CAS Institute of Physics

Beijing, China

CAS Institute of Physics

Beijing, China
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Cui X.,CAS Institute of Physics
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2016

We show the renormalization of the contact interaction for odd-wave scattering in one-dimension (1D). Based on the renormalized interaction, we exactly solve the two-body problem in a harmonic trap and further explore the universal properties of spin-polarized fermions near odd-wave resonance by using the operator-product-expansion method. It is found that the high-momentum distribution behaves as C/k2, with C being the odd-wave contact. Various universal relations are derived. Our work suggests a universal system emergent in 1D with large odd-wave scattering length. © 2016 American Physical Society.

Using dark-field scattering spectroscopy, we study the multipolar plasmon resonances in single crystallized silver nanorods. The lineshapes and homogenous linewidths of the surface plasmon resonances (SPRs) of different orders are analyzed and compared. The high-order resonances are found to sustain asymmetric Fano lineshapes and their linewidths are narrower than the dipolar resonance. A quantitative comparison using the finite element method reveals more than a three times reduction in the linewidth for the third order resonance, as compared with the dipolar one. These narrow linewidths result from the smaller radiative damping of the multipolar SPRs. Benefiting from the reduced damping, multipolar SPRs in nanorods are better candidates for many plasmonic applications, including increased-sensitivity single particle SPR sensors and reduced-threshold nanolasers.

Li Z.-Y.,CAS Institute of Physics | Xia Y.,Washington University in St. Louis
Nano Letters | Year: 2010

Single-molecule detection via surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has raised great interest over the past decade. The usual approach toward this goal is to harness the strong surface plasmon resonance of light with complex metallic nanostructures, such as particle aggregates, two-particle gaps, sharp tips, or particles with sharp apexes. Here we propose another route toward the goal by introducing gain medium into single metal nanoparticles with simple geometry. Our calculations show that cubic gold nanobox particles that contain a gain material within the core can create an extremely high enhancement factor of local field intensity larger than 10 8 and a SERS enhancement factor on the order of 10 16 - 10 17. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Hu J.,CAS Institute of Physics | Hu J.,Purdue University
Physical Review X | Year: 2014

Parity is a fundamental quantum number used to classify a state of matter. Materials rarely possess ground states with odd parity. We show that the superconducting state in iron-based superconductors is classified as an odd-parity s-wave spin-singlet pairing state in a single trilayer FeAs/Se, the building block of the materials. In a low-energy effective model constructed on the Fe square bipartite lattice, the superconducting order parameter in this state is a combination of an s-wave normal pairing between two sublattices and an s-wave η pairing within the sublattices. The state has a fingerprint with a real-space sign inversion between the top and bottom As/Se layers. The results suggest that iron-based superconductors are a new quantum state of matter, and the measurement of the odd parity can help to establish high-temperature superconducting mechanisms.

Guo A.-M.,CAS Institute of Physics | Sun Q.-F.,CAS Institute of Physics
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012

The experiment that the high spin selectivity and the length-dependent spin polarization are observed in double-stranded DNA, is elucidated by considering the combination of the spin-orbit coupling, the environment-induced dephasing, and the helical symmetry. We show that the spin polarization in double-stranded DNA is significant even in the case of weak spin-orbit coupling, while no spin polarization appears in single-stranded DNA. Furthermore, the underlying physical mechanism and the parameter dependence of the spin polarization are studied. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Pan H.,CAS Institute of Physics | Hu Y.-S.,CAS Institute of Physics | Chen L.,CAS Institute of Physics
Energy and Environmental Science | Year: 2013

Room-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries have attracted great attention particularly in large-scale electric energy storage applications for renewable energy and smart grid because of the huge abundant sodium resources and low cost. In this article, a variety of electrode materials including cathodes and anodes as well as electrolytes for room-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries are briefly reviewed. We compare the difference in storage behavior between Na and Li in their analogous electrodes and summarize the sodium storage mechanisms in the available electrode materials. This review also includes some new results from our group and our thoughts on developing new materials. Some perspectives and directions on designing better materials for practical applications are pointed out based on knowledge from the literature and our experience. Through this extensive literature review, the search for suitable electrode and electrolyte materials for stationary sodium-ion batteries is still challenging. However, after intensive research efforts, we believe that low-cost, long-life and room-temperature sodium-ion batteries would be promising for applications in large-scale energy storage system in the near future. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Fang X.,CAS Institute of Physics
Nanoscale | Year: 2012

Ordered mesoporous tungsten-doped MoO(2) was synthesized by a nanocasting method. The Li storage performance of mesoporous MoO(2) is significantly improved by tungsten doping, which exhibits a reversible capacity of 700 mA h g(-1), better cycling and rate performance. This material combines the advantages of the high theoretical capacity of MoO(2) and the better electroactivity of WO(2).

