Koornstra R.H.T.,Radboud University Nijmegen |
Peters M.,Radboud University Nijmegen |
Donofrio S.,University of Groningen |
Van den Borne B.,Catharina Hospital |
De Jong F.A.,Amgen
Cancer Treatment Reviews | Year: 2014
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a serious clinical problem and is one of the most common symptoms experienced by cancer patients. CRF has deleterious effects on many aspects of patient quality of life including their physical, psychological and social well-being. It can also limit their ability to function, socialise and participate in previously enjoyable activities. The aetiology of CRF is complex and multidimensional, involving many potentially contributing elements. These include tumour-related factors and comorbid medical/psychological conditions and also side effects associated with anti-cancer therapies or other medications. Barriers to the effective management of CRF exist both on the side of physicians and patients, and as a result CRF often remains unrecognised and undiscussed in clinical practice. A change of approach is required, where fatigue is treated as central to patient management during and after systemic anti-cancer treatment. In this review we summarise factors involved in the aetiology of CRF and the barriers to its effective management, as well as factors involved in the screening, diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients experiencing fatigue. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to its management are also reviewed. We suggest an algorithm for the process of managing CRF, guided by our experiences in The Netherlands, which we hope may provide a useful tool to healthcare professionals dealing with cancer patients in their daily practice. Although CRF is a serious and complex clinical problem, if it is worked through in a structured and comprehensive way, effective management has the potential to much improve patient quality of life. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Nicolai S.P.A.,Atrium Medical |
Teijink J.A.W.,Catharina Hospital |
Prins M.H.,Maastricht University
Journal of Vascular Surgery | Year: 2010
Objective: The initial treatment for intermittent claudication is supervised exercise therapy (SET). Owing to limited capacity and patient transports costs of clinic-based SET, a concept of SET provided by local physiotherapists was developed. We hypothesized that provision of daily feedback with an accelerometer in addition to SET would further increase walking distance. Methods: This multicenter randomized trial was set in vascular surgery outpatient clinics and included 304 patients with intermittent claudication. Patients were randomized to exercise therapy in the form of "go home and walk" advice (WA), SET, or SET with feedback. Local physiotherapists provided SET. The primary outcome measure was the change in absolute claudication distance. Secondary outcomes were the change in functional claudication distance and results on the Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) and Short-Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey after 12 months. Results: In 11 centers, 102, 109, and 93 patients were included, respectively, in the WA, SET, and SET with feedback groups, and data for 83, 93, and 76, respectively, could be analyzed. The median (interquartile range) change in walking distance between 12 months and baseline in meters was 110 (0-300) in the WA group, 310 (145-995) in the SET group, and 360 (173-697) in the SET with feedback group (P < .001 WA vs SET). WIQ scores and relevant domains of the SF-36 improved statistically significantly in the SET groups. Conclusions: SET is more effective than WA in improving walking distance, WIQ scores, and quality of life for patients with intermittent claudication. Additional feedback with an accelerometer did not result in further improvement. SET programs should be made available for all patients with intermittent claudication. © 2010 Society for Vascular Surgery.
Rademakers L.M.,Catharina Hospital |
Van Gelder B.M.,Catharina Hospital |
Scheffer M.G.,Reinier Of Graaf Hospital |
Bracke F.A.,Catharina Hospital
Heart Rhythm | Year: 2014
Background: Endocardial left ventricular (LV) pacing for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been proposed as an alternative to traditional LV transvenous epicardial pacing with equal or superior cardiac performance. The risks of cerebral thromboembolism and possible interference with mitral valve function moderate its clinical application. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate cerebral thromboembolic complications after LV endocardial lead placement. Mitral regurgitation (MR) was the secondary outcome measure. Methods: CRT candidates with a failed coronary sinus approach or nonresponders to conventional CRT underwent endocardial LV lead implantation (45 atrial transseptal, 6 transapical). Coumarin was prescribed with a targeted international normalized ratio between 3.5 and 4.5. Patient records were checked and general practitioners were contacted regarding cerebral thromboembolic complications. MR was evaluated by echocardiography at baseline and after 6 months. Results: In 7 patients, 6 ischemic strokes and 2 transient ischemic attacks occurred, corresponding to 6.1 thromboembolic events per 100 patient-years (95% confidence interval 3.4-15.8). One patient refused hospital admission; all other patients had a subtherapeutic anticoagulation level at the time of the event. No major bleeding complications occurred. There was no change in the grade of MR (grade 2, P = .727) after 6 months. Conclusion: Endocardial LV lead placement in patients with advanced heart failure is associated with thromboembolic risk. However, all but 1 patient had a subtherapeutic level of anticoagulation. Endocardial LV lead placement is not associated with aggravation of MR. © 2014 Heart Rhythm Society. All rights reserved.
