Busan, South Korea

Catholic University of Pusan

www.cup.ac.kr
Busan, South Korea

The Catholic University of Pusan is situated in the southeastern South Korean port city of Busan. The current president is Son Sam-seok. The university is traditionally focused on nursing and health science, but in addition to these fields it includes schools of environmental science, business administration, computer information engineering, and social welfare. It enrolls about 1,200 students. Wikipedia.

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Ambrosia M.S.,Catholic University of Pusan
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology | Year: 2017

The ability to control the hydrophobicity of a surface is of importance to many industries. The dynamic behavior of nano-sized water droplets moving from a flat surface to a pillared surface using molecular dynamics simulations was investigated. Simulations were carried out in two steps. In the first computational step, the initial group of water molecules reached equilibrium on a flat graphite surface. In the second computational step, a constant force was applied to the water droplet and the motion of the water droplet was evaluated as it moved from the flat surface to the pillar-type surface. The movement of the water droplet could be grouped into three different categories and depended on the pillar height and the magnitude of the applied force. The results showed the strongest body force with a pillar height of 6 graphite layers allowed most of the water molecules to move along the top of the pillars. In conclusion, a strong force and pillar height approximately half of the droplet height displayed the best transition from a flat surface to a pillared surface. © 2017, The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Huh J.-H.,Catholic University of Pusan
Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences | Year: 2017

The common cause of the mass mortality of fishes in a fish farm is a power failure. There can be many reasons for the power failures but most of them are the result of natural disasters, systematic faults, ill-willed sabotages, or mistakes of employees. Such incidents usually have a bad influence upon small or medium-scale farmers. To deal with unexpected power failures, this research proposes a status monitoring system utilizing both PLC and ICT. Consistent supply of electric power in Fish Farms is essential for the operation and management of farm facilities regardless of them being indoors or afloat. The statistics show that the power failure and the red tides are the major causes of ruining farmer’s earnings. The proposed system is autonomous and simple enough for the employees to operate such that prompt actions can be taken in times of crisis. There have been some concerns about applying the PLC technology as it often involves loss of transmission signals. To minimize signal losses, use of RUDP in the transmission layer was proposed as well. At the same time, a GUI-based operational mode has been embedded in the Android application to enhance user convenience for observing and managing farm’s activities such as controlling of seawater and farm accesses and checking locations, photoperiods, withdrawal periods, and system’s batteries. The proposed design can be quite suitable for the Vertical Fish Farm. © 2017, The Author(s).


Kang J.H.,Catholic University of Pusan
Journal of Physical Therapy Science | Year: 2015

[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to compare the sensory thresholds of healthy subjects using pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. [Subjects] Ninety healthy adult subjects were randomly assigned to pre-programmed or single-frequency stimulation groups, each consisting of 45 participants. [Methods] Sensory thresholds were measured in the participants’ forearms using von Frey filaments before and after pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and the result in values were analyzed. [Results] Significant increases in sensory threshold after stimulation were observed in both groups. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups in sensory thresholds after stimulation or in the magnitude of threshold increases following stimulation. [Conclusion] Our results show that there are no differences between sensory threshold increases induced by pre-programmed and single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. © 2015 The Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.


