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Psotova H.,Cardiovascular Center Na Homolce Hospital Prague Czech Republic | Ostadal P.,Cardiovascular Center Na Homolce Hospital Prague Czech Republic | Mlcek M.,Charles University | Kruger A.,Cardiovascular Center Na Homolce Hospital Prague Czech Republic | And 7 more authors.
Artificial Organs | Year: 2015

The protective effects of ischemic postconditioning (IPC) and nitric oxide (NO) administration have been demonstrated in several ischemic scenarios. However, current evidence regarding the effect of IPC and NO in extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation remains lacking. Fifteen female swine (body weight 45kg) underwent veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) implantation; cardiac arrest-ventricular fibrillation was induced by rapid ventricular pacing. After 20min of cardiac arrest, blood flow was restored by increasing the ECMO flow rate to 4.5L/min. The animals (five per group) were then randomly assigned to receive IPC (three cycles of 3min ischemia and reperfusion), NO (80ppm via oxygenator), or mild hypothermia (HT; 33.0°C). Cerebral oximetry and aortic blood pressure were monitored continuously. After 90min of reperfusion, blood samples were drawn for the measurement of troponin I, myoglobin, creatine-phosphokinase, alanine aminotransferase, neuron-specific enolase, cystatin C, and reactive oxygen metabolite (ROM) levels. Significantly higher blood pressure and cerebral oxygen saturation values were observed in the HT group compared with the IPC and NO groups (P<0.05). The levels of troponin I, myoglobin, creatine phosphokinase, and alanine aminotransferase were significantly lower in the HT group (P<0.05); levels of neuron-specific enolase, cystatin C, and ROM were not significantly different. IPC and NO were comparable in all monitored parameters. The results of the present study indicate that IPC and NO administration are not superior interventions to HT for the maintenance of blood pressure, cerebral oxygenation, organ protection, and suppression of oxidative stress following extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation.

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