Sao Paulo, Brazil
Sao Paulo, Brazil

The Universidade Católica de Santos is a private and non-profit Catholic university, located in Santos, the first university in the region of the city. It is one of the largest Brazilian universities. It is maintained by the Catholic Archdiocese of Santos.UNISANTOS's history began in 1951 when the Society was founded by Visconde de São Leopoldo. The initial goal was to establish the School of Law. Thereafter, the university expanded to include a school of Philosophy, science and Letters, Communication, Economics and Business, School of Architecture, School of Social Work, School of Nursing, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, and School of Engineering.On February 6, 1986, the Catholic UNISANTOS was recognized and became the first university in the region, under the auspices of the then Minister Marco Antônio Maciel under approval process 3924/76. Currently consisting of five learning centres, the UNISANTOS maintains more than 40 undergraduate courses, including programmes in Technology, five Masters courses recommended by Capes and MEC , science and the arts, and dozens of other courses linked to a humanistic tradition.As a member of the Brazilian Association of Community Universities, the UNISANTOS provides part of their revenue to provide funding for scholarships, free hospital visits, psychology clinics, and legal assistance, among others. Additionally, it maintains the Open University for the Elderly, a pioneer project in the region.Located in the littoral zone of the State of São Paulo, region known as "Baixada Santista," the law school of the Catholic UniSantos is among the best in the State, according to the Federal Council of the Bar Association of Brazil. The university is the only one to get the label "Federal Bar Association recommends," in three editions in which it was granted. It is also recognized for the high rate of students who pass the examination stage of the OAB and the Public Defender and Prosecutor, in addition to tendering for public service careers in the legal area as Magistrates, Prosecutors at the federal, state and municipal levels.The UNISANTOS has an agreement to exchange students with foreign institutions located in Portugal, Spain, Italy, France, Switzerland, Russia, Argentina, Venezuela, and Mozambique. Wikipedia.


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Thome M.T.C.,São Paulo State University | Zamudio K.R.,Cornell University | Giovanelli J.G.R.,São Paulo State University | Haddad C.F.B.,São Paulo State University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2010

The Plio-Pleistocene refugia hypothesis recently gained support in explaining Brazilian Atlantic Forest megadiversity from combined analyses of species paleodistributions and genetic diversity. Here we examine genetic differentiation and historical distributions in the Rhinella crucifer group of toads, endemic to and widely distributed within this biome. We analyzed sequences of mitochondrial (control region, ND1, and ND2) and nuclear (β-crystallin and rhodopsin) DNA markers from 65 individuals representing five species. We found deep structure across the range at mitochondrial markers; genetic diversity is geographically structured in four main haplotype clades with the oldest divergence, dated to the Pliocene, between the southernmost populations and other regions of the species' range. Remaining populations are distributed in haplotype clades that may have diverged throughout the Pleistocene. Our paleoecological distribution models support a scenario of habitat fragmentation associated with glacial cycling, but we found limited congruence of phylogeographic patterns with the refugia. We found that some genetic breaks geographically coincide with putative barriers associated to neotectonic activity, but finer-scale sampling will be necessary to test the relative importance of distinct isolation mechanisms. Overall, the data refute the recently proposed hypothesis of a southern Holocene colonization of the Atlantic Forest from northern refugia, suggesting instead persistence of forested habitats in the south. Our unexpected results underscore the need to consider distinct organismal histories in planning biome-level conservation. We discuss species correspondence to clades recovered in our phylogenetic analyses. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Bispo-Santos F.,University of Sao Paulo | D'Agrella-Filho M.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Trindade R.I.F.,University of Sao Paulo | Janikian L.,Catholic University of Santos | Reis N.J.,Manaus Agency
Precambrian Research | Year: 2014

