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Hori M.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute | Connolly S.J.,Hamilton Health Sciences | Zhu J.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | Liu L.S.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | And 13 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - : Intracranial hemorrhage rates are higher in Asians than non-Asians, especially in patients receiving warfarin. This randomized evaluation of long-term anticoagulation therapy subgroup analysis assessed dabigatran etexilate (DE) and warfarin effects on stroke and bleeding rates in patients from Asian and non-Asian countries. METHODS - : There were 2782 patients (15%) from 10 Asian countries and 15 331 patients from 34 non-Asian countries. A Cox regression model, with terms for treatment, region, and their interaction was used. RESULTS - : Rates of stroke or systemic embolism in Asians were 3.06% per year on warfarin, 2.50% per year on DE 110 mg BID (DE 110), and 1.39% per year on DE 150 mg BID (DE 150); in non-Asians, the rates were 1.48%, 1.37%, and 1.06% per year with no significant treatment-by-region interactions. Hemorrhagic stroke on warfarin occurred more often in Asians than non-Asians (hazard ratio [HR], 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3-4.7; P=0.007), with significant reductions for DE compared with warfarin in both Asian (DE 110 versus warfarin HR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.03-0.66 and DE 150 versus warfarin HR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.06-0.77) and non-Asian (DE 110 versus warfarin HR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.19-0.72 and DE 150 versus warfarin HR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.13-0.58) patients. Major bleeding rates in Asians were significantly lower on DE (both doses) than warfarin (warfarin 3.82% per year, DE 110 2.22% per year, and DE 150 2.17% per year). CONCLUSIONS - : Hemorrhagic stroke rates were higher on warfarin in Asians versus non-Asians, despite similar blood pressure, younger age, and lower international normalized ratio values. Hemorrhagic strokes were significantly reduced by DE in both Asians and non-Asians. DE benefits were consistent across Asian and non-Asian subgroups. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION - : URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00262600. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.


PubMed | Universitats Herzzentrum Freiburg, Chonnam National University, Mayo Medical School, Instituto Dante Pazzanese Of Cardiologia and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions | Year: 2016

Diabetes mellitus has worse outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention.We assessed stent thrombosis (ST), major adverse cardiac events (MACE), and major bleeding rates at 1 year after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in patients with diabetes mellitus in a large multicenter registry.From May 2006 to April 2008, 15,147 unselected consecutive patients were enrolled at 320 centers in 56 countries in a prospective, observational registry after implantation of1 SES. Source data were verified in 20% randomly chosen patients at>100 sites. Adverse events were adjudicated by an independent Clinical Event Committee.Complete follow-up at 1 year was obtained in 13,693 (92%) patients, 4,577 (30%) of whom were diabetics. Within diabetics, 1,238 (9%) were insulin-treated diabetics (ITD). Diabetics were older (64 vs. 62 years, P<0.001), with higher incidence of major coronary risk factors, co-morbidities, and triple-vessel coronary artery disease. Coronary lesions had smaller reference vessel diameter (2.880.46 vs. 2.930.45 mm, P<0.001) and were more often heavily calcified (26.1% vs. 22.6%, P<0.001). At 1 year, diabetics had higher MACE rate (6.8% vs. 3.9%, P<0.001) driven by ITD (10.6% vs. 5.5%, P<0.001). Finally, diabetics had significant increase in ST (1.7% vs. 0.7%, P<0.001), principally owing to ITD (3.4% vs. 1.1%, P<0.001). There was an overall low risk of major bleeding during follow-up, without significant difference among subgroups.In the e-SELECT registry, diabetics represented 30% of patients undergoing SES implantation and had significantly more co-morbidities and complex coronary lesions. Although 1-year follow-up documented good overall outcome in diabetics, higher ST and MACE rates were observed, mainly driven by ITD. 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Do R.,McGill University | Xie C.,Hamilton Health Sciences | Xie C.,McMaster University | Zhang X.,Hamilton Health Sciences | And 19 more authors.
PLoS Medicine | Year: 2011

