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Majadahonda, Spain

Cena-Diez R.,Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon | Cena-Diez R.,Institute Investigacion Sanitaria Gregorio Maranon | Cena-Diez R.,CIBER ISCIII | Garcia-Broncano P.,Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon | And 10 more authors.
International Journal of Nanomedicine | Year: 2016

The development of a safe and effective microbicide to prevent the sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 is urgently needed. Unfortunately, the majority of microbicides, such as poly(l-lysine)-dendrimers, anionic polymers, or antiretrovirals, have proved inactive or even increased the risk of HIV infection in clinical trials, most probably due to the fact that these compounds failed to prevent semen-exposed HIV infection. We showed that G2-S16 dendrimer exerts anti-HIV-1 activity at an early stage of viral replication, blocking the gp120/CD4/CCR5 interaction and providing a barrier to infection for long periods, confirming its multifactorial and nonspecific ability. Previously, we demonstrated that topical administration of G2-S16 prevents HIV transmission in humanized BLT mice without irritation or vaginal lesions. Here, we demonstrated that G2-S16 is active against mock- and semen-exposed HIV-1 and could be a promising microbicide against HIV infection. © 2016 Ceña-Diez et al. Source

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