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Singh A.,Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center | Verma R.,Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Murari A.,Institute of Dental science | Agrawal A.,Institute of Dental science
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2014

Candida is the shortened name used to describe a class of fungi that includes more than 150 species of yeast. In healthy individuals, Candida exists harmlessly in mucus membranes such as your ears, eyes, gastrointestinal tract, mouth, nose, reproductive organs, sinuses, skin, stool and vagina, etc. It is known as your "beneficial flora" and has a useful purpose in the body. When an imbalance in the normal flora occurs, it causes an overgrowth of Candida albicans. The term is Candidiasis or Thrush. This is a fungal infection (Mycosis) of any of the Candida species, of which Candida albicans is the most common. When this happens, it can create a widespread havoc to our overall health and well-being of our body. Source


Sridevi K.,Hospital and Research Institute | Ratheesh Kumar Nandan S.,Theja Institute of Dental science | Ratnakar P.,Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Vamsi Pavani B.,Srisai Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

A residual cyst, as the name implies, is a radicular, lateral periodotal, dentigerous or any other cyst that has persisted after it's associated tooth has been lost. Residual cysts show more predilection in males and they commonly affect the maxillary region. Usually, residual cysts are asymptomatic and calcifications occurring in the residual cysts are quite rare. We are reporting a case of symptomatic residual cyst, associated with calcifications involving the anterior region of the body of the mandible in a 60-year-old male patient. The pathogenesis, clinical, radiological features and differential diagnosis have been discussed. Source


Verma R.,Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Narang R.,Surendera Dental College and Research Institute
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Candidiasis, a common opportunistic fungal infection of the oral cavity, may be a cause of discomfort in dental patients. There are few local factors that make the oral tissues susceptible to Candida infection. These factors include acid saliva, xerostomia, night use of prosthetic dentures, tobacco, carbohydrate rich diets and patients that receive radiotherapy and chemotherapy in maxillofacial structures. Maintenance of oral hygiene and early diagnosis of this condition is very important. © 2014 Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source


Konidena A.,Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Pavani B.V.,Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2011

Background: Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic mucocutaneous disease of uncertain etiology. Recent reports suggest that LP is an extrahepatic manifestation of Hepatitis C infection. Objective: To determine the association of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with oral LP and to study the tests of liver function in patients with oral LP. Study Design: A cross-sectional case-control study was carried out on 25 patients with oral LP and an equal number of controls. The study was conducted in the outpatient department of a dental college for a period of six months between January and June 2008. The sera of the patients and controls were tested for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) using reverse transcription primed-polymerase chain reaction and liver function tests (bilirubin, transaminases, and alkaline phosphatase). Results: Of the 25 patients with LP, three (12%) had HCV infection. None of the controls had HCV RNA positivity (P = 0.2347). Oral LP patients had higher serum bilirubin and transaminases when compared with controls (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in alkaline phosphatase. HCV-positive and -negative patients did not differ significantly in liver function tests. Conclusions: An increased prevalence of HCV infection was seen in oral LP patients. Our findings support a possible etiological association between these two diseases. Source


Kamboj M.,Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental science and Hospital
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research | Year: 2012

Ameloblastoma remains an enigmatic group of oral tumors, inspite of being so frequently encountered and widely discussed. Out of the total ameloblastomas reported, 81% cases have been in the mandible, of which 70% are in the molar-ramus area. We report two cases of ameloblastoma with misguiding radiographic and clinical pictures, which made us ponder that common oral lesions are sometimes, the most tough and confusing to diagnose. © 2012 Craniofacial Research Foundation. Source

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