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Almeida A.T.,Federal University of Recôncavo da Bahia | De Carli Poelking V.G.,CAPES | Bloisi L.F.M.,EMBRAPA - Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária | Da Silva Dos Santos J.M.,UFRB | Dos Santos A.M.P.B.,Federal University of Recôncavo da Bahia
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2017

The aim of this study was to perform an ethnobotanical survey in some regions of Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil, to investigate the profile of farmers and the local knowledge about Arachis hypogaea L. (peanut). We sampled 60 local peanut farmers from rural areas in the municipalities Conceição do Almeida, Cruz das Almas, Maragogipe, São Felipe, São Félix, Sapeaçú and Lage. One producer per residence was interviewed and a semi-structured interview model was used. During the interviews, seeds stored by the producers were collected for future analysis. The frequency of the answers was calculated using SAS (Statistical analysis system) software. Using an ethnobotanical approach, we were able to show that peanut cultivation is part of the Recôncavo da Bahia culture and that farmers in the area have their own knowledge about the use and management of this crop. This knowledge arose from information passed down over the years from previous generations. Similar farming techniques were used in all of the studied municipalities. © 2017, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia. All rights reserved.

Farias L.T.,CAPES | Schommer A.,CAPES | Haselein B.Z.,CAPES | Soliman P.,CAPES | De Oliveira L.C.,CAPES
SAE Technical Papers | Year: 2015

High performance vehicles are subjected to a high level of loads during short time intervals. Due this situation, manufacturing procedures that conventionally are used in the automotive industry commonly do not achieve the design specifications defined to maximize the overall performance of the vehicle. This situation is highlighted when the overall performance of the system depends on a compromise between variables. The research developed by a German motorsport team aimed to fix the overheating problem found on the front brake system of a Formula SAE prototype using topology optimization combined with the manufacturing processes called Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) to develop and fabricate a new 4 piston monoblock brake caliper. The DMLS process is based on powder metallurgy, using an Yb-fibre laser to melt a powder material and generate the product by a progressive deposition of layers. This process stands out from the other due the capability to produce complex geometry, imposing virtually no geometric restriction for the design. Furthermore, this process ensures high relative density to the final product, and eliminates the use of dies, being ideal to the manufacture of prototypes. These advantages allow a design of a new brake caliper through concepts that would not be viable by conventional manufacturing processes. A topologic design optimization was performed in order to identify potential project variables. The average temperature of the new caliper reduced in 11% and the heat transfer mechanism was improved. Furthermore, the new caliper had a 9% of mass reduction for a given stiffness. Copyright © 2015 SAE International.

de Andrade J.S.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Viana A.E.S.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Cardoso A.D.,CAPES | Matsumoto S.N.,State University of Southwest Bahia | de Novaes Q.S.,State University of Southwest Bahia
Revista Ciencia Agronomica | Year: 2011

This work was developed aiming the evaluation of pruning effect on yield and other agronomical characteristic of cassava. The experiment was carried out at the experimental area at Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, in Vitória da Conquista of the state of Bahia, using a randomized block design, with 13 experiments [1 treatment without pruning, and 12 pruning times, performed from June 2008 (213 days after planting) up to June 2009 (543 days after planting), with a 30-day-interval among the pruning). The following characteristics were evaluated: tuberous roots yield, dry mass percentage in tuberous roots, starch percentage in tuberous root, flour yield; flour production, steam. The results demonstrated that pruning adoption in cassava plants during physiologic rest (May to June) increase the production of roots, which tend to present more dry mass and flour yield, at the end of the cycle, the reduction, and reduction of the aerial part, during the pruning. If the pruning was performed during the higher vegetative growth, a higher productivity of the aerial part and lower productivity of the roots is obtained.

Glaner M.F.,State University Londrina | Pelegrini A.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Pelegrini A.,West Parana State University | Nascimento T.B.R.,CAPES
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano | Year: 2011

The objectives of this study were: a) to determine the prevalence of inadequate body fat determined based on body mass index (BMI), abdominal perimeter (AP) and relative body fat (%F), and biochemical indicators of cardiovascular risk, and b) to examine which body fat indicators better reflect the biochemical factors. BMI, %F, AP, glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were measured in 125 men. More than half the sample (56.8%) had low HDL and high BMI (58.4%) and %F (53.6%). There was a lower percentage of subjects with elevated LDL (40.8%), AP (38.4%), triglycerides (34.8%), glucose (27.2%), and total cholesterol (15.2%). AP was associated with four biochemical markers, whereas %F was associated with three and BMI with only two. The prevalence of risk factors was high. An AP >92 cm proved to be the best fat indicator, demonstrating that men are exposed to high levels of LDL, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose.

Siqueira J.D.M.,CAPES | Da Silva J.M.,INESC Porto | Do Paco T.A.,University of Lisbon
2015 Conference on Design of Circuits and Integrated Systems, DCIS 2015 | Year: 2015

The present work addresses the development of a smart orchard irrigation system (SOIS) that performs the estimation of orchard evapotranspiration and the estimation of the soil salinization risk. Measurements of heat transfer are made to compute tree transpiration rate and soil water evaporation. The soil electrical conductivity is measured to compute the soil salinization risk. An inferential fuzzy algorithm is used to process data. This paper describes the physical principles underlining these estimations, the architecture of the data acquisition interface, and the construction and characterization of the probes used to perform the temperature measurements. The preliminary results shown here address the experimental evaluation of the performance of the probes inserted in the trees. Relative measurements with a precision of 0.2 °C were obtained which are in agreement with the minimum required for these applications. © 2015 IEEE.