De Waal B.A.,Maastricht University |
Buise M.P.,Catharina Hospital |
Van Zundert A.A.J.,University of Queensland
British Journal of Anaesthesia | Year: 2014
Statins feature documented benefits for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease and are thought to improve perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgery. To assess the clinical outcomes of perioperative statin treatment in statin-naive patients undergoing surgery, a systematic review was performed. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: randomized controlled trials, patients aged ¡Ã18 yr undergoing surgery, patients not already on long-term statin treatment, reported outcomes including at least one of the following: mortality, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, stroke, and length of hospital stay. The following randomized clinical trials were excluded: retrospective studies, trials without surgical procedure, trials without an outcome of interest, studies with patients on statin therapy before operation, or papers not written in English. The literature search revealed 16 randomized controlled studies involving 2275 patients. Pooled results showed a significant reduction in (i) mortality [risk ratio (RR) 0.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.30.0.94, P=0.03], (ii) myocardial infarction (RR 0.54, 95% CI 0.38.0.76, P<0.001), (iii) perioperative atrial fibrillation (RR 0.53, 95% CI 0.43.0.66, P<0.001), and (iv) length of hospital stay (days, mean difference 20.58, 95% CI -0.79 to -0.37, P<0.001) in patients treated with a statin. Subgroup analysis in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery showed a decrease in the perioperative incidence of mortality and myocardial infarction. Consequently, anaesthetists should consider prescribing a standarddose statin before operation to statin-naive patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, there are insufficient data to support final recommendations on perioperative statin therapy for patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. All rights reserved.
News Article | December 2, 2016
Methods currently employed to determine the severity of a heart failure are very limited. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology and the Catharina Hospital in Eindhoven have therefore developed a method that is very quick, non-invasive, cost-effective and can be performed at the hospital bedside. Moreover, this method appears to have a predictive value for whether or not a double pacemaker will be successful. Researchers Ingeborg Herold and Salvatore Saporito received their doctorates last month for their study. Heart failure - when the heart is no longer able to pump enough blood through the body - is a very common problem. To get the right treatment, it is important to measure how well the heart is still able to do its job. There are currently various methods for doing this, but all have their limitations. Sensors often need to be placed in the large arteries, via the shoulder or neck, and that is quite an invasive procedure. MRI is a possibility, but not for patients that are seriously ill. Patients that are short of breath nearly always undergo blood analysis, a method that examines the concentration of a particular protein in the blood and provides a very good, patient-friendly indicator, but it takes several hours before the outcome is known. The Eindhoven researchers have developed a patient-friendly method that uses an echo scanner, which is known mainly for echoes performed during pregnancy, to determine the severity of heart failure. To do this, they measure the time it takes for the blood to travel from the heart's right ventricle through the lungs to the left ventricle, which is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood through the body. In order to measure this pulmonary transit time (PTT), they inject harmless microbubbles that can be seen clearly by the echo scanner. They then look at the heart and see how long it takes for the bubbles to get from the right to the left ventricle. It may seem simple enough but there was a significant scientific challenge in calculating an unequivocal PTT for the observed microbubbles that get dispersed in the blood flow. But once that had been solved, they compared the transit time with a number of existing indicators, developing a similar method on the basis of MRI. Comparisons revealed that the PTT measured with the echo scanner provides an excellent indicator for the severity of a heart failure. A healthy heart pumps the blood quickly through the lungs. The longer the PTT, the less well the heart performs. They examined subjects whose heart muscle no longer contracted well, which is the most common type of heart failure. Before the method can be used, there is still work to be done. For example, if it is to be both practical and fast, the analysis will have to be automated. Another aspect being studied is the extent to which the PTT is able to predict the success of a double pacemaker, whose primary objective is to restore the synchronicity of the two ventricles of the heart. Herold indeed found that there was a fairly firm relationship between the transit time and the success rate. The breaking point is 12.5 seconds; above that, the chance of the pacemaker enabling the heart to perform better reduces. But any application of this indicator requires more research, says Herold. Because the method does not appear to be completely accurate in the prediction, she expects it to be useful in combination with other indicators. The method is founded on the work of TU/e researcher Massimo Mischi, who has spent a decade working on the development of 'contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)' for analyzing the blood flow using microbubbles as a contrast medium. He has already done this successfully to detect prostate cancer. Ingeborg Herold gained her doctorate on Thursday 17 November for her thesis 'Assessment of cardiopulmonary function by contrast enhanced echocardiography' while Salvatore Saporito received his PhD the same day for his thesis 'Cardiovascular MRI quantifications in heart failure'.
