Catholic University of Peru
Lima, Peru

Pontifical Catholic University of Peru is a private university in Lima, Peru. It was founded in 1917 by Catholic priest Father Jorge Dintilhac SS.CC as Peru's first non-profit private institution of higher learning. Academically, PUCP ranks alternatively as first or second in Peru.In July 2012, after an Apostolic Visitation, begun earlier, in 2011, by Cardinal Peter Erdo, Archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest, Hungary, the Holy See withdrew from the university the right under canon law to use the titles Catholic and Pontifical in its name, but it was not possible because the legitimate law was the Peruvian Law. However, on Monday, April 28, 2014, the Rector of the University stated that,: "The Holy Father, Pope Francis, has formed a Commission of Cardinals with the mission of meeting to find a 'final, consensual solution,' in the framework of the Apostolic Constitution 'Ex Corde Ecclesiae,' to the outstanding issues" between the Vatican and the University." Besides Cardinal Erdo, the other two Cardinal Members of the Commission will be Cardinal Gerald Cyprien Lacroix, Archbishop of Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, and Cardinal Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, Archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2007-1.2.3;INFRA-2007-1.2-03 | Award Amount: 5.11M | Year: 2008

EELA-2 aims to build, on the current EELA e-Infrastructure, a high capacity, production-quality, scalable Grid Facility providing round-the-clock, worldwide access to distributed computing, storage and network resources for a wide spectrum of applications from European and Latin American scientific communities. The project will provide an empowered Grid Facility with versatile services fulfilling application requirements and ensure the long-term sustainability of the e-Infrastructure beyond the term of the project. The specific EELA-2 objectives are: - Build a Grid Facility by: Expanding the current EELA e-Infrastructure to consist of more production sites mobilising more computing nodes and more storage space, at start of the project and to further grow storage over the duration of the project; Providing, in collaboration with related projects (e.g. EGEE), the full set of Grid Services needed by all types of scientific applications; Supporting applications various types (from classical off-line data processing up to control and data acquisition of scientific instruments), selected against well defined criteria (including grid added value, suitability for Grid deployment, outreach/potential impact); - Ensure the Grid Facility sustainability: Through the already established and new contacts with policy/decision makers, collaborating with RedCLARA and NRENs and supporting the ongoing creation of e-Science Initiatives and/or National Grid initiatives (NGI). Building the support of the e-Infrastructure to provide a complete set of Global Services from a Central Operation Centre and to pave the way for the creation of Regional Operation Centres in Latin America: Attracting new applications; Making available knowledge of EELA-2 Grid Facility to all potential users, developers, and decision makers through an extensive Training and Dissemination program; Creating knowledge repositories federated with the EGEE ones.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.10.3 | Award Amount: 1.36M | Year: 2013

TUCAN3G is built upon the basic premise that considers information and communications as a key factor of human development. The diffusion of ICT in developing countries has been very asymmetric between densely populated urban areas and isolated rural areas. Geographical conditions have often conditioned solutions for Internet connectivity in rural areas, often based on wireless 2G cellular technologies. From a technological and socio-economical), this project proposes to study the introduction of 3G Femtocells (and its evolution to 4G) in outdoor environments, with backhauling heterogeneous WiLD (WiFi for Long Distances) - WiMAX - VSAT, to provide access to voice and data services to remote rural areas in developing countries. More specifically, the project aims to three specific objectives framed in: (SO1) technology development, (SO2) market research and elaboration of business models, and (SO3) in verification through proofs of concept in platforms installed in basins of the rivers Napo and Putumayo (Peru), which will allow deploying several femtocells in 4 remote rural locations. The technological objective (SO1) aims at optimizing access networks FWI (Femto-WiFi Integration) and heterogeneous transport networks WWVI (WiLD-WiMAX Integration VSAT) to provide 3G service to isolated rural populations in a progressive way . This objective will adopt interference management solutions studied in the ICT project FREEDOM ( for the outdoor rural scenario and will introduce LIPA (IP Local Access) and SIPTO (Selected IP Traffic Offload) features to reduce the burden on the transport network. On its turn, optimal solutions for resource allocation and flow control for WiLD transport networks (WiFi parameterization for long distance and quality of service management) and VSAT (hard & soft acceleration) will be derived. In all cases we will consider the critical factors associated to the energy consumption.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INT-12-2015 | Award Amount: 2.42M | Year: 2016