Background: One of the most robust genetic associations for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the Chromosome 9p21 region. However, the interaction of this locus with environmental factors has not been extensively explored. We investigated the association of 9p21 with myocardial infarction (MI) in individuals of different ethnicities, and tested for an interaction with environmental factors. Methods and Findings: We genotyped four 9p21 SNPs in 8,114 individuals from the global INTERHEART study. All four variants were associated with MI, with odds ratios (ORs) of 1.18 to 1.20 (1.85×10-8≤p≤5.21×10-7). A significant interaction (p = 4.0×10-4) was observed between rs2383206 and a factor-analysis-derived "prudent" diet pattern score, for which a major component was raw vegetables. An effect of 9p21 on MI was observed in the group with a low prudent diet score (OR = 1.32, p = 6.82×10-7), but the effect was diminished in a step-wise fashion in the medium (OR = 1.17, p = 4.9×10-3) and high prudent diet scoring groups (OR = 1.02, p = 0.68) (p = 0.014 for difference). We also analyzed data from 19,129 individuals (including 1,014 incident cases of CVD) from the prospective FINRISK study, which used a closely related dietary variable. In this analysis, the 9p21 risk allele demonstrated a larger effect on CVD risk in the groups with diets low or average for fresh vegetables, fruits, and berries (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.22, p = 3.0×10-4, and HR = 1.35, p = 4.1×10-3, respectively) compared to the group with high consumption of these foods (HR = 0.96, p = 0.73) (p = 0.0011 for difference). The combination of the least prudent diet and two copies of the risk allele was associated with a 2-fold increase in risk for MI (OR = 1.98, p = 2.11×10-9) in the INTERHEART study and a 1.66-fold increase in risk for CVD in the FINRISK study (HR = 1.66, p = 0.0026). Conclusions: The risk of MI and CVD conferred by Chromosome 9p21 SNPs appears to be modified by a prudent diet high in raw vegetables and fruits. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary. © 2011 Do et al.


Mao Q.,National Research Institute for Family Planning | Gao L.,Chinese People's Liberation Army | Wang H.,China Institute of Industrial Relations | Wang Q.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | Zhang T.,National Center for Women and Childrens Health
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health | Year: 2015

Published data regarding the association between alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) 1C genotypes and breast cancer risk show conflicting results. The authors performed this meta-analysis on 1969 patients and 2244 controls from 4 (including 7 study populations) related case-control studies to estimate the association between ADH1C(rs698) genotyping information and breast cancer risk. According to the 6 eligible populations, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for breast cancer risk for ADH1C1-2 versus ADH1C2-2, ADH1C1-1 versus ADH1C2-2 genotype, and ADH1C1 versus ADH1C2 were 1.16 (0.95-1.42), 1.17 (0.95-1.44), and 1.05 (0.96-1.16), respectively. The OR (95% CI) for ADH1C1-1 + ADH1C1-2 versus ADH1C2-2 from the 7 study populations was 1.14 (0.96-1.36). Meanwhile, genotypes of ADH1C1-1 + ADH1C1-2 increased the risk of breast cancer in drinkers (OR = 1.35; 95% CI = 1.03-1.76). This meta-analysis suggested that the ADH1C1 allele might modestly influence the effect of alcohol on breast cancer but is not an independent risk factor for breast cancer. However, more restricted prospective studies are needed. © 2012 APJPH.


PubMed | China Institute of Industrial Relations, National Research Institute for Family Planning, Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital, National Center for Women and Childrens Health and Chinese People's Liberation Army
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asia-Pacific journal of public health | Year: 2015

Published data regarding the association between alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) 1C genotypes and breast cancer risk show conflicting results. The authors performed this meta-analysis on 1969 patients and 2244 controls from 4 (including 7 study populations) related case-control studies to estimate the association between ADH1C(rs698) genotyping information and breast cancer risk. According to the 6 eligible populations, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for breast cancer risk for ADH1C (1-2) versus ADH1C (2-2) , ADH1C (1-1) versus ADH1C (2-2) genotype, and ADH1C (1) versus ADH1C (2) were 1.16 (0.95-1.42), 1.17 (0.95-1.44), and 1.05 (0.96-1.16), respectively. The OR (95% CI) for ADH1C (1-1) + ADH1C (1-2) versus ADH1C (2-2) from the 7 study populations was 1.14 (0.96-1.36). Meanwhile, genotypes of ADH1C (1-1) + ADH1C (1-2) increased the risk of breast cancer in drinkers (OR = 1.35; 95% CI = 1.03-1.76). This meta-analysis suggested that the ADH1C (1) allele might modestly influence the effect of alcohol on breast cancer but is not an independent risk factor for breast cancer. However, more restricted prospective studies are needed.