Taks M.,Catharina Hospital
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2016
INTRODUCTION: The effective, but expensive, drug infliximab is used in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Monitoring infliximab trough levels and anti-infliximab antibody (ATI) formation can lead to a more cost-effective use of infliximab therapy. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of implementation of a treatment algorithm for infliximab in a single-centre IBD cohort, focussing on remission rates and drug costs. METHODS: IBD patients aged 18 years or older treated with infliximab were asked to participate in this study. Remission rates were assessed using faecal calprotectin levels and a validated questionnaire. Infliximab trough levels and ATIs were determined at baseline and at the third infliximab infusion. According to the advice given by the treatment algorithm, infliximab dosage adjustments were performed at the second infliximab infusion. RESULTS: Between January and December 2015 a total of 62 IBD patients in our centre were treated with infliximab, of whom 33 (53%) patients agreed to participate in this study. The number of patients in remission was 28 (85%) at baseline and there were 13 dose adaptations suggested by the treatment algorithm for the successive second infusion. Four patients possessed undetectable infliximab levels and positive ATI status at baseline. After the second infusion, there were 29 (88%) patients in remission at the third infusion. All of this resulted in an annual drug cost reduction of &OV0556;47 026 (7.4%). CONCLUSION: Our developed treatment algorithm of infliximab led to optimization of infliximab therapy in IBD patients by increasing remission rates and reducing drug costs. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Bracke F.A.,Catharina Hospital |
Dekker L.,Catharina Hospital |
Van Gelder B.M.,Catharina Hospital
Europace | Year: 2013
AimsThe femoral approach for lead extraction is typically used as a bailout procedure. We describe the results of a femoral approach with a Needle's Eye Snare and Femoral Workstation as a primary tool for extracting pacing leads.Patients and methods and resultsFour hundred and seventy-six pacing leads implanted for >6 months were extracted in 229 consecutive patients (178 male, age 70.4 ± 12.7 years). First, traction was performed with a standard stylet, and if unsuccessful this was followed by the femoral approach with a Needle's Eye Snare. Traction sufficed for 136 leads and a femoral approach was required in 340 leads, their respective implant times were 3.7 ± 2.9 and 9.2 ± 5.8 years. The Needle's Eye Snare failed or was only partial successful (leaving a lead remnant of <4 cm) in, respectively, 1.8 and 3.8% of all leads, 2.7 and 7.1% of 182 right ventricular, 0.7 and 0% of 144 atrial leads, and in none of 14 coronary sinus leads. All leads implanted for <10 years were removed with a clinical success. Two patients were successfully operated after pericardial tamponade. There were no procedure-related deaths.ConclusionNeedle's Eye Snare lead extraction has a low complication rate. The technique should be considered as a primary tool for extraction of pacing leads, particularly atrial and coronary sinus pacing leads. The results for extracting ventricular leads might be improved if larger bore sheaths with a better cutting edge were available. © 2013 The Author.
