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Burgess Hill, United Kingdom

Barbosa A.I.,Loughborough University | Gehlot P.,Loughborough University | Sidapra K.,Loughborough University | Edwards A.D.,Capillary Film Technology Ltd | And 2 more authors.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2015

We present a new, power-free and flexible detection system named MCFphone for portable colorimetric and fluorescence quantitative sandwich immunoassay detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA). The MCFphone is composed by a smartphone integrated with a magnifying lens, a simple light source and a miniaturised immunoassay platform, the Microcapillary Film (MCF). The excellent transparency and flat geometry of fluoropolymer MCF allowed quantitation of PSA in the range 0.9 to 60. ng/ml with<7% precision in 13. min using enzymatic amplification and a chromogenic substrate. The lower limit of detection was further improved from 0.4 to 0.08. ng/ml in whole blood samples with the use of a fluorescence substrate. The MCFphone has shown capable of performing rapid (13 to 22. min total assay time) colorimetric quantitative and highly sensitive fluorescence tests with good %Recovery, which represents a major step in the integration of a new generation of inexpensive and portable microfluidic devices with commercial immunoassay reagents and off-the-shelf smartphone technology. © 2015 The Authors. Source


Barbosa A.I.,Loughborough University | Castanheira A.P.,Capillary Film Technology Ltd | Edwards A.D.,Capillary Film Technology Ltd | Reis N.M.,Loughborough University | Reis N.M.,Capillary Film Technology Ltd
Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology | Year: 2014

We present a new concept for rapid and fully portable prostate specific antigen (PSA) measurements, termed "lab-in-a-briefcase", which integrates an affordable microfluidic ELISA platform utilising a melt-extruded fluoropolymer microcapillary film (MCF) containing an array of 10 200 μm internal diameter capillaries, a disposable multi-syringe aspirator (MSA), a sample tray pre-loaded with all of the required immunoassay reagents, and a portable film scanner for colorimetric signal digital quantification. Each MSA can perform 10 replicate microfluidic immunoassays on 8 samples, allowing 80 measurements to be made in less than 15 minutes based on semi-automated operation, without the need of additional fluid handling equipment. The assay was optimised for the measurement of a clinically relevant range of PSA of 0.9 to 60.0 ng ml-1 in 15 minutes with CVs on the order of 5% based on intra-assay variability when read using a consumer flatbed film scanner. The PSA assay performance in the MSA remained robust in undiluted or 12 diluted human serum or whole blood, and the matrix effect could simply be overcome by extending sample incubation times. The PSA "lab-in-a-briefcase" is particularly suited to a low-resource health setting, where diagnostic labs and automated immunoassay systems are not accessible, by allowing PSA measurement outside the laboratory using affordable equipment. © 2014 the Partner Organisations. Source


Castanheira A.P.,Capillary Film Technology Ltd | Barbosa A.I.,Loughborough University | Edwards A.D.,Capillary Film Technology Ltd | Edwards A.D.,University of Reading | And 2 more authors.
Analyst | Year: 2015

Sensitive quantitation of multiple cytokines can provide important diagnostic information during infection, inflammation and immunopathology. In this study sensitive immunoassay detection of human cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12p70 and TNFα is shown for singleplex and multiplex formats using a novel miniaturized ELISA platform. The platform uses a disposable plastic multi-syringe aspirator (MSA) integrating 8 disposable fluoropolymer microfluidic test strips, each containing an array of ten 200 μm mean i.d. microcapillaries coated with a set of monoclonal antibodies. Each MSA device thus performs 10 tests on 8 samples, delivering 80 measurements. Unprecedented levels of sensitivity were obtained with the novel fluoropolymer microfluidic material and simple colorimetric detection in a flatbed scanner. The limit of detection for singleplex detection ranged from 2.0 to 15.0 pg ml-1, i.e. 35 and 713 femtomolar for singleplex cytokine detection, and the intra- and inter-assay coefficient of variation (CV) remained within 10%. In addition, a triplex immunoassay was developed for measuring IL-1β, IL-12p70 and TNFα simultaneously from a given sample in the pg ml-1 range. These assays permit high sensitivity measurement with rapid <15 min assay or detection from undiluted blood serum. The portability, speed and low-cost of this system are highly suited to point-of-care testing and field diagnostics applications. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. Source


Ferreira A.I.,Loughborough University | Castanheira A.P.,Capillary Film Technology Ltd | Chahin R.G.,University of Cambridge | Mackley M.R.,University of Cambridge | And 2 more authors.
17th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, MicroTAS 2013 | Year: 2013

This paper reports the miniaturisation of sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) using a meltextruded fluoropolymer MicroCapillary Film (MCF). A prototype 8-channel*10-microcapillaries device was used for quantitative detection a range of human biomarkers in 30 mm long fluoropolymer MCF strips. This represents a novel combination of ultra-low cost plastic microfluidic strips, low-cost optical detection, short incubation times, pre-loaded reagents and sequential fluid aspiration based on disposable plastic syringes. The observed limit of detection (LOD) was ∼lng/ml for PSA, and 10-60pg/ml for IL-lbeta, IL-6 and IL-12 inflammatory cytokines, typically with CVs ≤ 10% which is comparable with performance of optimised colorimetric microwell-based ELISA. Source

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