PubMed | Cardiovascular Genetics Research Laboratory, University of Wisconsin - Madison and Mayo Medical School
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human molecular genetics | Year: 2014
Locus mapping has uncovered diverse etiologies for familial atrial fibrillation (AF), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and mixed cardiac phenotype syndromes, yet the molecular basis for these disorders remains idiopathic in most cases. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) provides a powerful new tool for familial disease gene discovery. Here, synergistic application of these genomic strategies identified the pathogenic mutation in a familial syndrome of atrial tachyarrhythmia, conduction system disease (CSD), and DCM vulnerability. Seven members of a three-generation family exhibited the variably expressed phenotype, three of whom manifested CSD and clinically significant arrhythmia in childhood. Genome-wide linkage analysis mapped two equally plausible loci to chromosomes 1p3 and 13q12. Variants from WES of two affected cousins were filtered for rare, predicted-deleterious, positional variants, revealing an unreported heterozygous missense mutation disrupting the highly conserved kinase domain in TNNI3K. The G526D substitution in troponin I interacting kinase, with the most deleterious SIFT and Polyphen2 scores possible, resulted in abnormal peptide aggregation in vitro and in silico docking models predicted altered yet energetically favorable wild-type mutant dimerization. Ventricular tissue from a mutation carrier displayed histopathological hallmarks of DCM and reduced TNNI3K protein staining with unique amorphous nuclear and sarcoplasmic inclusions. In conclusion, mutation of TNNI3K, encoding a heart-specific kinase previously shown to modulate cardiac conduction and myocardial function in mice, underlies a familial syndrome of electrical and myopathic heart disease. The identified substitution causes a TNNI3K aggregation defect and protein deficiency, implicating a dominant-negative loss of function disease mechanism.
PubMed | Mayo Medical School, Molecular Therapeutics, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Cardiovascular Genetics Research Laboratory and Zhejiang University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: JCI insight | Year: 2016
Mutagenesis screening is a powerful forward genetic approach that has been successfully applied in lower-model organisms to discover genetic factors for biological processes. This phenotype-based approach has yet to be established in vertebrates for probing major human diseases, largely because of the complexity of colony management. Herein, we report a rapid strategy for identifying genetic modifiers of cardiomyopathy (CM). Based on the application of doxorubicin stress to zebrafish insertional cardiac (ZIC) mutants, we identified 4 candidate CM-modifying genes, of which 3 have been linked previously to CM. The long isoform of DnaJ (Hsp40) homolog, subfamily B, member 6b (
Wyles S.P.,Center for Clinical and Translational science |
Wyles S.P.,Center for Regenerative Medicine |
Li X.,Mayo Medical School |
Hrstka S.C.,Mayo Medical School |
And 15 more authors.
Human Molecular Genetics | Year: 2016
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a leading cause of heart failure. In families with autosomal-dominant DCM, heterozygous missense mutations were identified in RNA-binding motif protein 20 (RBM20), a spliceosome protein induced during early cardiogenesis. Dermal fibroblasts from two unrelated patients harboring an RBM20 R636S missense mutation were reprogrammed to human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and differentiated to beating cardiomyocytes (CMs). Stagespecific transcriptome profiling identified differentially expressed genes ranging from angiogenesis regulator to embryonic heart transcription factor as initial molecular aberrations. Furthermore, gene expression analysis for RBM20-dependent splice variants affected sarcomeric (TTN and LDB3) and calcium (Ca2+) handling (CAMK2D and CACNA1C) genes. Indeed, RBM20 hiPSCCMs exhibited increased sarcomeric length (RBM20: 1.747 ± 0.238 μm versus control: 1.404 ± 0.194 μm; P < 0.0001) and decreased sarcomeric width (RBM20: 0.791 ± 0.609 μmversus control: 0.943 ± 0.166 μm; P < 0.0001). Additionally, CMs showed defective Ca2+ handling machinery with prolonged Ca2+ levels in the cytoplasm as measured by greater area under the curve (RBM20: 814.718 ± 94.343 AU versus control: 206.941 ± 22.417 AU; P < 0.05) and higher Ca2+ spike amplitude (RBM20: 35.281 ± 4.060 AU versus control:18.484 ± 1.518 AU; P < 0.05). β-adrenergic stress induced with 10 μM norepinephrine demonstrated increased susceptibility to sarcomeric disorganization (RBM20: 86 ± 10.5% versus control: 40 ± 7%; P < 0.001). This study features the first hiPSC model of RBM20 familial DCM. By monitoring human cardiac disease according to stage-specific cardiogenesis, this study demonstrates RBM20 familial DCM is a developmental disorder initiated by molecular defects that pattern maladaptive cellular mechanisms of pathological cardiac remodeling. Indeed, hiPSC-CMs recapitulate RBM20 familial DCM phenotype in a dish and establish a tool to dissect disease-relevant defects in RBM20 splicing as a global regulator of heart function. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press.
Cannone V.,Cardiorenal Research Laboratory |
Huntley B.K.,Cardiorenal Research Laboratory |
Olson T.M.,Cardiovascular Genetics Research Laboratory |
Heublein D.M.,Cardiorenal Research Laboratory |
And 6 more authors.
Hypertension | Year: 2013
We analyzed the phenotype associated with the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) genetic variant rs5065 in a random community-based sample. We also assessed and compared the biological action of 2 concentrations (10 mol/L, 10 mol/L) of ANP and ANP-RR, the protein variant encoded by the minor allele of rs5065, on activation of the guanylyl cyclase (GC)-A and GC-B receptors, production of the second messenger 3′,5′-cGMP in endothelial cells, and endothelial permeability. rs5065 genotypes were determined in a cross-sectional adult cohort from Olmsted County, MN (n=1623). Genotype frequencies for rs5065 were 75%, 24%, and 1% for TT, TC, and CC, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the C allele was associated with increased risk of cerebrovascular accident (hazard ratio, 1.43; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.86; P=0.009) and higher prevalence of myocardial infarction (odds ratio, 1.82; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-3.09; P=0.026). ANP-RR 10 mol/L activated the GC-A receptor (83.07±8.31 versus no treatment 0.18±0.04 per 6 wells; P=0.006), whereas ANP-RR 10 mol/L did not. Neither 10 mol/L nor 10 mol/L ANP-RR activated GC-B receptor (P=0.10, P=0.35). ANP 10 mol/L and ANP-RR 10 mol/L stimulated 3′,5′-cGMP production in endothelial cells similarly (P=0.58). Both concentrations of ANP-RR significantly enhanced human aortic endothelial cell permeability (69 versus 29 relative fluorescence units [RFUs], P=0.012; 58 versus 39 RFUs, P=0.015) compared with ANP. The minor allele of rs5065 was associated with increased cardiovascular risk. ANP-RR activated the GC-A receptor, increased 3′,5′-cGMP in endothelial cells, and when compared with ANP, augmented endothelial cell permeability. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.