Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENERGY-2007-5+6.2-01 | Award Amount: 1.04M | Year: 2008
STRACO2 will support the ongoing development of a comprehensive regulatory framework in the European Union for CO2 capture and storage technologies (CCS) for zero emission applications. This will respond to the requirements of multi-stakeholder groups in Europe affected by these technologies and their applications both domestically in Europe and under future inclusion in emissions trading schemes and Kyoto mechanisms. Through a focus on the regulatory aspects of international trade and technology transfer structures, the EU regulatory framework will then form the basis for dialogue and priority setting with regulatory authorities in China. In this regard local priorities, the ongoing EU-China cooperation in CCS and the need for establishing an international gateway for CCS adoption and the trade implications will be key underlying themes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO-2009-5.1 | Award Amount: 550.75K | Year: 2010
ChinaAccess4EU aims at increasing the awareness and dissemination in the Member States and Associated Countries of access opportunities for European researchers and research organisations in Chinese national research and/or innovation programmes. The overriding purpose of the proposed project is to help develop the reciprocity aspect of the EU-China Science and Technology agreement by identifying the Chinese programmes open to EU researchers and promote their participation, and to provide outputs useful in the context of the Joint Committee meetings of the EU-China Science and Technology agreement. To this end, the project will focus on the mapping of the access opportunities in China, dissemination of the results to European research organisations and multipliers, monitoring of the participation of researchers from the EU in Chinese programmes, and provision of feedback and recommendations to the EC.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2009.1.1.6.2 | Award Amount: 4.12M | Year: 2010
EU action on climate change is now focused on accelerating mitigation efforts, while seeking to reduce risks associated with climate change impacts. To achieve the multiple goals of cutting greenhouse gas emissions, reducing vulnerability to climate impacts, and building mitigative and adaptive capacities, climate action needs to be mainstreamed across all EU policy sectors. As the scale of European policy grows, mitigation and adaptation need increasingly to be integrated. These policies have strong international dimensions. The RESPONSES project addresses EU policy challenges by: developing new global low emissions scenarios, placing EU efforts in a global context; building an approach for assessing EU policies against mitigation and adaptation objectives and for developing alternative policy options; applying this framework in five EU policy sectors (water and agriculture, biodiversity, regional development/infrastructure, health and energy), linked by a set of cross-sectoral integrative activities; and synthesizing the results to new policy strategies. The main outputs of the project will be: a set of global low emission scenarios, differentiated by key countries; options and strategies for integrating mitigation and resilience to climate impacts into EU policies; a validated strategic climate assessment approach. The RESPONSES consortium brings together seven leading European research institutes working on climate change scenarios, modelling, analysis and policy, combining the necessary disciplinary and sectoral expertise. Chinese, Indian and US partners and associates will also participate in the project. The consortium builds on partners experience in other EU and national projects, including the ADAM project, and will foster close relationships with policymakers. Research outputs will be of direct relevance to the IPCC and to post-2012 international negotiations, as well as supporting implementation of the EU White Paper on Adaptation.
Liu Y.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management |
Lu Y.,Australian National University
Applied Energy | Year: 2015
As an important policy instrument for climate mitigation, the carbon tax policy design and its consequent social-economic impact calls for more research. In this paper, a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model - CASIPM-GE model is applied to explore the impact of a carbon tax and different tax revenue recycling schemes on China's economy. Simulation results show that the carbon tax is effective to reduce carbon emissions with mild impact on China's macro economy. In particular, a production tax deduction can be used to recycle the carbon tax revenue if the government wants to reduce the cost of a carbon tax; however, a consumption tax deduction may help the economy to restructure and may benefit the long-run emissions reduction. In terms of industrial output, most industries are negatively affected; sectors with large share of exports are subjected to negative shocks if there is consumption tax deduction financed by the carbon tax revenue. The study suggests that carbon revenue recycling scheme is important in designing the carbon tax policy: a well-designed scheme can help reduce the cost of a carbon tax. © 2014.
