Heavy metals evaluation in soils of irrigated oasis of Mendoza Province: I. Total concentrations of Zn, Pb, Cd and Cu [Evaluación de metales pesados en suelos de los oasis irrigados de la Provincia de Mendoza: I. Concentraciones totales de Zn, Pb, Cd y Cu]
Marti L.,Cat. de Quimica Agricola |
Salcedo C.,Cat. de Quimica Agricola |
Troilo S.,Cat. de Quimica Agricola |
Filippini M.F.,Cat. de Quimica Agricola |
And 3 more authors.
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2011
There is no information regarding the presence of trace elements. total and available, related to the use of soils in irrigated oasis in Mendoza, Argentina. The main objective of this work, was to measure total content of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) in the surface soil layer (0- 25cm) of different soils. They were grouped in in seven types, according to utilitarian classification: (acronyms in Spanish): virgin soils (SV); shoulder soils (SB); soils in the vicinity of shoulders (SVB); soils of intensive agriculture (SAI); agricultural areas with anti-hail rocket system (SLAG); soils affected by Industrial activity (SI); and urban soils (Su). On a total of 200 superficial samples, a hot acid digestión was performed; on the extracts, total content of Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu was measured by atomic absortion spectrometry (AAS). A statistical analysis of the results was performed, showing that the highest levels of Cu and Cd were detected in SAI, with mean values of 39.3 and 2.5 mg kg-1 respectively. The highest values of Pb were present in the SI, with a mean value of 80.6 mg kg-1, while the highest values of Zn were present in the SU soils, with a mean value of 740 mg kg-1. Mendoza city, with higher population density had the highest Zn, Pb y Cd content. The concentrations are below the argentinian legislation and most soils can be classified uncontaminated (SNC) or slightly contaminated (SLC). It expects to complete this study with the determination of the available fractions of these elements. correlating the results with physical-chemical soil properties, such as texture, pH and organic matter.