Bucharest, Romania
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Comandasu D.-E.,St Pantelimon Clinical Emergency Hospital | Brtil E.,St Pantelimon Clinical Emergency Hospital | Cirstoiu M.M.,University of Bucharest | Berceanu C.,Emergency County Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Gineco.eu | Year: 2015

We aim to present the endocrine and paracrine role of the cytokines secreted by hypertrophied maternal fat cells on fetal and later on neonatal metabolic profile. The study used an animal model in order to analyze the influence of maternal adipokines secretion of fetal metabolism. We selected 50 female Wistar rats weighing between 200-250 g (normal weight 100-150g) to whom we induced obesity by high-fat, high-calorie food intake (80% of diet saturated fatty acids) and tracked the correlation of maternal adipokines secretion with placental and fetal lipid peroxidation level. The low adiponectin and increased leptin values as adipokines secreted by adipocytes of obese mothers were correlated with the level of placental and fetal tissue lipid peroxidation (from the liver, pancreas, brain), measured by elevated malonyldialdehyde and total thiols and the decreased levels of glutathione. It has been known for decades that fat tissue is not inert, but a true endocrine organ, which responds by secreting adipokines to different energy and hormonal stimuli. Endocrine secretion of adipokines from the adipocytes of obese mothers is positively correlated with placental and fetal lipid peroxidation levels. Fetal metabolic programming as an inducible phenomenon is explained partly by the influence of excess secretion of maternal adipokines. © 2015 Romanian Society of Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Popescu M.,Carol Davila UMPh
Roumanian archives of microbiology and immunology | Year: 2011

There is relevant evidence concerning the involvement of endothelial progenitor cells in neovascularization and wound healing. In this study we investigated the effects of sevoflurane, a volatile anesthetic with proven cardioprotective virtues, on the mobilization of bone marrow mononuclear cells with endothelial progenitor markers (CD 34+, flk-1 +), an event that may account for the protective effects of delayed anesthetic preconditioning. Male Wistar rats were treated with a mixture of air and sevoflurane (1 MAC) in cycles of 5 minutes, alternating with 5-minutes wash-out periods (the preconditioned group), or ventilated for 30 minutes with room air (control group). Following flow cytometry and immunofluorescence measurements, a considerable increase in circulating CD34+, flk-1 + and CD34+/flk-1 + cells was observed in the preconditioned group beginning at 12 hours after treatment, with a peak value at 24 hours after sevoflurane administration. These cells are a potential source of myocardial regeneration in the context of perioperative or periprocedural ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease.


PubMed | Carol Davila UMPh
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Roumanian archives of microbiology and immunology | Year: 2012

There is relevant evidence concerning the involvement of endothelial progenitor cells in neovascularization and wound healing. In this study we investigated the effects of sevoflurane, a volatile anesthetic with proven cardioprotective virtues, on the mobilization of bone marrow mononuclear cells with endothelial progenitor markers (CD 34+, flk-1 +), an event that may account for the protective effects of delayed anesthetic preconditioning. Male Wistar rats were treated with a mixture of air and sevoflurane (1 MAC) in cycles of 5 minutes, alternating with 5-minutes wash-out periods (the preconditioned group), or ventilated for 30 minutes with room air (control group). Following flow cytometry and immunofluorescence measurements, a considerable increase in circulating CD34+, flk-1 + and CD34+/flk-1 + cells was observed in the preconditioned group beginning at 12 hours after treatment, with a peak value at 24 hours after sevoflurane administration. These cells are a potential source of myocardial regeneration in the context of perioperative or periprocedural ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease.

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