News Article | April 26, 2017
MultiTalent Management Incorporated has been invited to present its business in front of 400 angel investors, and venture capitalists at the Growth Capital Conference held at the Olympic Collection in West Los Angeles, California on Thursday, April 27, 2017. “This is a wonderful platform to present my s-corporation in front of high-net worth individuals who are looking to invest in an opportunity to turn our prototypes into spin-off c-corporations,” declared Rick Soto, Founder & CEO of MultiTalent Management Incorporated. MultiTalent Management Incorporated has created the following prototypes in various stages of development: About MultiTalent Management Motion Pictures MultiTalent Management Motion Pictures is currently in script development working on a novel about intelligence community abuses on a human rights activist who was investigating his cousin’s murder by police. The novel is being turned into a play, television series, and feature film. For further information visit http://www.multitalentmanagement.com About PublicistWire PublicistWire is an innovative public relations service that incorporates press release writing, press release distribution and follow-up on press releases as a publicist would to get the word out about your company. For further information visit http://www.publicistwire.net About The Journal for Innovation Corporation / SotoImages The Journal for Innovation specializes in researching innovative ideas, methods, strategies, opportunities and technologies from world class industry leaders. This valuable intellectual capital targets the innovative elite via articles and case studies. For further information visit http://www.tjfi.net About MultiTalentBank (MTB) / MTB Scouting MultiTalentBank (MTB), began as an intern working directly with the Sr. Consultant to IMG who led the Paris and London offices for IMG Artists. Currently, managing proven talent and marketing them via sponsorship-endorsement-licensing deals as the newest behind-the-scenes power broker within the sports & entertainment industries. For further information visit http://www.multitalentbank.net About GlobalClosers GlobalClosers is an award-winning Web Design & Online Marketing boutique consultancy focused on improved ROI conversions. Our Online Marketing Consultants specialize in maximizing web traffic through web design, Search Engine Marketing (SEM), Search Engine Optimization (SEO), and publicity campaigns. Online conversion rates are then enhanced through multivariable testing (MVT), such as web site optimization. Clients are based in Ontario, Canada and across the United States (Arizona, California, Indiana, Ohio, Texas, and Virginia). Enhanced web development and software programming is available for outsourced projects via affiliated companies based in the UK, India, Canada and here in the US. For further information visit http://www.globalclosers.net About NightClub NightLife NightClub NightLife is an online booking guestlist to the hottest nightclubs, gentlemen’s clubs, bars / taverns / saloons, and cocktail lounges throughout the United States. For further information visit http://www.nightclubnightlife.com About MultiTalent Management Executive Search Executive search specializing in Online Marketing, Sales & Marketing, as well as, Chief Diversity Officer (CDO) industries. For further information visit http://www.mtmes.net Mr. Rick Soto is a director and our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Soto received a bachelors of science in business administration degree from Capella University, and is pursuing a masters of business administration (MBA) degree from American Public University. He has over 15 years of experience in entrepreneurship and communications. He is a lifetime member of Cambridge Who’s Who. He has been honored by Empire Who’s Who, as well as, Lexington Who’s Who. He has been instrumental in taking the business to its present scale.
