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Schoenung S.M.,Longitude 122 West Inc. | Keller J.O.,Carbon Solutions, Inc
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2017

The market for renewable hydrogen in California is based primarily on the projected need for hydrogen fuel for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) as they are currently coming to the roads in California. The demand is projected to be 70 million kg/year by 2030. This analysis shows that hydrogen demand can be filled through commercial electrolysis using excess renewable energy. This paper is also focused on the revenue potential for the use of electrolysis to provide fuel for FCEVs, and from demand response at the wholesale level, thus enabling greater penetration of renewables. Clean fuel not only reduces pollution and greenhouse gases from the transport sector, but also provides carbon credits as a bonus revenue stream. The analysis addresses both demand and supply in the 2030 and 2050 timeframes. © 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC.

The report has a global sweep. From ongoing visits, it explains how, recognising the distaste of the Japanese motor industry for highly toxic electrolytes, Nippon Chemical in Japan jumped from nowhere to number two in supercapacitors in the world by making supercapacitors for cars that had benign electrolytes. "Supercapacitor Materials 2017-2027" expresses the view that, partly because its supercapacitor suppliers have become more capable, China has recently reversed its policy on traditional hybrid vehicles, declaring that in 2030, 30% of cars made would be hybrids that do not plug in - candidates for supercapacitors. With GM now adopting them, supercapacitors are rapidly taking market share of stop-start systems for conventional vehicles. "Supercapacitor Materials 2017-2027" finds that electrolytes with totally new chemistry are pairing well with new exohedral active electrodes. Hybrid capacitors are benefitting from totally new electrolyte-electrode pairings in the laboratory at least. Are the old rules of extremely hydrophobic assembly following complex high temperature processes really necessary for best performance? Everything is being questioned now. 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 1.1. Comparison with batteries 1.2. Comparison with electrolytic capacitors 1.3. Focus on functional materials 1.4. Options: operating principles 1.5. What needs improving? 1.6. Construction and cost structure 1.7. Choices of material: important parameters to improve 1.8. Progress with electrode materials 1.9. Electrolytes 1.10. Supercabatteries 1.11. Graphene goes well with the new electrolytes 1.12. Materials maturity and profit 1.13. Market forecast 2017-2027 1.14. Hemp pseudo graphene? 1.15. Supercapacitors on the smaller scale 1.16. Supercapacitor materials news 2. INTRODUCTION 2.1. Where supercapacitors fit in 2.2. Supercapacitors and supercabattery basics 2.3. Supercapacitors and alternatives compared 2.4. Fundamentals 2.5. Laminar biodegradable option 2.6. Structural supercapacitors 2.7. Electrolyte improvements ahead 2.8. Equivalent circuits and limitations 2.9. Supercapacitor sales have a new driver: safety 2.10. Disruptive supercapacitors now taken more seriously 2.11. Change of leadership of the global value market? 2.12. Battery and fuel cell management with supercapacitors 2.13. Graphene vs other carbon forms in supercapacitors 2.14. Environmentally friendlier and safer materials 2.15. Printing supercapacitors 2.16. New manufacturing sites in Europe 2.17. Modelling insights 5. ELECTRODE MATERIALS AND OTHERS 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Electrodes and other materials compared by company 5.3. Materials optimisation 5.4. Progress with electrode materials 5.5. Graphene 5.6. Higher voltage electrolytes 5.7. Aqueous electrolytes become attractive 5.8. Organic ionic electrolytes 5.9. Acetonitrile concern 5.10. Supercabattery improvement 6. COMPANY PROFILES 6.1. 2D Carbon Graphene Material Co., Ltd 6.2. Abalonyx, Norway 6.3. Airbus, France 6.4. Aixtron, Germany 6.5. AMO GmbH, Germany 6.6. Asbury Carbon, USA 6.7. AZ Electronics, Luxembourg 6.8. BASF, Germany 6.9. Cambridge Graphene Centre, UK 6.10. Cambridge Graphene Platform, UK 6.11. Carben Semicon Ltd, Russia 6.12. Carbon Solutions, Inc., USA 6.13. Catalyx Nanotech Inc. (CNI), USA 6.14. CRANN, Ireland 6.15. Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), USA 6.16. Grafoid, Canada 6.17. GRAnPH Nanotech, Spain 6.18. Graphene Devices, USA 6.19. Graphene NanoChem, UK 6.20. Graphensic AB, Sweden 6.21. Harbin Mulan Foreign Economic and Trade Company, China 6.22. HDPlas, USA 6.23. Head, Austria 6.24. HRL Laboratories, USA 6.25. IBM, USA 6.26. iTrix, Japan 6.27. JiangSu GeRui Graphene Venture Capital Co., Ltd. 6.28. Jinan Moxi New Material Technology Co., Ltd 6.29. JSR Micro, Inc. / JM Energy Corp. 6.30. Lockheed Martin, USA 6.31. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA 6.32. Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany 6.33. Momentive, USA 6.34. Nanjing JCNANO Tech Co., LTD 6.35. Nanjing XFNANO Materials Tech Co.,Ltd 6.36. Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials, Inc., USA 6.36.1. Nippon ChemiCon/ United ChemiCon Japan 6.37. Nokia, Finland 6.38. Pennsylvania State University, USA 6.39. Power Booster, China 6.40. Quantum Materials Corp, India 6.41. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), USA 6.42. Rice University, USA 6.43. Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey, USA 6.44. Samsung Electronics, Korea 6.45. Samsung Techwin, Korea 6.46. SolanPV, USA 6.47. Spirit Aerosystems, USA 6.48. Sungkyunkwan University Advanced Institute of Nano Technology (SAINT), Korea 6.48.1. Taiyo Yuden 6.49. Texas Instruments, USA 6.50. Thales, France 6.51. The Sixth Element 6.52. University of California Los Angeles, (UCLA), USA 6.53. University of Manchester, UK 6.54. University of Princeton, USA 6.55. University of Southern California (USC), USA 6.56. University of Surrey UK 6.57. University of Texas at Austin, USA 6.58. University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/wx5zdv/supercapacitor To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-supercapacitor-materials-market-2017-2027-market-will-triple-over-the-coming-decade--research-and-markets-300458317.html

