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Prince Rupert, Canada

Cape Breton University , formerly known as the "University College of Cape Breton" , is a Canadian university in Nova Scotia's Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Located near Sydney, CBU is the only post-secondary degree-granting institution on Cape Breton Island. The university is enabled by the Cape Breton University Act passed by the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. Prior to this, CBU was enabled by the University College of Cape Breton Act . The University College of Cape Breton's Coat of Arms were registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on May 27, 1995.CBU is an ordinary member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada , the Association of Canadian Community Colleges and Association of Atlantic Universities , as well as an Associate Member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities . Wikipedia.

McCann S.J.H.,Cape Breton University
Archives of Suicide Research | Year: 2010

The research determined the relation of the 2004-2005 American state suicide rates to state means on neuroticism, agreeableness, extraversion, openness, and conscientiousness as assessed by Rentfrow, Gosling, and Potter (2008). Multiple regression strategies were used to analyze relations between state suicide rates and state personality means with state socioeconomic status, White population percent, urban population percent, and depression rates controlled. Multiple regression analysis showed that neuroticism accounted for 32.0% and agreeableness another 16.3% of the variance in suicide rates when demographics and depression were controlled. Lower neuroticism and lower agreeableness were associated with higher suicide rates. Lower neuroticism and lower agreeableness may be important risk factors for completed suicide but not suicidal ideation or attempted suicide. © International Academy for Suicide Research. Source

This research investigated information systems security policy (ISSP) compliance by drawing upon two relevant theories i.e. the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the protection motivation theory (PMT). A research model that fused constituents of the aforementioned theories was proposed and validated. Relevant hypotheses were developed to test the research conceptualization. Data analysis was performed using the partial least squares (PLS) technique. Using a survey of 124 business managers and IS professionals, this study showed that factors such as self-efficacy, attitude toward compliance, subjective norms, response efficacy and perceived vulnerability positively influence ISSP behavioral compliance intentions of employees. The data analysis did not support perceived severity and response cost as being predictors of ISSP behavioral compliance intentions. The study's implications for research and practice are discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Mkandawire M.,Cape Breton University
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2013

The discharges of uranium and associated radionuclides as well as heavy metals and metalloids from waste and tailing dumps in abandoned uranium mining and processing sites pose contamination risks to surface and groundwater. Although many more are being planned for nuclear energy purposes, most of the abandoned uranium mines are a legacy of uranium production that fuelled arms race during the cold war of the last century. Since the end of cold war, there have been efforts to rehabilitate the mining sites, initially, using classical remediation techniques based on high chemical and civil engineering. Recently, bioremediation technology has been sought as alternatives to the classical approach due to reasons, which include: (a) high demand of sites requiring remediation; (b) the economic implication of running and maintaining the facilities due to high energy and work force demand; and (c) the pattern and characteristics of contaminant discharges in most of the former uranium mining and processing sites prevents the use of classical methods. This review discusses risks of uranium contamination from abandoned uranium mines from the biogeochemical point of view and the potential and limitation of uranium bioremediation technique as alternative to classical approach in abandoned uranium mining and processing sites. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Burrow S.,Cape Breton University
American Journal of Bioethics | Year: 2012

Cesarean delivery rates have been steadily increasing worldwide. In response, many countries have introduced target goals to reduce rates. But a focus on target goals fails to address practices embedded in standards of care that encourage, rather than discourage, cesarean sections. Obstetrical standards of care normalize use of technology, creating an imperative to use technology during labor and birth. A technological imperative is implicated in rising cesarean rates if physicians or patients fear refusing use of technology. Reproductive autonomy is at stake since a technological imperative undermines patients' ability to choose cesareans or refuse use of technology increasing the likelihood of cesareans. To address practices driven by a technological imperative I outline three physician obligations that are attached to respecting patient autonomy. These moral obligations show that a focus on respect for autonomy may prove not only an ideal ethical response but also an achievable practical response to lowering cesarean rates. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

McCann S.J.,Cape Breton University
Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco | Year: 2010

The present study was conducted to determine relations between smoking prevalence, subjective well-being, and the Big Five personality variables at the American state level. State smoking prevalence was based on the responses of more than 350,000 adults interviewed in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2008. Subjective well-being was based on the state-aggregated responses of 353,039 adults to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index phone interviews during 2008. Big Five variables were based on the state-aggregated responses of 619,397 persons to an Internet survey between 1999 and 2005, which included the 44-item Big Five Inventory. Well-being and smoking prevalence were negatively correlated and remained so when state Big Five, socioeconomic status (SES), White population percent, urban population percent, and median age were controlled in a partial correlation. Hierarchical and stepwise multiple regressions showed (a) that SES and neuroticism were the prime predictors of well-being, (b) that well-being was the prime predictor of smoking prevalence, and (c) that openness to experience was the sole personality or demographic variable to account for differences in smoking prevalence when well-being was controlled, and it explained very little of the remaining variance. Applied implications for state-tailored attempts to reduce smoking are briefly discussed, and suggestions for future research directions are put forward. Source

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