CAS Institute of Chemistry

Beijing, China

CAS Institute of Chemistry

Beijing, China
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Patent
CAS Institute of Chemistry | Date: 2015-07-21

A laser display system includes a red light semiconductor laser module (1), a green light semiconductor laser module (2), a blue light semiconductor laser module (3), a decoherence device (7, 8, 9), light valves (12, 13, 14), collimating and shaping devices (4, 5, 6), a heat dissipating modules (16-1, 16-2, 16-3), a temperature control module (17) and a semiconductor laser control module (18). The wavelength range output by the red light semiconductor laser module (1) is from 635 nm to 670 nm; the wavelength range output by the green light semiconductor laser module (2) is from 515 nm to 530 nm; the wavelength range output by the blue light semiconductor laser module (3) is from 440 nm to 460 nm.


Patent
CAS Institute of Chemistry and II VI Incorporated | Date: 2016-09-12

Disclosed is method of preparing a selenium carbon composite material and a use of the selenium carbon composite material in a cathode of a lithium selenium secondary battery. A battery formed with a cathode of the disclosed selenium carbon composite material has high energy density and stable electrochemical performance. The disclosed selenium carbon composite material can effectively shorten the migration distance of lithium ions during charging and discharging of the battery and improve conductivity and utilization of selenium after compounding carbon and selenium. Multiple batteries formed with cathodes of the disclosed selenium carbon composite material can be assembled into a lithium selenium pouch-cell battery having stable electrochemical performance and high energy density.


Patent
CAS Institute of Chemistry | Date: 2017-05-03

This invention provides a method for preparing a polycarbosilane by decomposition and rearrangement a cyclic silane compound or chain polysilane under the catalysis of a boron-containing catalyst in a trace amount (less than 1 wt%). In the method, poly(dimethylsilane) (denoted as PDMS) or a thermal decomposition product thereof, i.e., a liquid silane-carbosilane compound (denoted as LPS), is used as the raw material, less than 1 wt% of the boron-containing catalyst (with respect to the amount of the raw material) is added, and then the temperature is gradually increased to the reaction temperature under atmospheric pressure or high pressure to perform the thermal decomposition /rearrangement reaction so as to obtain solid polycarbosilane (PCS) with a higher ceramic yield. This method has advantages, such as short reaction time, high synthetic yield, good product quality, simple equipment and safe operation; and the polycarbosilane prepared is a polymeric precursor for SiC, and can be used for the preparation of SiC fibres and SiC-based composite materials.


Chen Y.,CAS Institute of Chemistry
Macromolecules | Year: 2012

Shaped hairy polymer nanoobjects are defined as a kind of polymeric particles with persistent geometric shape and densely tethered polymer hairs. Their size, at least in one dimension, should not exceed 100 nm. Components of the nanoobjects are mainly organic polymers, and therefore, they exhibit viscoelasticity and stimuli responsibility in general. Namely, they are soft nanomatter, greatly differing from those stiff and rigid inorganic nanoparticles. While spherical polymeric nanoparticles have been studied intensively, much less attention has been paid to those nonspherical hairy polymer nanoparticles like cylindrical and lamellar ones. The reasons are because fabrication of the shaped soft nanoparticles is still difficult and also less information has been known about the shape-induced properties, especially in biomedical application. In recent years, scientists are realizing that the shape of nanoparticles does matter to their properties of plasma circulation in mice and cell uptake, revealing a nearly unexplored area. In this Perspective, the author would like to focus on these soft nanoobjects with shapes and tethered polymeric hairs by introducing how to shape them, to densely tether polymer hairs, and why the hair and the shape are important. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


Lang X.,Nanyang Technological University | Chen X.,Nanyang Technological University | Zhao J.,CAS Institute of Chemistry
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

The future development of chemistry entails environmentally friendly and energy sustainable alternatives for organic transformations. Visible light photocatalysis can address these challenges, as reflected by recent intensive scientific endeavours to this end. This review covers state-of-the-art accomplishments in visible-light-induced selective organic transformations by heterogeneous photocatalysis. The discussion comprises three sections based on the photocatalyst type: metal oxides such as TiO2, Nb 2O5 and ZnO; plasmonic photocatalysts like nanostructured Au, Ag or Cu supported on metal oxides; and polymeric graphitic carbon nitride. Finally, recent strides in bridging the gap between photocatalysis and other areas of catalysis will be highlighted with the aim of overcoming the existing limitations of photocatalysis by developing more creative synthetic methodologies. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Patent
CAS Institute of Chemistry | Date: 2016-01-05

