Canterbury Christ Church University is an Anglican new university in Canterbury, Kent, England. Founded as a Church of England college for teaching training in 1962, it has grown to full university status and celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2012.The focus of its work is in the education of people going into public service. The university retains its status as a Church of England foundation. It is also known as England's "missionary university".The university has developed rapidly since its inception in 1962 and now has nearly 20,000 students based at campuses across Kent, in Canterbury, Broadstairs, Folkestone, Medway and Tunbridge Wells. As well as being the largest centre of higher education in Kent for the public services – notably teacher training, health and social care and the emergency services – the university also offers academic and professional programmes, including credit-bearing higher education entry certificates, doctorates and research degrees. Policing and law courses have also been delivered both for UK and overseas law enforcement agencies. The university gives academic validation to ordination and post-ordination training courses for Anglican clergy delivered by the Canterbury and Rochester dioceses. Wikipedia.
Taylor K.A.,Canterbury Christ Church University
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise | Year: 2017
PURPOSE: Elevated arterial blood pressure (BP) is associated with autonomic dysfunction and impaired haemodynamic control mechanisms. Isometric exercise (IE) training has been demonstrated effective at reducing BP; however, the continuous cardiovascular responses during IE are underinvestigated. We hypothesized that reflex autonomic cardiovascular control is an important mediator in reducing BP. To test our hypothesis, we investigated continuous cardiac autonomic modulation and baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) in response to IE. METHODS: Twenty-five pre-hypertensive participants performed a single IE wall squat training session. Total power spectral density of heart rate variability (HRV) and associated low frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) power spectral components, were recorded in absolute (ms) and normalised units (nu) pre, during and post an IE session. Heart rate (HR) was recorded via electrocardiography and BRS via the sequence method. Continuous blood pressure was recorded via the vascular unloading technique and stroke volume via impedance cardiography. Total peripheral resistance (TPR) was calculated according to Ohm’s Law. RESULTS: During IE there were significant reductions in HRV (p<0.05) and BRS (p<0.05) and significant increases in HR (p<0.001), systolic, diastolic, and mean BP (all p<0.001). In recovery from IE, HRV (p<0.001) HFnu (p<0.001) and BRS (p<0.001) significantly increased with a significant decrease in LFnu (p<0.001) and LF:HF ratio (p<0.001), indicative of predominant parasympathetic over sympathetic activity. This autonomic response was associated with a significant reduction in systolic (23.2±18.1 mmHg, p<0.001), diastolic (18.7 ± 16.9 mmHg, p<0.001) and mean (15.8±15.5 mmHg, p<0.001) BP, below baseline and a significant reduction in TPR (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A single IE session is associated with improved cardiac autonomic modulation and haemodynamic cardiovascular control in pre-hypertensive males. These acute responses may be mechanistically linked to the chronic reductions in resting BP reported following IE training interventions. © 2017 American College of Sports Medicine
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2010.5.2-5. | Award Amount: 5.67M | Year: 2012
The objective of e-Maritime is to make maritime transport safer, more secure, more environmentally friendly and more competitive. For this, e-Maritime must ameliorate complexities that hinder networking of different stakeholders, help to increase automation of operational processes particularly compliance management and facilitate the streaming of synthesised information from disparate sources to assist decision making. The eMar approach will facilitate extensive participation of the European maritime public, business and research community in a knowledge development process leading to the specification of the e-Maritime Strategic Framework. The emphasis will be in multiple iterations across different stages and with different stakeholders. The development of the e-Maritime Strategic Framework will include the following key aspects: a. A number of market surveys to be conducted by a leading company in this field to identify business drivers and requirement priorities of different stakeholder groups b. Stakeholder needs analysis, using knowledge of technology and architectural capabilities from projects such as MarNIS, Freightwise, EFFORTS, Flagship, SKEMA etc to identify new processes and functionalities. c. Identification of implications for standardization and standardisation strategies for areas that cannot be relied upon being developed in other places. d. Measures to address legal and organisational inconsistencies at national and regional levels, human factors and change management issues. e. Interfaces with SafeSeaNet, e-Freight and e-Customs, National Single Windows, Galileo and e-Navigation developments. f. Cost-benefit analysis for new business models (and corresponding legal changes) relying on e-Maritime services.
