Coronary Care Unit and Catheterization Laboratory

Novara, Italy

Coronary Care Unit and Catheterization Laboratory

Novara, Italy
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Rognoni A.,Coronary Care Unit and Catheterization Laboratory | Cavallino C.,A.S.L. VC. | Lupi A.,Coronary Care Unit and Catheterization Laboratory | Secco G.G.,Coronary Care Unit and Catheterization Laboratory | And 5 more authors.
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy | Year: 2014

Cardiovascular disease, in particular acute coronary syndromes (ACS), is still one of the leading causes of death in industrialized countries. ACS including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina pectoris (UA) are associated with lower mortality if diagnosed early. The diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms, ECG and circulating biomarker-level changes. Recent studies have shown that there are alternatives to the known biomarkers such as ultrasensitive troponin I or T and creatine kinase Mb; there are, in fact, novel biomarkers such as miRNAs. These are 22-nucleotide-long non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at post-transcriptional level. Several recent studies have shown that miRNAs play a physiological role in cardiovascular homeostasis and in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Expression-pattern studies of myocardial tissue reveal that several miRNAs are up- or down-regulated during myocardial infarction. The purpose of the present review is to highlight the state of the art and future views on this topic. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.


PubMed | Coronary Care Unit and Catheterization Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Expert review of cardiovascular therapy | Year: 2014

Cardiovascular disease, in particular acute coronary syndromes (ACS), is still one of the leading causes of death in industrialized countries. ACS including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina pectoris (UA) are associated with lower mortality if diagnosed early. The diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms, ECG and circulating biomarker-level changes. Recent studies have shown that there are alternatives to the known biomarkers such as ultrasensitive troponin I or T and creatine kinase Mb; there are, in fact, novel biomarkers such as miRNAs. These are 22-nucleotide-long non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at post-transcriptional level. Several recent studies have shown that miRNAs play a physiological role in cardiovascular homeostasis and in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Expression-pattern studies of myocardial tissue reveal that several miRNAs are up- or down-regulated during myocardial infarction. The purpose of the present review is to highlight the state of the art and future views on this topic.

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