The Amazonian Craton represents an important piece in the Paleoproterozoic paleogeography of the Earth. This study presents paleomagnetic data obtained on well-dated (U-Pb) 1790Ma mafic sills from the Avanavero magmatism in northern Amazonian Craton (Guiana Shield). AF and thermal treatments revealed southeastern, low downward/upward inclination, remanent magnetization directions that are carried by moderate to high-Hc and high-TB Ti-poor titanomagnetite. The site mean directions cluster around the mean Dm=138.2°, Im=-3.4° (N=13, α95=13.0°), which yields a robust paleomagnetic pole (AV pole) at 27.9°E, 48.4°S (A95=9.6°) with a Q-value of 5. The characteristic component disclosed for the Avanavero sill matches that obtained for sediments collected along the baked contact and are distinct from those away from the sill. The Avanavero directions are also significantly different from those obtained for younger units, with ages spanning from 1420 to 520Ma, suggesting the sills carry a primary remanence. The Avanavero pole helps in constraining the paleogeography of the central pieces of Columbia. It is compatible with the Baltica and Amazonian Cratons SAMBA link in the Columbia Supercontinent at about 1780Ma, but other configurations are also possible. When compared to other Paleo- to Mesoproterozoic paleomagnetic poles from the southern Amazonian Craton (Central Brazil Shield), our new paleomagnetic pole suggests intracratonic motions within the southern area of the Craton, probably after 1420Ma ago. We tentatively suggest that these movements are related to the collision of the Paraguá Block with the proto-Amazonian Craton at about 1350-1320Ma ago. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Hruschka E.R.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Hruschka E.R.,Catholic University of Santos | Ebecken N.F.F.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (Subseries of Lecture Notes in Computer Science) | Year: 2014

This work both describes and evaluates a Bayesian feature selection approach for classification problems. Basically, a Bayesian network is generated from a dataset, and then the Markov Blanket of the class variable is used to the feature subset selection task. The proposed methodology is illustrated by means of simulations in three datasets that are benchmarks for data mining methods: Wisconsin Breast Cancer, Mushroom and Congressional Voting Records. Three classifiers were employed to show the efficacy of the proposed method. The average classification rates obtained in the datasets formed by all features are compared to those achieved in the datasets formed by the features that belong to the Markov Blanket. The performed simulations lead to interesting results. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004.


Bittencourt Neto O.D.O.,Catholic University of Santos
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2014

High above, throughout the sky, a constellation of marooned space objects circulate in orbit around the Earth. Of different sizes and natures, those wandering vessels, not so much abandoned as disregarded, rest in a state of limbo, waiting for their fate: be it to crash into another space object, to continuously fragment themselves into smaller parts, or to finally re-enter our planet's atmosphere. Since the number of space debris continues to grow, creating dangers to space activities and astronauts alike, the international community should seriously start to consider alternatives to authorize and legalize orbital cleaning up initiatives, whether conducted by the respective Launching States or not. In that sense, the Law of Salvage, as regulated by Maritime and Admiralty Law, is capable of suggesting an interesting analogy to Space Law, specifically as far as environmental salvage is concerned. Contemporary law of marine salvage states that rescuers who voluntarily assist ships in distress at sea should be rewarded, being entitled to a gratification commeasured with the value of the property saved. According to the 1989 International Convention on Salvage, the traditional principle of "no cure no pay" regarding salvage efforts, which provides that those services do not deserve compensation unless the property is saved, shall be reinterpreted in case of relevant damage to the environment. Indeed, in those extreme situations, expenses undertaken by salvors to prevent a substantial damage of that nature are to be recovered by the owner, irrespective of the success of the rescuing enterprise. Despite the unavoidable particularities of the space activities and the outer space environment, such legal principle could arguably be embraced by Space Law. Considering the international relevance of the current space debris situation, the study of the legal regime applicable to marine salvage may effectively prove to be invaluable to de lege ferenda perspectives for future Space Law regulation on that regard. © 2014, International Astronautical Federation, IAF. All rights reserved.


Gollucke A.P.,Catholic University of Santos
Recent patents on food, nutrition & agriculture | Year: 2010

Grape polyphenols are associated with the prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress. The present review discusses the most abundant polyphenols in red grapes as well as the recent food and beverage products developed with these natural antioxidant substances. Grape phenolic concentration and composition depend on agro-geographic factors and processing conditions. In humans, grape polyphenols demonstrated effects such as maintenance of endothelial function, increase in antioxidant capacity and protection against LDL oxidation. Recent patents regarding grape polyphenols show a tendency to return to natural products with a minimum use of severe extraction processes and organic solvents. The new products tend to use grape juice and wine as raw materials and maximize their polyphenolic contents. Grape derived polyphenolic foods, beverages and supplements suit effectively the current demand for antioxidant substances of nutritional interest.


