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The Carbon Trust is a not-for-dividend company that helps organisations reduce their carbon emissions and become more resource efficient. Its stated mission is to accelerate the move to a sustainable, low carbon economy. It reinvests surpluses from its group commercial activities into its mission.The Carbon Trust helps companies and organisations reduce carbon emissions and increase resource efficiency through providing specialist help, support and advice. As of December 2014 the Carbon Trust had saved its customers £5.5bn in costs and 60MtCO2. It operates globally and has offices in London, Beijing, Mexico City, Johannesburg and New York. It is particularly active in the UK, South Korea, China, the US, South Africa, Mexico and Brazil. Wikipedia.

News Article | September 13, 2016
Site: www.theenergycollective.com

The increasing abundance of retrofit solutions for lighting, heating and other key building systems is allowing customers to benefit from increased energy efficiency – but without incurring the sometimes intimidating costs associated with entirely new installations, says Energys Group Managing Director Kevin Cox. The motivation for businesses – be they large, medium or small – to investigate measures designed to reduce energy consumption is now truly manifold. Not only is there a regulatory impulse from both national governments and European institutions, there is also a moral dimension that encourages companies to do all they can to reduce their carbon footprints as the impact of climate change becomes increasingly apparent. Then there is the potential cost-saving that can result from next generation systems – a reduction that can be in excess of 60% in the case of the latest LED lighting technologies. But while major corporates may be in a position to undertake dramatic overhauls of their technological infrastructures, the same cannot always be said of SMEs. Indeed, even some larger companies can struggle to make the case to shareholders in what remains an unpredictable economic period. In these instances, the argument for exploring the opportunities presented by retrofitting – whereby new technologies are applied to older, existing systems – becomes highly persuasive. Not only can they allow businesses to enjoy reduced energy consumption across lighting, heating and other core building systems, they can also deliver these benefits with far lower installation costs and a fraction of the disruption that may be encountered with entirely new fitouts. In addition, there are also a number of attractive financing options that can help businesses to achieve this transition. Here at Energys we have consistently targeted primary sources of energy waste to devise solutions that allow businesses to achieve financial ‘easy wins’. As their high profile in the energy management media would suggest, retrofit energy-efficient lighting systems can deliver dramatic results; for example, we offer a plug-in T5 adapter, Save It Easy, that allows replacement of old-style fluorescent lamps with more efficient equivalents in the existing light fittings. Impressively, energy savings resulting from such retrofits can be in the region of 65% – and then there are the proven long-term benefits for employee health and performance to bear in mind. But our findings suggest that fewer businesses have contemplated retrofits affecting other building systems such as heating and general power supply. A technology such as boiler optimisation – which allows the efficiency of a boiler to be improved without any detrimental effect on the temperature of the building – can be installed in just a few hours with a minimum of disruption. But the long-term knock-on effect can be substantial, with typical energy savings of 15-30% per year and payback on the entire project achieved in no more than 24 months. Similarly, there is now an abundance of solutions aimed at overall power optimisation. These typically involve devices that are situated between the electricity supply and lighting distribution board, with the effect of reducing voltage, improving power factor and smoothing harmonics. Once again, the result is reduced energy consumption, with savings in the region of 40% by no means uncommon. Businesses may also be advised to instigate energy-saving sound surveys to remove compressed air and other gas leaks, as well as invest in reusable insulation covers for plant room equipment so that no heat is wasted. It is now common for businesses to seek to implement multiple such measures simultaneously. The same is true of other sectors, such as education, where Energys Group also remains highly active. For example, a recent retrofit upgrade at Hackney Community College (HCC) in East London entailed the conversion of 4,900 lamps to LED, as well as the implementation of boiler optimisation controls and specialist insulation. The switch to LED alone is expected to generate an annual energy saving of £70,000, whilst the overall upgrade is on course to pay for itself in just over 2.5 years. In the case of HCC, the college successfully applied to the Salix Finance Scheme, which continues to help many public sector organisations make the change. But there are also several programmes aimed at helping commercial facilities to implement energy efficient technologies, including leasing schemes, loans provided by Siemens Financial Services at commercial rates of interest, and Government-backed Carbon Trust loans for SMEs in Wales and Northern Ireland. Applying for funding under these and other schemes can be difficult and time-consuming, but the good news is that many specialists (including Energys) are now more than happy to assist with the application process. Once again, then, it is evident that tapping the services of a collaborator with a proven and distinguished track-record in energy efficiency can make all the difference to the fruition of a project. Far from being limited to the conversion of lighting systems, today’s energy saving initiatives can encompass heating, power optimisation, control and other core building systems. While sizeable investments may be attached to such upgrades, retrofitting provides the best possible way for businesses to benefit from the latest technologies without incurring all the costs of ‘from scratch’ installations.