Wang W.H.,CAS Institute of Physics
Progress in Materials Science | Year: 2012

Bulk metallic glass (BMG) provides plentiful precise knowledge of fundamental parameters of elastic moduli, which offer a benchmark reference point for understanding and applications of the glassy materials. This paper comprehensively reviews the current state of the art of the study of elastic properties, the establishments of correlations between elastic moduli and properties/features, and the elastic models and elastic perspectives of metallic glasses. The goal is to show the key roles of elastic moduli in study, formation, and understanding of metallic glasses, and to present a comprehensive elastic perspectives on the major fundamental issues from processing to structure to properties in the rapidly moving field. A plentiful of data and results involving in acoustic velocities, elastic constants and their response to aging, relaxation, applied press, pressure and temperature of the metallic glasses have been compiled. The thermodynamic and kinetic parameters, stability, mechanical and physical properties of various available metallic glasses especially BMGs have also been collected. A survey based on the plentiful experimental data reveals that the linear elastic constants have striking systematic correlations with the microstructural features, glass transition temperature, melting temperature, relaxation behavior, boson peak, strength, hardness, plastic yielding of the glass, and even rheological properties of the glass forming liquids. The elastic constants of BMGs also show a correlation with a weighted average of the elastic constants of the constituent elements. We show that the elastic moduli correlations can assist in selecting alloying components with suitable elastic moduli for controlling the elastic properties and glass-forming ability of the metallic glasses, and thus the results would enable the design, control and tuning of the formation and properties of metallic glasses. We demonstrate that the glass transition, the primary and secondary relaxations, plastic deformation and yield can be attributed to the free volume increase induced flow, and the flow can be modeled as the activated hopping between the inherent states in the potential energy landscape. We then propose an extended elastic model to understand flow in metallic glass and glass-forming supercooled liquid, and the model presents a simple and quantitative mathematic expression for flow activation energy of various glasses. The elastic perspectives, which consider all metallic glasses exhibit universal behavior based on a small number of readily measurable parameters of elastic moduli, are presented for understanding the nature and diverse properties of the metallic glasses. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Xie P.,CAS Institute of Physics
European Biophysics Journal | Year: 2013

A ribosome is an enzyme that catalyzes translation of the genetic information encoded in messenger RNA (mRNA) into proteins. Besides translation through the single-stranded mRNA, the ribosome is also able to translate through the duplex region of mRNA via unwinding the duplex. Here, based on our proposed ribosome translation model, we study analytically the dynamics of Escherichia coli ribosome translation through the duplex region of mRNA, and compare with the available single molecule experimental data. It is shown that the ribosome uses only one active mechanism (mechanical unwinding), rather than two active mechanisms (open-state stabilization and mechanical unwinding), as proposed before, to unwind the duplex. The reduced rate of translation through the duplex region is due to the occurrence of futile transitions, which are induced by the energy barrier from the duplex unwinding to the forward translocation along the single-stranded mRNA. Moreover, we also present predicted results of the average translation rate versus the external force acting on the ribosome translating through the duplex region and through the single-stranded region of mRNA, which can be easily tested by future experiments. © 2012 European Biophysical Societies' Association.

Cui X.,CAS Institute of Physics
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2014

Motivated by a recent experiment by the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS) group on the mixture of Bose and Fermi superfluids [I. Ferrier-Barbut, Science 345, 1035 (2014)10.1126/science.1255380], we investigate the effective scattering between a bosonic atom and a molecule (dimer) of fermion atoms. It is found that the mean-field prediction of the atom-dimer scattering length (aad), as simply given by the boson-fermion scattering length (abf), generically fails. Instead, aad crucially depends on the ratio between abf and aff (the fermion-fermion scattering length), and in addition it log-periodically depends on the three-body parameter. We identify the universal parameters in characterizing aad for a wide range of aff in the molecular side of the fermion-fermion Feshbach resonance, and further demonstrate that the atom-dimer many-body system can become unstable against either phase separation or collapse as tuning aff. Our results have some implications for the ENS experiment. © 2014 American Physical Society.

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