Catholic University of Pernambuco
Recife, Brazil

The Universidade Católica de Pernambuco is a private and non-profit Catholic university, located in Recife, the capital of the State of Pernambuco. It is one of the largest and most prestigious Brazilian universities. It is maintained by the Society of Jesus.The Catholic University of Pernambuco, created September 27, 1951 and recognized by the Federal Government through Decree 30,417 of January 18, 1952, originated from the first Catholic school in the region, the College of Philosophy, science and Letters Manoel da Nóbrega, founded in 1943 by the Jesuit Province of the Northeast. In its development, the University met incorporation, aggregation or creation of Colleges, Institutes or School, to implement in 1974 the university reform, advocated by law, adopting the model homogeneous ternary Rectory, Centres and Departments. The Unicap today constitutes an educational complex, which offers, for a community of about 15,000 students, first-degree courses to graduate "in the strict sense." In the area of graduate students enroll in several courses, some 50,000 graduates of the institution over the years of uninterrupted activity.The Central Library Aloísio M. de Carvalho, SJ is a supplementary organ subordinate to the Rectory. Aims to provide basic information support to teaching, research and extension. It has, on average, 15,000 registered users, including undergraduates, graduate, faculty and technical administrative personnel and alumni. Meets, on average, to 400,000 visits per year to the Library and performs more than 700,000 home loans per year and has an average frequency of 3,500 readers per day.The collection of free access to over 449,000 copies is composed of several collections, distributed on various floors of the Library, covering the areas of Social and Applied science, Humanities, Linguistics, Literature and Arts, Exact and Earth, Health, Biological, and Agricultural Engineering. All works can be searched via the Internet.In 2010, the MEC took note 4, with 5 being the highest score. According to table of the MEC, footnote 4 is above the level required for institutions of higher education. "It is a seal of quality. Attests that we are a real university, one of the best in the country, "defined the rector, Pedro Rubens. This was the first time the University went through the process of institutional evaluation of MEC. The evaluators visited the university premises . And heard leaders, teachers, students and staff.According to the MEC's system of proportional values, the most important criterion is "The policy for teaching , research, extension," which won the Unicap footnote 4. Other highlights of the assessment for the university was the policy of incentives for graduates , the approval of trained law course in the examination of the Bar Association of Brazil , 33 Unicap research groups registered with the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development and the program of scholarships for teachers and employees themselves.The Student Exchange Program offered by Unicap aims at giving students an academic experience, for one or two semesters in an IES national or international level, through agreements of mutual cooperation in education. This program has its origin in the directives of AUSJAL, Association of Universities entrusted to the Society of Jesus in Latin America, which proposes the integration of students from Latin American Jesuit higher education institutions as complementary modality for their training. On the other hand, Unicap receives foreign students of IESs wishing to conduct graduate study for one or two periods. Wikipedia.

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de Gusmao C.A.B.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | Rufino R.D.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Sarubbo L.A.,Catholic University of Pernambuco
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Biosurfactant production by Candida glabrata was studied using vegetable fat waste as substrate. A factorial design was initially carried out to investigate the effects and interactions of waste, yeast extract and glucose on the surface tension after 144 h cultivation. Maximum surface tension reduction was achieved with vegetable fat waste at 5% and yeast extract at 0.2%. The biosurfactant containing cell-free broth retained its surface-active properties after incubation at high temperatures, at a wide range of pH values and salt concentrations. Comparison between three solvent systems for surfactant recovery showed that ethyl acetate extracted both crude extracellular and intracellular biosurfactant with high product recovery. The isolated extracellular biosurfactant showed a CMC of 1% and the surface tension at that point was 24 mN m-1. Preliminary chemical composition revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. The application of the crude biosurfactant to a soil-water-hydrophobic contaminant system was investigated and the apparent critical micelle concentration was determined at 7% of the broth, although the best oil removal (92.6%) had been obtained with 10% of the cell-free broth. The cost of application of the biosurfactant in soils was estimated based on the cost of a commercial biosurfactant. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Lemos I.L.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Santana S.M.,Catholic University of Pernambuco
Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica | Year: 2012

