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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC1-PM-22-2016 | Award Amount: 15.59M | Year: 2016

ZIKAlliance is a multidisciplinary project with a global One Health approach, built: on a multi-centric network of clinical cohorts in the Caribbean, Central & South America; research sites in countries where the virus has been or is currently circulating (Africa, Asia, Polynesia) or at risk for emergence (Reunion Island); a strong network of European and Brazilian clinical & basic research institutions; and multiple interfaces with other scientific and public health programmes. ZIKAlliance will addrees three key objectives relating to (i) impact of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy and short & medium term effects on newborns, (ii) associated natural history of ZIKV infection in humans and their environment in the context of other circulating arboviruses and (iii) building the overall capacity for preparedness research for future epidemic threats in Latin America & the Caribbean. The project will take advantage of large standardised clinical cohorts of pregnant women and febrile patients in regions of Latin America and the Caribbean were the virus is circulating, expanding a preexisting network established by the IDAMS EU project. I will also benefit of a very strong expertise in basic and environmental sciences, with access to both field work and sophisticated technological infrastructures to characterise virus replication and physiopathology mechanisms. To meet its 3 key objectives, the scientific project has been organised in 9 work packages, with WP2/3 dedicated to clinical research (cohorts, clinical biology, epidemiology & modeling), WP3/4 to basic research (virology & antivirals, pathophysiology & animal models), WP5/6 to environmental research (animal reservoirs, vectors & vector control) , WP7/8 to social sciences & communication, and WP9 to management. The broad consortium set-up allow gathering the necessary expertise for an actual interdisciplinary approach, and operating in a range of countries with contrasting ZIKV epidemiological status.


Zhang X.,CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai
Cellular and Molecular Immunology | Year: 2013

Innate-like B cells (ILBs) are heterogeneous populations of unconventional B cells with innate sensing and responding properties. ILBs in mice are composed of B1 cells, marginal zone (MZ) B cells and other related B cells. ILBs maintain natural IgM levels at steady state, and after innate activation, they can rapidly acquire immune regulatory activities through the secretion of natural IgM and IL-10. Thus, ILBs constitute an important source of IL-10-producing regulatory B cells (Bregs), which have been shown to play critical roles in autoimmunity, inflammation and infection. The present review highlights the latest advances in the field of ILBs and focuses on their regulatory functions. Understanding the regulatory activities of ILBs and their underlying mechanisms could open new avenues in manipulating their functions in inflammatory, infectious and other relevant diseases. © 2013 CSI and USTC. All rights reserved.


Penicillium marneffei (P. marneffei) is considered an indicator pathogen of AIDS, and the endemicity and clinical features of P. marneffei have been described. While, how the co-infection of P. marneffei exacerbate deterioration of the immune response remains poorly understood. Here we isolated P. marneffei from the cutaneous lesions of AIDS patients and analyzed its effects on HIV-1-dendritic cells (DCs) interaction. We demonstrated that the monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) could be activated by both thermally dimorphic forms of P. marneffei for significantly promoting HIV-1 trans-infection of CD4(+) T cells, while these activated MDDCs were refractory to HIV-1 infection. Mechanistically, P. marneffei-activated MDDCs endocytosed large amounts of HIV-1 and sequestrated the internalized viruses into tetrapasnin CD81(+) compartments potentially for proteolysis escaping. The activated MDDCs increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and facilitated the formation of DC-T-cell conjunctions, where much more viruses were recruited. Moreover, we found that P. marneffei-stimulated MDDCs efficiently activated resting CD4(+) T cells and induced more susceptible targets for viral infection. Our findings demonstrate that DC function and its interaction with HIV-1 have been modulated by opportunistic pathogens such as P. marneffei for viral dissemination and infection amplification, highlighting the importance of understanding DC-HIV-1 interaction for viral immunopathogenesis elucidation.


Patent
CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Date: 2016-06-08

Disclosed are an immuno-enhancer composition, a use of same as a vaccine adjuvant, and a preparation method therefor. The composition comprises rapamycin and a Toll-like receptor agonist-type adjuvant.


Patent
CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Date: 2014-07-28

Disclosed are an immuno-enhancer composition, a use of same as a vaccine adjuvant, and a preparation method therefor. The composition comprises rapamycin and a Toll-like receptor agonist-type adjuvant.


Patent
CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Date: 2013-05-15

The present invention relates to regulatory factors for FOXP3 and regulatory T cells and application thereof. Specifically, the present invention relates to the use of an ubiquitination pathway-related factor, its agonist or antagonist in the preparation of a composition for regulating FOXP3, IL-2, and/or IFN- activity, in which the ubiquitination pathway-related factor is selected from: Toll-like receptor, ubiquitin ligase, pro-inflammatory cytokine family receptor, and/or its coding sequence. The new type of regulatory factors of the present invention can regulate regulatory T cells and immune system by regulating FOXP3, IL-2, and/or IFN- activity. The regulatory factors and their derivatives of the present invention can also be used as immunoadjuvant for treating or preventing major diseases (such as, infectious diseases and tumor, etc).


Patent
CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Date: 2015-05-27

The present invention relates to compositions and methods for treating viral diseases. Disclosed for the first time, a new use of P2X receptor antagonists for the preparation of a composition for treating viral infections. The P2X receptor antagonists achieve preventive or therapeutic effect on hand foot and mouth disease by inhibiting viruses.


Patent
CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Date: 2013-03-11

A method for treating viral infection includes administering to a subject in need thereof a composition containing P2X receptor antagonists. The methods may achieve preventive or therapeutic effect on hand foot and mouth disease by inhibiting viruses. The P2X receptor antagonists can inhibit infection by a positive-sense single-stranded RNA picornavirus. The virus may be an enterovirus or a Coxsackie virus, such as human enterovirus 71. The P2X receptor antagonist may be PPADS, iso-PPADS, PPNDS, Suramin, NF023, TNP-ATP, NF279, NF157, Evans Blue, an analog thereof, a derivative thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.


Patent
CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Date: 2013-01-21

A method for the treatment and/or the prevention of a disease or a symptom related to dysfunction of regulatory T cell immunomodulation includes administering to a subject in need thereof compositions that regulate regulatory T cell immunomodulatory function, in which the compositions may be prepared by contacting starting materials with phosphorylation pathway-related factors, the agonists or the antagonists thereof. The phosphorylation pathway-related factors are selected from: proto-oncogene protein PIM1 and the coding sequence thereof. The regulation is achieved by regulating the activity of regulators of regulatory T cells selected from the group: FOXP3, IL-2, GITR, CTLA4, and a combination thereof.


Patent
CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Date: 2012-03-19

The present invention relates to methods and applications of using Drosophila cells to produce virus-like particles. Virus-like particles of enveloped viruses produced by the methods of the present invention have proteins correctly expressed, cleaved, and assembled. Ultimately, virus-like particles having good immunogenicity are obtained. The present invention also provides recombinant cells expressing virus-like particles and compositions containing virus-like particles.

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