The EU-LAC-MUSEUMS project directly meets the challenge of fostering EU-CELAC relations by studying the close connections between Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in the field of community museology. To address this challenge, EU-LAC-MUSEUMS assembles a team of leading academics, museum professionals and policy makers elected by the European and LAC Regional Alliances of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) ( Together, we are committed to exploring the cultural, scientific and social dimensions of EU-LAC relations with a view to supporting the process of EU-CELAC cooperation outlined by the EU-CELAC Action Plan 2013-2015 in defining a common vision for the years to come. Through a series of thematic work packages we will pursue the theme of Museums and Community: Concepts, Experiences, and Sustainability in Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean. A good deal of research has been carried out into this subject at local, national, and regional levels in both EU and LAC, but a concerted bi-regional investigation is yet to appear. EU-LAC-MUSEUMS will overcome this gap in knowledge by creating parity of esteem and sustainable dialogue and co-operation between academia, museums and communities in each region. It will achieve this goal by pursuing work packages dealing with the cross cutting societal challenges of: a) Technology and Innovation for Bi-Regional Integration; b) Museum Education for Social Inclusion and Cohesion; c) Investment and Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Museums, and d) Exhibiting Migration and Gender. In so doing, we will push forward the agenda of the EU-CELAC Action Plan in museum practice and theory.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INT-12-2015 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2016

EULAC Focus addresses the whole set of topics included in the Call. It delivers a significant contribution to the improvement of EUCELAC relations through a better understanding of the three dimensions selected by the call: cultural, scientific and social. The main objective is that of giving focus to these three dimensions of EUCELAC relations, with a view to determining synergies and cross-fertilization, as well as identifying asymmetries in bi-lateral and bi-regional relations. Research is focused on areas crucial to explain the current state of relations between EU and LAC, and will be pursued at two levels: a) research activities; b) strategic set of recommendations. In order to guarantee high impact, the research is pursued in six interdisciplinary WPs, organized matricially. Three are horizontal : Cross-cutting pathways, Towards a common vision for EUCELAC and Dissemination and outreach. The other three are thematic/vertical: Cultural, Scientific and Social Dimension, and not only intersect the horizontal WPs but also interact between them. To achieve the objectives, the project is organized by the multidisciplinary and well balanced consortium of19 members from 15 counties. The consortium represents a unique group of highly competent and experienced institutions, composed specifically for the purpose of this project,comprising, in both regions, Gov Research Agencies, Research institutes, Universities, University Association, and two International European LA Organizations active in analytical and policy oriented research and dissemination. EULAC Focus builds upon the outcomes of prior mapping conducted at the bi-regional level and will facilitate access to end-users, as well as feeding into the work of the EU-LAC Foundation and informing bi-regional networking activities of the JIRI and T-APs work. The number of partners has been carefully defined to ensure project goals and proper diversity, while allowing for efficient project management.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2012.4.2-1 | Award Amount: 8.27M | Year: 2013

FRAME, a 4-year multidisciplinary project, represents a consortium of 19 internationally recognized and globally networked human rights institutes from across Europe and strategic regions around the world. Through FRAME, more than 100 leading researchers and practitioners - with a strong gender balance - aim to provide the necessary building blocks for a coherent EU human rights policy comprised of: (i) a sound knowledge base taking account of the factors, concepts, institutions and instruments underlying human rights protection; (ii) appraisal of the EUs full potential to contribute to global human rights governance through its relationship with multiple actors and its manifold policies; and (iii) a set of indicators, tools and policy proposals geared to strengthen human rights implementation in EU policy-making. Through 4 research clusters, FRAME offers creative solutions to enhance the coherence and effectiveness of EU human rights policy. Cluster 1: Factors examines the key factors facilitating or hindering human rights protection, the concepts of human rights, democracy and the rule of law and the human rights protection institutions and instruments at global, regional and national level. Cluster 2: Actors addresses the EUs human rights engagement with the UN, regional multilateral organizations, regional and strategic partnerships with third countries and non-state actors, as well as the relationship between EU institutions and the Member States. Cluster 3: Policies hones the fostering of human rights in EU policies on development and trade, human rights violations in conflicts, freedom, security and justice and external human rights and democratization action. Cluster 4: Tools develops indicators, tools and policy proposals, including policy benchmarking, to monitor and improve the effectiveness of EU human rights policy. FRAMEs vital impact on human rights research, education and policy innovation will continue beyond the projects lifetime.

