The Universidade Católica de Santos is a private and non-profit Catholic university, located in Santos, the first university in the region of the city. It is one of the largest Brazilian universities. It is maintained by the Catholic Archdiocese of Santos.UNISANTOS's history began in 1951 when the Society was founded by Visconde de São Leopoldo. The initial goal was to establish the School of Law. Thereafter, the university expanded to include a school of Philosophy, science and Letters, Communication, Economics and Business, School of Architecture, School of Social Work, School of Nursing, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, and School of Engineering.On February 6, 1986, the Catholic UNISANTOS was recognized and became the first university in the region, under the auspices of the then Minister Marco Antônio Maciel under approval process 3924/76. Currently consisting of five learning centres, the UNISANTOS maintains more than 40 undergraduate courses, including programmes in Technology, five Masters courses recommended by Capes and MEC , science and the arts, and dozens of other courses linked to a humanistic tradition.As a member of the Brazilian Association of Community Universities, the UNISANTOS provides part of their revenue to provide funding for scholarships, free hospital visits, psychology clinics, and legal assistance, among others. Additionally, it maintains the Open University for the Elderly, a pioneer project in the region.Located in the littoral zone of the State of São Paulo, region known as "Baixada Santista," the law school of the Catholic UniSantos is among the best in the State, according to the Federal Council of the Bar Association of Brazil. The university is the only one to get the label "Federal Bar Association recommends," in three editions in which it was granted. It is also recognized for the high rate of students who pass the examination stage of the OAB and the Public Defender and Prosecutor, in addition to tendering for public service careers in the legal area as Magistrates, Prosecutors at the federal, state and municipal levels.The UNISANTOS has an agreement to exchange students with foreign institutions located in Portugal, Spain, Italy, France, Switzerland, Russia, Argentina, Venezuela, and Mozambique. Wikipedia.
Culture versus the law in the decision not to vaccinate children: Meanings assigned by middle-class couples in São Paulo, Brazil [A (Não) vacinação infantil entre a cultura e a lei: Os significados atribuídos por casais de camadas médias de São Paulo, Brasil] [La (No)vacunación infantil entre la cultura y la ley: Los significados atribuidos por parejas de clase media de São Paulo, Brasil]
Barbieri C.L.A.,Catholic University of Santos |
Couto M.T.,University of Sao Paulo |
Aith F.M.A.,University of Sao Paulo
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2017
This study aimed to learn how middle-class parents in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, interpreted the country’s prevailing vaccination requirements, based on their experiences with vaccinating, selectively vaccinating, or not vaccinating their children. A qualitative approach was used with in-depth interviews. The analytical process was guided by content analysis and the theoretical framework of the anthropology of the law and morality. For parents that vaccinated, Brazil’s culture of immunization outweighed the feeling of compliance with the law; for selective parents, selection of vaccines was not perceived as deviating from the law. In both, the act of vaccinating their children was a matter of moral status. Meanwhile, the non-vaccinators, counter to the legal perspective, attributed their choice to care for the child on grounds that mandatory vaccination was contrary to their way of life; they experienced a feeling of social coercion and fear of legal impositions. Vaccination is an important practice in public health, but it can reveal tensions and conflicts from normative systems, whether moral, cultural, or legal. © 2017, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz. All rights reserved.
De Andrade J.P.,Catholic University of Santos
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2016
This study aims to analyze the cooperation developed by the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in space matters, especially the agreements signed by Brazil with other States of the acronym. The paper is inserted in the programmatic content "Space Law". The deductive method as a methodological basis for this work is elected, based on extensive bibliographic and normative research. First, it analyses who and what are the BRICS emphasizing the new cooperation model they bring to international relations. The type of interaction brought by BRICS reflects a new cooperation model that, despite it may be considered informal, it breaks the typical institutionalized models, opening room for new paradigms and adjustments in the international arena. Then will be briefly analyzed the legal framework created for the outer space, with emphasis on the participation of BRICS in the five main treaties that compose the Space Law. From the analysis of the themes "BRICS" and "Space Law", we we study the reference to the last one in the declarations and action plans completed in the Summits, namely, the Sanya Declaration (2011) where Russia was congratulated for 50-year anniversary of the flight of Yuri Gagarin, first human to go into space, the Fortaleza Declaration (2014) which showed the concern of the BRICS with the peaceful use of outer space and, finally, the Ufa Declaration (2015) which reaffirmed the need of use of space for peaceful purposes, the importance of cooperation as well as the freedom and space exploration equality for peaceful purposes. Ahead, the work arrives at its central point, where the agreements held by Brazil with other BRICS countries will be analyzed, with emphasis on the cooperation with China. Despite the cooperation among BRICS is incipient, Brazil shows interest in increasing it with the other states. Therefore, there are prospects with the other four countries, although in different measures. This work allows us to conclude that the cooperation between the BRICS on space matter is embryonic and is reduced only to mentions in the Declarations of the Summits, which, moreover, remain silent on other great challenges of Space Law. On the other hand, stands out Brazilian search role in this area, while maintaining agreements with consolidated space programs countries, such as Russia and China as well as seek adjustments with India and South Africa.