News Article | April 25, 2017
MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--#capellaproud--Capella University extends FlexPath offering to Master of Education in Teaching & Learning and select Master of Science in Nursing specializations
News Article | July 27, 2017
MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Capella University, (http://www.capella.edu), a regionally accredited online university which offers online degree programs to help working adults advance in their careers, announces today that Cole Edmonson, DNP, RN, FACHE, NEA-BC, FAAN, has joined Capella’s School of Nursing and Health Sciences Advisory Board. As a member of the advisory board, Edmonson will collaborate with Capella leaders and faculty to help curricula effectively build the competencies for today’s complex health care environment. For the past 20 years, Edmonson has served in a variety of leadership roles including direct-care nurse, supervisor, manager, director and associate chief nursing officer. He currently serves as chief nursing officer at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas. “By working closely with industry experts at the frontlines of health care, Capella is constantly evolving its models of teaching and learning, with the goal to close the gap between higher education and patient care,” said F. Patrick Robinson, PhD, RN, FAAN, dean of Capella’s School of Nursing and Health Sciences. “Dr. Edmonson will provide the board with invaluable insights on how Capella can help equip tomorrow’s nurse leaders with the right competencies.” Capella’s advisory board provides industry and practice-relevant insight to school leaders and faculty to enact on the mission of the school to meet the needs found within the health care sector. Interactions between the board and Capella leadership and faculty ensure Capella’s programs are professionally relevant and provide the flexibility needed for learners to succeed in their educational programs, and have a positive impact on patient, systems, and population outcomes. “Facing today’s health care challenges will require a highly adaptive, creative and courageous professional who understands systems and is comfortable working in complexity,” said Edmonson. “A critical shift is happening in health care, and that transformation will need partners in education that are doing the same. The flexibility of Capella’s degrees and platform has the capacity to be agile in the fast-paced world that we call healthcare.” Edmonson earned his BSN and MSN from the University of Oklahoma. He earned his DNP from Texas Christian University. Capella University (www.capella.edu) is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. Founded in 1993, the university is dedicated to providing flexible, professionally aligned online degree programs designed to help working adults advance in their careers. As of July 25, 2017, about 37,500 students were enrolled in Capella’s bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral and certificate programs. Known for its commitment to learner success, academic quality and innovations in online education, Capella pioneered competency-based direct assessment programs allowing students to learn at their own pace. For more information, call 1.888.CAPELLA (888.227.3552).
News Article | May 11, 2017
Local authors Michael J. Vieira & J. North Conway will be available to sign copies of book --The North Dartmouth Barnes & Noble will be hosting a book signing foron Saturday, May 20th at 2:00p.m. Authors Michael J. Vieira and J. North Conway will be available to sign copies. Stop by to get your copy of this local history book signed!New England is a rocky, rugged region. Its towns are marked by stone walls and its cities anchored by native granite and marble buildings. Historically significant boulders, many with Native American as well as colonial and neo-pagan origins, attract tourists from around the world. Some are formations that are complex in shape, form and significance, while others contain enigmatic messages, meanings and intriguing characteristics. Learn more about the famous sites like Plymouth Rock, the Old Man of the Mountain and the Sleeping Giant, as well as the lesser-known such as Profile Rock, Dighton Rock and Slate Rock. Authors Michael J. Vieira and J. North Conway examine the history, the legends and the people associated with forty-five notable geological wonders.Dr. Michael J. Vieira retired in 2013 after serving as associate vice-president for academic affairs at Bristol Community College in Fall River, Massachusetts, since 2008. Prior to this, he was dean of business and information management, also at BCC, for five years. Mike earned a PhD from Capella University, a BA and MAT from Bridgewater State College and a CAGS from Rhode Island College, as well as certifications from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.J. North Conway is the author of thirteen books, including a quartet of books about New York City during the Gilded Age: King of Heists, The Big Policeman, Bag of Bones and Queen of Thieves. Other works include American Literary: Fifty Books That Define Our Culture and Ourselves and The Cape Cod Canal: Breaking Through the Bared and Bended Arm.Barnes & Noble392 State Road Route 6North Dartmouth, MA 02747Saturday, May 20th, 2017 at 2:00 p.m.Available at area bookstores, independent retailers, and online retailers, or through Arcadia Publishing at (888)-313-2665 or online.The combination of Arcadia Publishing & The History Press creates the largest and most comprehensive publisher of local and regional content in the USA. By empowering local history and culture enthusiasts to write local stories for local audiences, we create exceptional books that are relevant on a local and personal level, enrich lives, and bring readers closer - to their community, their neighbors, and their past. Have we done a book on your town? Visit www.arcadiapublishing.com
News Article | May 11, 2017
