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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2012.3.2-01 | Award Amount: 13.29M | Year: 2012

The PharmaSea project focuses on obstacles in marine biodiscovery research, development and commercialization and brings together a broad interdisciplinary team of academic and industry researchers and specialists to address and overcome these. The partners are ideally placed to demonstrate how to widen the bottlenecks and increase the flow of ideas and products derived from the marine microbiome towards a greater number of successes in a larger number of application areas. Despite the tremendous potential of marine biodiscovery, exploitation, particularly at a commercial scale, has been hampered by a number of constraints. These relate to access (physical and legal), genetics of the organisms, compound isolation, structure elucidation, early reliable validation of biological activity and best mechanisms of flow-through into exploitation. PharmaSea will solve these chronic bottlenecks by developing essential actions beyond the state of the art and linking them with best practice and appropriate pragmatic approaches. The robust pipeline structure established within PharmaSea will process a wide genetic basis including marine microbial strain collections held by partners and new strain collections from extreme environments (deep, cold and hot vent habitats) to produce new products with desirable characteristics for development by the SME partners in three accessible market sectors, health (infection, inflammation, CNS diseases), personal care and nutrition. The global aim of PharmaSea is to produce two compounds at larger scale and advance them to pre-clinical evaluation. To address relevant challenges in marine biodiscovery related to policy and legal issues, PharmaSea will bring together practitioners, legal experts, policy advisors/makers and other stakeholders, focusing on the feasibility of harmonising, aligning and complementing current legal frameworks with recommendations and ready to use solutions tailored to marine biodiscovery.


Patent
University of Tokyo, Nihon University, CAS Institute of Microbiology, Toray Industries Inc, Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Date: 2013-01-30

An objective of this invention is to provide an HCV strain with a high capacity for virus production in a cell culture system. This invention provides a nucleic acid encoding a polyprotein precursor of the hepatitis C virus JFH1 strain having one or more amino acid substitutions, wherein the polyprotein precursor comprises at least substitution of glutamine at position 862 with arginine, as determined with reference to the amino acid sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 2 in the Sequence Listing.


Huang G.,CAS Institute of Microbiology
Virulence | Year: 2012

The human commensal fungus Candida albicans can cause not only superficial infections, but also life-threatening disease in immunocompromised individuals. C. albicans can grow in several morphological forms. The ability to switch between different phenotypic forms has been thought to contribute to its virulence. The yeast-filamentous growth transition and white-opaque switching represent two typical morphological switching systems, which have been intensively studied in C. albicans. The interplay between environmental factors and genes determines the morphology of C. albicans. This review focuses on the regulation of phenotypic changes in this pathogenic organism by external environmental cues and internal genes.


The immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A (CsA) has inhibitory effects on the replication of several viruses. The antiviral effects are through targeting the interaction between viral proteins and host factor cyclophilin A (CypA). CypA has been identified to interact with influenza A virus M1 protein and impair the early stage of the viral life cycle. In order to identify the effect of CsA on influenza virus replication, a CypA-depleted 293T cell line, which was named as 293T/CypA-, was constructed. The cytopathic effect (CPE) assay and the growth curve results indicated that CsA specifically suppressed the influenza A virus replication in a dose-dependent manner. CsA treatment had no effect on the viral genome replication and transcription but selectively suppressed the viral proteins expression. Further studies indicated that CsA could impair the nuclear export of viral mRNA in the absence of CypA. In addition, the antiviral activity of CsA was independent of calcineurin signaling. Finally, CsA could enhance the binding between CypA and M1. The above results suggested that CsA inhibited the replication of influenza A virus through CypA-dependent and -independent pathways.