Neto O.D.O.B.,Catholic University of Santos
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2016
The present paper presents the case in favor of strengthening multilateral efforts towards the provision of a clear, effective legal framework applicable to space resources, in accordance with International Law. Thus, current initiatives on that regard will be appraised, with particular attention to the Hague Space Resources Governance Working Group. The dawn of a new era for Space Law is upon us. The exploration and exploitation of space resources is currently becoming more feasible by the day. Private companies have identified the economic potential of such endeavors, pressing States to clarify the applicable legal framework. Current developments in the America, with the recently approved US Commercial Space Law Competitiveness Act, and in Europe, specifically in Luxemburg, denounces the recognition, at the governmental level, that the time has come to devote attention to such a complex issue. As technology inevitably evolves, so shall the Law. The corpus iuris related to space activities revolves around core principles conceived almost half a century ago. The exploitation and exploration of space resources, including mining of celestial bodies, may justify the development of a new international legal regime, designed to answer unavoidable demands of the international community. Multilateralism is a necessity in our world of today. The coordination of international relations between three or more States, through ad hoc arrangements or institutions, constitutes the foundation for global governance. Indeed, interests of countries and nations are becoming increasingly intertwined, as recent economical and political crises so clearly certified. Therefore, it is important to acknowledge present and future multilateral initiatives devoted to the study of international rules applicable to space resources. Law is expected to reflect social needs and aspirations, for the benefit of all; as far as International Law is concerned, the stakes are arguably higher, since universal legal regimes may constitute the last bastion against dangerous international disputes. The Hague Space Resources Governance Working Group, for instance, constitutes an important initiative towards the understanding and development of Space Law. Its composition, objectives and considerations are capable of offering important contributions to the development of peaceful space activities.
Hruschka E.R.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro |
Hruschka E.R.,Catholic University of Santos |
Ebecken N.F.F.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (Subseries of Lecture Notes in Computer Science) | Year: 2014
This work both describes and evaluates a Bayesian feature selection approach for classification problems. Basically, a Bayesian network is generated from a dataset, and then the Markov Blanket of the class variable is used to the feature subset selection task. The proposed methodology is illustrated by means of simulations in three datasets that are benchmarks for data mining methods: Wisconsin Breast Cancer, Mushroom and Congressional Voting Records. Three classifiers were employed to show the efficacy of the proposed method. The average classification rates obtained in the datasets formed by all features are compared to those achieved in the datasets formed by the features that belong to the Markov Blanket. The performed simulations lead to interesting results. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004.
Bittencourt Neto O.D.O.,Catholic University of Santos
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2014
High above, throughout the sky, a constellation of marooned space objects circulate in orbit around the Earth. Of different sizes and natures, those wandering vessels, not so much abandoned as disregarded, rest in a state of limbo, waiting for their fate: be it to crash into another space object, to continuously fragment themselves into smaller parts, or to finally re-enter our planet's atmosphere. Since the number of space debris continues to grow, creating dangers to space activities and astronauts alike, the international community should seriously start to consider alternatives to authorize and legalize orbital cleaning up initiatives, whether conducted by the respective Launching States or not. In that sense, the Law of Salvage, as regulated by Maritime and Admiralty Law, is capable of suggesting an interesting analogy to Space Law, specifically as far as environmental salvage is concerned. Contemporary law of marine salvage states that rescuers who voluntarily assist ships in distress at sea should be rewarded, being entitled to a gratification commeasured with the value of the property saved. According to the 1989 International Convention on Salvage, the traditional principle of "no cure no pay" regarding salvage efforts, which provides that those services do not deserve compensation unless the property is saved, shall be reinterpreted in case of relevant damage to the environment. Indeed, in those extreme situations, expenses undertaken by salvors to prevent a substantial damage of that nature are to be recovered by the owner, irrespective of the success of the rescuing enterprise. Despite the unavoidable particularities of the space activities and the outer space environment, such legal principle could arguably be embraced by Space Law. Considering the international relevance of the current space debris situation, the study of the legal regime applicable to marine salvage may effectively prove to be invaluable to de lege ferenda perspectives for future Space Law regulation on that regard. © 2014, International Astronautical Federation, IAF. All rights reserved.
