Prince Rupert, Canada

Cape Breton University
Prince Rupert, Canada

Cape Breton University , formerly known as the "University College of Cape Breton" , is a Canadian university in Nova Scotia's Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Located near Sydney, CBU is the only post-secondary degree-granting institution on Cape Breton Island. The university is enabled by the Cape Breton University Act passed by the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. Prior to this, CBU was enabled by the University College of Cape Breton Act . The University College of Cape Breton's Coat of Arms were registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on May 27, 1995.CBU is an ordinary member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada , the Association of Canadian Community Colleges and Association of Atlantic Universities , as well as an Associate Member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities . Wikipedia.

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This study is designed to investigate factors influencing undergraduate students' continuance intention to use blogs for learning in a management information systems course. Constructs from three theoretical frameworks, i.e., social-cognitive theory, technology acceptance model, and motivation theory were used to guide the study. A cross-sectional survey was used to collect usable data from 108 undergraduate students in a Canadian university. Relevant hypotheses were formulated and tested using the partial least squares technique. The results indicate that perceived self-efficacy, personal outcome expectations, and perceived support for enhancing social ties are pertinent antecedents to students' initial acceptance of blog use for learning. The intrinsic motivational factor of perceived playfulness has a significant effect on students' blog continuance usage intention as does attitude toward blog use for learning. The implications of the study's findings for practice and research are discussed, and avenues for future research outlined. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

Cultural Codex enables communities, organizations and individuals to work together to share and preserve their culture ​​​Dadavan Systems, an innovator in data and education software, launched a new technology platform today to preserve and revitalize Indigenous languages and cultures as living cultures. According to recent estimates, over 90% of the world’s 5,000 indigenous languages are currently at risk. As Indigenous people work to strengthen and protect their own cultural identity, the United Nations and governments globally have prioritized support and acknowledged the inherent rights of Indigenous peoples. Developed as a scalable, virtual museum, Cultural Codex enables anyone – young or old – to participate in the preservation and sharing of Indigenous language and culture. Built on a stunning, interactive, template system, Cultural Codex allows users at all levels to contribute video, text, images and sound recordings with a simple drag and drop. Multi-leveled management features combined with a media library system developed through consultation with Cape Breton University’s Beaton Institute make Cultural Codex a robust tool for larger organizations and initiatives. “Over the years, we have listened to communities share both their challenges and ideas in strengthening and preserving their connection to their culture and language,” said Jenny Hill, President, Dadavan Systems. “We’re a B Corp certified, software company that is committed to creating a positive impact in communities. Cultural Codex was developed in response to the question ‘How can we help?’” Through Dadavan’s collaboration with Indigenous communities, educators, and museums, the need to create easy-to-use tools to organize, collect and share cultural recordings and images across communities was identified. Cultural Codex makes it easy to build galleries that contribute to a shared, searchable repository of cultural knowledge, experience and heritage. No coding or design skills are needed. Published galleries are searchable across communities, making it easy to explore galleries from multiple contributors in any given subject. “We have worked in partnerships, founded in mutual trust and respect, with Indigenous communities since 2001.” Jenny Hill. “Our approach has always been to simply provide well-designed tools that support communities in the creation and implementation of their own innovative solutions.” Galleries created within the Cultural Codex beta group include Mi’ kmaw language tutorials, elder teachings, documentation of wigwam construction, showcase of community role models, student projects, art galleries, biographies, archival remixes, and a museum exhibit. Other potential uses for Cultural Codex can include storytelling initiatives, research projects, classroom resources, instructional guides and more. Flexible membership plans range from free to $199 CDN per month. To learn more about Cultural Codex, please visit Headquartered in Nova Scotia on Canada’s east coast, Dadavan Systems builds software to enrich lives through education, culture and heritage. Founded in 1998, Dadavan is best known for its student information system, Outcomes, the system of choice for Indigenous communities across North America. A female-led, B Corp certified ethical company, Dadavan is proudly committed to accountability, positive social impacts and environmental sustainability. For more information, visit

Bierenstiel M.,Cape Breton University | Cross E.D.,Cape Breton University
Coordination Chemistry Reviews | Year: 2011

Donor group functionalized N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHC) are an important class of ligands used in transition metal complex chemistry. Herein, the growing field of sulfur-functionalized NHC compounds and their respective transition metal complexes are described comprehensively. The sulfur-functionalized NHC compounds are categorized by functional groups such as thiolate, thioether, sulfoxide, thiophene, sulfonate and sulfonamide. Chiral compounds and the hemilabile behaviour of sulfur-functionalized NHC compounds are reported. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Mkandawire M.,Cape Breton University
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2013

The discharges of uranium and associated radionuclides as well as heavy metals and metalloids from waste and tailing dumps in abandoned uranium mining and processing sites pose contamination risks to surface and groundwater. Although many more are being planned for nuclear energy purposes, most of the abandoned uranium mines are a legacy of uranium production that fuelled arms race during the cold war of the last century. Since the end of cold war, there have been efforts to rehabilitate the mining sites, initially, using classical remediation techniques based on high chemical and civil engineering. Recently, bioremediation technology has been sought as alternatives to the classical approach due to reasons, which include: (a) high demand of sites requiring remediation; (b) the economic implication of running and maintaining the facilities due to high energy and work force demand; and (c) the pattern and characteristics of contaminant discharges in most of the former uranium mining and processing sites prevents the use of classical methods. This review discusses risks of uranium contamination from abandoned uranium mines from the biogeochemical point of view and the potential and limitation of uranium bioremediation technique as alternative to classical approach in abandoned uranium mining and processing sites. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