Niu G.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Tan H.,CAS Institute of Microbiology
Trends in Microbiology | Year: 2015

The alarming rise in antibiotic-resistant pathogens has coincided with a decline in the supply of new antibiotics. It is therefore of great importance to find and create new antibiotics. Nucleoside antibiotics are a large family of natural products with diverse biological functions. Their biosynthesis is a complex process through multistep enzymatic reactions and is subject to hierarchical regulation. Genetic and biochemical studies of the biosynthetic machinery have provided the basis for pathway engineering and combinatorial biosynthesis to create new or hybrid nucleoside antibiotics. Dissection of regulatory mechanisms is leading to strategies to increase the titer of bioactive nucleoside antibiotics. © 2014 .


Huang G.,CAS Institute of Microbiology
Virulence | Year: 2012

The human commensal fungus Candida albicans can cause not only superficial infections, but also life-threatening disease in immunocompromised individuals. C. albicans can grow in several morphological forms. The ability to switch between different phenotypic forms has been thought to contribute to its virulence. The yeast-filamentous growth transition and white-opaque switching represent two typical morphological switching systems, which have been intensively studied in C. albicans. The interplay between environmental factors and genes determines the morphology of C. albicans. This review focuses on the regulation of phenotypic changes in this pathogenic organism by external environmental cues and internal genes. ©2012 Landes Bioscience.


The present application discloses recombinant bacteria producing L-amino acid(s) its construction method and the method of producing L-amino acid(s). The recombinant bacteria producing L-amino acid(s) according to the present invention has reduced expression of the glucose-6-phosphate isomerase Pgi and improved expression of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Zwf-OpcA than the starting bacteria, wherein: said starting bacterium is a bacterial strain which can accumulate target amino acid(s). During fermenting and culturing the recombinant bacteria according to the present invention, it is observed that the effect of improving yield can be additive and the yield of L-amino acid(s) is improved obviously. The strategy of combinational modification according to the present invention develops a new method of improving the yield of L-amino acid(s) and hence it can be applied to produce L-amino acid(s) through bacterial fermentation.


The present application discloses recombinant bacteria producing L-amino acid(s) its construction method and the method of producing L-amino acid(s). The recombinant bacteria producing L-amino acid(s) according to the present invention has reduced expression of the glucose-6-phosphate isomerase Pgi and improved expression of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Zwf-OpcA than the starting bacteria, wherein: said starting bacterium is a bacterial strain which can accumulate target amino acid(s). During fermenting and culturing the recombinant bacteria according to the present invention, it is observed that the effect of improving yield can be additive and the yield of L-amino acid(s) is improved obviously. The strategy of combinational modification according to the present invention develops a new method of improving the yield of L-amino acid(s) and hence it can be applied to produce L-amino acid(s) through bacterialfermentation.


The present invention discloses a method for introducing an exogenous DNA by overcoming the restriction modification barrier of the target bacterium. The method provided in the present invention comprises the steps of 1) co-expressing all DNA-methyltransferase-encoding genes in the genome of the target bacterium in E. coli in which the restriction modification system thereof has been deleted to obtain a recombinant bacterium A; 2) introducing an exogenous DNA molecule into the recombinant bacterium A for in vivo modification so as to obtain a methylation-modified exogenous DNA molecule; 3) introducing the methylation-modified exogenous DNA molecule into the target bacterium. The experiments of the invention have demonstrated that the invention has a high transformation efficiency compared to prior methods for enabling genetic manipulation by overcoming the restriction modification barrier of the bacterium.


The present invention discloses a method for introducing an exogenous DNA by overcoming the restriction modification barrier of the target bacterium. The method provided in the present invention comprises the steps of 1) co-expressing all DNA-methyltransferase-encoding genes in the genome of the target bacterium in E. coli in which the restriction modification system thereof has been deleted to obtain a recombinant bacterium A; 2) introducing an exogenous DNA molecule into the recombinant bacterium A for in vivo modification so as to obtain a methylation-modified exogenous DNA molecule; 3) introducing the methylation-modified exogenous DNA molecule into the target bacterium. The experiments of the invention have demonstrated that the invention has a high transformation efficiency compared to prior methods for enabling genetic manipulation by overcoming the restriction modification barrier of the bacterium.

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