire gagner à nos utilisateurs des points complémentaires à ajouter à leurs portefeuilles mobiles," a déclaré Laurent Bourgitteau-Guiard, directeur général et co-fondateur de FidMe. "SSI apporte à nos utilisateurs une nouvelle façon de gagner des points  simplement en participant à des enquêtes mobiles. C'est la première fois que nous faisons équipe avec une entreprise du monde des études, permettant à ses clients d'affiner leur connaissance marché, tant auprès des consommateurs que des professionnels B2B pour leurs produits et services . ." Le portefeuille de cartes de fidélité FidMe est une application mobile qui relie les entreprises aux membres de programmes de fidélité dans plus de 80 pays. Ce service permet aux programmes de fidélisation, aux entreprises marchandes et autres entreprises de services aux consommateurs d'intégrer le suivi de solde et les transactions commerciales de fidélité à leurs offres produits, le tout via une application mobile gratuite, disponible sur l'App Store et sur Google Play. Avec l'application mobile FidMe, les utilisateurs enregistrent leurs informations de carte de fidélité sur leur téléphone en quelques secondes. Désormais, les clients n'ont plus à s'encombrer de portefeuilles surpeuplés de cartes et ne risquent pas d'oublier leur carte de fidélité. L'application mobile FidMe stocke les informations des consommateurs sur leurs marques préférées et leurs cartes de fidélité sur une seule application pouvant être utilisée dans plus de 8500 enseignes. "Faire équipe avec FidMe permet à SSI de cibler plus de consommateurs mobiles et de professionnels B2B en France, tout en augmentant la capacité de SSI en Europe." déclare Bob Fawson, responsable produit chez SSI. "Par ailleurs, c'est la première fois que SSI travaille avec un tel business model de portefeuille mobile de cartes de fidélité, ce qui renforce encore plus notre leadership dans les avancées mobiles avec géo-localisation." SSI cible et engage les audiences les plus qualifiées dans plus de 90 pays. Les répondants sont recrutés avec soin, vérifiés et gérés selon d'exigeantes normes de qualité. L'Europe et son marché représentent pour les professionnels du marketing et des études un accès inégalé à des millions de consommateurs et d'entreprises pour des besoins d'étude de marchés, de positionnement de marque, d'analyse de profils de clients, d'usages et d'attitudes, de stratégies média et publicitaires, et de veille concurrentielle. FidMe, développé par Snapp' SAS à Bordeaux, France est le leader européen des applications mobiles de portefeuille de fidélité FidMe est compatible avec tous les types de smartphones. L'utilisation de FidMe permet aux utilisateurs d'enregistrer des cartes de fidélité traditionnelles et des timbres fidélité des enseignes locales. Des milliers de petites entreprises, de réseaux de franchises et d'enseignes célèbres (Monoprix, Marionnaud, E. Leclerc, AccorHotels, Columbus Café, McDonald's, KFC, Domino's Pizza, etc.) ont adopté ce service. L'application FidMe, disponible dans 19 langues, compte plus de 4 millions d'utilisateurs, 6500 cartes de fidélité et 18 millions de cartes numérisées. Pour plus d'informations, rendez-vous sur www.fidme.com. SSI est le premier fournisseur mondial de solutions de données et de technologie pour les études consommateurs et B2B. SSI engage ses répondants dans plus de 90 pays par internet, et/ou par téléphone, mobile et fixe. SSI compte 40 bureaux dans plus de 20 pays, offrant des services d'échantillonnage, de collecte de données online et mobile, de CATI, d'accompagnement et de conception de questionnaire, de programmation et d'hébergement, de reporting, visualisation et de traitement de données. Les 4000 employés de SSI sont au service de plus de 3000 clients de par le monde. Rendez-vous sur www.surveysampling.com.


Martins L.,CATI | do Lago A.A.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas | Cicero S.M.,University of Sao Paulo
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2012

The objective of this research was to study the physiological performance of Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell.) Toledo seeds during storage. Fruits from 15 mother plants were hand picked and placed under shade to finish drying and to ease further manual extraction of seeds. Firstly, the initial moisture content of the seeds was determined, which was 15.6%. Following that, the remaining seeds were submitted to drying at ambient temperature inside a glass desicator in order to obtain the other desired moisture contents (11.5, 8.1 and 4.3%). The samples, corresponding to the different moisture contents were stored inside chambers at temperatures of 10, 20 and -196 °C. At the beginning and after 120, 240 and 360 days of storage, the seeds were submitted to several physiological evaluations. The experiment was a factorial, in a completely randomized design, with 4 treatments (moisture contents) at beginning of storage and 12 treatments (4 moisture contents x 3 thermal conditions), in each evaluation date, during storage. Mean comparison was made by the Tukey test at 5%. It was concluded that the preservation of Tabebuia heptaphylla seeds, at water contents 15.6, 11.5, 8.1 and 4,3% is favored by temperatures from 10 and -196 °C.