PubMed | University of Indonesia, Seoul National University, Uppsala University, Chinese University of Hong Kong and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American heart journal | Year: 2015

In the PLATO trial, ticagrelor was superior to clopidogrel in reducing cardiovascular events among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) at the expense of increased nonfatal bleeding. Because Asian patients, when compared with non-Asian patients, are believed to be more susceptible to bleeding, we evaluated the effects of ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel in Asian (n=1,106) and non-Asian (n=17,515) patients with acute coronary syndrome enrolled in the PLATO study.Interaction between Asian/non-Asian and primary efficacy end point (a composite of vascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) and net clinical benefit (composite of primary efficacy end point and coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] surgery or non-CABG-related major bleeding) were evaluated with a Cox proportional hazards model. Baseline demographics and comorbidities were different between Asians and non-Asians. The overall cardiovascular event rates were higher in Asians, but bleeding rates were similar. Despite these observed differences, the effects of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel were not significantly different between Asians and non-Asians with respect to the primary efficacy outcome (hazard ratio for Asians vs non-Asians, 0.84 [95% CI 0.61-1.17] vs 0.85 [95% CI 0.77-0.93], P=.974), net clinical benefit (0.85 [95% CI 0.65-1.11] vs 0.93 [95% CI 0.86-0.99], P=.521), or individual efficacy end points. There was no significant interaction for bleeding (PLATO major bleeding, 1.02 [95% CI 0.70-1.49] vs 1.04 [95% CI 0.95-1.14], P=.938) and other related adverse events with ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel between Asians and non-Asians.We observed consistency of effects in Asian patients receiving ticagrelor and clopidogrel in the PLATO study. The relatively modest number of Asian patients in this analysis supports further investigation of larger cohorts to confirm our observations.


Hei F.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | Lou S.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | Li J.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | Yu K.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Artificial Organs | Year: 2011

Since 2004, our institution has adopted venoarterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients who otherwise could not be weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass and patients experiencing cardiogenic shock and/or pulmonary dysfunction unresponsive to conventional treatments. In this study, we reviewed our experience with ECMO support and tried to identify predictors of in-hospital mortality. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 121 consecutive patients receiving ECMO. Patients were divided into adult and pediatric groups and analyzed separately. Demographics, clinical characteristics at the time of ECMO implantation, ECMO-related complications, and in-hospital mortality were collected. Logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate predictors of mortality. A P value ≤0.05 was accepted as significant. Sixty-eight adult patients and 53 pediatric patients were included in this study. In adult patients, 52 were weaned from ECMO and 43 survived upon discharge. After univariate analysis, ECMO setup location, receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation before ECMO, leg ischemia, hemolysis, acute renal failure (ARF), neurological dysfunction, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome were associated with in-hospital death. In multiple logistic regression analyses, leg ischemia (OR 14.68, 95% CI 1.67-129.1), ARF (OR 12.14, 95% CI 2.5-58.8), and neurological dysfunction (OR 49.0, 95% CI 2.28-1051.96) were risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality. Patients put on ECMO in the operating room had a better chance of survival (OR 0.078, 95% CI 0.013-0.417). In pediatric patients, 30 were weaned from ECMO and 26 survived upon discharge. After univariate analysis, age, weight, and eight ECMO complications were associated with in-hospital death. In multiple logistic regression analyses, ARF (OR 24.0, 95% CI 4.2-137.3) was a risk factor associated with in-hospital mortality. A P value of 0.921 and >0.99 was obtained by the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and the area under the curve was 0.863 and 0.867 for adult and pediatric patients, respectively. The overall survival rate was 57%. ECMO is a justifiable alternative treatment for refractory cardiac and/or pulmonary dysfunction which could rescue more than 50% of carefully selected patients. Higher survival rates could be achieved by preventing ECMO complications. © 2011, Copyright the Authors. Artificial Organs © 2011, International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Sun H.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | Qian X.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital | Chang Q.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals | Year: 2012