Byun S.-S.,Catholic University of Pusan
Computer Networks | Year: 2016

Transmission control protocol (TCP) is the most popular transport layer protocol for applications that require reliable and ordered data delivery essentially. In this paper we consider the deployment of TCP to secondary users (SUs) in overlay cognitive radio networks (CRNs), and address its performance degradation; in CRNs, SU's transmissions are frequently disrupted by the detection of primary user's transmission, and which makes the SU experience consecutive retransmission-timeout and its exponential backoff. Subsequently, the TCP in SU does not proceed with the transmission even after the disruption is over or the SU hands over to other idle spectrum. To tackle this problem, we propose a cross-layer approach called TCP-Freeze-CR; lower layer protocols send the overlying TCP two different cross-layer signals, freeze on the detection of primary user's transmission, and unfreeze after handing over to an idle spectrum. Moreover we consider a practical situation where either secondary transmitter (ST) or secondary receiver (SR) detects primary user's transmission; therefore additional message exchanges are needed between ST and SR to retrieve and resynchronize to other idle spectrum, i.e., spectrum synchronization. This situation is more complex than the case where both ST and SR detect primary user's transmission. Hereby, we develop a spectrum synchronization procedure coupled with TCP-Freeze-CR into a finite state machine. All of our proposals are implemented and evaluated on a real CRN consisting of 6 software radio platforms. In the implementation, we deploy 802.15.4 implementation as a target physical layer protocol, and couple it with TCP-Freeze-CR using Unix Domain Socket. The experimental results illustrate that standard TCP suffers from significant performance degradation in CRNs, and show that TCP-Freeze-CR can greatly alleviate the degradation; e.g., for 1200 s, ST with TCP-Freeze-CR can send about 10 times more packets than ST with standard TCP. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Yu S.,Catholic University of Pusan
Advances in Information Sciences and Service Sciences | Year: 2012

In this study, we present an RFM model to establish a customer segmentation strategy at a Korean duty-free shop. In this shop, customers' visiting time and purchase amount are restricted by the government, so that a different purchase pattern from general retail distribution business is exhibited. At the shop, recency demonstrated normal distribution, but visiting frequency and purchase amounts showed a division between a small number of top-class customers and a multitude of bottom-class customers. Here, classes were identified through a normalization process involving the characteristics of visiting frequency and purchase amount among duty-free shop customers. Based on the result, an RFM model was developed, and RFM scores were allocated to customers who had bought goods at the duty-free shop in past five years. Through this process, a customer relationship management strategy was developed.


Jin H.,Chonbuk National University | Park M.H.,Catholic University of Pusan | Kim S.M.,Chonbuk National University
Oncology Reports | Year: 2015

Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer and is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) is overexpressed in gastric cancer, suggesting that it is important in gastric cancer oncogenesis. However, no studies have investigated the role of 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), a component of cruciferous vegetables, in the regulation of FOXM1 and its signaling pathway in gastric cancer. Here, we report for the first time that DIM effectively downregulated Akt/FOXM1 in gastric cancer cells. Combination treatment with DIM and paclitaxel significantly and dose-dependently inhibited the proliferation of SNU638 cells when compared to treatment with DIM or paclitaxel alone. Colony formation of SNU638 cells was significantly attenuated by treatment with DIM and paclitaxel, and DIM potentiated the inhibition of colony formation in SNU638 cells by paclitaxel when compared to treatment with a single agent. Treatment with DIM plus paclitaxel substantially increased apoptosis as indicated by increased levels of cleaved polyADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) and cleaved caspase-9 protein. DIM dose-dependently sensitized gastric cancer cells through downregulation of FOXM1 and potentiated the effects of paclitaxel. FOXM1 effector genes such as CDK4, p53 and cyclin D1 were downregulated in gastric cancer cells by combination treatment with DIM and paclitaxel. In addition, DIM significantly and dose-dependently inhibited phosphorylation of Akt and potentiated paclitaxel-induced inhibition of Akt function in gastric cancer cells. Therefore, our results indicate that DIM effectively potentiates the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents such as paclitaxel by downregulation of the Akt/ FOXM1 signaling cascade in gastric cancer cells. Our findings suggest that DIM enhances the therapeutic efficacy of paclitaxel in gastric cancer and is a potential clinical anticancer agent for the prevention and/or treatment of gastric cancer.