Redolfi A.,Laboratory of Epidemiology and Neuroimaging | Manset D.,Gnubila France | Barkhof F.,VU University Amsterdam | Wahlund L.-O.,Karolinska Institutet | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Background and Purpose: The measurement of cortical shrinkage is a candidate marker of disease progression in Alzheimer's. This study evaluated the performance of two pipelines: Civet-CLASP (v1.1.9) and Freesurfer (v5.3.0). Methods: Images from 185 ADNI1 cases (69 elderly controls (CTR), 37 stable MCI (sMCI), 27 progressive MCI (pMCI), and 52 Alzheimer (AD) patients) scanned at baseline, month 12, and month 24 were processed using the two pipelines and two interconnected e-infrastructures: neuGRID (https://neugrid4you.eu) and VIP (http://vip.creatis.insa-lyon.fr). The vertex-by-vertex cross-algorithm comparison was made possible applying the 3D gradient vector flow (GVF) and closest point search (CPS) techniques. Results: The cortical thickness measured with Freesurfer was systematically lower by one third if compared to Civet 's. Cross-sectionally, Freesurfer's effect size was significantly different in the posterior division of the temporal fusiform cortex. Both pipelines were weakly or mildly correlated with the Mini Mental State Examination score (MMSE) and the hippocampal volumetry. Civet differed significantly from Freesurfer in large frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital regions (p<0.05). In a discriminant analysis with cortical ROIs having effect size larger than 0.8, both pipelines gave no significant differences in area under the curve (AUC). Longitudinally, effect sizes were not significantly different in any of the 28 ROIs tested. Both pipelines weakly correlated with MMSE decay, showing no significant differences. Freesurfer mildly correlated with hippocampal thinning rate and differed in the supramarginal gyrus, temporal gyrus, and in the lateral occipital cortex compared to Civet (p<0.05). In a discriminant analysis with ROIs having effect size larger than 0.6, both pipelines yielded no significant differences in the AUC. Conclusions: Civet appears slightly more sensitive to the typical AD atrophic pattern at the MCI stage, but both pipelines can accurately characterize the topography of cortical thinning at the dementia stage. © 2015 Redolfi et al.


Recent P-wave seismic tomography11 revealed four geometries of subducted slabs in the mantle. Type I refers to a slab that is stagnant above the 660-km discontinuity. Type II is assigned to slabs that penetrate the 660-km discontinuity (for example, Kuril). Type III slabs lie in the uppermost lower mantle at depths between 660–1,000 km (for example, Tonga–Kermadec, Sumatra and South America). Type IV slabs continuously descend into the mid lower mantle. Seismic tomography11, 12, 13 provides morphological images of the subducted slabs in Earth’s mantle, but does not give any insight into the dynamic features of the slab. However, the seismic anisotropy observed in the mantle provides information on the flow direction of the slabs in the deep mantle because this anisotropy may be the reflection of the CPO of the constituent minerals, which is yielded by dislocation creep deformation. As shown in previous reports, an important anisotropy that demonstrates clear shear-wave splitting was observed in the uppermost lower mantle of the Tonga–Kermadec slab region1, 2. Recently, such anisotropies were also observed in the uppermost lower mantle of other slab regions3, 4, 5. In these observations, shear wave splitting shows fast polarization that is generally parallel to the plane of the subducted plate (for example, Tonga–Kermadec, Java, Peru and Kurile)1, 2, 3, 4, whereas other observed slab regions do not show a consistent splitting pattern3. It is therefore interesting to examine how the observed shear-wave anisotropy could be interpreted by the CPO of the lower-mantle minerals. It is generally accepted that in the pyrolitic mantle model, the constituents of the lower mantle are bridgmanite or (Mg,Fe)SiO perovskite, of space group Pbnm (77 vol%), ferropericlase (16 vol%) and CaSiO perovskite (7 vol%)14. The contribution of the CPO of ferropericlase to seismic anisotropy is negligible because of its nearly isotropic elasticity at the uppermost lower mantle conditions15. CaSiO perovskite is elastically anisotropic16 but the contribution of this phase to seismic anisotropy will not be substantial because of the small amount of CaSiO in the lower mantle. In contrast, it is anticipated that considerable seismic anisotropy can be produced by the CPO of bridgmanite17, 18 on the basis