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News Article | April 17, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

LearnHowToBecome.org, a leading resource provider for higher education and career information, has determined its picks for the best colleges in Montana for 2017. Of the 10 four-year schools who made the list, Carroll College, Rocky Mountain College, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, The University of Montana and Montana State University were the top five. Of the 11 two-year schools that were recognized, Miles Community College, Helena College University of Montana, Fort Peck Community College, Great Falls College Montana State University and Flathead Valley Community College came in as the top. A full list of schools is included below. “A certificate or degree can go a long way when it comes to advancing a career, and these Montana schools offer both the programs and additional employment and career-building resources that help students succeed,” said Wes Ricketts, senior vice president of LearnHowToBecome.org. To be included on the “Best Colleges in Montana” list, schools must be regionally accredited, not-for-profit institutions. Each college is also evaluated on additional metrics including the number of degree programs offered, career resources, academic counseling, financial aid availability, graduation rates and annual alumni earnings 10 years after entering college. Complete details on each college, their individual scores and the data and methodology used to determine the LearnHowToBecome.org “Best Colleges in Montana” list, visit: Montana’s Best Four-Year Colleges for 2017 include: Carroll College Montana State University Montana State University-Billings Montana State University-Northern Montana Tech of the University of Montana Rocky Mountain College Salish Kootenai College The University of Montana The University of Montana-Western University of Great Falls Montana’s Best Two-Year Colleges for 2017 include: Aaniiih Nakoda College Blackfeet Community College Chief Dull Knife College Dawson Community College Flathead Valley Community College Fort Peck Community College Great Falls College Montana State University Helena College University of Montana Little Big Horn College Miles Community College Stone Child College About Us: LearnHowtoBecome.org was founded in 2013 to provide data and expert driven information about employment opportunities and the education needed to land the perfect career. Our materials cover a wide range of professions, industries and degree programs, and are designed for people who want to choose, change or advance their careers. We also provide helpful resources and guides that address social issues, financial aid and other special interest in higher education. Information from LearnHowtoBecome.org has proudly been featured by more than 700 educational institutions.