Hwang S.,Catholic University of Pusan | Yu D.,Catholic University of Pusan
International Journal of Smart Home | Year: 2012

Location awareness and navigation are becoming one of the most important features in mobile phones and smartphones. Personal navigation and location based services are enlarging the scope of mobile applications. GPS is the most efficient positioning technology. Thanks to the reduction in the size of the GPS receivers and the integration of GPS with mobile phones, GPS is one of the most important service providers in LBS. By the way, since mobile phones and smartphones usually have relatively low cost GPS chips, the performance of locating accuracy is highly dependent on environmental factors. In addition, the accuracy of GPS varies depending on the number of GPS satellites and is reduced in GPS interfering spots such as in a forest or around buildings. This paper proposes a localization improvement algorithm in GPS interfering spots by integrating information of multiple sensors in smartphones. The proposed algorithm is implemented in a smartphone and the performance is evaluated on a campus. The proposed algorithm has better performance than only the GPS location information in GPS interfering spots and maintains reasonable performance in open spaces where the GPS receiver is accurate.


Hwang S.,Catholic University of Pusan | Yu D.,Catholic University of Pusan
International Journal of Software Engineering and its Applications | Year: 2012

Thanks to the rapid development of information technology and the growth of the Internet through high speed networks, network environments have even been changed from office oriented environments based on business industries and public institutions to the interconnection of digital electronics in home networks. Home network based applications are very diverse and the remote monitoring and control areas have been studied. Recently, ZigBee has become one of the most promising technologies for home networks. ZigBee is a specification for a suite of networking, security and application software layers using small, low-power, low data rate communication technology based on IEEE 802.15.4 standard for personal area networks. Moreover, owing to the rapid growth of mobile technology, high-performance smartphones are widespread and in increasing cases are utilized as a terminal device. In this paper, we propose the design and implementation of a remote monitoring and controlling system using ZigBee networks. This system targets a home network. Web services and a smartphone are used for the client system to monitor and control the home.


Park M.-J.,Catholic University of Pusan
Aging and Mental Health | Year: 2015

Objectives: This study examines the impact of social capital on depressive symptoms trajectories among Korean women aged 65 years or older. It also examines the difference in depressive symptoms and social capital by economic status (poverty group, non-poverty group) among community-dwelling older women in Korea. Method: This study used 2435 older women of the Korean Welfare Panel Study from 2006 (wave 1) to 2013 (wave 8) data using latent growth modeling. Social capital variables were cognitive (interpersonal trust, reciprocity) and structural (the size of family, the number of friends or neighbors, participation in leisure and volunteer activities). Results: The results showed both intra- and inter-individual variability in depressive symptoms over time. Interpersonal trust and reciprocity as cognitive social capital had an effect on the change of depressive symptoms in intercept and slope. The size of family, participation in leisure activities among structural social capital were associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms in intercept and slope. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest some practical implications for depression intervention and prevention and further research on late-life depression. © 2015 Taylor & Francis


Li X.J.,Chonbuk National University | Leem S.-H.,Dong - A University | Park M.H.,Catholic University of Pusan | Kim S.M.,Chonbuk National University
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2013

Cancer development is a complex process governed by the interaction of several signaling pathways. The Hippo and PI3K/Akt pathways have been shown to play a critical role in controlling tissue growth involved in the regulation of cell proliferation. 3, 3′-diindolylmethane (DIM) is a natural compound that selectively kills cancer cells without causing toxicity to normal cells. This study aims to investigate whether DIM has an effect on the Hippo signaling pathway mediated via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in colon cancer cells. Our study provides new insights into the mechanisms of crosstalk between Hippo signaling and the Akt pathway controlling cell proliferation by PI3K inhibitor and DIM treatment in colon cancer cells. DIM strongly potentiates the lethality of LY294002 in HCT116 cells and inhibits proliferation of colon cancer cells via inactivation of Akt and YAP. Thus, DIM has dramatic therapeutic effects when it is combined with the PI3K inhibitor in the treatment of colon cancer cells. These findings highlight the potential usefulness of DIM and can help develop therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of colon cancer.

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