Gollucke A.P.,Catholic University of Santos
Recent patents on food, nutrition & agriculture | Year: 2010
Grape polyphenols are associated with the prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress. The present review discusses the most abundant polyphenols in red grapes as well as the recent food and beverage products developed with these natural antioxidant substances. Grape phenolic concentration and composition depend on agro-geographic factors and processing conditions. In humans, grape polyphenols demonstrated effects such as maintenance of endothelial function, increase in antioxidant capacity and protection against LDL oxidation. Recent patents regarding grape polyphenols show a tendency to return to natural products with a minimum use of severe extraction processes and organic solvents. The new products tend to use grape juice and wine as raw materials and maximize their polyphenolic contents. Grape derived polyphenolic foods, beverages and supplements suit effectively the current demand for antioxidant substances of nutritional interest.
Gollucke A.P.B.,Catholic University of Santos
Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition and Agriculture | Year: 2010
Grape polyphenols are associated with the prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress. The present review discusses the most abundant polyphenols in red grapes as well as the recent food and beverage products developed with these natural antioxidant substances. Grape phenolic concentration and composition depend on agro-geographic factors and processing conditions. In humans, grape polyphenols demonstrated effects such as maintenance of endothelial function, increase in antioxidant capacity and protection against LDL oxidation. Recent patents regarding grape polyphenols show a tendency to return to natural products with a minimum use of severe extraction processes and organic solvents. The new products tend to use grape juice and wine as raw materials and maximize their polyphenolic contents. Grape derived polyphenolic foods, beverages and supplements suit effectively the current demand for antioxidant substances of nutritional interest. © 2010 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Gollucke A.P.B.,Catholic University of Santos |
Ribeiro D.A.,Federal University of São Paulo
Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition and Agriculture | Year: 2012
We presently discuss the use of grape polyphenols for promoting human health and disclose recent patents on the subject. The biological effects of grape polyphenols in human and experimental models demonstrate antioxidant properties closely associated with the maintenance of endothelial function, increase in antioxidant capacity, protection against LDL oxidation and neuroprotective effects. Recent patents regarding grape polyphenols show a tendency to return to natural products with a minimum use of severe extraction processes and organic solvents. Moreover, the recent patents regarding human health show more pharmaceutical use of grape juice and other polyphenol-rich products. The application of such products in clinical trials as a substitute or co-adjuvant with drugs may be useful in future research. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.
Martin D.,Catholic University of Santos
Saude e Sociedade | Year: 2011
This paper is about interdisciplinary post-graduation education from the perspective of Social Sciences and Humanities in Health supervisors and post-graduate students trained in health. Difficulties regarding post-graduation in general and specifically for health care professionals will be discussed. Some tensions about the production of knowledge from different disciplinary perspectives will be considered. A dialogue is necessary between supervisor, to whom theoretical framework takes a prominent place, and student, whose practice is guided by intervention. Theoretical dialogue between supervisor and student is asymmetrical and implies moral and ethical tensions for both. Geertz's term "anthropological irony" (2000) is used to discuss the relationship between supervisor and student. Finally, a reflection is proposed on possible attitudes and expectations in this relationship. We need a debate to discuss the effective contributions of this relationship and what is intended as interdisciplinary research.
Jasinski R.,Catholic University of Santos |
Pereira L.A.A.,Catholic University of Santos |
Braga A.L.F.,Catholic University of Santos
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of air pollutants and their lag structures in relation to respiratory morbidity among children and adolescents in the city of Cubatão, São Paulo State, Brazil, from 1997 to 2004. An ecological time-series study was performed, analyzing respiratory hospital admissions of children and adolescents in National Health System hospitals in Cubatão. Generalized linear Poisson regression models were used to control for seasonality, temperature, humidity, and short-term trends. PM 10 and ozone were significantly associated with respiratory hospital admissions. Among children, inter-quartile range increases in the PM 10 7-day moving average (56.5μg/m 3) and in the ozone 5-day moving average (46.7μg/m 3) led to increases of 9.6% (95%CI: 3.0%-16.1%) and 2.4% (95%CI: 0.1%-4.7%) in respiratory hospital admissions, respectively. Efforts to reduce air pollutants need to be adopted to minimize the adverse effects on children and adolescents in Cubatão.