Jha N.,University of California at Riverside | Ramesh P.,Carbon Solutions, Inc | Bekyarova E.,University of California at Riverside | Bekyarova E.,Carbon Solutions, Inc | And 3 more authors.
Advanced Energy Materials | Year: 2012

A high energy density supercapacitor device is reported that utilizes hybrid carbon electrodes and the ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BMIMBF 4) as an electrolyte. The hybrid electrodes are prepared from reduced graphite oxide (rGO) and purified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). A simple casting technique gives the hybrid structure with optimum porosity and functionality that provides high energy and power densities. The combination of SWCNTs and rGO in a weight ratio of 1:1 is found to afford a specific capacitance of 222 F g -1 and an energy density of 94 Wh kg -1 at room temperature. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Carbon Solutions, Inc | Date: 2011-12-12

A closed-loop heat exchange system and related methods for harnessing subterranean heat energy from a subterranean zone having a passive heat transfer device with multiple operational modes for targeting hotspots within the subterranean zone and adjusting the rate of energy harnessed according to consumption demands. The system can also have at least one enhanced surface section for increasing the heat exchange efficiency and/or a variable pump for controlling the rate at which the working fluid travels through the passive heat transfer device.

Carbon Solutions, Inc | Date: 2012-02-03

An acid-impregnated activated carbon matrix is formed from a carbonaceous material by the addition of a mineral acid, and may be used to chemisorb ammonia from a gas stream. The ammonia reacts with the acid to form a fertilizer salt. The spent matrix may be used as a fertilizer, or the fertilizer salt may be elutriated from the matrix.

Systems and methods for the purification of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by continuous liquid extraction are disclosed. Carbon nanotubes are introduced to a flow of liquid that enables the separation of CNTs from impurities due to differences in the dispersibility of the CNTs and the impurities within the liquid. Examples of such impurities may include amorphous carbon, graphitic nanoparticles, and metal containing nanoparticles. The continuous extraction process may be performed in one or more stages, where one or more of extraction parameters may be varied between the stages of the continuous extraction process in order to effect removal of selected impurities from the CNTs. The extraction parameters may include, but are not limited to, the extraction liquid, the flow rate of the extraction liquid, the agitation of the liquid, and the pH of the liquid, and may be varied, depending on the impurity to be removed from the CNTs.

Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 484.74K | Year: 2010

New material systems are required as a result of advanced performance criteria for the next generation destroyer program and other Navy ships. As a part of these requirements there is high demand for high strength structural composites. The objective of the STTR Phase II project is to develop high strength and light weight structural composites utilizing functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as a nanoscale reinforcement. We propose to significantly increase the out-of-plane mechanical properties of the carbon fiber/epoxy composites by the introduction of SWNTs; SWNTs are considered to be the ideal reinforcing agent for advanced polymer composites because of their tremendous mechanical strength, exceptional electronic and thermal properties, nanometer scale diameter, high aspect ratio and light weight. Our approach is to apply chemistry to modify the SWNTs and engineer the interfacial interaction with the resins, because the formation of a strong interface is a critical step in the efficient translation of the excellent mechanical properties of SWNTs into the composite materials. In Phase I of this STTR project we demonstrated the feasibility of utilizing chemically modified SWNTs for the VARTM fabrication of carbon fiber/epoxy composites and showed that the incorporation of SWNTs improved shear strength and preserved in-plane mechanical properties.

Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Army | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 471.60K | Year: 2014

This project aims to develop solid-state hybrid energy storage devices with nanostructured electrode materials combined with an ionic liquid-based electrolyte. The main objective of Phase II is design and fabrication of a hybrid energy storage system,

Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Army | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 100.00K | Year: 2013

This project aims to develop all-solid-state hybrid energy storage devices with flexible nanostructured electrode materials combined with a polymer electrolyte. The hybrid devices utilize a capacitor-like electrode based on graphene and carbon nanotubes and a battery-like electrode, comprised of nanostructured LiFePO4 grown on a graphene support. The proposed device combines the advantages of anode, cathode and electrolyte to deliver energy densities>100 Wh/kg, maintain power densities above 1 kW/kg and provide longer life cycle than a typical rechargeable battery. The proposed approach extends to the conformal fabrication of current collectors, electrodes and electrolyte which allow the hybrid devices to be integrated in the next generation of electronic devices.

News Article | November 9, 2016
Site: globenewswire.com

Sarasota, FL, Nov. 09, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Zion Research has published a new report titled “Carbon Nanotubes Market, By Type (Single Walled Nanotubes (SWNT), Multi Walled Nanotubes (MWNT)) for Polymers, Electrical and Electronics, Energy, Composites and Other Applications: Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis and Forecast, 2016 – 2021”. According to the report, the carbon nanotubes market accounted for USD 2.36 Billion in 2015 and is expected to reach USD 5.31 Billion by 2021, growing at a CAGR of around 18.6% between 2016 and 2021. Carbon nanotubes are nano-sized cylindrical tubes made up of carbon atoms. Carbon nanotubes are segmented by type as single walled nanotubes and multi walled nanotubes. Multi walled nanotubes accounted for significant market share. Revenue value for multi walled nanotubes accounted USD 2.07 billion in 2015 and is expected to grow up to USD 5.12 billion during the forecast period. Furthermore, single walled nanotubes accounted only 6.0% of the total carbon nanotubes market. Browse through 24 Market Tables and 20 Figures spread over 167 Pages and in-depth TOC on “Global Carbon Nanotubes Market: Type, Application, Product, Size, Share, Industry Segment and Forecast 2015-2021”. Electrical and electronics segment accounted over 20% share of the total global carbon nanotubes market in 2015, followed by polymers. The global carbon nanotubes are expected to witness significant growth over the forecast period on account of increasing demand from polymers industry. India, being the global leader in electrical and electronics market will witness a massive investment in CNT in the future. Besides the polymers and electrical and electronics segments, India is set to witness a CAGR growth of 45.3% (2016-2021) in the field of nanotechnology for energy sectors. Asia-Pacific is the fastest growing regional market for CNTs due to the inflow of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in the energy sector. North America accounted around 23% market in 2015. U.S. carbon nanotubes market grow because of robust manufacturing of engineered polymers such as PEEK (Polyether Ether Ketone).U.S. carbon nanotubes market size was valued at over USD 280 million in 2015. Mexico Government has announced National Infrastructure Plans (NIP), for boosting electronics and energy sectors that will increase the demand of CNTs at domestic level during forecast period. North America is expected to exhibit significant increase in demand for CNTs during the forecast period. Inquire more about this report @ https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/inquiry/carbon-nanotubes-market Asia-Pacific is expected to remain one of the largest markets in 2021 on account of growing polymer and electronics industries in China and India. It accounted more than 45% of the global CNTs market in 2015.  Increasing electronics manufacturing in China, South Korea, Singapore and Japan is expected to have a positive impact on CNT market. Furthermore, product from complementary industries such as smart phones and LED television showed positive impact on CNTs market in 2015.   Government of India has announced National Solar Mission. For this Government has been focusing on production of solar energy and promoting new investments in the manufacturing of solar cells. This is expected to increase the demand for CNT in India for the production of solar cells during the forecast period 2016-2021. More than 200 companies around the world are manufacturing CNTs and this number is expected to increase to more than 280 within the forecast period 2016-2021. There are more than 1,500 institutions and companies that are engaged in carbon nanotubes Research and Development (R&D). Browse the full "Carbon Nanotubes Market, By Type (Single Walled Nanotubes (SWNT), Multi Walled Nanotubes (MWNT)) for Polymers, Electrical and Electronics, Energy, Composites and Other Applications: Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis and Forecast, 2016 – 2021" report at https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/report/carbon-nanotubes-market Key players in the market include Carbon Solutions, Inc., Cheap Tubes Inc., Klean Carbon Inc., Nanocyl S.A., Nanolab Inc., Southwest Nanotechnologies, Inc., Nanothinx S.A., Toray Industries, Inc., Arry International Group Limited, Hanwha Chemical Co. Ltd. This report segments the global carbon nanotubes market as follows: Global Carbon Nanotubes Market: Type Segment Analysis Zion Market Research is an obligated company. We create futuristic, cutting edge, informative reports ranging from industry reports, company reports to country reports. We provide our clients not only with market statistics unveiled by avowed private publishers and public organizations but also with vogue and newest industry reports along with pre-eminent and niche company profiles. Our database of market research reports comprises a wide variety of reports from cardinal industries. Our database is been updated constantly in order to fulfill our clients with prompt and direct online access to our database. Keeping in mind the client’s needs, we have included expert insights on global industries, products, and market trends in this database. Last but not the least, we make it our duty to ensure the success of clients connected to us—after all—if you do well, a little of the light shines on us.

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