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Immenstadt im Allgäu, Germany

Heckt T.,University of Hamburg | Bickert T.,University of Hamburg | Jeschke A.,University of Hamburg | Seitz S.,University of Hamburg | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Alterations in bone remodeling are a major public health issue, as therapeutic options for widespread bone disorders such as osteoporosis and tumor-induced osteolysis are still limited. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the regulatory mechanism governing bone cell differentiation in health and disease are of utmost clinical importance. Here we report a novel function of carcinoembryonic antigenrelated cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1), a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily involved in inflammation and tumorigenesis, in the physiologic regulation of bone remodeling. Assessing the expression of all members of the murine Ceacam family in bone tissue and marrow, we found CEACAM1 and CEACAM10 to be differentially expressed in both bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts. While Ceacam10-deficient mice displayed no alteration in structural bone parameters, static histomorphometry demonstrated a reduced trabecular bone mass in mice lacking CEACAM1. Furthermore, cellular and dynamic histomorphometry revealed an increased osteoclast formation in Ceacam1-deficient mice, while osteoblast parameters and the bone formation rate remained unchanged. In line with these findings, we detected accelerated osteoclastogenesis in Ceacam1-deficient bone marrow cells, while osteoblast differentiation, as determined by mineralization and alkaline phosphatase assays,was not affected. Therefore, our results provide in vivo and in vitro evidence for a physiologic role of CEACAM1 in the regulation of osteoclastogenesis. © 2014 Heckt et al. Source

Ito W.,Cardiovascular Center Oberallgau Kempten | Torzewski J.,Cardiovascular Center Oberallgau Kempten
Cardiology (Switzerland) | Year: 2013

Objectives: To investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of coronary artery disease (CAD) using microarray expression profiles. Methods: The microRNA (miRNA) expression-profiling dataset GSE28858 was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including 24 samples from 12 patients with CAD and 12 age-and sex-matched healthy controls. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified with false discovery rate (FDR) = 1% by the SAM (Significant Analysis of Microarray) algorithm. The target genes of selected differentials expressed miRNAs that were not only related to CAD, but were also in two databases (TargetScan, miRanda). Then, the interactive objects of selected target genes were predicted using the STRING database to construct an interaction network (confidence score = 0.4). These target genes and interactive objects were put into the KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) database, and the significant signaling pathway was obtained by hypergeometric function enrichment analysis (p < 0.05). Results: MiRNA-526b was the only differentially expressed miRNA that was upregulated in patients with CAD (FDR = 1%). Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was the target gene of miRNA-526b that occurred with the highest frequency. The objects that interacted with TLR4 were predicted using the STRING database and the interaction network was obtained. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway was the only selected significant pathway related with CAD in the interaction network (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The miRNA-526b is significantly upregulated in patients with CAD and the target gene of miRNA-526b participates in the VEGF signaling pathway. Whether or not the miRNA-526b can be used as a biomarker remains to be elucidated in a larger prospective study. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Zimmermann O.,Cardiovascular Center Oberallgau Kempten | Li K.,Sino German Heart Center | Zaczkiewicz M.,Cardiovascular Center Oberallgau Kempten | Graf M.,Cardiovascular Center Oberallgau Kempten | And 2 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2014

The role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in atherosclerosis is controversially discussed. Whereas initial experimental studies suggested a pathogenic role for CRP in atherogenesis, more recent genetic data from Mendelian randomization trials failed to provide evidence for a causative role of CRP in cardiovascular disease. Also, experimental results from laboratories all over the world were indeed contradictory, partly because of species differences in CRP biology and partly because data were not accurately evaluated. Here we summarize the published data from experimental work with mainly human material in order to avoid confusion based on species differences in CRP biology. Experimental work needs to be reevaluated after reconsideration of some traditional rules in research: (1) in order to understand a molecule's role in disease it may be helpful to be aware of its role in physiology; (2) it is necessary to define the disease entity that experimental CRP research deals with; (3) the scientific consensus is as follows: do not try to prove your hypothesis. Specific CRP inhibition followed by use of CRP inhibitors in controlled clinical trials may be the only way to prove or disprove a causative role for CRP in cardiovascular disease. © 2014 Oliver Zimmermann et al. Source

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