Capitol University is a non-sectarian, co-educational private university located in Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines. It is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as a stock corporation and operates with the authority of the Department of Education for its primary and secondary programs and the Commission on Higher Education for its tertiary, graduate and postgraduate programs. Wikipedia.
Pan W.,Blood Brain Barrier Group |
Wu X.,Blood Brain Barrier Group |
Wu X.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
He Y.,Blood Brain Barrier Group |
And 5 more authors.
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews | Year: 2013
Interleukin (IL)-15 is a ubiquitously expressed cytokine existing in both intracellular and secretory forms. Here we review the expression, regulation, and functions of IL15 and its receptors in the brain. IL15 receptors show robust upregulation after neuroinflammation, suggesting a major role of IL15 signaling in cerebral function. Involvement of the IL15 system in neuropsychiatric behavior is reflected by the effects of IL15, IL15Rα, and IL2Rγ deletions on neurobehavior and neurotransmitters, the effects of IL15 treatment on neuronal activity, and the potential role of IL15 in neuroplasticity/neurogenesis. The results show that IL15 modulates GABA and serotonin transmission. This may underlie deficits in mood (depressive-like behavior and decreased normal anxiety) and memory, as well as activity level, sleep, and thermoregulation. Although IL15 has only a low level of permeation across the blood-brain barrier, peripheral IL15 is able to activate multiple signaling pathways in neurons widely distributed in CNS regions. The effects of IL15 in " preventing" neuropsychiatric symptoms in normal mice implicate a potential therapeutic role of this polypeptide cytokine. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Berg D.,German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases |
Berg D.,Hertie Institute of Clinical Brain Research |
Postuma R.B.,Montreal General Hospital |
Adler C.H.,The Parkinsons Disease and Movement Disorders Center |
And 17 more authors.
Movement Disorders | Year: 2015
This article describes research criteria and probability methodology for the diagnosis of prodromal PD. Prodromal disease refers to the stage wherein early symptoms or signs of PD neurodegeneration are present, but classic clinical diagnosis based on fully evolved motor parkinsonism is not yet possible. Given the lack of clear neuroprotective/disease-modifying therapy for prodromal PD, these criteria were developed for research purposes only. The criteria are based upon the likelihood of prodromal disease being present with probable prodromal PD defined as ≥80% certainty. Certainty estimates rely upon calculation of an individual's risk of having prodromal PD, using a Bayesian naïve classifier. In this methodology, a previous probability of prodromal disease is delineated based upon age. Then, the probability of prodromal PD is calculated by adding diagnostic information, expressed as likelihood ratios. This diagnostic information combines estimates of background risk (from environmental risk factors and genetic findings) and results of diagnostic marker testing. In order to be included, diagnostic markers had to have prospective evidence documenting ability to predict clinical PD. They include motor and nonmotor clinical symptoms, clinical signs, and ancillary diagnostic tests. These criteria represent a first step in the formal delineation of early stages of PD and will require constant updating as more information becomes available. © 2015 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
Postuma R.B.,Montreal General Hospital |
Postuma R.B.,L7 305 Montreal General Hospital |
Berg D.,German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases |
Stern M.,Penn Neurological Institute |
And 15 more authors.
