CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health

Guangzhou, China

CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health

Guangzhou, China

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Goding C.R.,University of Oxford | Pei D.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Lu X.,University of Oxford
Nature Reviews Cancer | Year: 2014

The ability of stem cells to self-renew and generate different lineages during development and organogenesis is a fundamental, tightly controlled, and generally unidirectional process, whereas the 'immortality' of cancer cells could be regarded as pathological self-renewal. The molecular mechanisms that underpin the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells are remarkably similar to those that are deregulated in cancer-so much so that aberrant reprogramming is tumorigenic. The similarities also suggest that mutations in genes implicated in DNA methylation dynamics might represent a hallmark of cancers with a stem cell origin, and they highlight an alternative view of cancer that may be of clinical benefit. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2013-05-22

The heterocyclic alkynyl benzene compounds of formula (I), their pharmaceutically acceptable salts and stereoisomers thereof, as well as application in preparing drugs for preventing or treating tumors. The compounds can overcome the clinically induced resistance against Gleevec.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2016-09-21

Provided are a method for preparing an induced pluripotent stem cell and a composition used in the method. The method comprises: introducing a composition for promoting the formation of an induced pluripotent stem cell into a somatic cell, the composition comprising: (i) a c-Jun antagonist and one group of factors from among the following seven such groups: (1) Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc, (2) Klf4 and c-Myc, (3) Oct3/4, Klf4 and c-Myc, (4) Sox2, Nanog and Lin28, (5) Oct3/4, Nanog and Lin28, (6) Oct3/4, Klf and Sox2, and (7) Klf4 and Sox2; or (ii) the c-Jun antagonist, Jhdm1b and Id1, and at least one of Glis1, Sall4 or Lrh1; or (iii) the c-Jun antagonist, Jhdm1b and Id1, and at least one of: Oct4, Klf4, Sox2, Lin28, Esrrb, Lef1, Utf1 or miRNA C. The present method allows for successful preparation of induced pluripotent stem cells with no generation of abnormal chromosomes.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2014-06-25

A compound of formula (I) or (II) and use of the compound in the preparation of drugs for treating cancer are disclosed. The study shows that the compounds can inhibit the growth of many kinds of tumor cells, can be used for targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and particularly can inhibit tumor cells with single or multiple mutations of EGFR (T790M). Therefore, the compound can be used as EGFR inhibitor to treat cancer and has a relatively large application value.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2014-09-17

The present invention relates to a method for increasing the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells, and more particularly, to a method for increasing the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells by utilizing genes Jhdm1a that modify histone. By utilizing Jhdm1a, and a stem cell inducing factor, the present invention increases the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells and increases the quality of induced pluripotent stem cells. The stem cell inducing factor is a combination of Oct4 and Klf4, or a combination of Sox2, Oct4, and Klf4, or a combination of Oct4 and Sox2, and Oct4 alone. The method of the present invention further comprises exposing the cells to vitamin C, which further increases the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells as compared with the case where no vitamin C is used. By using less stem cell reducing factors, the method of the present invention reduces the potential carcinogenicity, obtains a high inducing efficiency, and provides high-quality induced pluripotent stem cells capable of germ-line transmission.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2015-03-11

features as shown in Formula (I), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or stereoisomers thereof, or prodrug molecules thereof. With excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects and the capability to inhibit growth of tumor cells, such compounds are novel COX-2 selective inhibitors. The compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof disclosed by the present application can be applied in preparing anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs and drugs for treating or preventing tumors.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2016-09-14

The present disclosure provides a method for producing a cell with exogenous mitochondria by obtaining synthetic mitochondria via introduction of exogenous mitochondrial DNA into mitochondria or empty mitochondrial shells, and incorporating the same into mammalian cells via endocytosis. As such, effective functionality of exogenous mitochondria in cells is realized. The synthetic mitochondrial DNA genes introduced according to the present disclosure can be stably expressed and effectively passaged. The method for introducing exogenous mitochondrial DNA into mammalian cells as disclosed herein may be used as a whole new mitochondrial molecular cloning means to perform site-directed mutagenesis, gene insertion, gene knockout, gene rearrangement, and the like in mitochondria. Therefore, any molecular cloning modification can be performed on a mammalian mitochondrial DNA, which is of great importance to therapeutic schemes of diseases derived from mitochondrial DNA mutations.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2013-10-09

The present invention relates to a method for increasing the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells, and more particularly, to a method for increasing the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells by utilizing genes Jhdm1b and Jhdm1a that modify histone. By utilizing Jhdmlb, Jhdmla, and a stem cell inducing factor, the present invention increases the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells and increases the quality of induced pluripotent stem cells. The stem cell inducing factor is a combination of Oct4 and Klf4, or a combination of Sox2, Oct4, and Klf4, or a combination of Oct4 and Sox2, and Oct4 alone. The method of the present invention further comprises exposing the cells to vitamin C, which further increases the efficiency of inducing pluripotent stem cells as compared with the case where no vitamin C is used. By using less stem cell reducing factors, the method of the present invention reduces the potential carcinogenicity, obtains a high inducing efficiency, and provides high-quality induced pluripotent stem cells capable of germ-line transmission.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2015-01-07

Provided are a culture medium for preparing neural stem cell and use thereof, the culture medium for preparing neural stem cell comprising: a basic culture medium suitable for the growth of stem cell, and a cell signal pathway inhibitor selected from at least one of GSK inhibitor, MEK inhibitor, TGF- inhibitor, ROCK inhibitor and BMP inhibitor.


Patent
CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Date: 2014-07-02

The compounds according to formula (VIII), their pharmaceutically acceptable acid or base addition salts, and the uses thereof. These compounds and their pharmaceutically acceptable acid or base addition salts can be used for preparing medicaments for modulating estrogen related receptors (ERR), and treating metabolic diseases, such as high blood fat, fatty liver, hyperglycemia, diabetes, obesity. The substituents of the formula are defined in the description.

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