This research investigated information systems security policy (ISSP) compliance by drawing upon two relevant theories i.e. the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the protection motivation theory (PMT). A research model that fused constituents of the aforementioned theories was proposed and validated. Relevant hypotheses were developed to test the research conceptualization. Data analysis was performed using the partial least squares (PLS) technique. Using a survey of 124 business managers and IS professionals, this study showed that factors such as self-efficacy, attitude toward compliance, subjective norms, response efficacy and perceived vulnerability positively influence ISSP behavioral compliance intentions of employees. The data analysis did not support perceived severity and response cost as being predictors of ISSP behavioral compliance intentions. The study's implications for research and practice are discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

McCann S.J.,Cape Breton University
Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco | Year: 2010

The present study was conducted to determine relations between smoking prevalence, subjective well-being, and the Big Five personality variables at the American state level. State smoking prevalence was based on the responses of more than 350,000 adults interviewed in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2008. Subjective well-being was based on the state-aggregated responses of 353,039 adults to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index phone interviews during 2008. Big Five variables were based on the state-aggregated responses of 619,397 persons to an Internet survey between 1999 and 2005, which included the 44-item Big Five Inventory. Well-being and smoking prevalence were negatively correlated and remained so when state Big Five, socioeconomic status (SES), White population percent, urban population percent, and median age were controlled in a partial correlation. Hierarchical and stepwise multiple regressions showed (a) that SES and neuroticism were the prime predictors of well-being, (b) that well-being was the prime predictor of smoking prevalence, and (c) that openness to experience was the sole personality or demographic variable to account for differences in smoking prevalence when well-being was controlled, and it explained very little of the remaining variance. Applied implications for state-tailored attempts to reduce smoking are briefly discussed, and suggestions for future research directions are put forward.

Burrow S.,Cape Breton University
American Journal of Bioethics | Year: 2012

Cesarean delivery rates have been steadily increasing worldwide. In response, many countries have introduced target goals to reduce rates. But a focus on target goals fails to address practices embedded in standards of care that encourage, rather than discourage, cesarean sections. Obstetrical standards of care normalize use of technology, creating an imperative to use technology during labor and birth. A technological imperative is implicated in rising cesarean rates if physicians or patients fear refusing use of technology. Reproductive autonomy is at stake since a technological imperative undermines patients' ability to choose cesareans or refuse use of technology increasing the likelihood of cesareans. To address practices driven by a technological imperative I outline three physician obligations that are attached to respecting patient autonomy. These moral obligations show that a focus on respect for autonomy may prove not only an ideal ethical response but also an achievable practical response to lowering cesarean rates. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Lee-Dadswell G.R.,Cape Breton University
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2015

Two universality classes for thermal transport in one-dimensional oscillator systems are proposed. In class A the asymptotic behavior of the frequency dependent thermal conductivity is κ(ω)∼ω-1/2, whereas the bulk viscosity is finite. In class B the asymptotic behavior of the thermal conductivity is κ∼ω-α, where α<0.4, and the frequency dependent bulk viscosity has the same asymptotic behavior as the thermal conductivity. It is further proposed that the criterion for membership in class A is that the ratio of specific heat capacities γ≡cP/cV=1. A one-dimensional cubic-plus-quartic coupled oscillator is examined at conditions for which γ=1 but P≠0. It is found that the system belongs to class A, in agreement with the proposed criterion. Additionally, it is proposed that examination of whether a system has a well-defined bulk Prandtl number is a more reliable way of determining whether a system is in class A or class B. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Ifinedo P.,Cape Breton University
International Journal of Information Technology and Decision Making | Year: 2011

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) around the world engage in e-commerce and e-business to support business operations as well as to enhance revenue generation from nontraditional sources. Internet and e-business technologies (IEBT) are the pillars of e-commerce and e-business. Despite the universal appeal of IEBT, it has been reported that the adoption of such technologies by SMEs is influenced by contextual imperatives. The objective of this research is to investigate factors impacting the adoption of IEBT in SMEs based in the Maritime region of Canada. A research model based on the diffusion of innovation (DIT) and the TechnologyOrganizationEnvironment (TOE) frameworks was used to guide the discourse. Such factors as relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, management support, organizational readiness, external pressure, and government support were used to develop relevant hypotheses. Questionnaires were mailed to key informants in SMEs. Data analysis was performed using the partial least squares (PLS) technique. Predictions related to relative advantage, management support, and competition's pressure were confirmed. The study did not support the constructs of compatibility, complexity, government support, customers' and partners' pressures as significant predictors of IEBT adoption by the SMEs in the region. © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company.

Cape Breton University | Date: 2014-05-23

A method for treating or preventing a microbial infection in a subject in need thereof, the method comprising administering to the subject, a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula Ia, a compound of Formula IIa, one or more compounds of Formula Ia or Formula IIa complexed with a metal core, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug or hydrate thereof.

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