Movement Disorders | Year: 2015
This document presents the Movement Disorder Society Clinical Diagnostic Criteria for Parkinson's disease (PD). The Movement Disorder Society PD Criteria are intended for use in clinical research but also may be used to guide clinical diagnosis. The benchmark for these criteria is expert clinical diagnosis; the criteria aim to systematize the diagnostic process, to make it reproducible across centers and applicable by clinicians with less expertise in PD diagnosis. Although motor abnormalities remain central, increasing recognition has been given to nonmotor manifestations; these are incorporated into both the current criteria and particularly into separate criteria for prodromal PD. Similar to previous criteria, the Movement Disorder Society PD Criteria retain motor parkinsonism as the core feature of the disease, defined as bradykinesia plus rest tremor or rigidity. Explicit instructions for defining these cardinal features are included. After documentation of parkinsonism, determination of PD as the cause of parkinsonism relies on three categories of diagnostic features: absolute exclusion criteria (which rule out PD), red flags (which must be counterbalanced by additional supportive criteria to allow diagnosis of PD), and supportive criteria (positive features that increase confidence of the PD diagnosis). Two levels of certainty are delineated: clinically established PD (maximizing specificity at the expense of reduced sensitivity) and probable PD (which balances sensitivity and specificity). The Movement Disorder Society criteria retain elements proven valuable in previous criteria and omit aspects that are no longer justified, thereby encapsulating diagnosis according to current knowledge. As understanding of PD expands, the Movement Disorder Society criteria will need continuous revision to accommodate these advances. © 2015 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
Saculinggan M.,Mindanao University of Science and Technology |
Balase E.A.,Capitol University
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2013
Most statistical tests such as t-tests, linear regression analysis and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) require the normality assumptions. When the normality assumption is violated, interpretation and inferences may not be reliable. Therefore it is important to assess such assumption before using any appropriate statistical test. One of the commonly used procedures in determining whether a random sample of size n comes from a normal population are the goodness-of-fit tests for normality. Several studies have already been conducted on the comparison of the different goodness-of-fit(see, for example ) but it is generally limited to the sample size or to the number of GOF tests being compared(see, for example     ). This paper compares the power of six formal tests of normality: Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (see ), Anderson-Darling test, Shapiro-Wilk test, Lilliefors test, Chi-Square test (see ) and D'Agostino-Pearson test. Small, moderate and large sample sizes and various contamination levels were used to obtain the power of each test via Monte Carlo simulation. Ten thousand samples of each sample size and contamination level at a fixed type I error rate α were generated from the given alternative distribution. The power of each test was then obtained by comparing the normality test statistics with the respective critical values. Results show that the power of all six tests is low for small sample size(see, for example ). But for n = 20, the Shapiro-Wilk test and Anderson-Darling test have achieved high power. For n = 60, Shapiro-Wilk test and Liliefors test are most powerful. For large sample size, Shapiro-Wilk test is most powerful (see, for example ). However, the test that achieves the highest power under all conditions for large sample size is D'Agostino-Pearson test (see, for example ). © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Li A.,Capitol University
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2013
To investigate the current situation of treatment for acute chemical poisoning in the emergency departments and occupational disease departments of some general hospitals and to provide a basis for improving the ability of general hospital to deal with acute chemical poisoning. Four hospitals from Shandong Province, Beijing City, and Shanxi Province, China were selected in the study. They included two first-class hospitals located in the downtown, where the patients with acute chemical poisoning from urban and suburban areas were admitted to the occupational disease departments, and two second-class hospitals located in the suburban area or county, where the patients with acute chemical poisoning from the suburban area were admitted to the emergency departments. A questionnaire survey was conducted in 141 medical workers (51 persons in the emergence department group and 90 persons in the occupational disease department group) that were engaged in the treatment of acute chemical poisoning in the four hospitals; 1999 medical records were analyzed. Individual in-depth interviews, questionnaire investigation, and field observation were used to compare the emergency department group and occupational disease department group in terms of the ability to deal with acute chemical poisoning and the training on treatment for acute chemical poisoning. The emergency department group had significantly higher proportion of pesticide poisoning cases than the occupational disease department group (P<0.01). Thirty-seven of the patients in occupational disease department group died, with a fatality rate of 2.7%, and 14 of the patients in emergence department group died,with a fatality rate of 2.2%, so there was no significant difference between the two groups in this regard (P>0.05). There were significantly more cases treated without emergency plan in the emergency department group than in the occupational disease department group ( 37.3% vs. 10.0%, P <0.0 1). The occupational disease department group had significantly higher score of knowledge about the treatment for acute chemical poisoning than the emergence department group (7.2±1.3 vs. 5.2±0.9, P<0.01 ). There were significantly lower proportions of medical staff who had received training on the knowledge about acute chemical poisoning and on the emergency disposal of acute chemical poisoning in the emergency department group than in the occupational disease department group (P<0.05). There is a lack of the knowledge about treatment for acute chemical poisoning and protective measures during treatment among the medical staff in general hospitals, and related training and emergency plan are needed.
de Bocanegra H.T.,Capitol University |
Rostovtseva D.P.,Capitol University |
Khera S.,Capitol University |
Godhwani N.,Capitol University
Violence Against Women | Year: 2010
Women who experience intimate partner violence often experience birth control sabotage, forced sex, and partner's unwillingness to use condoms. We interviewed 53 women at four domestic violence shelters. Participants reported that their abusive partners frequently refused to use condoms, impeded them from accessing health care, and subjected them to birth control sabotage, infidelity, and forced sex. However, women also reported strategies to counteract these actions, particularly against birth control sabotage and attempts to force them to abort or continue a pregnancy. Domestic violence counselors can focus on these successful strategies to validate coping skills and build self-esteem. © The Author(s) 2010.