A planographic printing system and method. The planographic printing system comprises an ink supply device, a planographic printing plate and a printing stock, the planographic printing plate gains ink from the ink supply device, so as to transfer graphic-text information from the planographic printing plate to surface of the printing stock, the planographic printing plate comprises a substrate, an ink repulsive layer attaching to the surface of the substrate and a graphic-text layer attaching to partial surface of the ink repulsive layer, the ink repulsive layer comprises fluoropolymer and silicon-containing nano-particle dispersed in the fluoropolymer, the fluoropolymer comprises fluorine-containing structural unit and optional acrylate-based structural unit. The present invention may achieve a graphic-text area which is affinity to water-based printing ink and a blank area which is repulsion to water-based printing ink on the surface of the printing plate by using water-based printing ink only without water or fountain solution.


Patent
CAS Institute of Chemistry | Date: 2016-01-05

A printing plate, its preparation method, and a printing method. The printing plate comprises a substrate, an ink repulsive layer attaching to the surface of the substrate and a graphic-text layer attaching to partial surface of the ink repulsive layer, the ink repulsive layer comprises fluoropolymer and silicon-containing nano-particle dispersed in the fluoropolymer, the fluoropolymer comprises fluorine-containing structural unit and optional acrylate-based structural unit. The present invention constitutes a graphic-text area which is affinity to water-based printing ink and an area without graphic-text which is repulsion to water-based printing ink on the surface of the planographic printing plate.


The present invention discloses a nano-silver powder dispersible in environment friendly weak solvents, method for preparing the same and an electrically conductive ink comprising the nano-silver powder. The present invention employs a disperser dissoluble in water and weak solvents and an alcohol amine as reducing agent to prepare mono-dispersed nano-silver, and employs ultrafiltration for purification and spray drying process to obtain a nano-silver powder dispersible in weak solvents, and thereby obtain an eco-solvent nano-silver electrically conductive ink. The electrically conductive ink in accordance with the present application has advantages of high safety, low volatility, low toxicity, high flash point, resistant to ultraviolet radiation and moisture etc., and can be used with uncoated bearing substrates, and is suitable for use in outdoor environments.


The present invention discloses a method for preparing nano-copper powder and nano-copper powder prepared by the same. The method disclosed in the present invention comprises: (1) providing a dispersion solution, the dispersion solution contains at least one copper salt precursor and at least one disperser, the disperser is dissoluble in both water and weak solvents; (2) providing a reducer dispersion solution, the reducer dispersion solution contains at least one reducer; (3) contacting the reducer dispersion solution with the dispersion solution provided by step (1) in a condition enough to reduce the copper salt precursor by the reducer into elementary copper; (4) separating copper nano-particles from reaction solution obtained by step (3), and drying separated copper nano-particles by spray drying, so as to obtain the nano-copper powder. The nano-copper powder prepared by the method in accordance with the present invention is dispersible in both water and environment-friendly weak solvents. Therefore, the obtained nano-copper powder can be used to prepare weak solvent-type electrically conductive ink and overcome the drawbacks of poor weather resisting property of water-based electrically conductive ink and severe environmental pollution of solvent-type electrically conductive ink.


Patent
CAS Institute of Chemistry | Date: 2016-08-10

The present invention discloses a planographic printing system and a planographic printing method. The planographic printing system comprises an ink supply device, a planographic printing plate and a printing stock, the planographic printing plate gains ink from the ink supply device, so as to transfer graphic-text information from the planographic printing plate to surface of the printing stock, the planographic printing plate comprises a substrate, an ink repulsive layer attaching to the surface of the substrate and a graphic-text layer attaching to partial surface of the ink repulsive layer, the ink repulsive layer comprises fluoropolymer and silicon-containing nano-particle dispersed in the fluoropolymer, the fluoropolymer comprises fluorine-containing structural unit and optional acrylate-based structural unit. The present invention breaks through the concept that conventional planographic printing applies the principle of oil-water repulsion, the present invention may achieve a graphic-text area which is affinity to water-based printing ink and a blank area which is repulsion to water-based printing ink on the surface of the printing plate by using water-based printing ink only without using water or fountain solution. The planographic printing system according to the present invention has desirable pressrun and the presswork obtained by using the printing plate has high resolution.

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