Neota Logic Inc., creators of a leading artificial intelligence (AI)-driven platform for the intelligent automation of expertise, documents, and business processes, today announced that Catherine Ostheimer has joined Neota Logic as senior vice president, marketing and communications. Ostheimer will work out of the company’s world headquarters in midtown Manhattan and lead marketing and communications for North America, Asia and UK/Europe. A communications and marketing veteran, she has more than 20 years of experience in creating and growing B2B brands, and most recently served as vice president of marketing of Epiq DTI, a leading global eDiscovery provider. “Catherine is joining the Neota Logic leadership team at a critical time, as we intensify efforts to increase awareness of our brand, scale the business and accelerate our growth by onboarding new clients,” said Andrew Shimek, chief operating officer and president of Neota Logic. “We’re looking forward to Catherine not only creating strong marketing for Neota Logic, but also working alongside our clients to help them build their brands as they expand and update their services powered by our technology.” Prior to joining Neota, Ostheimer led planning and execution of global marketing for the overall corporate brand and all business lines at Epiq DTI. Before Epiq, she guided digital marketing, lead generation and communications at GE Capital in the Americas, and earlier served as director of brand management at the diversified industrial manufacturer, Ingersoll Rand. She has an undergraduate degree in public relations from the University of Southern California and an MBA in marketing from Capella University and is a frequent speaker on brand strategy and marketing. About Neota Logic Neota Logic delivers artificial intelligence software that makes doing business easier. Aligning with global law firms, corporations and top educational institutions, Neota’s AI software platform enables our clients to intelligently automate their expertise at internet scale through an operationally useful form – as applications embedded in business systems or consulted interactively in a browser. We transform expertise into action by empowering our clients to create innovative services that can help reduce risks, reduce costs and improve business decisions. For more information, visit http://www.neotalogic.com.
News Article | October 2, 2017
MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Capella University announces Dr. Constance St. Germain as the new vice president of Academic Affairs/chief academic officer. St. Germain is an experienced executive with a demonstrated history of working in the higher education industry as well as an attorney and former military member. “Dr. St. Germain is an excellent fit,” said Dr. Dick Senese, Capella University president. “She brings two decades of experience in higher education, law, relationship-building and strategy development. Plus, she has a strong background in regional and programmatic accreditation, and the use of data-driven analytics in decision making, which will make her an integral part of our academic team as we continue to provide the most direct path for our students.” St. Germain will play a central role in engaging with external stakeholders, policymakers, regulators and senior colleagues at other institutions, and assist in internal strategic alignment to help bring an even greater focus on Capella’s academic model. St. Germain previously has served as executive dean for the College of Humanities & Sciences at the University of Phoenix and as vice president and dean at American Public University System’s School of Public Service & Health. St. Germain is a U.S. Army veteran, having served as a major in the U.S. Army Judge Advocate General’s Corps. She holds an EdD in Higher Education and Organizational Change from Benedictine University, a JD from the University of Baltimore School of Law, and a BA in History from George Mason University. Capella University (www.capella.edu) is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. Founded in 1993, the university is dedicated to providing flexible, professionally aligned online degree programs designed to help working adults advance in their careers. As of June 30, 2017, about 37,500 students were enrolled in Capella’s bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral and certificate programs. Known for its commitment to learner success, academic quality and innovations in online education, Capella pioneered competency-based direct assessment programs allowing students to learn at their own pace. For more information, call 1.888.CAPELLA (888.227.3552).
News Article | February 28, 2017
MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Capella Education Company today announced that Stephen G. Shank, the company’s founder and former CEO, will retire from the board of directors when his current term ends in May 2017. Mr. Shank founded the company in 1991 and served as chief executive officer until March 2009. He was chairman of the board of directors until February 2010, and has since continued to serve as a distinguished member of the board. “The work Capella is doing to transform the landscape of adult education is possible because of Steve Shank and the foundation he laid. Steve’s vision, leadership and determination changed the face of what is possible in adult education. I’m personally grateful for his service on our Board of Directors and for his wise counsel,” said Kevin Gilligan, chairman and chief executive officer of Capella Education Company. Mr. Shank has been involved with Capella Education Company for more than 25 years and is well known for his ability to work through strategic challenges and industry revolution. During the 1980s, as CEO of Tonka Corp., he led the company through acquisitions and new products. At Capella Education Company, he led the company to success during a time of significant change in higher education and in the macroeconomic environment. Mr. Shank has made great contributions to many local boards outside of Capella, including Polaris Industries, Tennant Company, and the Walker Art Center, and in 2016 was recognized by the Twin Cities Business Journal and the National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) with a Lifetime Achievement award for his years of dedicated board service and recognized ability to look at long-term trends and provide counsel that leaders need. Mr. Shank served as a director of Capella University from 1993 to 2003 and 2006 to 2009, and as emeritus director of Capella University from 2003 to 2006. He earned a B.A. from the University of Iowa, an M.A. from the Fletcher School, a joint program of Tufts and Harvard Universities, and a J.D. from Harvard Law School. Capella Education Company (http://www.capellaeducation.com) is an educational services company that provides access to high-quality education through online postsecondary degree programs and job-ready skills offerings needed in today’s market. Capella’s portfolio of companies is dedicated to closing the skills gap by providing the most direct path between learning and employment.
