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Rheinfelden, Switzerland

Cocco G.,Cardiology Office
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2012

This editorial refers to 'Should ranolazine be used for all patients with ischemic heart disease or only for symptomatic patients with stable angina or for those with refractory angina pectoris? A critical appraisal' by U Thadani also published in this issue. © Informa UK, Ltd. Source


Cocco G.,Cardiology Office | Gasparyan A.Y.,Dudley Group of Hospitals NHS Trust
Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal | Year: 2010

Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is one of the most common small-and medium-sized necrotizing vasculitides that mainly affects the upper and lower respiratory tract and the kidneys. Cardiac manifestations in WG are relatively rare, and their role and place among different causes of mortality remain largely unknown. Substantially increased number of reports describing involvement of all structures of the heart, which underlie conduction disturbances, valvular disease, ischemic heart disease and other potentially serious conditions, underscores importance of comprehensive cardiovascular investigations and monitoring of patients with WG. The majority of previous reports and our current observation distinguish coronary vasculitis and thrombosis as a cause of myocardial ischemia and cardiovascular co-morbidities in WG. It seems plausible that inflammatory processes in this disease, like in some other systemic vasculitidies, do not predispose to accelerated atherogenesis. However, characteristic small-and mediumsized vasculitis still can manifest as myocardial ischemia and infarction. We overview diverse cardiac manifestations and present our own rare case of angina in the oligosymptomatic debut of WG. Importantly, in this case, coronarography failed to reveal atherosclerotic disease or thrombotic occlusion. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with adenosine test revealed subendocardial ischemia. As a result of immunosuppressive therapy with a steroid and cyclophosphamide, myocardial ischemia disappeared. © Cocco and Gasparyan. Source


Cocco G.,Cardiology Office | Gasparyan A.Y.,Dudley Group of Hospitals NHS Trust
Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal | Year: 2010

Behçet's disease (BD) is an enigmatic inflammatory disorder, with vasculitis (perivasculitis) underlying pathophysiology of its multisystemic affections. Venous pathology and thrombotic complications are hallmarks of BD. However, it has been increasingly recognized that cardiac involvement and arterial complications (aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms, rupture and thrombosis) are important part of the course of BD. Pericarditis, myocardial (diastolic and/or systolic dysfunction), valvular and coronary (thrombosis, aneurysms, rupture) involvement, intracardiac thrombi (predominantly right-sided) are, probably, the most frequent cardiac manifestations. Treatment of cardiovascular involvement in BD is largely empirical and aimed at suppression of vasculitis. The most challenging seems to be the treatment of arterial aneurysms and thromboses due to the associated risk of bleedings. Cardiologists should always bear in mind potential threats of (a)symptomatic cardiovascular involvement in BD. © Cocco and Gasparyan. Source


Gasparyan A.Y.,Dudley Group of Hospitals | Cocco G.,Cardiology Office | Pandolfi S.,Rheumatology Office
Rheumatology International | Year: 2012

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of premature mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Pathophysiology of rheumatoid cardiovascular phenomenon is not fully understood, but systemic inflammation is thought to play a crucial role in the endothelial damage and accelerated course of atherosclerotic disease. Rheumatoid inflammation can also cause coronary pathology and heart failure. We present a case of transient cardiomyopathy in RA in the absence of occlusive coronary pathology, which mimics acute coronary syndrome. © 2009 Springer-Verlag. Source


Cocco G.,Cardiology Office | Jerie P.,Cardiology Office
Cardiology Journal | Year: 2015

Heart failure (HF) is a major public heart burden among the ageing population. Optimizing management of patients remains challenging despite many advances in therapy for this pathology. Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are related to cardiac morbidity and mortality and their use in guiding treatment might help. Most data on the value of NPs-guided therapy in chronic HF came from centers with high experience in the therapy of HF. Ninety percent of patients had preserved left ventricular function. The story is just too complex to have the final answer. The numbers of treated patients is insufficient to allow a final decision. Most data derive from centers with high skills and were obtained with different assays, different protocols. Many questions are open. Can similar results be obtained in less specialized centers? It is undecided which NP should be used and how high should be the levels to guide the therapy. Which patients might especially benefit from this approach? Is the approach useful in patients with reduced systolic function? Is the strategy as useful in the elderly as in younger patients? In spite of these limitations, available data suggest that it is reasonable to consider the use of NPs to guide the therapy of HF with preserved systolic function. In order to answer some of the questions, a multicenter, prospective study began in January 2013. However, NP guided therapy in chronic HF will only find acceptance in clinical practice if its use results in therapeutic consequences. © 2015 Via Medica. Source

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