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Vivenza D.,Laboratory of Cancer Genetics and Translational Oncology | Feola M.,Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Heart Failure Unit | Garrone O.,Medical Oncology | Monteverde M.,Laboratory of Cancer Genetics and Translational Oncology | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Markers | Year: 2013

Background: Anthracyclines are among the most active drugs against breast cancer, but can exert cardiotoxic effects eventually resulting in congestive heart failure (CHF). Identifying breast cancer patients at high risk of developing cardiotoxicity after anthracycline therapy would be of value in guiding the use of these agents. Aims: We determined whether polymorphisms in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and in the glutathione S-transferase (GST) family of phase II detoxification enzymes might be useful predictors of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) kinetics and risk of developing CHF. We sought correlations between the development of cardiotoxicity and gene polymorphisms in 48 patients with early breast cancer treated with adjuvant anthracycline chemotherapy. Methods: We analyzed the following polymorphisms: p.Met235Thr and p.Thr174Met in angiotensinogen (AGT), Ins/Del in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), A1166C in angiotensin II type-1 receptor (AGTR1A), c.-344T>C in aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2), p.Ile105Val in GSTP1. Additionally, we analyzed the presence or absence of the GSTT1 and GSTP1 genes. A LVEF <50% was detected at least once during the 3 years of follow-up period in 13 out of 48 patients (27.1%). Conclusion: RAAS gene polymorphisms were not significantly associated with the development of cardiotoxicity. GSTM1 may be useful as a biomarker of higher risk of cardiotoxicity, as demonstrated in our cohort of patients (p=0.147). © 2013 Wichtig Editore. Source

Leto L.,University of Turin | Testa M.,University of Turin | Feola M.,Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Heart Failure Unit
International Journal of Endocrinology | Year: 2015

The determination of B-type natriuretic peptides (BNP) may have a role in the diagnosis of heart failure (HF) or guiding HF therapy. This study investigated the role of BNP determination in a cohort of elderly patients admitted to hospital with acute decompensated HF and its correlation with main demographic, clinical, and instrumental data and evaluated possible association with major outcome such as mortality or readmission after a 6-month period of follow-up. Methods. From October 2011 to May 2014 consecutive patients admitted to our unit with symptoms of acute HF or worsening of chronic HF entered the study collecting functional, echocardiographic, and hydration parameters. Correlation between BNP and main parameters was analysed, as well as the mortality/6-month readmission rate. Results. In 951 patients (mean age 71 ys; 37% females) a positive correlation was obtained between BNP and age, creatinine levels, NYHA class at admission and discharge, and levels of hydration; an inverse, negative correlation between BNP and sodium levels, LVEF, distance performed at 6MWT at admission and at discharge, and scores at MMSE at admission and discharge emerged. BNP levels at admission and at discharge were furthermore clearly associated with mortality at 6 months (Chi-square 704.38, p = 0.03) and hospital readmission (Chi-square 741.57, p < 0.01). Conclusion. In an elderly HF population, BNP is related not only with clinical, laboratory, and instrumental data but also with multidimensional scales evaluating global status; higher BNP levels are linked with a worse prognosis in terms of mortality and 6-month readmission. © 2015 Laura Leto et al. Source

Garrone O.,Medical Oncology | Crosetto N.,Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Nigro C.L.,Laboratory of Cancer Genetics and Translational Oncology | Catzeddu T.,Medical Oncology | And 4 more authors.
Cardiovascular Toxicology | Year: 2012

Anthracyclines are active drugs against breast cancer, but can exert cardiotoxic effects. We analyzed the association between the kinetics of various biomarkers during chemotherapy, and the risk of subsequent cardiac toxicity. 50 patients (49 women) with early breast cancer surgically treated and eligible to anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy were analyzed. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) together with the plasma concentration of several blood markers was measured at the beginning of anthracycline chemotherapy (t 0), 5 months (t1), 16 months (t2), 28 months (t3), and 40 months later (t4). A single measured LVEF value less than 50% or a clinically overt congestive heart failure (CHF) was considered cardiotoxic effects. We tested whether the kinetics of LVEF and blood biomarkers measured during chemotherapy was predictive of subsequent cardiotoxicity and overall cardiac fitness. The left ventricular ejection fraction measured at the end of treatment as well as the rate of change of hemoglobin concentration during anthracycline-based chemotherapy predicted cardiotoxicity in a 3-year follow-up period. When LVEF at the end of chemotherapy was lower than 53% or hemoglobin blood concentration declined more than 0.33 g/dL/month during chemotherapy, the odds ratio of subsequent cardiotoxicity was 37.3 and 18, respectively. The specificity of these two tests was 93.3% and 80%, whereas the sensitivity was 90.9 and 81.2%, respectively. Testing the rate of change of hemoglobin concentration during anthracycline-based chemotherapy, as well as the left ventricular ejection fraction at the end of treatment, seems a powerful method to assess the effects of anthracyclines on cardiac fitness and identify patients at high risk of CHF. Further validation of these tests on a large cohort of patients and cost-benefit analysis should be encouraged. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Feola M.,Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Heart Failure Unit | Testa M.,University of Turin | Leto L.,University of Turin | Cardone M.,Laboratory Service Ospedale Mondovi | And 2 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2016