News Article | March 1, 2017
EVANSVILLE, Ind.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Accuride Corporation – a leading supplier of components to the North American and European commercial vehicle industries – today announced that The Manufacturing Institute has honored Accuride’s Mary E. Blair, Senior Vice President, Supply Chain Management, as a recipient of its Women in Manufacturing STEP (Science, Technology, Engineering and Production) Ahead Award for 2017. The STEP Ahead Awards, now in their fifth year, recognize women who have demonstrated excellence and leadership in their careers, and represent all levels of manufacturing, from the factory floor to the C-Suite. Blair is among this year’s 100 Honorees and 30 Emerging Leaders from 93 companies who represent the diversity of possible career paths in manufacturing. “It is gratifying to have Mary’s many contributions to her profession, the industry and Accuride’s pursuit of manufacturing excellence recognized by her peers as an example for others,” said Rick Dauch, President and CEO of Accuride. “Through her leadership and expertise, Mary has played a significant role in elevating Accuride’s operating and Supply Chain performance to world-class standards. She ably represents the thousands of women making a lasting impact in their organizations, professions and communities.” “These women exemplify the path an exciting career in manufacturing can take,” said Heidi Alderman, 2017 Chair of STEP Ahead and Senior Vice President of Intermediates North America, BASF Corporation. "STEP Ahead recognizes women nationwide for their significant achievements in the field of manufacturing, and the positive impact on their companies and the industry as a whole." “Being recognized as a 2017 STEP Ahead Award recipient by The Manufacturing Institute is a tremendous honor,” Blair said. “I’m grateful to have this opportunity to join my peers in urging the next generation of women to apply their talents to careers in manufacturing. It’s about engaging, mentoring and leading other women into the global manufacturing environment, and helping them fully capitalize on all the opportunities that provides.” The Manufacturing Institute launched the STEP Ahead initiative in 2012 to examine and promote the role of women in the manufacturing industry through recognition, research, and leadership for attracting, advancing, and retaining strong female talent. Accuride’s Jd Marhevko, Vice President, Quality/Lean Management Systems & EHS, received a STEP Ahead Award in 2016. The 2017 STEP Ahead Awards Gala on April 20, 2017 in Washington, D.C., will celebrate Mary Blair and the rest of this year’s honorees, their nominating organizations and peers within the industry. Mary E. Blair has served as Accuride’s Senior Vice President, Supply Chain Management, since joining the company in October 2011. She leads Accuride’s global strategic sourcing, logistics, supplier quality and development, and inventory control and planning activities. Blair joined Accuride from UCI International, a producer of filtration and engine management systems for transportation, where she led Supply Chain for four business units. Previously in her career, she held global supply chain leadership roles with International Truck and Engine (Navistar), General Motors North America Operations and Delphi Interior and Lighting Systems. Blair is a member of the Board of Directors of the University of Evansville Institute for Global Enterprise, and is a former Junior Achievement of Southwestern Indiana board member. She earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Ferris State University and a Master of Science – Business degree from Central Michigan University. Blair is a Capella University Global Leadership Doctoral candidate (PhD – ABD). The Manufacturing Institute (the Institute) is the 501(c)(3) affiliate of the National Association of Manufacturers. As a non-partisan organization, the Institute is committed to delivering leading-edge information and services to the nation's manufacturers. The Institute is the authority on the attraction, qualification and development of world-class manufacturing talent. For more information, please visit www.themanufacturinginstitute.org. With headquarters in Evansville, Ind., USA, Accuride Corporation is a leading supplier of components to the North American and European commercial vehicle industries. The company’s products include commercial vehicle wheels and wheel-end components and assemblies. The company’s products are marketed under its brand names, which include Accuride®, Accuride Wheel End Solutions™, Gunite® and Gianetti Ruote™. Accuride is a portfolio company of Crestview Partners. For more information: www.AccurideCorp.com.