Fan Y.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management |
Xia Y.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management
Energy | Year: 2012
China has been experiencing industrialization and urbanization since reform and opening of its economy in 1978. Energy consumption in the country has featured issues such as a coal-dominated energy mix, low energy efficiency and high emissions. Thus, it is of great importance to explore the factors driving the increase in energy consumption in the past two decades and estimate the potential for decreasing energy demands in the future. In this paper a hybrid energy input-output model is used to decompose driving factors to identify how these factors impact changes in energy intensity. A modified RAS approach is applied to project energy requirements in a BAU scenario and an alternative scenario. The results show that energy input mix, industry structure and technology improvements have major influences on energy demand. Energy demand in China will continue to increase at a rapid rate if the economy develops as in the past decades, and is projected to reach 4.7 billion tce in 2020. However, the huge potential for a decrease cannot be neglected, since growth could be better by adjusting the energy mix and industrial structure and enhancing technology improvements. The total energy demand could be less than 4.0 billion tce in 2020. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Guo J.-F.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management |
Ji Q.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management
Applied Energy | Year: 2013
With the acceleration of oil marketisation and the rapid development of electronic information carriers, external information shocks can be easily and quickly transmitted to the oil market through the Internet. This paper analyses the impact of short- and long-run market concerns, derived from search query volumes in Google for different domains around the oil market on oil volatility using co-integration and the modified EGARCH model. Empirical results suggest there is a long-term equilibrium relationship between oil prices and long-run market concern for oil prices and oil demand. The short-run market concerns for the 2008 financial crisis and the Libyan war convulsion have a significant and asymmetric influence on oil price volatility. This indicates that market concern transmitted through the Internet can strengthen the linkage between oil price changes and external events by influencing the expectation of market traders, and to some extent it can exaggerate the impact of nonfundamental information shocks. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Ji Q.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management |
Fan Y.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management
Applied Energy | Year: 2012
The influence of price volatility in the crude oil market is expanding to non-energy commodity markets. With the substitution of fossil fuels by biofuel and hedge strategies against inflation induced by high oil prices, the link between crude oil market and agriculture markets and metal markets has increased. This study measures the influence of the crude oil market on non-energy commodity markets before and after the 2008 financial crisis. By introducing the US dollar index as exogenous shocks, we investigate price and volatility spillover between commodity markets by constructing a bivariate EGARCH model with time-varying correlation construction. The results reveal that the crude oil market has significant volatility spillover effects on non-energy commodity markets, which demonstrates its core position among commodity markets. The overall level of correlation strengthened after the crisis, which indicates that the consistency of market price trends was enhanced affected by economic recession. In addition, the influence of the US dollar index on commodity markets has weakened since the crisis. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Zhu L.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management
Computers and Industrial Engineering | Year: 2012
The investment of nuclear power has several uncertainties. This paper establishes a nuclear power investment evaluation model by employing real options theory with Monte Carlo method to evaluate the value of nuclear power plant from the perspective of power generation enterprises. Several technical and economic uncertainty factors (investment cost, generating cost, electricity prices and nuclear accident) have been taken into account in the model and the model is solved by Least Squares Monte-Carlo (LSM) method. As an application, the model is used to evaluate Sanmen nuclear power plant in Zhejiang province, China. The impacts of three electricity price mechanisms and nuclear power investment cost reduction are investigated and discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ji Q.,CAS Institute of Policy and Management
Computers and Industrial Engineering | Year: 2012
A system analysis approach is proposed to identify the main factors driving international crude oil prices by integrating a partial least squares model, an vector error correction model and the directed acyclic graph method. The different mechanisms driving international crude oil prices during the oil price falling and rising periods are analyzed in three aspects: contemporaneous information transmission mechanism, explanatory power of factors for oil price trend and their contributions to the oil price volatility. The results show that the original mechanism of crude oil markets is destroyed by the 2008 financial crisis and the contemporaneous causality between oil price and various factors are significantly strengthened after crisis. Before the crisis, speculation was the main factor boosting oil price volatility in the contemporaneous and short run, while fundamental factors played important roles in the long run. After the crisis, spillover effect among different markets exhibits more obvious. Stock market, exchange rate market and commodity market make greater contribution, while US dollar index is the main factor affecting oil price volatility in the short and long run. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Air China Ltd, CAS Institute of Policy and Management | Date: 2014-08-20
The present invention relates to a system for improving the flight safety, comprising: a prediction component which predicts behaviors of an aircraft; and an indication component which indicates adjustment of an operation of the aircraft to reduce the possibility of occurrence of abnormal flying behaviors.