Galectin-3 demonstrated to be a robust independent marker of cardiovascular mid-term (18-month) outcome in heart failure (HF) patients. The objective of this study was to analyze the value of a predischarged determination of plasma galectin-3 alone and with plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in predicting mid-term outcome in frequent-flyers (FF) HF (≥2 hospitalization for HF/year)/dead patients discharged after an acute decompensated HF (ADHF) episode. All FF chronic HF subjects discharged alive after an ADHF were enrolled. All patients underwent a determination of BNP and galectin-3, a 6-minute walk test, and an echocardiogram within 48 hours upon hospital discharge. Death by any cause, cardiac transplantation, and worsening HF requiring readmission to hospital were considered cardiovascular events. Eighty-three patients (67 males, age 73.2 ± 8.6 years old) were analyzed (mean follow-up 11.6 ± 5.2 months; range 4-22 months). During the follow-up 38 events (45.7%) were scheduled: (13 cardiac deaths, 35 rehospitalizations for ADHF). According to medical history, in 33 patients (39.8%) a definition of FF HF patients was performed (range 2-4 hospitalization/year). HF patients who suffered an event (FF or death) demonstrated more impaired ventricular function (P = 0.037), higher plasma BNP (P = 0.005), and Gal-3 at predischarge evaluation (P = 0.027). Choosing adequate cut-off points (BNP ≥ 500 pg/mL and Gal-3 ≥ 17.6 ng/mL), the Kaplan-Meier curves depicted the powerful stratification using BNP + Gal-3 in predicting clinical course at mid-term follow-up (log rank 5.65; P = 0.017). Adding Gal-3 to BNP, a single predischarge strategy testing seemed to obtain a satisfactorily predictive value in alive HF patients discharged after an ADHF episode. © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Feola M.,Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Heart Failure Unit | Garrone O.,Nuclear Medicine Service | Occelli M.,Nuclear Medicine Service | Francini A.,Nuclear Medicine Service | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2011

Anthracyclines are among the most active drugs in breast cancer patients. We planned to evaluate the early and 2-year modification of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and the effects of chemotherapy on troponin I and neurohormonal assessment. Methods: Patients with early breast cancer surgically treated and eligible to adjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled. All patients underwent clinical assessment, radionuclide ventriculography, troponin I and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurements at baseline and one-month (T1), one year (T2) and 2-year (T3) after chemotherapy. Reductions of LVEF ≥ 10% or an overt heart failure were considered cardiovascular events. Results: 53 patients, 52 females and 1 male, age 55.3 years were included and followed at T3. A significant reduction of LVEF was observed (from 62 ± 5.5% to 59.3 ± 8.6%, p = 0.04) at T3; BNP increased (from 33.4 ± 41.5 pg/ml to 62.7 ± 94.7 pg/ml, p = 0.005) at T1. Troponin I augmented at T1 (from 0.006 ± 0.01 ng/ml to 0.05 ± 0.04 ng/ml, p = 0.0001) but normalized at T2 (0.005 ± 0.08 ng/ml; p = 0.9). Only baseline BNP was nearly to be significantly correlated with T3 LVEF (p = 0.07 HR 0.96-1) at multivariate analysis. In 13/53 patients (32.1%) LVEF showed ≥ 10% reduction at T3 (group A); in 40/53 patients (67.9%) LVEF was unchanged (group B). Patients in group A demonstrated higher baseline plasma BNP (p = 0.02) and lower haemoglobin concentration (p = 0.007) compared to patients in group B. Conclusions: LVEF and BNP modified early after anthracycline chemotherapy and LVEF did not recover at T3. In patients who developed left ventricular systolic dysfunction, a subclinical activation of neurohormonal profile was observed. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

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