Rudnick H.,University of Chile | Palma R.,University of Chile | Carneiro S.,CAPES | Assis T.M.L.,Federal University of Fluminense | And 2 more authors.
IEEE Power and Energy Magazine | Year: 2010

Electrical Engineering and Power Engineering are alive and well in Latin America. While IEEE and IEEE Power and Energy Society look for ways to entice high school students in the United States to go into engineering, the demand for engineering slots in Latin American universities grows every year, with the best students in those countries aiming for the profession. The challenge faced by the United States is that in a country of 309 million people, only 800 to 1,000 undergraduates interested in power engineering jobs graduate each year. Brazil, with a population of 192 million, graduates approximately 1,000 power engineers each year. Furthermore, U.S. enrollment in masters and doctoral programs in power engineering is around 550 per year for each, but roughly 60 of those graduates come from abroad and return to their countries after graduation. In contrast, Brazil trains 120 postgraduates in power engineering each year, and most stay in the country. © 2006 IEEE.

Herman J.P.,University of Cincinnati | Mcklveen J.M.,University of Cincinnati | Solomon M.B.,University of Cincinnati | Carvalho-Netto E.,CAPES | Myers B.,University of Cincinnati
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research | Year: 2012

The mammalian stress response is an integrated physiological and psychological reaction to real or perceived adversity. Glucocorticoids are an important component of this response, acting to redistribute energy resources to both optimize survival in the face of challenge and to restore homeostasis after the immediate challenge has subsided. Release of glucocorticoids is mediated by the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, driven by a neural signal originating in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Stress levels of glucocorticoids bind to glucocorticoid receptors in multiple body compartments, including the brain, and consequently have wide-reaching actions. For this reason, glucocorticoids serve a vital function in negative feedback inhibition of their own secretion. Negative feedback inhibition is mediated by a diverse collection of mechanisms, including fast, non-genomic feedback at the level of the PVN, stress-shut-off at the level of the limbic system, and attenuation of ascending excitatory input through destabilization of mRNAs encoding neuropeptide drivers of the HPA axis. In addition, there is evidence that glucocorticoids participate in stress activation via feed-forward mechanisms at the level of the amygdala. Feedback deficits are associated with numerous disease states, underscoring the necessity for adequate control of glucocorticoid homeostasis. Thus, rather than having a single, defined feedback 'switch', control of the stress response requires a wide-reaching feedback 'network' that coordinates HPA activity to suit the overall needs of multiple body systems.

de Oliveira Mota L.H.d.S.,CAPES | Valladares G.S.,Federal University of Ceará
Revista Ciencia Agronomica | Year: 2011

This work aimed to prepare a map of soil degradation vulnerability in the Acaraú basin, Ceará, through the Geographic Information System and multicriterium additive methodology. For the obtaining of classes of vulnerability, we evaluated information related to geology, geomorphology, pedology, vegetation and climate, resulting in five classes: stable, moderately stable, medium stable/vulnerable, moderately vulnerable and vulnerable. The class medium stable/vulnerable was the most representative, occupying 9,776 km2 of extension (67.8 % of the basin), followed by the class moderately stable, which occupied 4,180 km2 of extension (more than 28% of the basin). The results showed the viability of the method for preparing the map of environmental vulnerability, which can be applied in the territorial management of the Acaraú basin.

Barao K.R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Moreira G.R.P.,CAPES | Moreira G.R.P.,Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia | Year: 2010

The external features of egg, larva, and pupa of Philaethria wernickei (Röber, 1906) are described and illustrated, based upon light and scanning electron microscopy.

Souza-Silva M.,Centro Universitario Of Lavras | Ferreira de Oliveira Bernardi L.,CAPES | Ferreira de Oliveira Bernardi L.,Federal University of Lavras | Parentoni Martins R.,Federal University of Ceará | Lopes Ferreira R.,Federal University of Lavras
Acta Carsologica | Year: 2012

Caves are permanently aphotic environments, a fact that precludes the occurrence of photosynthetic organisms. In these systems the resource is allochthonous, coming mainly from the surrounding epigean environment, being imported by physical and biological agents. Even knowing about the importance of the organic allochthonous resources in caves, little is known of their importation and processing. The present work had as an objective, the measuring the coarse particulate organic matter processing and import rates in the subterranean environment. The cave studied was Lapa da Fazenda Extrema I, limestone cave, located in Brazilian savanna biome. Through bimonthly collections, it was observed that the organic detritus penetrated into the cave in low amounts in dry season and high amounts in rainy season. The processing of the organic plant matter in the aquatic hypogean environment was moderate (K-day=0.025), in the epigean environment the processing was predominantly slow (K-day =0.0104). The detritus commonly brought to the interior of the cave were large woods (58.18 g/day), followed by leaves and fragmented material (12.76 g/day), fruits and seeds (0.0069 g/day), animal carcasses (0.002 g/day) and roots (0.001 g/day). The highest richness and abundances of invertebrates were found in the same periods in which there were the highest rates of organic matter import to the cave.

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