MacInnes J.,Canterbury Christ Church University
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing | Year: 2013
Background: Self-care is a key principle in the management of chronic heart failure (HF). The common sense model (CSM) of illness cognitions and behaviour provides a theoretical framework within which relationships between beliefs and behaviour can be examined. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine relationships between illness representations, treatment beliefs and the performance of self-care in community HF patients. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 169 patients with HF in South East England. Illness representations, treatment beliefs and self-care were measured using an adapted Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R); the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) and the Looking After Yourself with Heart Failure Questionnaire (LAYHFQ), according to the CSM. Relationships between these specific concepts were determined using Pearsonfs correlation co-efficients (r) and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Perceived medication knowledge (r=0.51, p≤0.01), beliefs about the necessity of medication (r=0.45, p≤0.01) and illness coherence (r=0.39, p≤0.01) were moderately correlated with self-care. Multiple regression analysis revealed that 46% of the variance in self-care could be explained by illness representations and treatment beliefs (adjusted R2=0.46, F=9.93, p=0.00). Three factors were significant predictors of self-care . medication knowledge (β=0.319, p=0.003), a belief in the illness having serious consequences (β=0.258, p=0.008) and the impact of medication use on lifestyle (β= .0.231, p=0.03). Conclusion: Illness representations and treatment beliefs should be explored in patients with HF in order to inform the development of targeted interventions designed to correct misconceptions and enhance self-care. This has the potential to improve clinical outcomes in this population. © 2013 The European Society of Cardiology.
Iannacci F.,Canterbury Christ Church University
European Journal of Information Systems | Year: 2010
Drawing on the notion of information infrastructure as a relational concept, this paper endeavours to highlight the links between data standards and institutional facts. Although social science studies have emphasised the interplay between socio-technical factors, the author suggests that such approaches have overlooked the role that institutional facts play in the development of information infrastructures. An in-depth, qualitative case study of a recent episode of institutional change within the criminal justice system of England and Wales reveals how institutional facts are entangled with data standards through iterative sets of constitutive rules that are mirrored by their associated logical messages in an isomorphic fashion.© 2010 Operational Research Society Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bazanova O.M.,Russian Academy of Medical Sciences |
Vernon D.,Canterbury Christ Church University
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews | Year: 2014
Exploring EEG alpha oscillations has generated considerable interest, in particular with regards to the role they play in cognitive, psychomotor, psycho-emotional and physiological aspects of human life. However, there is no clearly agreed upon definition of what constitutes 'alpha activity' or which of the many indices should be used to characterize it.To address these issues this review attempts to delineate EEG alpha-activity, its physical, molecular and morphological nature, and examine the following indices: (1) the individual alpha peak frequency; (2) activation magnitude, as measured by alpha amplitude suppression across the individual alpha bandwidth in response to eyes opening, and (3) alpha "auto-rhythmicity" indices: which include intra-spindle amplitude variability, spindle length and steepness.Throughout, the article offers a number of suggestions regarding the mechanism(s) of alpha activity related to inter and intra-individual variability. In addition, it provides some insights into the various psychophysiological indices of alpha activity and highlights their role in optimal functioning and behavior. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Clatworthy J.,Canterbury Christ Church University
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2012
Background: Postnatal depression can have a major impact on the lives of women affected and on those around them. While effective treatments are available, it would be preferable to prevent the condition. The aim of this review was to examine the effectiveness of antenatal interventions designed to prevent postnatal depression in high-risk women. Methods: Randomised controlled trials of interventions to prevent postnatal depression delivered to high-risk women in pregnancy were identified through an electronic database search and a reference list search. Information regarding the selection criteria, content and delivery of the interventions was extracted and synthesised. Results: Eleven studies met the review inclusion criteria. Six described interventions that were significantly more effective in reducing the incidence and/or symptoms of postnatal depression than a control condition. Interventions were most likely to be effective when delivered to women who were depressed during pregnancy and when incorporating evidence-based psychological treatments for depression and addressing interpersonal difficulties. Limitations: It is possible that unpublished trials of antenatal interventions to prevent postnatal depression exist that were not detected. Due to the recognised publication bias, these studies may have been less likely to find a significant effect of antenatal interventions on postnatal depression. Conclusions: There is evidence to suggest that interventions delivered in pregnancy can be effective in preventing postnatal depression. However, these interventions may be better conceptualised as treatment than prevention as they were delivered to women experiencing antenatal depression. There is a need to identify pregnant women experiencing depression and deliver evidence-based psychological interventions. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Clift S.,Canterbury Christ Church University
