CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

Beijing, China

CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

Beijing, China

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Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2014-10-13

A water-cooled column (4) used in a circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace is disclosed, wherein the water-cooled column is formed by connecting membrane water-cooled walls (41). The water-cooled column (4) includes a lower section (A), an upper section and a transition section. The lower section (A) is a single column and is provided with inner secondary air ports (400) on a side wall thereof. The upper section includes a plurality of sub-columns (B, C). The membrane water-cooled walls at the lower section (A) extend to the upper section through the transition section. Each of the sub-columns (B, C) is formed by connecting extension portions extending upward from respective membrane water-cooled walls (41) in the membrane water-cooled walls (41), which are connected to form the lower section (A), and the plurality of sub-columns (B, C) are separated from each other.


A coal gasification process is provided based on the grading conversion of carbon hydrogen components of coal, wherein the coal gasification process comprises a carbonization process, a carbon monoxide-producing process and a shift reaction process. By blending the coke-oven gas, carbon monoxide and hydrogen produced in the above processes in different ratios, coal gasification syngases with various carbon hydrogen ratios can be obtained. Further, the coal gasification process does not need pure oxygen to take part in the reactions, and has several advantages, such as high gasification efficiency, low equipment investment costs, less limitation on the types of coal and flexible adjustment of the gasification products.


Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2014-10-08

Embodiments of the invention provide a water-cooled column formed by side walls connected together to define an enclosed space, each side wall is formed of a water-cooled membrane wall, a working medium is passed through a tube of the water-cooled membrane wall from bottom to top, the water-cooled column comprising: a lower part having a cross section reduced segment, which has a cross section gradually reduced in a direction from bottom to top; and an upper part, wherein the upper part connects with the cross section reduced segment at a connection position, and a cross sectional area of the cross section reduced segment at the connection position is identical to a cross sectional area of the upper part at the connection position. Embodiments of the invention also provide a furnace for defining a reaction space, which comprises a water-cooled column defined as above disposed along a vertical direction therein.


Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2016-10-26

A water-cooled column (4) used in a circulating fluidized bed boiler furnace is disclosed, wherein the water-cooled column is formed by connecting membrane water-cooled walls (41). The water-cooled column (4) includes a lower section (A), an upper section and a transition section. The lower section (A) is a single column and is provided with inner secondary air ports (400) on a side wall thereof. The upper section includes a plurality of sub-columns (B, C). The membrane water-cooled walls at the lower section (A) extend to the upper section through the transition section. Each of the sub-columns (B, C) is formed by connecting extension portions extending upward from respective membrane water-cooled walls (41) in the membrane water-cooled walls (41), which are connected to form the lower section (A), and the plurality of sub-columns (B, C) are separated from each other.


Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2013-09-04

A circulating fluidized bed boiler is disclosed. The circulating fluidized bed boiler comprising: a furnace defined and enclosed by water walls, a ceiling and an air distributor, the water walls comprising front and rear walls and left and right side walls (AJ, TK) formed by water cooling tubes, and the water walls are provided with secondary air ports (Y) in the lower part thereof, and furnace flue gas outlets (AB, EF, IJ, KL, OP, ST) being provided in an upper part of the furnace; at least two cyclones connected with the furnace flue gas outlets (AB, EF, IJ, KL, OP, ST); a loop-seal is connected with solid outlets of the cyclones and the lower part of the furnace, respectively; and a flue gas duct connected with flue gas outlets of the cyclones wherein the water cooling wall tubes of the water wall form at least one vertical columnar recessed segment (BCDE, FGHI, SRQP, ONML) recessed toward the inside of the furnace, and the at least one columnar recessed segment (BCDE, FGHI, SRQP, ONML) extends at least 15% of the furnace height in a vertical direction.


Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2016-07-20

Embodiments of the invention provide a water-cooled column formed by side walls connected together to define an enclosed space, each side wall is formed of a water-cooled membrane wall, a working medium is passed through a tube of the water-cooled membrane wall from bottom to top, the water-cooled column comprising: a lower part having a cross section reduced segment, which has a cross section gradually reduced in a direction from bottom to top; and an upper part, wherein the upper part connects with the cross section reduced segment at a connection position, and a cross sectional area of the cross section reduced segment at the connection position is identical to a cross sectional area of the upper part at the connection position. Embodiments of the invention also provide a furnace for defining a reaction space, which comprises a water-cooled column defined as above disposed along a vertical direction therein.


Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2016-09-07

The present disclosure provides a method for distributing gas for oxy-fuel combustion on a circulating fluidized bed. In the method, the gas is provided by three stages into a furnace of the circulating fluidized bed, the method includes: blowing in a first-stage gas containing oxygen and recycled flue gas from the bottom of the furnace; blowing in a second-stage gas containing recycled flue gas from a transition zone between a dense-phase zone and a dilute-phase zone of the furnace; and blowing in a third-stage gas containing oxygen from a side wall of the furnace. The present disclosure realizes stable combustion inside the furnace of the circulating fluidized bed in high oxygen concentration, thus avoiding the problem of localized high temperature caused by the high oxygen concentration, and solving the safety problem of transporting a mixture of oxygen and recycled flue gas having high oxygen concentration.


The present invention provides a circulating fluidized bed boiler, comprising: furnace side walls; a ceiling; an air distribution plate provided at a bottom of a furnace; and at least one air distribution cone provided on the air distribution plate, wherein each air distribution cone extends upwards from the air distribution plate into an interior of the furnace and has a shape gradually tapered in an extending direction, cone side walls which form the air distribution cone are provided with secondary air ports, the cone side walls are separated from the furnace side walls, and a furnace combustion space is formed and surrounded by the ceiling, the furnace side walls, the air distribution plate, and the cone side walls. The present invention further relates to an air distributor for a circulating fluidized bed boiler, the air distributor being provided on an air distribution plate of the boiler, wherein the air distributor is in a form of an air distribution cone, which extends upwards from the air distribution plate into an interior of a furnace to form a shape gradually tapered in an extending direction, and secondary air ports are formed in air distribution cone side walls forming the air distribution cone. The present invention also relates to an air distributor assembly for a circulating fluidized bed boiler.


Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2013-12-24

The present invention provides a circulating fluidized bed boiler, comprising: furnace side walls; a ceiling; an air distribution plate provided at a bottom of a furnace; and at least one air distribution cone provided on the air distribution plate, wherein each air distribution cone extends upwards from the air distribution plate into an interior of the furnace and has a shape gradually tapered in an extending direction, cone side walls which form the air distribution cone are provided with secondary air ports, the cone side walls are separated from the furnace side walls, and a furnace combustion space is formed and surrounded by the ceiling, the furnace side walls, the air distribution plate, and the cone side walls. The present invention further relates to an air distributor for a circulating fluidized bed boiler, the air distributor being provided on an air distribution plate of the boiler, wherein the air distributor is in a form of an air distribution cone, which extends upwards from the air distribution plate into an interior of a furnace to form a shape gradually tapered in an extending direction, and secondary air ports are formed in air distribution cone side walls forming the air distribution cone. The present invention also relates to an air distributor assembly for a circulating fluidized bed boiler.


Patent
CAS Institute of Engineering Thermophysics | Date: 2014-11-06

The present disclosure provides a method for distributing gas for oxy-fuel combustion on a circulating fluidized bed. In the method, the gas is provided by three stages into a furnace of the circulating fluidized bed. The method includes: blowing in a first-stage gas containing oxygen and recycled flue gas from the bottom of the furnace; blowing in a second-stage gas containing recycled flue gas from a transition zone between a dense-phase zone and a dilute-phase zone of the furnace; and blowing in a third-stage gas containing oxygen from a side wall of the furnace.

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