News Article | November 13, 2015
Site: news.yahoo.com

FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2015, file photo, Wyoming's Republican Gov. Matt Mead, left, and Montana's Democratic Gov. Steve Bullock appear at a coal industry event in Billings, Mont. in which officials from China and the U.S. took a major step toward an agreement to collaborate on technologies that would capture greenhouse gases produced from burning coal. The Powder River Basin along the Montana-Wyoming border has some of the largest coal reserves in the world. President Barack Obama's climate change plan to cut carbon-dioxide emissions puts pressure on the one Democratic governor in a coal-producing state seeking re-election next year, Montana's Steve Bullock. The Obama plan puts a big target on Bullock's back as he tries to avoid the fate of other Democrats tossed on the slag heap in the nation's coal belt. (AP Photo/Matthew Brown, File) More HELENA, Mont. (AP) — Democratic governors are being squeezed by the mandate in President Barack Obama's climate change plan to cut carbon dioxide emissions — perhaps none more than Montana's Steve Bullock, the one governor in a coal-producing state who faces re-election next year. The Obama plan puts a big target on Bullock's back as he tries to avoid the fate of other Democrats tossed on the slag heap in the nation's coal belt. Republicans control most of the states where Obama's Clean Power Plan is a major issue, but Democrats in Montana hold most statewide offices, including governor. "The Clean Power Plan may be the single biggest threat to Bullock's chances for re-election," Carroll College political scientist Jeremy Johnson said Friday. "Presumably, Republicans will relentlessly focus on the issue during the gubernatorial campaign." The emissions rule was an issue in this month's gubernatorial election in Kentucky, where Attorney General Jack Conway lost to Republican Matt Bevin, despite Conway joining a 27-state lawsuit seeking to block the rule. Many Democratic governors who don't face an election in 2016 unequivocally support the Obama administration plan. In Colorado, Gov. John Hickenlooper is taking Attorney General Cynthia Coffman to the state Supreme Court over whether Coffman had the authority to join the lawsuit to block the Environmental Protection Agency's emission reduction targets. Bullock's approach is more ambivalent: The plan is not fair because it imposes the biggest cuts on Montana, but it has to be done. In contrast to Hickenlooper, Bullock appears to support the move by Montana Attorney General Tim Fox to join the 27-state lawsuit, saying it's important for the courts to clarify many questions about the plan. But, Bullock said Thursday, the state must create a plan to meet the targets or risk the federal government doing it for Montana. "Even though I do not believe that the final EPA rules are fair for our state, I do believe that there are many choices that Montanans may make to keep our state's energy destiny in our own hands," Bullock said. It's a tough needle for Bullock to thread. Montana's target emission rate cuts are the steepest in the nation at 47 percent by 2030. The state is a major coal producer and has several coal-fired power plants, including the Colstrip plant, the second-largest west of the Mississippi River. A likely Bullock opponent in 2016, Republican entrepreneur Greg Gianforte, was headed to Colstrip on Friday to speak with families who are concerned the federal plan could mean the end of the power plant and their jobs. Gianforte was critical of Bullock's response to the Obama plan, saying he should have come out more strongly against it. "I would have expected more leadership," he said. "It seems like we're waving the white flag." Bullock had been largely silent about the plan until Thursday, when he released an executive order forming an advisory council to make recommendations ahead of a September 2016 deadline. Then, the state will be required to either submit its plan to the EPA for meeting the cuts or request an extension to 2018. A close look at Bullock's executive order shows that one of the council's main duties is to justify requesting the two-year extension, which would allow Bullock to avoid releasing a plan at the peak of his re-election campaign. The advisory council serves a dual role, Johnson said: To kick the issue down the road, preferably beyond the 2016 election, and to hope it comes up with ideas that could help lessen the blow to the state. Bullock will need to do more to avoid the issue becoming a pitfall in the election, Johnson added. "Bullock will need to attempt to change the conversation to other subjects, particularly his own plans to help the Montana economy," he said.

I analyzed larval polytene chromosomes to determine if the hypothesized remnants of an incipient speciation event in the Simulium arcticum complex of black flies previously discovered at the Coeur d'Alene River, Idaho existed elsewhere. This population not only had Y chromosomes that defined two members of the S. arcticum complex: S. arcticum sensu stricto and S. saxosum, but also possessed combinations of sex chromosomes of the two that were in genetic equilibrium with respect to all sex chromosome types. The geographic overlap between S. saxosum to the west and S. arcticum s. s. to the east generally runs north and south of the Coeur d'Alene River. Accordingly, I made 37 additional collections in a north-south orientation during 2011-2013. Larvae from 10 of the 37 collections had sex chromosome types identical to those of the previously studied site at the Coeur d'Alene River, thus expanding the area of putative remnant populations. The St. Joe River not only had Y chromosome combinations identical to those of larvae at the Coeur d'Alene but also had a cytotype new to science based on distinct sex chromosomes (X0YIIL-79) in males. These observations: (1) increase the known geographic area of presumed remnant populations of S. arcticum s. s., of S. saxosum and their combinational types to about 3500 km2; (2) suggest that mating trials still occur; and (3) describe the structure and frequency of inversions in two new cytotypes of the S. arcticum complex. © 2014, American Midland Naturalist.

Megill J.,Carroll College
Minds and Machines | Year: 2014

Some have claimed that since machines lack emotional "qualia", or conscious experiences of emotion, machine intelligence will fall short of human intelligence. I examine this objection, ultimately finding it unpersuasive. I first discuss recent work on emotion (from cognitive science, neuroscience and philosophy) that suggests that emotion plays various roles in cognition. I then raise the following question: are phenomenal experiences of emotion an essential or necessary component of the performance of these cognitive abilities? I then sharpen the question by distinguishing between four possible positions one might take. I reject one of these four positions largely on empirical grounds. But the remaining three positions all suggest that even if emotional qualia play an important role in human cognition, emotional qualia are not essential to the performance of these cognitive abilities in principle, so, e.g., a machine that lacks emotional qualia might still be able to perform them. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Rowley J.G.,University of Wyoming | Rowley J.G.,Carroll College | Parkinson B.A.,University of Wyoming
Langmuir | Year: 2013