Bittencourt Neto O.D.O.,Catholic University of Santos
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2013

The amount of space debris in Earth's orbit increases in alarming speed. Since the dawn of the "Space Age", tons of manmade, useless objects have been left around our planet, including abandoned stages of launching rockets and uncontrolled artificial satellites. The current scenario urges the international community to discuss effective legal measures to mitigate the production of space debris, due to risks they represent to functioning space objects, to astronauts during extra vehicular activities and, in the event of their reentry, because of the harm they may inflict to aircraft in flight as well as property and people on the ground. In the interest of preserving the outer space environment, reference is contemplated to a fundamental tenet of International Environmental Law, i.e., the "precautionary principle". According to the Rio Declaration on Development and Environment of 1992, "in order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation" (article XV). The present paper proposes a study of the "precautionary principle" as applied to Space Law, relating it to the present space debris situation, as means to support efficient and cost-effective regulation safeguarding the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, for the benefit and in the interests of all countries. ©2013 by the International Astronautical Federation. All rights reserved.


Gollucke A.P.B.,Catholic University of Santos
Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition and Agriculture | Year: 2010

Grape polyphenols are associated with the prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress. The present review discusses the most abundant polyphenols in red grapes as well as the recent food and beverage products developed with these natural antioxidant substances. Grape phenolic concentration and composition depend on agro-geographic factors and processing conditions. In humans, grape polyphenols demonstrated effects such as maintenance of endothelial function, increase in antioxidant capacity and protection against LDL oxidation. Recent patents regarding grape polyphenols show a tendency to return to natural products with a minimum use of severe extraction processes and organic solvents. The new products tend to use grape juice and wine as raw materials and maximize their polyphenolic contents. Grape derived polyphenolic foods, beverages and supplements suit effectively the current demand for antioxidant substances of nutritional interest. © 2010 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.


Gollucke A.P.B.,Catholic University of Santos | Ribeiro D.A.,Federal University of São Paulo
Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition and Agriculture | Year: 2012

We presently discuss the use of grape polyphenols for promoting human health and disclose recent patents on the subject. The biological effects of grape polyphenols in human and experimental models demonstrate antioxidant properties closely associated with the maintenance of endothelial function, increase in antioxidant capacity, protection against LDL oxidation and neuroprotective effects. Recent patents regarding grape polyphenols show a tendency to return to natural products with a minimum use of severe extraction processes and organic solvents. Moreover, the recent patents regarding human health show more pharmaceutical use of grape juice and other polyphenol-rich products. The application of such products in clinical trials as a substitute or co-adjuvant with drugs may be useful in future research. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.


This paper is about interdisciplinary post-graduation education from the perspective of Social Sciences and Humanities in Health supervisors and post-graduate students trained in health. Difficulties regarding post-graduation in general and specifically for health care professionals will be discussed. Some tensions about the production of knowledge from different disciplinary perspectives will be considered. A dialogue is necessary between supervisor, to whom theoretical framework takes a prominent place, and student, whose practice is guided by intervention. Theoretical dialogue between supervisor and student is asymmetrical and implies moral and ethical tensions for both. Geertz's term "anthropological irony" (2000) is used to discuss the relationship between supervisor and student. Finally, a reflection is proposed on possible attitudes and expectations in this relationship. We need a debate to discuss the effective contributions of this relationship and what is intended as interdisciplinary research.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of air pollutants and their lag structures in relation to respiratory morbidity among children and adolescents in the city of Cubatão, São Paulo State, Brazil, from 1997 to 2004. An ecological time-series study was performed, analyzing respiratory hospital admissions of children and adolescents in National Health System hospitals in Cubatão. Generalized linear Poisson regression models were used to control for seasonality, temperature, humidity, and short-term trends. PM 10 and ozone were significantly associated with respiratory hospital admissions. Among children, inter-quartile range increases in the PM 10 7-day moving average (56.5μg/m 3) and in the ozone 5-day moving average (46.7μg/m 3) led to increases of 9.6% (95%CI: 3.0%-16.1%) and 2.4% (95%CI: 0.1%-4.7%) in respiratory hospital admissions, respectively. Efforts to reduce air pollutants need to be adopted to minimize the adverse effects on children and adolescents in Cubatão.

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