News Article | February 15, 2017
MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Capella Education Company (NASDAQ: CPLA), a leading educational services company, today announced financial results for the three months and year ended Dec. 31, 2016. “We delivered solid results in 2016 and made significant progress in executing our vision of providing the most direct path between learning and employment,” said Kevin Gilligan, chairman and chief executive officer. “We believe our ‘most direct path’ innovations, including our flexible degree and job-ready skills offerings, will drive long-term growth by expanding our addressable market, creating new sources of revenue, and better positioning us to deliver differentiated value to both consumers and employers.” Results for the three months and year ended Dec. 31, 2016, and comparisons to previous periods, are for consolidated Capella Education Company continuing operations. Included in consolidated results are Hackbright Academy and DevMountain operations from their acquisition dates of April 22 and May 4, 2016, respectively. The sale of Arden University was completed on Aug. 18, 2016 with results presented as discontinued operations. Selected Financial Data for the Three Months Ended Dec. 31, 2016 Revenues were $111.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2016, up 4.9 percent compared to $106.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2015. Operating income was $18.3 million, compared to $20.5 million for the same period in 2015. The operating margin was 16.4 percent, compared to 19.3 percent for the fourth quarter 2015. Diluted net income per common share from continuing operations was $0.97, compared to $1.05 for the same period in 2015. Selected Financial Data for the Fiscal Year Ended Dec. 31, 2016 Revenues were $429.4 million in fiscal year 2016, up 3.1 percent compared to $416.5 million in 2015. Operating income was $68.2 million, compared to $70.3 million for the same period in 2015. The operating margin was 15.9 percent, compared to 16.9 percent in 2015. Diluted net income per common share from continuing operations was $3.58, compared to $3.55 for the same period in 2015. At Dec. 31, 2016, Capella Education Company had cash and marketable securities of $162.3 million, compared to $159.3 million at Dec. 31, 2015, and no debt as of these dates. Cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations for 2016 was $85.1 million compared to $59.9 million in 2015. A portion of the year-over-year increase in 2016 was due to $13.6 million of cash received as an incentive to extend the lease for our headquarters in Minneapolis, MN. The company announced an increase in its quarterly cash dividend to $0.41 per outstanding share of common stock during the fourth quarter of 2016. The dividend was paid on Jan. 13, 2017. The Company repurchased approximately 488,000 shares of Capella stock for total consideration of $25.6 million in fiscal year 2016. In the fourth quarter of 2016, Capella Education Company repurchased approximately 51,000 shares of Capella stock for total consideration of $3.1 million. The remaining authorization as of the end of the fourth quarter was $30.4 million. For the first quarter ending March 31, 2017, consolidated revenues for Capella Education Company are expected to be up 5.0 to 6.0 percent compared to first quarter 2016. Consolidated operating margin is anticipated to be approximately 14.5 to 15.5 percent of total revenue for the first quarter of 2017. Capella University new enrollment is expected to be up in the low-single digit percentage range year-over-year and total enrollment is expected to be up about 1 percent year-over-year. For the fiscal year ending Dec. 31, 2017, consolidated revenues for Capella Education Company are expected to increase 3 to 5 percent year-over-year and operating margins are expected to be similar to fiscal 2016 due to expected investments in advance of accelerated revenue growth. “We are particularly pleased with achieving five consecutive years of strong learner success improvements, which was the primary driver for total enrollment growth in 2016,” said Steve Polacek, senior vice president and chief financial officer. “We are in a strong financial position and are managing our investments thoughtfully with the goal of driving accelerated growth.” Certain information in this news release does not relate to historical financial information, including statements relating to future prospects and expectations regarding our growth, revenues, enrollment, and operating performance, and should be considered forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The company cautions investors not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which are based on information available at the time those statements are made or management's good faith belief as of that time with regard to future events, and should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results. Such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties which could cause the company's actual results to differ materially from historical results and from results presently anticipated or projected. The company undertakes no obligation to update its forward-looking statements. Among these risks and