The Batwind project aims to wire-in a 1MWh lithium ion (Li-ion) system to Buchan Deep, a 30MW five-turbine development to be moored in over 100 metres of water off Peterhead, Scotland, to help smooth the yearly 135GWh of power the array – also known as Hywind Scotland – will flow onto the grid, starting in 2018. “We’re keen to explore broader concepts such as energy storage to make decentralised offshore wind viable in the future – bringing the cost down and make it more competitive,” Stephen Bull, Statoil’s senior vice president for offshore wind, tells Recharge. “Inside the company we feel [battery storage technology] is part of a skills set we just must have. Hywind Scotland was identified as the best place to start this process. This is not a one-off. It is something to build on, to capture the knowledge for future full-scale wind farm developments.” Bull points to the possibility of using an upscaled Batwind system, designed for installation both offshore and on, as part of the developer’s 402MW Dudgeon wind farm or 7.2GW Dogger Bank zone. For Buchan Deep, the Li-ion technology – which won out of a range of others including compressed air storage and hydrogen cells – will be bolted on to the substation at Peterhead, to keep costs at a minimum. “Through the Batwind concept, we can optimise the energy system from wind park to grid, applying advanced data analytics,” says Bull. “Battery storage represents a new application in our offshore wind portfolio, contributing to realising our ambition of profitable growth in this area.” A programme is now being set-up to fund innovation in battery storage by Statoil and Scottish industry and academia, and will be managed by Catapult and Scottish Enterprise. “We are developing a programme that will match Scottish supply chain capabilities and research excellence with the technology challenges of developing innovative battery storage solutions, ensuring Scotland and the wider UK benefits from the economic opportunities presented by this internationally important project,” says Catapult chief executive Andrew Jamieson. Cian Conroy, Catapult’s business development director, adds: “The offshore wind industry is quite risk-averse and so demonstration projects [such as Batwind] are a key enabler – both crucial to proving the viability and advancing the technology and also pushing ahead the policy agenda that is needed to support wider-scale use of technologies that will make a measurable difference to the offshore wind’s cost of energy.” According to Bull, the supplier of the Li-ion battery for the Buchan Deep project will be selected in “early 2018”, with the unit installed later the same year. “This is more than just hardware we are developing [through the Batwind project],” emphasises Bull. “It is about the knowledge base – pulling together the algorithms for the array’s control system, running the numbers, doing the big data. This is where the real value in the project lies. “It is a small project but we believe something big will come out of it.” Scotland’s Energy Minister Fergus Ewing states: “The signing of this memorandum of understanding will allow the signatories to work together in the development of the Batwind battery storage solution. This will help maximise the renewable generation of the Hywind offshore wind farm, whilst informing the case for energy storage and demonstrating the technology’s ability to support renewables in Scotland and internationally.” The Hywind floating wind turbine concept is based on long-used offshore technology — the spar, which has enjoyed a long history in giant form as floating foundations for deepwater oil production platforms since the mid-1990s. Hywind 1, the prototype topped out with a 2.3MW Siemens turbine, has performed superbly since switch on in 2009, weathering winds of 40 metres per second (m/s) and winter waves 15 metres high — and churning out electricty at an average capacity of over 50%. The second-generation Hywind 2 is an evolutionary advancement of the flagship unit, most of all because the hull's length has been trimmed to a more compact, lighter, "site optimised" design that stretches 76 metres below the surface — compared to the 100-metre draft of the prototype — which should open up a wider offshore market for the deepwater concept. In June the Scottish government released a far-reaching study on floating wind power that points to its fast approaching commercialisation. Produced by government-industry body the UK Carbon Trust, the report found that floating wind concepts have the potential to cut generated levelised cost of energy (LCoE) to below £100/MWh in utility-scale deployments, with Hywind calculated to be on track to reach an LCoE of £85-£95MWh. Make Consulting estimates some 3.4GW of floating wind power will be switched on by 2030, led by markets in Japan and France. See a Statoil video on the Buchan Deep project here. NOW READ: IN DEPTH: Get ready for the next wave of floating wind

