Zhao Y.,Cardio nter |
Zhao Y.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology |
Huang Y.,Cardio nter |
Huang Y.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology |
And 19 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease | Year: 2015
The SCN5A gene encodes cardiac sodium channel Nav1.5 and causes lethal ventricular arrhythmias/sudden death and atrial fibrillation (AF) when mutated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, and involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases. However, little is known about the regulation of SCN5A by miRNAs. Here we reveal a novel post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism for expression and function of SCN5A/Nav1.5 via miR-192-5p. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that the 3'-UTR of human and rhesus SCN5A, but not elephant, pig, rabbit, mouse, and rat SCN5A, contained a target binding site for miR-192-5p and dual luciferase reporter assays showed that the site was critical for down-regulation of human SCN5A. With Western blot assays and electrophysiological studies, we demonstrated that miR-192-5p significantly reduced expression of SCN5A and Nav1.5 as well as peak sodium current density INa generated by Nav1.5. Notably, in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry and real-time qPCR analyses showed that miR-192-5p was up-regulated in tissue samples from AF patients, which was associated with down-regulation of SCN5A/Nav1.5. These results demonstrate an important post-transcriptional role of miR-192-5p in post-transcriptional regulation of Nav1.5, reveal a novel role of miR-192-5p in cardiac physiology and disease, and provide a new target for novel miRNA-based antiarrhythmic therapy for diseases with reduced INa. © 2015.
PubMed | LKey Laboratory of Biological Targeted Therapy of the Ministry of Education, Cardio nter and Key Laboratory of Biological Targeted Therapy of the Ministry of Education
Type: | Journal: The Journal of biological chemistry | Year: 2016
CD4+ T cells are abnormally activated in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and might be associated with the immunopathogenesis of the disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of CD4+ T cell activation remain largely undefined. Our aim was to investigate whether the dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) was associated with CD4+ T cell activation in DCM. CD4+ T cells from DCM patients showed increased expression levels of CD25 and CD69 and enhanced proliferation in response to anti-CD3/28, indicating an activated state. MiRNAs profiling analysis of magnetically sorted CD4+ T cells revealed a distinct pattern of miRNAs expression in CD4+ T cells from DCM patients compared with controls. The level of miRNA-451a (miR-451a) was significantly decreased in the CD4+ T cells of DCM patients compared with that of the controls. The transfection of T cells with a miR-451a mimic inhibited their activation and proliferation, whereas a miR-451a inhibitor produced the opposite effects. Myc was directly inhibited by miR-451a via interaction with its 3-UTR, thus identifying it as a miR-451a target in T cells. The knockdown of Myc suppressed the activation and proliferation of T cells, and the expression of Myc was significantly up-regulated at the mRNA level in CD4+ T cells from patients with DCM. A strong inverse correlation was observed between the Myc mRNA expression and miR-451a transcription level. Our data suggest that the down-regulation of miR-451a contributes to the activation and proliferation of CD4+ T cells by targeting the transcription factor Myc in DCM patients, and may contribute to the immunopathogenesis of DCM.