of its high elastic anisotropy19, 20 and overwhelming presence in the lower mantle. We therefore focused on the deformation-induced CPO of bridgmanite as the most important factor in lower-mantle seismic anisotropy. We performed shear deformation experiments on bridgmanite with a controlled strain rate under lower-mantle conditions by employing the deformation-DIA-type multi-anvil press with the Kawai-type cell assembly (6–8 type)10. Dense, sintered (Mg Fe )SiO bridgmanite aggregates synthesized at 25 GPa and 1,873 K were used as samples for the deformation experiments. A backscattered electron image (Fig. 1a) and pole figures (Fig. 2a) of sintered bridgmanite revealed that the sample was an equigranular aggregate with a typical grain size of 15 μm and a random crystallographic orientation, determined from two-dimensional monochromatic X-ray diffraction patterns (see Methods). In the deformation experiments, a thin ellipse of the bridgmanite aggregate with a strain marker of Ni foil (which was initially set at the middle of the sample, perpendicular to the cut surfaces of the pistons) was sandwiched between 45°-cut polycrystalline dense alumina pistons at the centre of the cell assembly. As the differential rams of the deformation-DIA press advance, the alumina pistons apply simple shear to the thin bridgmanite sample. Figure 1b and c shows the microstructures of the recovered samples from the undeformed (annealing only) experiment (run K116) and from the deformation experiment (run K122), respectively, both performed at identical pressure (P) and temperature (T) conditions (25 GPa, 1,873 K). In the former, the strain marker was almost normal to the cut surfaces of the alumina pistons, showing that the shear strain of the bridgmanite sample was very close to zero. The sample was thus almost free from deformation throughout the experimental processes; that is, compression, heating, annealing and subsequent decompression. As shown in Fig. 1c, the strain marker definitely tilted in the deformed sample. From the tilting angle of the strain marker (~38°) and the deformation time (1 h), the total strain and average strain rate were determined to be γ ≈ 0.8 and , respectively. The thickness of the deformed sample was reduced by about 20% in comparison with the original, suggesting that a uniaxial component of deformation was present. The microstructural observation in Fig. 1d show that elongated bridgmanite grains of sizes up to 30–40 μm accumulated in the shear direction and are surrounded by small grains of less than a few micrometres. The structural features indicate that dynamic recrystallization occurred. The CPO of bridgmanite could therefore be induced by deformation involving dislocations. The crystallographic orientation of the bridgmanite was determined using the two-dimensional monochromatic X-ray diffraction pattern method7, 9, 21 for both the starting and deformed samples. The sheared bridgmanite aggregate demonstrated strong fabric (Fig. 2b), whereas the starting material did not show a notable CPO pattern (Fig. 2a). In the sheared bridgmanite, the [100] axis was oriented perpendicular to the shear plane. Although weak girdle patterns of the [001] and [010] axes (which correspond to uniaxial compressive strain) were observed, the [001] and [010] axes were mostly aligned parallel and normal to the shear direction on the shear plane, respectively. Experimental textures are compatible with orientation-producing deformation mechanisms such as dominant slip on [001](100) at 25 GPa and 1,873 K, which correspond to conditions found in the uppermost lower mantle. The dominant slip system of bridgmanite at high deviatoric stress has been reported through high-pressure experiments7, 8, 22 and theoretical calculations18, 23, as shown in Extended Data Table 1. Using a diamond anvil cell, uniaxial deformation experiments were conducted on bridgmanite at room temperature7, 22. No clear CPO pattern was observed7, probably owing to insufficient strain, whereas dominant slip systems were reported as [100], [010] and <110> on the (001) plane below 55 GPa and the (100) plane over 55 GPa (ref. 22). Uniaxial stress relaxation experiments (USRE) on bridgmanite were carried out using the Kawai-type multi-anvil press at 25 GPa and 1,673 K (ref. 8). Analysis of the recovered samples using the X-ray peak broadening technique suggested that the dominant slip direction is [100], in contradiction with our results. Dense deformation bands across the pre-existing twin boundaries were observed in the USRE8, suggesting that the bridgmanite aggregate was deformed under very high