We describe a case of acute type B dissection associated with coarctation of the aorta. An intimal tear was located just distal to the coarctation. Aortic dilatation started below the coarctation and extended to the level of the diaphragm. We performed descending aorta replacement from the distal aortic arch to the level of the 9th intercostal arteries, and implanted a stent-graft elephant trunk through a left posterior lateral thoracotomy in the 5th intercostal space off-pump. © The Author(s) 2012.


Yang Y.M.,Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] | Year: 2010

To compare the impact of the first 24 hours mean blood glucose (MBG) level and admission glucose (AG) during hospitalization on the short term mortality and combined end point events in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 7446 Chinese STEMI patients hospitalized within 12 hours of symptom onset were included. Plasma glucose was measured at admission, 6 and 24 hours after admission, respectively. The MBG level through the first 24 hours for each patient was calculated. Patients were stratified into six groups according to their MBG levels: < 4.5, 4.5 - 5.5, 5.6 - 7.0, 7.1 - 8.5, 8.6 - 11.0 and > 11.0 mmol/L. The incidence of all-cause mortality and combined end point of death, re-infarction, cardiogenic shock, recurrence ischemia, and stroke at 7 days and 30 days post hospitalization were analyzed. Nested models were compared to determine whether logistic regression models that included MBG provided a significantly better fit than logistic regression models included AG. Compared with the MBG of 4.5 - 5.5 mmol/L group, 7-day and 30-day mortality and combined end point events increased in proportion to plasma MBG level increase. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that elevated MBG (equal or greater than 7.1 - 8.5 mmol/L) level is an independent predictor of 7-day and 30-day mortality and combined end point events. Nested models analysis showed that the prognostic impact of MBG is superior to AG (P < 0.001) on predicting 7-day and 30-day mortality and combined end point events in this patient cohort. Elevated MBG (≥ 7.1 mmol/L) level is an independent predictor of 7-day and 30-day mortality and combined end point events. MBG is superior to AG on predicting short-term prognosis in this patient cohort.


PubMed | Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of interventional cardiology | Year: 2013

To investigate the characteristics and one-year outcomes following sirolimus-eluting CYPHER Select Plus stent (SES) implantation in small (SmVD) and non-small vessel disease (NSmVD) in the international e-SELECT registry.Large-scale registry data are lacking on DES outcomes in SmVD treatment.There were 4,700 SmVD (at least one vessel with estimated reference vessel diameter [RVD] < 2.5 mm, excluding 283 patients with unknown RVD vessels) and 10,139 NSmVD only patients.The SmVD population was older, with more women, diabetics, and vessels treated, higher mean Charlson Comorbidity Index score (CCI), shorter lesions, and less STEMI presentation. The 1-year stent thrombosis (ST) rate (primary end-point), was significantly higher (1.3% vs. 0.7%) in SmVD versus NSmVD, mainly driven by early events. One-year major adverse cardiac event (MACE), myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically indicated target-lesion revascularization (TLR) rates were significantly higher in SmVD although death and major bleeding rates were similar in both groups. Complication rates were similar between pure (3,188 patients; only RVD < 2.5 mm) and mixed (1,795 patients; some RVD < 2.5 mm or unknown RVD) SmVD. Multivariate predictors for 1-year MACE in SmVD included saphenous vein graft or bifurcation lesions, major bleeding, any antiplatelet therapy discontinuation within 1 month, age, number of stents implanted, CCI, acute coronary syndrome, and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.SES implantation for SmVD occurs more frequently in women, diabetics, and those with multivessel disease and comorbidities. One-year ST, MACE, MI, and clinically indicated TLR rates are higher, although low overall, in SmVD or mixed SmVD patients while death rates are similar to NSmVD.

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