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Glomski K.,Caspary Research Bldg | Glomski K.,Tri Institutional MD PhD Program | Monette S.,Sloan Kettering Institute | Manova K.,Sloan Kettering Institute | And 4 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

During vertebrate angiogenesis, Notch regulates the cell-fate decision between vascular tip cells versus stalk cells. Canonical Notch signaling depends on sequential proteolytic events, whereby interaction of Notch with membrane-anchored ligands triggers proteolytic processing, first by Adam10 and then presenilins. This liberates the Notch intracellular domain, allowing it to enter the nucleus and activate Notch-dependent genes. Here we report that conditional inactivation of Adam10 in endothelial cells (A10ΔEC) recapitulates the increased branching and density of the retinal vasculature that is also caused by interfering with Notch signaling. Moreover, A10ΔEC mice have additional vascular abnormalities, including aberrant subcapsular hepatic veins, enlarged glomeruli, intestinal polyps containing endothelial cell masses, abnormal endochondral ossification, leading to stunted long bone growth and increased pathologic neovascularization following oxygen-induced retinopathy. Our findings support a model in which Adam10 is a crucial regulator of endothelial cell-fate decisions, most likely because of its essential role in canonical Notch signaling. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology. Source


Mendelson K.,Caspary Research Bldg | Mendelson K.,Cornell University | Swendeman S.,Caspary Research Bldg | Saftig P.,University of Kiel | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry | Year: 2010

Binding of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B to its receptor PDGFRβ promotes proliferation, migration, and recruitment of pericytes and smooth muscle cells to endothelial cells, serving to stabilize developing blood vessels. The main goals of this study were to determine whether the extracellular domain of the PDGFRβ can be proteolytically released from cell membranes and, if so, to identify the responsible sheddase and determine whether activation of the PDGFRβ stimulates its shedding and potentially that of other membrane proteins. We found that the PDGFRβ is shed from cells by a metalloproteinase and used loss-of-function experiments to identify ADAM10 as the sheddase responsible for constitutive and ionomycin-stimulated processing of the PDGFRβ. Moreover, we showed that ligand-dependent activation of the PDGFRβ does not trigger its own shedding by ADAM10, but instead it stimulates ADAM17 and shedding of substrates of ADAM17, including tumor necrosis factor α and transforming growth factor α. Finally, we demonstrated that treatment of mouse embryonic fibroblasts with PDGF-B triggers a metalloproteinase-dependent cross-talk between the PDGFRβ and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/ERK1/2 signaling axis that is also critical for PDGF-B-stimulated cell migration, most likely via ADAM17-dependent release and activation of ligands of the EGFR. This study identifies the principal sheddase for the PDGFRβ and provides new insights into the mechanism of PDGFRβ-dependent signal transduction and cross-talk with the EGFR. © 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Source

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