deviatoric stress. Extremely high deviatoric stress values of up to several gigapascals, induced by compression at room temperature, were directly measured during in situ USRE of olivine polymorphs24, 25. The [100] slip direction observed in USRE of bridgmanite8 might be the result of very high deviatoric stress. According to first-principles calculations23 the [100](001) slip system is one of the most easily activated slip systems of bridgmanite in the dislocation glide region. This supports the hypothesis that the slip direction observed in the USRE results from dislocation glide. On the other hand, another study based on first-principles calculations with a visco-plastic self-consistent model18 suggested that the most easily activated slip system is [010](100) at 0 K for a pressure range of 0–100 GPa in the dislocation glide region. Both calculations and previous experimental results are inconsistent with the present results. This could be due to differences in the dominant slip mechanisms or the dominant deformation mechanisms found for varying experimental conditions (for example, stress, temperature and pressure), such as in the case of olivine26. CaTiO perovskite is often used as an analogue material for bridgmanite because the SiO or TiO octahedra have similar rotation angles. Uniaxial deformation experiments were performed on CaTiO perovskite27, in which dislocation creep was expected owing to the high temperature (up to 1,973 K) and low deviatoric stress (25–120 MPa). TEM observations of the recovered sample revealed that screw dislocation with Burgers vectors [100] and [011] on the (01−1) plane, where indexing is based on the pseudo-cubic system, formed rectangular networks. The [100] and [011] directions on the (01−1) plane in pseudo-cubic indexation of perovskite include the 1/2[001] and [010] directions on the (100) plane in the orthorhombic system. The [001](100) slip system in the present study does not contradict that of CaTiO perovskite. The seismic wave anisotropy formed by the CPO of deformed bridgmanite in the present study, as shown in Fig. 3 and Extended Data Table 2, was calculated on the basis of the elastic constant (Extended Data Table 3)19. For the shear-wave anisotropy of deformed bridgmanite, the velocity of the horizontally polarized shear waves, V , is around 1% higher than that of vertically polarized shear waves, V , in horizontal flow, as shown in Fig. 3b, whereas V is 0.03%–1.10% higher in vertical flow (Fig. 3d). As shown in Fig. 4a, shear-wave splitting with V  > V is observed in the uppermost lower mantle from the Tonga–Kermadec subduction zone to the Australian continental seismic stations1, 2, where the ray path is nearly parallel to the section. The delay time ranges from 0.7 s to 6.2 s (refs 1 and 2), which corresponds to an average value of (V − V )/V ≈ 0.1%–1%, assuming a 3,000–6,000-km ray path including a 1,000–2,000-km subducted plate region11 on the uppermost lower mantle. The magnitude of the shear-wave anisotropy calculated here is consistent with deformed bridgmanite (Fig. 3b). In contrast, the opposite shear wave anisotropy (V  > V ) was observed from the Tonga–Kermadec subduction zone at the western North America stations4, where the ray path is nearly perpendicular to the section. It is thus concluded that both of the observed shear-wave anisotropies around the Tonga–Kermadec subduction zone, which are type III in the P wave tomography11, are well explained by the CPO of bridgmanite yielded by the penetration of subducted slabs down to 1,000 km by vertical motion and subsequent stagnation at similar depths, with a horizontal flow in the pyrolitic mantle (as shown in Fig. 4a). This flow pattern could be caused by the viscosity hill28, 29, 30 at depths between 1,000 km and 1,500 km, and the viscosity reduction of the slab by interconnection of ferropericlase in the post-spinel phase31. Shear wave anisotropies at the top of the lower mantle beneath the Java (type III), Peru (type III) and Kuril (type II) subducted slabs were observed along the seismic ray path nearly perpendicular or parallel to the subducted plate surface3 (Fig. 4b–d). In these observations, the fast polarizations in the shear-wave splitting appear to be arranged roughly parallel to the plane of the plate3, which is explained by the deformation-induced CPO of bridgmanite owing to flow parallel to the direction of subduction. The findings presented here on the CPO of bridgmanite, coupled with the observations of seismic anisotropy, provide a greater understanding of the direction of mantle flow, confirming inferences from seismic tomography data.