The overarching objective of EU-MERCI is to support, in a coordinated way, the growth of energy efficiency in industry processes. It will develop methods and tools for assisting EU industry in the effective implementation of energy efficiency improvements and in the monitoring of the energy savings, in application of the 2012/27/EU Directive. The methodology will be based on the analysis of thousands real energy efficiency projects implemented according with the current energy policies and measures in different MSs and dealing with tenths of different industry sectors and processes. Energy efficiency solutions will be typified according with agreed criteria concerning applications, processes and technologies: best practices, algorithms and procedures of efficiency assessment will be derived, harmonized and standardized. The goal is to answer the questions: what are the most effective actions improving the efficiency in a particular process or industry sector? How to specifically implement them? What are the most promising technologies? What is the efficiency improvement attainable with each action? How to measure, monitor and report the savings? What are the associated costs? EU-MERCI, with recommendation and specific dissemination actions, will also assist policy makers and public authorities in the assessment of the effectiveness and transparency of the mechanisms, giving them also a picture of the technologies and efficiency improvements to incentive. Lessons learned from countries with consolidated energy efficiency schemes in place will be transferred to countries less advanced. The outputs of EU-MERCI will be specifically validated for the agrifood industry at a pan-European level. Finally, it is expected that, as a result of the assistance to industry, the number and effectiveness of energy efficiency improvements will greatly increase, thus contributing to the attainment of the EU and national energy goals.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Centre | Award Amount: 171.35K | Year: 2012

Awaiting Public Project Summary

Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 5.21M | Year: 2013

The UK is committed to a target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% before 2050. With over 40% of fossil fuels used for low temperature heating and 16% of electricity used for cooling these are key areas that must be addressed. The vision of our interdisciplinary centre is to develop a portfolio of technologies that will deliver heat and cold cost-effectively and with such high efficiency as to enable the target to be met, and to create well planned and robust Business, Infrastructure and Technology Roadmaps to implementation. Features of our approach to meeting the challenge are: a) Integration of economic, behavioural, policy and capability/skills factors together with the science/technology research to produce solutions that are technically excellent, compatible with and appealing to business, end-users, manufacturers and installers. b) Managing our research efforts in Delivery Temperature Work Packages (DTWPs) (freezing/cooling, space heating, process heat) so that exemplar study solutions will be applicable in more than one sector (e.g. Commercial/Residential, Commercial/Industrial). c) The sub-tasks (projects) of the DTWPs will be assigned to distinct phases: 1st Wave technologies or products will become operational in a 5-10 year timescale, 2nd Wave ideas and concepts for application in the longer term and an important part of the 2050 energy landscape. 1st Wave projects will lead to a demonstration or field trial with an end user and 2nd Wave projects will lead to a proof-of-concept (PoC) assessment. d) Being market and emission-target driven, research will focus on needs and high volume markets that offer large emission reduction potential to maximise impact. Phase 1 (near term) activities must promise high impact in terms of CO2 emissions reduction and technologies that have short turnaround times/high rates of churn will be prioritised. e) A major dissemination network that engages with core industry stakeholders, end users, contractors and SMEs in regular workshops and also works towards a Skills Capability Development Programme to identify the new skills needed by the installers and operators of the future. The SIRACH (Sustainable Innovation in Refrigeration Air Conditioning and Heating) Network will operate at national and international levels to maximise impact and findings will be included in teaching material aimed at the development of tomorrows engineering professionals. f) To allow the balance and timing of projects to evolve as results are delivered/analysed and to maximise overall value for money and impact of the centre only 50% of requested resources are earmarked in advance. g) Each DTWP will generally involve the complete multidisciplinary team in screening different solutions, then pursuing one or two chosen options to realisation and test. Our consortium brings together four partners: Warwick, Loughborough, Ulster and London South Bank Universities with proven track records in electric and gas heat pumps, refrigeration technology, heat storage as well as policy / regulation, end-user behaviour and business modelling. Industrial, commercial, NGO and regulatory resources and advice will come from major stakeholders such as DECC, Energy Technologies Institute, National Grid, British Gas, Asda, Co-operative Group, Hewlett Packard, Institute of Refrigeration, Northern Ireland Housing Executive. An Advisory Board with representatives from Industry, Government, Commerce, and Energy Providers as well as international representation from centres of excellence in Germany, Italy and Australia will provide guidance. Collaboration (staff/student exchange, sharing of results etc.) with government-funded thermal energy centres in Germany (at Fraunhofer ISE), Italy (PoliMi, Milan) and Australia (CSIRO) clearly demonstrate the international relevance and importance of the topic and will enhance the effectiveness of the international effort to combat climate change.

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