uncertainties are any failure to materially comply with the extensive regulatory framework applicable to us, including compliance with Title IV of the Higher Education Act and the regulations thereunder; complying with U.S. Department of Education rules, including those regarding incentive compensation, gainful employment, return of Title IV funds, borrower defenses to repayment, financial responsibility standards, state authorization, certifications and program requirements; maintaining our business in accordance with regional and specialized accreditation standards and state regulatory and program approval requirements; adapting to changes in the administration, funding and availability for Title IV programs; successfully defending litigation and other claims; any governmental action or review of our business, marketing, or financial aid practices, including by any state attorneys general, the federal Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the Federal Trade Commission, the Minnesota Office of Higher Education or other state or federal regulatory bodies; successfully growing our FlexPath programs; maintaining and expanding existing commercial relationships with employers and developing new employer and business partner relationships; successfully managing our PhD completion efforts; improving our conversion rate and effectively leveraging our brand-driven marketing strategy; keeping up with advances in technology important to the online learner experience; effectively managing data security risks; improving our learner persistence and cohort retention rate; successfully integrating acquisitions; successfully growing Capella Learning Solutions’ new business lines; and managing risks associated with the overall competitive environment and general economic conditions. Other factors that could cause the company’s results to differ materially from those contained in its forward-looking statements include those described in the “Risk Factors” section of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and any updates or developments described in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2016 and other documents the company files with the SEC. Capella will discuss its fourth quarter 2016 results and outlook during a conference call scheduled today, Feb. 14, 2017, at 9:00 a.m. Eastern time (ET). To participate in the live call, investors should dial 800.794.6623 (domestic) or 785.424.1227 (international) at 8:50 a.m. (ET), conference ID# 8176. The webcast, including the accompanying presentation, will be available on the Capella Education Company Web site at www.capellaeducation.com in the investor relations section. A replay of the call will be available starting on Feb. 14 through Feb. 21, 2017, at 800.839.2670 (domestic) or 402.220.7230 (international), conference ID# 8176. It will also be archived at www.capellaeducation.com in the investor relations section. Capella Education Company (http://www.capellaeducation.com) is an educational services company that provides access to high-quality education through online postsecondary degree programs and job-ready skills offerings needed in today’s market. Capella’s portfolio of companies is dedicated to closing the skills gap by providing the most direct path between learning and employment. Note: The summary of financial information by reportable segment above excludes the results of operations for Arden University, which are presented as discontinued operations in our Consolidated Statements of Income. Quarterly revenues and operating income (loss) by reportable segment for 2015 and prior quarters of 2016 can be found at the Capella Education Company website at www.capellaeducation.com, under ‘Investor Relations’, within the ‘Financial Information’ section in the ‘Fiscal Year & Quarterly Results’ spreadsheet.
Cox J.,Capella University
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2012
The corporate information systems users often engage in risky behavior that can threaten the security and integrity of an organization by exposing sensitive information or weakening the existing technological perimeter security. This risky user behavior can be intentional or unintentional, but in either case can cause severe damage to an organization's reputation as well as potentially extending harm to the organization's clients and customers. Information systems users not following the corporate security policies, even though they know the policies, is known as user omissive behavior, also known as the knowing-doing gap. This research examines the information assurance understanding and security awareness at the user level by developing a structured model of the user knowing-doing gap. The model examines the role of organizational narcissism and its affect on user attitudes towards following the organization's information security policies and procedures. It also includes perceived threat as a factor affecting user attitudes towards following information security rules, as well as subjective norms and perceived behavior control consistent with the theory of planned behavior. This structured model provides a framework and description of user information security behavior and the knowing-doing gap. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.