News Article | December 5, 2016
Site: en.prnasia.com

SINGAPORE, Dec. 5, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Red Hat, Inc. (NYSE: RHT), the world's leading provider of open source solutions, today announced the results of a commissioned study by Forrester Consulting, on behalf of Red Hat, about the use of open source in digital innovation initiatives in the Asia Pacific region. The results, highlighted in the study Open Source Drives Digital Innovation revealed that IT decision makers in Singapore are turning to open source to drive better efficiency and digital innovation. The research surveyed 455 CIOs and senior IT decision-makers from nine countries in Asia Pacific. The insights gathered reflect that 72 percent of respondents from Singapore believe that technology innovation is either "very important" or "critical" to their organization's success. Respondents from Singapore report that their organizations have either implemented (46 percent) or plan to expand open source implementation (14 percent), while 40 percent of respondents plan to implement open source solutions within the next 12 months, motivated by benefits such as faster implementation and improved flexibility, which can enable organizations to deliver new customer experiences, services, and products more quickly. Business and IT priorities in the next 12 Months The survey results identified that, in order to successfully compete in the age of the customer and continue to deliver world-class operational capabilities, respondents from Singapore plan to focus on three IT and business priorities in the next 12 months: The above priorities have been reflected in respondents' strategic IT initiatives in the next 12 months to transform both internal and customer facing technologies: The research predicts that over the next two to three years, the role of open source will accelerate. Survey respondents from Singapore anticipate that their organization's use of open source may increase by 50 percent as part of their agile hybrid cloud infrastructure and by 62 percent in application development and DevOps environments. "Many anticipate that the pace of digital disruption will only pick up, causing wider and deeper impact on businesses, and every industry may soon find a digital competitor. It is more urgent than ever for organizations to find their own competitive advantage through technology. With this shift, open source has evolved to play an increasingly strategic role as a default choice for technology innovation to help businesses improve their agility, efficiency and innovation." "It is encouraging to see that 60 percent of respondents in Singapore have been thinking beyond the traditional approaches and are taking a cue from the companies championing digital innovation through open source. Working closely with enterprises, we have witnessed first-hand the power of open source. It is no longer only an IT initiative, but a strategy to create real business impact by transforming and modernizing complex IT challenges and accelerating innovation and agility." From "Open Source Drives Digital Innovation", a [November 2016] commissioned study conducted by Forrester Consulting on behalf of Red Hat "Digitally empowered customers have taken the driver's seat from organizations that once had the power. Keeping pace with the growth of customer expectations can no longer be achieved within the four walls of an organization. Hence enterprises in Asia Pacific should tap into external and increasingly open source technology, talent, insight and innovation." This research was commissioned by Red Hat and completed in September 2016.Forrester Consulting conducted a computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) survey of 455 senior IT decision-makers and CIO's across 9 countries/regions in Asia-Pacific (Australia, Mainland China, Indonesia, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan). The custom survey was completed with organizations having 1,000 or more employees. Survey respondents included are from organizations in the financial services, government, healthcare and telecommunication industries. To download the study "Open Source Drives Digital Innovation" please click this link: http://red.ht/2gTb1zY Red Hat is the world's leading provider of open source software solutions, using a community-powered approach to provide reliable and high-performing cloud, Linux, middleware, storage and virtualization technologies. Red Hat also offers award-winning support, training, and consulting services. As a connective hub in a global network of enterprises, partners, and open source communities, Red Hat helps create relevant, innovative technologies that liberate resources for growth and prepare customers for the future of IT. Learn more at http://www.redhat.com. Certain statements contained in this press release may constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements as a result of various important factors, including: risks related to the ability of the Company to compete effectively; the ability to deliver and stimulate demand for new products and technological innovations on a timely basis; delays or reductions in information technology spending; the integration of acquisitions and the ability to market successfully acquired technologies and products; fluctuations in exchange rates; the effects of industry consolidation; uncertainty and adverse results in litigation and related settlements; the inability to adequately protect Company intellectual property and the potential for infringement or breach of license claims of or relating to third party intellectual property; risks related to data and information security vulnerabilities; the ability to meet financial and operational challenges encountered in our international operations; ineffective management of, and control over, the Company's growth and international operations; and changes in and a dependence on key personnel, as well as other factors contained in our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (copies of which may be accessed through the Securities and Exchange Commission's website at http://www.sec.gov), including those found therein under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations". In addition to these factors, actual future performance, outcomes, and results may differ materially because of more general factors including (without limitation) general industry and market conditions and growth rates, economic and political conditions, governmental and public policy changes and the impact of natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods. The forward-looking statements included in this press release represent the Company's views as of the date of this press release and these views could change. However, while the Company may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, the Company specifically disclaims any obligation to do so. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing the Company's views as of any date subsequent to the date of this press release. Red Hat and the Shadowman logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the U.S. and other countries. Linux® is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries.

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