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Van Geuns R.-J.M.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Yetgin T.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | La Manna A.,University of Catania | Tamburino C.,University of Catania | And 12 more authors.
EuroIntervention | Year: 2016

Aims: We sought to investigate the impact of the self-apposing, sirolimus-eluting STENTYS stent on midterm and long-term stent apposition and strut coverage compared with a zotarolimus-eluting balloonexpandable stent in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Methods and results: In the APPOSITION IV trial, 152 STEMI patients were randomised (3:2) to the self-apposing, sirolimus-eluting STENTYS stent or a commercially available zotarolimus-eluting balloonexpandable stent at 12 sites in five countries with angiographic follow-up and optical coherence tomography at four or nine months. At four months, a lower percentage of malapposed stent struts was observed in the STENTYS group (N=21; Nstruts =501) compared with controls (N=26; Nstruts =326; 0.07% vs. 1.16%; p=0.002) with significantly more covered struts, using a 20 μm cut-off (94.32% vs. 89.09%; p=0.003). At nine months, the primary endpoint (percentage malapposed stent struts) was similar in both groups (STENTYS, N=40; Nstruts =566; control, N=21; Nstruts =292), showing complete apposition (p=0.55) and near total (>96%) coverage (p=0.58). Conclusions: In STEMI patients undergoing PPCI, the self-apposing, sirolimus-eluting STENTYS stent was equivalent to a conventional drug-eluting balloon-expandable stent with respect to late stent strut apposition and coverage at nine months. However, stent strut apposition and coverage at four months were significantly better in the STENTYS group. © Europa Digital & Publishing 2016. All rights reserved. Source


Wijns W.,Cardiovascular Research Center Aalst | Suttorp M.J.,St Antonius Ziekenhuis | Zagozdzon L.,Orebro University | Morice M.-C.,Generale de Sante | And 5 more authors.
EuroIntervention | Year: 2016

Aims: Our aim was to evaluate the two-year clinical results of a new sirolimus-eluting stent (MiStent SES) with a bioabsorbable coating designed for rapid polymer dissolution but sustained drug delivery. Methods and results: Major adverse cardiac events (MACE), target lesion failure (TLF), target vessel failure (TVF), and stent thrombosis (ST) at two-year follow-up are reported for the DESSOLVE I and II trials. In DESSOLVE I, the MiStent SES (n=29) demonstrated a 3.4% two-year MACE rate without TLF or TVF. In DESSOLVE II, the MiStent group had a 6.7% (8/120) two-year MACE rate compared to 13.3% (8/60) for Endeavor (p=0.167). TLF was 5.0% in the MiStent and Endeavor groups (p=1.00). TVF was 5.0% for MiStent versus 11.7% for Endeavor (p=0.129). No probable or definite ST was reported with the MiStent up to two years. The median duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in DESSOLVE I and II was 364 and 366 days, respectively. Conclusions: The MiStent SES demonstrated good long-term safety and effectiveness with low two-year MACE, TLF, and TVF rates. © 2016 Europa Digital & Publishing. All rights reserved. Source


Toth G.G.,University of Graz | Vanderheyden M.,Cardiovascular Research Center Aalst | Bartunek J.,Cardiovascular Research Center Aalst
Postepy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej | Year: 2016

While heart failure is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity, our tools to provide ultimate treatment solutions are still limited. Recent developments in new devices are designed to fill this therapeutic gap. The scope of this review is to focus on two particular targets, namely (1) left ventricular geometric restoration and (2) atrial depressurization. (1) Reduction of the wall stress by shrinking the ventricular cavity has been traditionally attempted surgically. Recently, the Parachute device (CardioKinetix Inc., Menlo Park, CA, USA) has been introduced to restore ventricular geometry and cardiac mechanics. The intervention aims to partition distal dysfunctional segments that are non-contributory to the ventricular mechanics and forward cardiac output. (2) Diastolic heart failure is characterized by abnormal relaxation and chamber stiffness. The main therapeutic goal achieved should be the reduction of afterload and diastolic pressure load. Recently, new catheter-based approaches were proposed to reduce left atrial pressure and ventricular decompression: the InterAtrial Shunt Device (IASDTM) (Corvia Medical Inc., Tewksbury, MA, USA) and the V-Wave Shunt (V-Wave Ltd, Or Akiva, Israel). Both are designed to create a controlled atrial septal defect in symptomatic patients with heart failure. While the assist devices are aimed at end-stage heart failure, emerging device-based percutaneous or minimal invasive techniques comprise a wide spectrum of innovative concepts that target ventricular remodeling, cardiac contractility or neuro-humoral modulation. The clinical adoption is in the early stages of the initial feasibility and safety studies, and clinical evidence needs to be gathered in appropriately designed clinical trials. Source


