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North College Hill, OH, United States

Capital University is a private accredited liberal arts and research university in the Columbus, suburb of Bexley, Ohio. Capital was founded originally as the Theological Seminary of the"Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Ohio" in 1830, and later was associated with its successor, the American Lutheran Church. The university has undergraduate and graduate programs, as well as a law school. Capital University is the oldest university in Central Ohio and is one of the oldest and largest Lutheran-affiliated universities in North America.According to an economic impact study, Capital University provides nearly $162 million in earnings, employment, and output to the eight county Columbus metro area based on 2011-12 data. Wikipedia.

Salt E.,University of Kentucky | Peden A.,Capital University
Qualitative Health Research | Year: 2011

There are effective medications available for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); yet, medication adherence remains a problem. In this study, grounded theory methodology was used to investigate the decision-making process used by 30 women with RA when deciding to participate in an evidence-based treatment regimen for this disease. From the study findings, a four-phase process was identified. Pain, life functioning, and exhaustion of health care resources are the components of the initial phase, decision initiation. During knowledge acquisition, the second phase, patients attain information about RA and medications used for its treatment from varying sources. The third phase, trusting the health care provider, is defined by a trusting relationship between patients and health care providers. Patients decide to take or not take medications for RA during the final phase, decision is made. The participating women with RA used a complex decision-making process when deciding to take medications for this disease. © The Author(s) 2011.

Nielsen J.,Aarhus University Hospital | Nielsen J.,Maximum Security Unit | Damkier P.,University of Southern Denmark | Lublin H.,Capital University | And 2 more authors.
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica | Year: 2011

Objective: Clozapine treatment remains the gold standard for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, but treatment with clozapine is associated with several side-effects that complicate the use of the drug. This clinical overview aims to provide psychiatrists with knowledge about how to optimize clozapine treatment. Relevant strategies for reducing side-effects and increasing the likelihood of response are discussed. Method: Studies of clozapine available in MEDLINE were reviewed. Results: A slow up-titration of clozapine is recommended in order to reach the optimal dosage of clozapine and diminish the risk of dose-dependent side-effects. Particularly, in case of partial response or non-response, the use of therapeutic drug monitoring of clozapine is recommended. Plasma levels above the therapeutic threshold of 350-420ng/ml are necessary to determine non-response to clozapine. To ease the burden of dose-dependent side-effects, dose reduction of clozapine should be tried and combination with another antipsychotic drug may facilitate further dose reduction. For most side-effects, counteracting medication exists. Augmentation with lamotrigine, antipsychotics, or electroconvulsive therapy may be beneficial in case of partial response to clozapine. Conclusion: Treatment with clozapine should be optimized in order to increase the rate of response and to minimize side-effects, thus diminishing the risk of discontinuation and psychotic relapse. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Tracht S.M.,Los Alamos National Laboratory | Tracht S.M.,Capital University | Del Valle S.Y.,Los Alamos National Laboratory | Hyman J.M.,Los Alamos National Laboratory
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

On June 11, 2009, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of novel influenza A (H1N1) a pandemic. With limited supplies of antivirals and vaccines, countries and individuals are looking at other ways to reduce the spread of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, particularly options that are cost effective and relatively easy to implement. Recent experiences with the 2003 SARS and 2009 H1N1 epidemics have shown that people are willing to wear facemasks to protect themselves against infection; however, little research has been done to quantify the impact of using facemasks in reducing the spread of disease. We construct and analyze a mathematical model for a population in which some people wear facemasks during the pandemic and quantify impact of these masks on the spread of influenza. To estimate the parameter values used for the effectiveness of facemasks, we used available data from studies on N95 respirators and surgical facemasks. The results show that if N95 respirators are only 20% effective in reducing susceptibility and infectivity, only 10% of the population would have to wear them to reduce the number of influenza A (H1N1) cases by 20%. We can conclude from our model that, if worn properly, facemasks are an effective intervention strategy in reducing the spread of pandemic (H1N1) 2009. © 2010 Tracht et al.

Kilanowski J.F.,Capital University | Lin L.,Center for Professional Excellence Research
Family and Community Health | Year: 2013

This is a report of a 2-group pre-/post-quasi-experimental pilot intervention study, Dietary Intake and Nutrition Education-Phase Three. The purpose of the study was to present self-management health education on healthy eating to Latina migrant farmworker mothers. The intervention had three 1-hour classes. Surveys included household food security, general self-efficacy, acculturation, knowledge, and children's food patterns and anthropometric measurements. Positive results were seen in mothers' nutrition knowledge. Intervention children had decreased body mass index percentiles. Children whose mothers had higher acculturation had greater reduction in body mass index percentiles. Mothers living alone had higher probability to attend intervention classes. Lessons learned will guide future health promotion research. © 2013 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Beggs C.,Capital University
Journal of holistic nursing : official journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association | Year: 2011

Test anxiety is a phenomenon that can affect as many as 40% of students. Many nursing students are under great stress from long hours of study, a rigorous curriculum, and balancing work and family life. These stressors can lead to anxiety in many areas of the student's life, most notably in situations where he or she is being evaluated. This article will aim to discuss how the use of guided reflection can help the student actualize his or her feelings about test anxiety by using Johns's Model for Structured Reflection. By using cues from the model and structure provided by a guide, the student will partake in a journey to gain insight about oneself and discover ways to decrease test anxiety that can be incorporated into the student's holistic self-care plan.

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