DiCocco M.,Capitol University
U.S. Air Force T and E Days 2010 | Year: 2010
FOR those of us with many years of experience in the Test and Evaluation (T&E) arena, the establishment of T&E training and education standards and curricula may seem easy. Oftentimes we take it for granted that many fundamental principles are easily taught, or perhaps even understood a priori with little actual instruction needed. However, a recent opportunity to teach T&E in a foreign country, away from the usual defense acquisition student framework to which I'm accustomed, highlighted the need to re-think how and what we teach, whether it be the T&E "basics" or more advanced principles. This paper will outline lessons learned from the preparations for, and the accomplishment of, an intensive instructor duty assignment to Taiwan teaching Defense Acquisition Workforce intermediate and advanced T&E principles and practices tailored to the Taiwanese defense ministry. Some overarching priorities and findings applicable to the training and education of the United States' T&E workforce will also be suggested.
Umaran M.V.A.,Capitol University |
Menchavez R.L.,Institute of Chemical Technology
Materials Research | Year: 2013
The optimum dispersion and rheological properties of red clay-based ceramic suspension loaded with unary and binary starch were investigated in aqueous medium. The aqueous ceramic suspension was prepared consisting of red clay, quartz, feldspar, and distilled water. Using a polyelectrolyte dispersant (Darvan 821A), the ternary ceramic powder was initially optimized to give the smallest average particle size at 0.8 wt. (%) dispersant dosage as supported by sedimentation test. This resulted into an optimum high solid loading of 55 wt. (%). The addition of either unary or binary starches to the optimized ceramic slurry increased the viscosity but maintained an acceptable fluidity. The mechanism of such viscosity increase was found to be due to an adsorption of starch granules onto ceramic surfaces causing tolerable agglomeration. Correspondingly, the rheological evaluations showed that the flow behaviors of all starch-loaded ceramic slurries can be described using Herschel-Bulkley model. The parameters from this model indicated that all ceramic slurries loaded with starch are shear thinning that is required for direct casting process. © 2013.
Wetke E.,Capitol University |
Zerahn B.,Capitol University |
Kofoed H.,Capitol University
Foot and Ankle Surgery | Year: 2012
Background: We hypothesized that a total replacement of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP-1) would alter the walking pattern with medialisation of the ground reaction force (GRF) of the foot and subsequently cause an increase in bone mineral density (BMD) in the medial metatarsal bones and a decline of BMD in the lateral metatarsal bones. Methods: Twelve patients receiving total joint replacements (Roto-Glide ®) of MTP-1 were enrolled in a prospective cohort. BMD and pedobarography of the heel bone and the metatarsal heads were performed preoperatively and at least 12 months postoperatively. Results: BMD in the lateral metatarsals and GRF under the lateral column of the operated feet decreased significantly on the operated feet. Conclusions: Total joint replacement of MTP-1 tends to reduce GRF under the lateral column of the foot causing a corresponding decline in BMD and pedobarographic measures. Our findings support the further use of the Roto-Glide ® prosthesis for osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. © 2011 European Foot and Ankle Society.
Chabot M.J.,Capitol University |
Navarro S.,Capitol University |
Swann D.,Capitol University |
Darney P.,Capitol University |
De Bocanegra H.T.,Capitol University
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2014
Objectives. We examined the association of adolescent birthrates (ABRs) with access to and receipt of publicly funded family planning services in California counties provided through 2 state programs: Medi-Cal, California's Medicaid program, and the Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment (Family PACT) program. Methods. Our key data sources included the California Health Interview Survey and California Women's Health Survey, Medi-Cal and Family PACT claims data, and the Birth Statistical Master File. We constructed a linear regression analysis measuring the relationship of access to and receipt of family planning services with ABRs when controlling for counties' select covariates. Results. The regression analysis indicated that a higher access rate to Family PACT in a county was associated with a lower ABR (B = -0.19; P < .01) when controlling for unemployment rate, percentage of foreign-born adolescents, and percentage of adult low-income births. Conclusions. Efforts to reduce ABRs, specifically in counties that had persistently high rates are critical to achieving a healthy future for the state and the nation. Family PACT played a crucial role in helping adolescents avoid unintended and early childbearing.