Haude M.,Lukaskrankenhaus GmbH | Ince H.,Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain and Am Urban | Abizaid A.,Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology | Toelg R.,Herzzentrum Segeberger Kliniken GmbH | And 11 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2016

Background Absorbable scaffolds were designed to overcome the limitations of conventional, non-absorbable metal-based drug-eluting stents. So far, only polymeric absorbable scaffolds are commercially available. We aimed to assess the safety and performance of a novel second-generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold (DREAMS 2G) in patients with de-novo coronary artery lesions. Methods We did this prospective, multicentre, non-randomised, first-in-man trial at 13 percutaneous coronary intervention centres in Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, Germany, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. Eligible patients had stable or unstable angina or documented silent ischaemia, and a maximum of two de-novo lesions with a reference vessel diameter between 2·2 mm and 3·7 mm. Clinical follow-up was scheduled at months 1, 6, 12, 24, and 36. Patients were scheduled for angiographic follow-up at 6 months, and a subgroup of patients was scheduled for intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, and vasomotion assessment. All patients were recommended to take dual antiplatelet treatment for at least 6 months. The primary endpoint was in-segment late lumen loss at 6 months. We did analysis by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01960504. Findings Between Oct 8, 2013, and May 22, 2015, we enrolled 123 patients with 123 coronary target lesions. At 6 months, mean in-segment late lumen loss was 0·27 mm (SD 0·37), and angiographically discernable vasomotion was documented in 20 (80%) of 25 patients. Intravascular ultrasound assessments showed a preservation of the scaffold area (mean 6·24 mm2 [SD 1·15] post-procedure vs 6·21 mm2 [1·22] at 6 months) with a low mean neointimal area (0·08 mm2 [0·09]), and optical coherence tomography did not detect any intraluminal mass. Target lesion failure occurred in four (3%) patients: one (<1%) patient died from cardiac death, one (<1%) patient had periprocedural myocardial infarction, and two (2%) patients needed clinically driven target lesion revascularisation. No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis was observed. Interpretation Our findings show that implantation of the DREAMS 2G device in de-novo coronary lesions is feasible, with favourable safety and performance outcomes at 6 months. This novel absorbable metal scaffold could be an alternative to absorbable polymeric scaffolds for treatment of obstructive coronary disease. Funding Biotronik AG. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Barbato E.,Cardiovascular Research Center Aalst | Barbato E.,University of Naples Federico II | Herman A.,Berchem | Benit E.,Jessa Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Atherosclerosis | Year: 2015

Objective: The MEDCOR trial is a double-blind, randomized study aiming at demonstrating the superiority of molsidomine (direct NO donor) over placebo, used as add-on treatments, on improving endothelial function (EF) after 12 months, in stable angina patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: EF was assessed by peripheral vasodilator response (i.e. Endoscore) using arterial tonometry and by several biomarkers, in terms of changes versus baseline after a one-year treatment. Results: The change in Endoscore was+75±130% in placebo group and+39±145% in molsidomine group (p=0.143). There was a decrease in sICAM-1 with molsidomine (-6%) and an increase with placebo (+6%). The MPO activity/antigen ratio slightly increased with placebo (+9%) and strongly decreased with molsidomine (-42%) (p=0.020). Conclusion: The MEDCOR trial was not able to demonstrate significant differences between molsidomine and placebo for all parameters, except the MPO activity/antigen ratio which significantly decreased with molsidomine (p=0.020 versus placebo). © 2015. Source

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