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Zurro D.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | Zurro D.,Spanish National Research Council IMF CSIC | Zurro D.,University Pompeu Fabra | Negre J.,CONICET | And 10 more authors.
Environmental Archaeology | Year: 2017

For many years the identification of activity areas has been carried out through the spatial distribution of lithics, zooarchaeological remains and specific features such as fireplaces. However, these data are rarely combined and integrated with results from specific analytical techniques such as phytoliths, organic matter, carbonates and multielemental analysis. This research presents the first results of an intrasite spatial analysis on a layer from the site Lanashuaia II, a shell-midden located on the Beagle Channel coast (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina). Ethnoarchaeology is used as a methodological tool to give content to the concept of anthropic markers by means of formulating archaeological hypothesis on the basis of ethnological information. This paper presents the application of specific anthropic markers, which have been designed and applied to identify ashy remains and waste areas through different combinations of proxies. The results show how an approach that integrates different techniques enhances data interpretation and allows to give visibility to activities that may not leave visible evidences. © Association for Environmental Archaeology 2017

Martin O.,University of Valladolid | Ahedo V.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | Santos J.I.,University of Burgos | De Tiedra P.,University of Valladolid | Galan J.M.,University of Burgos
Materials Science and Engineering A | Year: 2016

In this work, the quality of resistance spot welding (RSW) joints of 304 austenitic stainless steel (SS) is assessed from its tensile shear load bearing capacity (TSLBC). A predictive model using a polynomial expansion of the relevant welding parameters, i.e. welding current (WC), welding time (WT) and electrode force (EF) and elastic net regularization is proposed. The predictive power of the elastic net approach has been compared to artificial neural networks (ANNs), previously used to predict TSLBC, and smoothing splines in the framework of a generalized additive model. The results show that the predictive and classification error of the elastic net model are statistically comparable to benchmarks of the best pattern recognition tools whereas it overcomes correlation problems and performs variable selection at the same time, resulting in a simpler and more interpretable model. These features make the elastic net model amenable to be used in the design of welding conditions and in the control of manufacturing processes. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Conesa F.C.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | Conesa F.C.,Spanish National Research Council IMF CSIC | Devanthery N.,Catalonia Technology Center of Telecomunications | Balbo A.L.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | And 6 more authors.
Remote Sensing | Year: 2014

This work explores the spatial distribution of monsoonal flooded areas using ENVISAT C-band Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) in the semi-arid region of N. Gujarat, India. The amplitude component of SAR Single Look Complex (SLC) images has been used to estimate the extent of surface and near-surface water dynamics using the mean amplitude (MA) of monsoonal (July to September) and post-monsoonal (October to January) seasons. The integration of SAR-derived maps (seasonal flooding maps and seasonal MA change) with archaeological data has provided new insights to understand present-day landscape dynamics affecting archaeological preservation and visibility. Furthermore, preliminary results suggest a good correlation between Mid-Holocene settlement patterns and the distribution and extension of seasonal floodable areas within river basin areas, opening interesting inroads to study settlement distribution and resource availability in past socio-ecological systems in semi-arid areas. © 2014 by the authors. license MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Garcia-Granero J.J.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | Garcia-Granero J.J.,Spanish National Research Council IMF CSIC | Arias-Martorell J.,University of Barcelona | Madella M.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | And 5 more authors.
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany | Year: 2015

Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. (foxtail millet) was originally domesticated in northern China. The time and route of its introduction into South Asia is currently unclear due to the possible confusion with autochthonous Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf. (browntop millet). Geometric morphometrics (GM) offer an alternative to traditional archaeobotanical methods to distinguish between these two small millet species. This study aims at finding a method to securely distinguish among charred caryopses of S. italica and B. ramosa, testing its validity on archaeobotanical assemblages and proposing a new approach for studying the dispersion of S. italica throughout Eurasia. Modern S. italica (n = 35) and B. ramosa (n = 34) caryopses and 15 archaeological specimens from a 5th millennium bp archaeological occupation site in northwestern India were analysed. Archaeological and modern caryopses (before and after charring) were photographed with a Leica EZ4D stereoscope, and TPSdig software was used to scale the photographs and manually apply a configuration of three landmarks and six semi-landmarks onto the contours of the embryos. Multivariate statistics were carried out to analyse the shape differences between modern S. italica and B. ramosa and to classify the archaeological specimens. The results show that the shape of the embryo of both species can be clearly distinguished using a GM-approach, both before and after charring. However, charring tends to smooth the shape differences between the two groups, which may affect the interpretation of archaeobotanical assemblages. The comparison between modern and archaeological caryopses suggests that S. italica was not present in northwestern India during the 5th millennium bp. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Garcia-Granero J.J.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | Garcia-Granero J.J.,Spanish National Research Council IMF CSIC | Lancelotti C.,CaSEs Complexity and Socio Ecological Dynamics Research Group | Lancelotti C.,University Pompeu Fabra | And 4 more authors.
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany | Year: 2016

The thorough reconstruction of subsistence practices throughout human history remains one of the most challenging questions in archaeological research. Analyses of microbotanical remains recovered from archaeological artefacts have greatly contributed to our knowledge of past livelihood strategies. However, certain methodological issues are seldom addressed throughout these analyses, including the integration of multiple proxies, the comparison between samples and the interpretation of control samples. This paper addresses these methodological concerns through the analysis of phytoliths and starch grains from a total of 80 samples from grinding tools from four archaeological occupations (ca. 7150–1900 cal bc) in northern Gujarat (NW India). The results were compared with 26 control samples from the same sedimentary matrix from which the tools were recovered and 12 control samples from laboratory consumables. Multivariate statistics were applied to (a) compare control samples with grinding stones to assess sample contamination and representativeness, (b) compare samples from different sites, and (c) identify tool clusters within a site. This study stresses the importance of the integrated analysis of phytoliths and starch grains and the application of multivariate statistics, which allow for stronger interpretations on the use and post-depositional trajectories of grinding stones, thus offering a solid framework for the reconstruction of past subsistence strategies. Moreover, the results show that the inhabitants of northern Gujarat continuously exploited small millets throughout the Holocene and that pulses, secondary at first, became a fundamental part of their subsistence strategy with the advent of settled life. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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