It is often assumed that the photoresponse or incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) spectrum of a sensitized semiconductor electrode is directly correlated with the amount of sensitizing species present on the semiconductor surface. In reality, the various forms of adsorbed species, such as dye aggregates or dye molecules bound to different adsorption sites, such as terrace edges, can have significantly different electron injection yields and carrier recombination rates. To provide information about the amounts of the various adsorbed dye species and their effectiveness as sensitizers, we report the simultaneous acquisition of IPCE and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) UV-vis spectra for a thiacyanine dye bound to a single-crystal oxide semiconductor electrode surface. ZnO single crystals were fashioned into internal-reflection elements to act both as a waveguide for the internally reflected probe beam for UV-vis spectra and as the substrate for dye sensitization using dyes with distinct spectral signatures for monomers and aggregates. Strong agreement was observed between the quantum efficiency and ATR UV-vis spectra, suggesting that, under the conditions employed, both monomers and aggregates of the dye studied generate photocurrent with the same efficiency. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Shields G.F.,Carroll College | Kratochvil M.J.,Carroll College
American Midland Naturalist | Year: 2011

By using cytogenetic analysis of larval polytene chromosomes from small samples of the Simulium arcticum complex of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) at the Coeur d'Alene River in northern Idaho in 2004 and 2005 we discovered a population that consisted of individuals having sex chromosomes characteristic of S. saxosum, S. arcticum s. s. and combinations of the two. Most taxa of the S. arcticum complex can be identified only on the basis of their well differentiated sex chromosomes, and the presence of larvae having species specific and combinational sex chromosome types presented us with a unique opportunity to further investigate this rare event. This variety of sex chromosome types could be explained if (1) sex-chromosomes in S. saxosum were operating autosomally in S. arcticum s. s. and vice-versa, (2) the combinational types were formed as a result of hybridization or (3) the population was in genetic equilibrium suggesting a unique entity. The latter possibility could be the remnant of an incipient speciation event. We returned to the Coeur d'Alene in the springs of 2009 and 2010 and made more extensive collections. We analyzed all types present for sex chromosome diversity, frequencies of sex chromosome types, tests of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for sex chromosomes and the autosomal polymorphism IS-1, and the extent of chromosome pairing and chromocenter morphology between S. saxosum, S. arcticum s.s. and combinational types. Finally, we analyzed additional larvae of the S. arcticum complex from three sites to the west and four sites to the east of the Coeur d'Alene River to determine the geographic distribution of all types. There is no evidence for alternative sex chromosome types of S. saxosum and S. arcticum s. s. acting autosomally, nor is there evidence for hybridization between S. saxosum and S. arcticum s. s. We therefore conclude that the population at the Coeur d'Alene River may be the remnant of a population that gave rise to S. saxosum to the west and to S. arcticum s. s. to the east. This may be a natural example of a remnant population whose types have experienced "mating trials" of different combinations of sex chromosome types that subsequently gave rise to the described siblings via incipient speciation. © 2011, American Midland Naturalist.

Carroll College and the Helena National Forest are working in a 6-year research partnership designed to investigate the relationship between paleoclimate change and human adaptation in the Big Belt Mountains of central Montana, USA. This ongoing project is designed to gather archaeological and paleoenvironmental data from three diverse ecosystems within one drainage basin: high-altitude park areas (1800–2100 m), mid-altitude conifer forests (1200–1500 m), and low-altitude locales (under 1500 m) along the Missouri River. These data will represent paleoecological and archaeological changes through time and will detect synchrony and diversity across an elevation gradient. Thus far, excavation of two mid-altitude sites, dating to 2400 and 4500 BP, and one high-altitude site, dated to 2400 BP, revealed evidence of a significant drought period about 2000 years ago. To date, the excavated sites evidence a shift in pollen to drier species, a shift to higher sedimentation rates, and changes in snail and vertebrate species. © The Author(s) 2015.