Background: The practice of electronic games has been disconnected from a merely playful character, as its excessive use may be considered as a new psychiatric disorder. Objective: To accomplish a review of the scientific literature concerning this possible dependence, addressing its main characteristics, worldwide prevalence and the possibility of comorbidities, and to evaluate the existence of treatment procedures based on cognitive behavioral therapy. Method: The research was conducted for articles published between 2001 and June 2011, using the PubMed, BVS, Lilacs and SciELO databases. Results: There is no consensus whether the electronic game dependence is affiliated with the impulse control disorder group or chemical dependence. But it is known that the worldwide prevalence of this dependence has an average of 3%, with male predominance, and that there exist comorbidities of electronic game and chemical dependence. The cognitive behavioral therapy is already used as a possible treatment with effective short-term results. Discussion: Despite dependence on electronic games is not considered as a specific diagnosis, this new phenomenon should be discussed and deepened in the scientific literature, seeking, in parallel, an efficient model of psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatment.

Jara A.M.A.T.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco | Andrade R.F.S.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Campos-Takaki G.M.,Catholic University of Pernambuco
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2013

Biosurfactants are surface-active agents of microbial origin, and have a property of lowering the interfacial tension between two liquids. They act on the interface and are amphiphathic molecules; in with both hydrophilic and hydrophobic portions are present in the same molecule. However, the economics of producing biosurfactant has limited its commercial applications, and the costs can be reduced using cheap substrates or industrial waste. The present study showed the biosurfactant production using corn steep liquor and palm oil as carbon and nitrogen sources for reduction the costs of production. The biosurfactant production by Geobacillus stearothermophilus UCP 986 was carried out using optimized culture medium constituted by palm oil (7.5%) and corn steep liquor (4.5%) using Bioflo fermentor, at temperature of 45°C, during 32h and agitation of 300rpm. The biosurfactant showed a reduction of the water surface tension of 72-31mN/m and interfacial tension of 0.3mN/m. The biosurfactant was obtained from the net metabolic liquid by acetone precipitation corresponding to the yield of 2.3g/L. The isolate biosurfactant showed a CMC of 2.5% and non-ionic profile. The best emulsification index (E24) obtained was 87% using motor oil burned. The biosurfactant solution (2.5%) used in oil spreading test increases the viscosity of engine burning oil of 149.2% and 138.2% to vegetable fat post-frying, respectively. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometer indicated at 29.52min a molecular weight of 207Da and eight peaks by FT-IR identified the chemical structure of the biosurfactant produced by G. stearothermophilus. © 2012 .

Hoyle C.,University of Oxford | Rosenblatt F.F.,Catholic University of Pernambuco
Victims and Offenders | Year: 2016

Recent years have witnessed an entrenchment of restorative justice principles and practices in the youth and adult criminal justice systems of the United Kingdom. This research presents a comparative analysis of the findings of two empirical studies—one of a police restorative cautioning scheme conducted 15 years ago, and the second a contemporary study of youth offender panels. In this research, we argue that restorative justice practices in the United Kingdom are repeating history, rather than learning from it. Specifically, we argue that if restorative justice programs continue to proliferate with the same shortcomings—most notably, inadequate victim involvement, failure to provide a genuine role for the community, and targeting only relatively low-level crime—the future for restorative justice in the United Kingdom is likely to be bleak. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Albuquerque L.F.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | Salgueiro A.A.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | Melo J.L.D.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Chiavone-Filho O.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Separation and Purification Technology | Year: 2013

This work presents an experimental study evaluating the reuse of a bittern wastewater (BW) as coagulant for clarification of dyeing effluent. Comparison with other coagulants was also considered. The zeta potential and morphology of the flocs were investigated. Despite the importance of magnesium ion (Mg 2+), other ions contained in the BW also contributed to the clarification of the effluent sample. The removals of turbidity and color of the effluent with 200 mg Mg2+/L were higher than 95% and 80%, respectively. The morphology of the flocs in the coagulation with BW was somewhat different in relation to the flocs obtained with just MgCl2. The adsorption mechanism of particle was observed to be different for each coagulant. According to the results obtained in the clarification of the dyeing effluent, the bittern wastewater can be applied efficiently and economically as a coagulant in the physical-chemical treatment of alkaline textile effluent. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The article analyzes the flow of penal sensitivities in relation to medical and health care provided to prisoners in Porto Alegre Prison between 1855 and 1888. The internalization and the instrumentalization of concepts such as “humanity” and “civilization,” especially by those individuals involved directly or with strong chances of influencing changes pertaining to penal issues, are observed. Indeed, in addition to generating favorable public opinion, the concerns of governing authorities and leading lights led to the development of concrete measures and practices that increased the minimum subsistence offered to the imprisoned class. This process, however, was far from linear and harmonic as witnessed by the diseases and the precariousness of prison life. © 2015, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz. All rights reserved.

