Wang J.-W.,CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2014
Precise flowering time is critical to reproductive success. In response to diverse exogenous and endogenous cues including age, hormones, photoperiod, and temperature, the floral transition is controlled by a complex regulatory network, which involves extensive crosstalks, feedback, or feedforward loops between the components within flowering time pathways. The newly identified age pathway, which is controlled by microRNA156 (miR156) and its target SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING-LIKE (SPL) transcription factors, ensures plants flower under non-inductive conditions. In this review, I summarize the recent advance in understanding of the age pathway, focusing on the regulatory basis of the developmental decline in miR156 level by age and the molecular mechanism by which the age pathway is integrated into other flowering time pathways. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. Source
Zhao H.,CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences
Nature cell biology | Year: 2013
Dense multicilia in higher vertebrates are important for luminal flow and the removal of thick mucus. To generate hundreds of basal bodies for multiciliogenesis, specialized terminally differentiated epithelial cells undergo massive centriole amplification. In proliferating cells, however, centriole duplication occurs only once per cell cycle. How cells ensure proper regulation of centriole biogenesis in different contexts is poorly understood. We report that the centriole amplification is controlled by two duplicated genes, Cep63 and Deup1. Cep63 regulates mother-centriole-dependent centriole duplication. Deup1 governs deuterosome assembly to mediate large-scale de novo centriole biogenesis. Similarly to Cep63, Deup1 binds to Cep152 and then recruits Plk4 to activate centriole biogenesis. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that Deup1 diverged from Cep63 in a certain ancestor of lobe-finned fishes during vertebrate evolution and was subsequently adopted by tetrapods. Thus, the Cep63 gene duplication has enabled mother-centriole-independent assembly of the centriole duplication machinery to satisfy different requirements for centriole number. Source
CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences | Date: 2014-02-08
The present invention relates to hepatocyte-like cells. Also disclosed are methods of making the cells and using the cells.
CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences | Date: 2014-01-24
The invention relates to the use of TRPC6 mRNA levels in peripheral blood cells for the early detection/diagnosis of senile dementia. Specifically, the present invention provides a classic transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6) gene or protein thereof and the use of same in preparing a reagent or test kit for detecting or diagnosing Alzheimers disease. The present invention further relates to a polypeptide used to prepare a medicament that treats AD, and relates to a composition of said polypeptide.
CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences | Date: 2013-12-06
Provided are the use of glycosyltransferases gGT25, gGT13, gGT30, gGT25-1, gGT25-3, gGT25-5, gGT29, gGT29-3, gGT29-4, gGT29-5, gGT29-6, gGT29-7, 3GT1, 3GT2, 3GT3, 3GT4 and derived polypeptides therefrom in the catalyzed glycosylation of terpenoid compounds and the synthesis of new saponins, wherein the glycosyltransferases can specifically and efficiently catalyze tetracyclic triterpenoid compound substrates at positions C-20 and/or C-6 and/or C-3 during hydroxyl glycosylation, and/or transfer the glycosyl from a glycosyl donor to the first glycosyl of the tetracyclic triterpenoid compounds at position C-3, so as to extend the sugar chain. The glycosyltransferases can also be used for constructing man-made synthetic rare ginsenosides and a variety of new ginsenosides and derivatives thereof.