Van Rutte P.W.J.,Catharina Hospital |
Smulders J.F.,Catharina Hospital |
De Zoete J.P.,Catharina Hospital |
Nienhuijs S.W.,Catharina Hospital
British Journal of Surgery | Year: 2014
Background Sleeve gastrectomy is being performed increasingly in Europe. Data on long-term outcome would be helpful in defining the role of sleeve gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of sleeve gastrectomy as a primary bariatric procedure. Methods Medical charts of all patients who underwent a primary sleeve gastrectomy at the authors' institution between August 2006 and December 2012 were reviewed retrospectively using a prospective online data registry. For evolution of weight loss and co-morbidity, only patients with follow-up of at least 1year were included. A subgroup analysis was done to compare patients with an intended stand-alone procedure and those with an intended two-stage procedure. Results A total of 1041 primary sleeve gastrectomies were performed in the study period. Median duration of surgery was 47min, and median hospital stay was 2days. Intra-abdominal bleeding occurred in 27 patients (2·6 per cent) and staple-line leakage in 24 (2·3 per cent). Some 866 patients had at least 1year of follow-up. Mean excess weight loss was 68·4 per cent after 1year (P<0·001) and 67·4 per cent after 2years. Smaller groups of patients achieved a mean excess weight loss of 69·3 per cent (163 patients), 70·5 per cent (62) and 58·3 per cent (19) after 3, 4 and 5years respectively. No difference in postoperative complications was found between the subgroups. Seventy-one (8·2 per cent) of 866 patients had a revision of the sleeve gastrectomy; reflux or dysphagia was the indication in 34 (48 per cent) of these patients. Conclusion Sleeve gastrectomy is a safe and effective bariatric procedure. Maximum weight loss was achieved after 4years. Long-term results regarding weight loss and co-morbidities were satisfactory. Excellent also as primary bariatric procedure © 2014 BJS Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Fokkenrood H.J.,Catharina Hospital
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2013
Although supervised exercise therapy is considered to be of significant benefit for people with leg pain (peripheral arterial disease (PAD)), implementing supervised exercise programs (SETs) in daily practice has limitations. This is an update of a review first published in 2006. The main objective of this review was to provide an accurate overview of studies evaluating the effects of supervised versus non-supervised exercise therapy on maximal walking time or distance on a treadmill for people with intermittent claudication. For this update, the Cochrane Peripheral Vascular Diseases Group Trials Search Co-ordinator searched the Specialised Register (last searched September 2012) and CENTRAL (2012, Issue 9). In addition, we handsearched the reference lists of relevant articles for additional trials. No restriction was applied to language of publication. Randomized clinical trials comparing supervised exercise programs with non-supervised exercise programs (defined as walking advice or a structural home-based exercise program) for people with intermittent claudication. Studies with control groups, which did not receive exercise or walking advice or received usual care (maintained normal physical activity), were excluded. Two review authors (HJPF and BLWB) independently selected trials and extracted data. Three review authors (HJPF, BLWB, and GJL) assessed trial quality, and this was confirmed by two other review authors (MHP and JAWT). For all continuous outcomes, we extracted the number of participants, the mean differences, and the standard deviation. The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) outcomes were extracted to assess quality of life. Effect sizes were calculated as the difference in treatment normalized with the standard deviation (standardized mean difference) using a fixed-effect model. A total of 14 studies involving a total of 1002 male and female participants with PAD were included in this review. Follow-up ranged from six weeks to 12 months. In general, supervised exercise regimens consisted of three exercise sessions per week. All trials used a treadmill walking test as one of the outcome measures. The overall quality of the included trials was moderate to good, although some trials were small with respect to the number of participants, ranging from 20 to 304.Supervised exercise therapy (SET) showed statistically significant improvement in maximal treadmill walking distance compared with non-supervised exercise therapy regimens, with an overall effect size of 0.69 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.51 to 0.86) and 0.48 (95% CI 0.32 to 0.64) at three and six months, respectively. This translates to an increase in walking distance of approximately 180 meters that favored the supervised group. SET was still beneficial for maximal and pain-free walking distances at 12 months, but it did not have a significant effect on quality of life parameters. SET has statistically significant benefit on treadmill walking distance (maximal and pain-free) compared with non-supervised regimens. However, the clinical relevance of this has not been demonstrated definitively; additional studies are required that focus on quality of life or other disease-specific functional outcomes, such as walking behavior, patient satisfaction, costs, and long-term follow-up. Professionals in the vascular field should make SET available for all patients with intermittent claudication.
Pijls N.H.J.,Catharina Hospital
Circulation Journal | Year: 2013
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become an increasingly important index for decision making with respect to revascularization of coronary artery stenosis. It is the gold standard to indicate whether a particular stenosis is responsible for inducible ischemia and it is generally accepted that a stenosis with an ischemic value of FFR is responsible for angina pectoris and a worse outcome, and should be revascularized, whereas lesions with a non-ischemic FFR have a more favorable prognosis and can better be treated medically. In this review paper, the background, concept and clinical application of FFR are discussed from a practical point of view. On top of that, some in-depth considerations are given with respect to further possibilities of FFR for examining the coronary circulation, including separate assessment of coronary, myocardial, and collateral blood flows. Finally, a word of caution is given with respect to using resting pressure indexes, which seem attractive because they avoid the need for hyperemia, but negatively affect the accuracy of the measurements. This review can be read as an overview of the state-of-the-art of FFR and as a guide to further reading.