This article deals with the unconscious universe of the sculptures by the Brazilian sculptor Francisco Brennand (1927) and the archaic mechanisms that underlie their creation. Focused on the theme of origins this approach to Brennand’s works studies the roots of sexual desire and its relation to partial objects, considering the subject’s total consternation toward the cruelty of the artist’s archaic sexuality and jouissance as a challenge to death and to the enigma of nothingness. The study then focusses on the sublimation process as transmutation of traumatic material and on the fate of the scopic drive and the drive toward cruelty in artistic creation. © 2009 Associação Universitária de Pesquisa em Psicopatologia Fundamental/ University Association for Research in Fundamental Psychopathology.

Campos-Takaki G.M.,Catholic University of Pernambuco
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology | Year: 2010

Some yeasts are preferred to bacteria as sources for biosurfactants, mainly due to their GRAS status for environmental and health safety reasons. This chapter thus focuses on the production of biosurfactants by some yeast cultures using renewable resources like fatty wastes from household and vegetable oil refineries as major substrates. The chapter also emphasizes on the importance of the application of response surface methodology and artificial neural network techniques for the optimization of biosurfactant production by yeasts. © 2010 Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media.

Rufino R.D.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | de Luna J.M.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | de Campos Takaki G.M.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | Sarubbo L.A.,Catholic University of Pernambuco
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2014

Background: Biotechnological processes are costly, especially for the production of biosurfactants. The successful production of a biosurfactant is dependent on the development of processes using low cost raw materials. Considering the importance of the characteristics of a biosurfactant to facilitate its industrial application, the properties of the biosurfactant produced by Candida lipolytica through previously optimized medium have been established. Results: The yeastwas grown for 72 h to determine the kinetics of growth and production. The surface tension of the cell-free broth was reduced from 55 to 25 mN/m. The yield of biosurfactant was 8.0 g/l with a CMC of 0.03%. The biosurfactant was characterized as an anionic lipopeptide composed of 50% protein, 20% lipids, and 8% of carbohydrates. Conclusions: The isolated biosurfactant showed no toxicity against different vegetable seeds: Brassica oleracea, Solanum gilo and Lactuca sativa L. and the micro-crustacean Artemia salina. The properties of the biosurfactant produced suggest its potential application in industries that require the use of effective compounds at low cost. © 2014 Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Luna J.M.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | Rufino R.D.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | Sarubbo L.A.,Catholic University of Pernambuco | Campos-Takaki G.M.,Catholic University of Pernambuco
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2013

The development of less toxic, biodegradable, surfactants, such as biosurfactants, is a key strategy for acquiring environmentally friendly compounds. The aim of the present study was to employ an optimised medium containing 9% ground nut oil refinery residue and 9% corn steep liquor for the production of a biosurfactant by Candida sphaerica. Fermentation was carried out at 28. °C and 200. rpm for 144. h. Biosurfactant yield was 9. g/l. The biosurfactant reduced the surface tension of the medium to 25. mN/m, with a critical micelle concentration of 0.025%. The product demonstrated stability with regard to surface tension reduction and emulsification in a range of temperatures (5-120. °C) and pH values (2-12) as well as tolerance to high concentrations of NaCl (2-10%). Hydrophobicity tests indicate two possible insoluble substrate uptake mechanisms: direct interfacial uptake and biosurfactant-mediated transfer (cell contact with emulsified or solubilised hydrocarbons). The biosurfactant was characterised as an anionic glycolipid consisting of 70% lipids and 15% carbohydrates and demonstrated no toxicity to the microcrustacean Artemia salina or the vegetables Brassica oleracea, Solanum gilo, Lactuca sativa L. and Brassica oleracea L. The biosurfactant recovered 95% of motor oil adsorbed to a sand sample, demonstrating considerable potential for use in bioremediation processes, especially in the petroleum industry. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

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