Rodriguez P.,Catholic University of Peru
Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering | Year: 2013

Total Variation (TV) regularization has evolved from an image denoising method for images corrupted with Gaussian noise into a more general technique for inverse problems such as deblurring, blind deconvolution, and inpainting, which also encompasses the Impulse, Poisson, Speckle, and mixed noise models. This paper focuses on giving a summary of the most relevant TV numerical algorithms for solving the restoration problem for grayscale/color images corrupted with several noise models, that is, Gaussian, Salt & Pepper, Poisson, and Speckle (Gamma) noise models as well as for the mixed noise scenarios, such the mixed Gaussian and impulse model. We also include the description of the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimator for each model as well as a summary of general optimization procedures that are typically used to solve the TV problem. © 2013 Paul Rodríguez.

De Zela F.,Catholic University of Peru
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2014

We address a recently established inequality P≥I that constrains the degrees of polarization P and indistinguishability I. We derive said inequality within three different frameworks, discussing its respective physical meaning. We show that in its original formulation the inequality involved a single degree of freedom, and that only by entangling polarization and path (momentum) in laboratory space, can such an inequality represent a constraint between these degrees of freedom. We show how this could be done with the help of a Mach-Zehnder-like array. We discuss this multipurpose device, which can be employed to address several issues of current interest, such as tests of the complementarity principle, partial coherence stemming from unobserved degrees of freedom, geometric phases of entangled states evolving on the Schmidt sphere, etc. Besides its experimental feasibility, the proposed device serves as a tool for studying common features of quantum and classical entangled states. In particular, it serves for testing a newly proposed measure of coherence, called Bell's measure, using experimental techniques that are independent of those already employed. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Guzman M.,Catholic University of Peru | Dille J.,Free University of Colombia | Godet S.,Free University of Colombia
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine | Year: 2012

Synthesis of nanosized particles with antibacterial properties is of great interest in the development of new pharmaceutical products. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are known to have inhibitory and bactericidal effects. In this article we present the synthesis of Ag NPs prepared by chemical reduction from aqueous solutions of silver nitrate, containing a mixture of hydrazine hydrate and sodium citrate as reductants and sodium dodecyl sulfate as a stabilizer. The results of the characterization of the Ag NPs show agglomerates of grains with a narrow size distribution (from 40 to 60 nm), whereas the radii of the individual particles are between 10 and 20 nm. Finally, the antibacterial activity was measured by the Kirby-Bauer method. The results showed reasonable bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus. The standard dilution micromethod, determining the minimum inhibitory concentration leading to inhibition of bacterial growth, is still under way. Preliminary results have been obtained. From the Clinical Editor: In this paper the synthesis of Ag NPs via chemical reduction from aqueous solutions is discussed. Reasonable bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus was demonstrated. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Catholic University of Peru | Date: 2012-11-13

This new type of transformer comprises a ferromagnetic drum-type core characterized in that the drum core has a plurality of holes or windows parallel to the drum longitudinal shaft to place the windings being the windows arranged close to the periphery of the drum symmetrically distributed at 360 of the circumference, each winding being parallel to the longitudinal shaft of the drum and each one of the windings crossing said longitudinal shaft. The core comprises two main components: a central body and an air gap filling system. The central body is formed by a plurality of silicon steel sheets, stacked one over the other, each of them has slots or spaces on its periphery thereof to place the windings and with an air gap filling system. Said filling system can be: wedge-shaped sheets, set of sheets extending parallel to the shaft of the core or a metal sheet wound around the central body.

The invention consists of a method for obtaining bisphenol-A (BPA) from decomposing polycarbonate waste prepared with bisphenol-A (BPA), which incorporates microwave technology for reaction heating. This method consists of preparing an alkaline solution in alcohol composed of metallic hydroxide in an alcohol, where the hydroxide may be of sodium or potassium, and alcohol is methanol. The solution is mixed with bisphenol-A (BPA) polycarbonate waste and put on a reactor with agitation inside a device provided with a microwave radiation generator for chemical reactions, maintaining a temperature ranging between 90 C. and 150 C., for a period from 3 min to 10 min, preferably between 5 and 7 min, to decompose the polycarbonate and obtain bisphenol-A (BPA).

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