Walton J.,Carroll College
Nephrology nursing journal : journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association | Year: 2011

Racial bias, stigma, stereotyping and health disparities are pervasive in health care across America. The purposes of this research study were to assess if there was a significant difference in cultural knowledge and awareness in college health science students before and after receiving education about Native Americans receiving hemodialysis. Pre- and post-surveys were administered to assess cultural attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge. The intervention included a one-hour presentation on the findings of a research study. The qualitative component included students' writing a critical reflection paper related to a case study of a young Native American with chronic kidney disease. There was a statistically significant difference in the pre- and post-test, suggesting that students can learn cultural awareness from Native Americans receiving dialysis and can apply culturally aware interventions following an education session based on clinical research. The themes of this study were a) approaching the patient with an open mind; b) developing trust, c) assessing beliefs, culture, and knowledge; d) educating and re-educating with patient and family; e) convincing the patient to have dialysis; and f) creating a sacred space. Nephrology nurses can partner with local colleges to present findings from research and help facilitate culturally relevant care.

Hokit G.,Carroll College
International journal of environmental research and public health | Year: 2013

Vector surveillance for infectious diseases is labor intensive and constantly threatened by budget decisions. We report on outcomes of an undergraduate research experience designed to build surveillance capacity for West Nile Virus (WNV) in Montana (USA). Students maintained weekly trapping stations for mosquitoes and implemented assays to test for WNV in pools of Culex tarsalis. Test results were verified in a partnership with the state health laboratory and disseminated to the ArboNET Surveillance System. Combined with prior surveillance data, Cx. tarsalis accounted for 12% of mosquitoes with a mean capture rate of 74 (±SD = 118) Cx. tarsalis females per trap and a minimum infection rate of 0.3 infected mosquitoes per 1000 individuals. However, capture and infection rates varied greatly across years and locations. Infection rate, but not capture rate, was positively associated with the number of WNV human cases (Spearman's rho = 0.94, p < 0.001). In most years, detection of the first positive mosquito pool occurred at least a week prior to the first reported human case. We suggest that undergraduate research can increase vector surveillance capacity while providing effective learning opportunities for students.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: ADVANCED TECH EDUCATION PROG | Award Amount: 212.43K | Year: 2017

This is a collaborative project involving Carroll Community College (Award DUE-1600748) and Howard Community College (Award DUE-1600754) in Maryland, and it builds on a previous Advanced Technological Education (ATE) project (Award DUE-0802311) at Lone Star College-Montgomery in Texas. Audio Visual Systems (AVS) specialists are needed to support the specialized communication and presentation needs of businesses and other organizations. AVS specialists are employed in universities, K-12 schools, scientific research centers, conference centers, hotels, theaters, and other venues that have integrated, high-tech communication systems. These technicians require advanced training in industry-specific technologies that support a multitude of presentation venues, which in turn support educational, conference, corporate, entertainment, and other events. The two collaborating colleges will jointly create an innovative AVS program to prepare students for this growing, interdisciplinary field, in which the technology continues to advance and to require deeper knowledge of concepts in science, mathematics, and engineering. The new program will provide a pathway for students, offering certificates, an associate degree, and the option of transferring to a four-year program.

The AAS degree program in Audio Visual Technology Systems (AVTS) will partner with local businesses and other organizations to offer on-the-job training, as well as potential post-graduation employment. Students will receive hands-on instruction in the application of electrical, lighting, and acoustical theories and designs. The program will be led by faculty who have substantial industry experience. Specific objectives of the project are to develop courses and curricula; recruit students into certificate and degree programs; develop and strengthen industry relationships; ensure smooth transitions for students from high schools to the two-year program, and from the two-year program to four-year programs; and disseminate the curriculum and other resources to other community colleges.

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