Perspectives in Public Health | Year: 2012
There is growing international acceptance of the notion that participation in the creative arts can be beneficial for well-being and health. For over 30 years practical arts for health projects have been developed to support health care and promote health and well-being in communities. An increasing body of evaluation and research evidence lends weight to the value of such initiatives. However, the field of arts and health is complex and multi-faceted and there are challenges in moving beyond 'practice-based' research, towards building a progressive body of knowledge that can provide a basis for future 'evidence-based' practice in health care and public health. This paper reviews some of the population-level evidence from epidemiological studies on cultural participation and health, before considering research on active initiatives that draw on the creative arts in health care settings and communities to support health and well-being. The notion of a hierarchy of evidence is discussed in relation to arts for health initiatives and a plea is made for recognising the value of concrete case studies, qualitative research and the testimonies of participants and professionals alike in assessing both the value of creative arts activities and for understanding their impacts. Nevertheless, the need for robust controlled studies with precise measurable health outcomes is clear if we are to move towards the scaling up of arts interventions to achieve public health-level impacts from creative arts participation. A brief account of the current programme of research on singing and health that is underway at the Sidney De Haan Research Centre for Arts and Health is presented as a possible model for future research on arts and health. © Royal Society for Public Health 2012.
Wellard I.,Canterbury Christ Church University
Sport, Education and Society | Year: 2012
The contribution of sport and physical activity in achieving wellbeing has received much attention in relation to children and adults, although consideration of the physical aspects of bodily pleasure have tended to be ignored in favour of developing health related measures. In physical education, the physical body has been further 'disembodied' through a focus upon health-based 'outcomes' (such as tackling obesity) and what could be considered a 'fear of fun'. However, pleasure does not necessarily have to be selfish and hedonistic and, ultimately, it could be claimed that undue focus upon psychological 'wellbeing' and outcome driven curriculum policy restricts the potential for individual accomplishment and learning about the possibilities of the physical body.This paper incorporates the concept of body-reflexive practices, as initially described by Connell, in order to explore the notion of body reflexive pleasures which incorporate the individual as well as the social context. Drawing upon previous and current research exploring bodily pleasure, fun and enjoyment as a factor in sporting participation, it is suggested that physical experiences in sport and physical activity need to be understood at both the individual and the social level-at a specific time, as well as a later positive reflection. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 38.64K | Year: 2013
From the establishment of Margates Sea Bathing Hospital in 1791, British coastal resorts were envisaged and portrayed as havens and sources of health and wellbeing. A sophisticated cultural offer was at the heart of these once fashionable resorts, typified by Bexhill-on-Seas innovative 1935 De La Warr Pavilion with its solarium. Following decades of post-war decline, coastal towns became the locus for some of the most significant economic and health deprivation in the UK. In response, and in part designed to contribute to their regeneration, the three towns of Margate, Folkestone and Bexhill On Sea, that are the subject of the proposed research, have experienced significant, high-profile recent cultural interventions i.e. Turner Contemporary, Margate, the Triennial and other initiatives by Folkestones Creative Foundation, and the rebirth of the De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill. In order to help build a more complete understanding of cultural value, we propose to engage these organisations and their respective geographic communities in assessing and evaluating their social and cultural impacts relating to improvements to health and wellbeing. Research participants will comprise arts and health researchers, staff, participatory art practitioners, funders, collaborators, partners, volunteers and customers of the three cultural organisations, and local citizens. We will use a mixed methods approach of quantitative and qualitative methodology in action research to understand the work and its impact. The methods will combine established research tools with a modified version of DOTT: the Design Councils double diamond design process model, which is widely used as an iterative, inclusive method to engage local people and communities. The methods include: 1. Literature reviews relating to arts, culture, health and wellbeing and culture-led regeneration in coastal towns. 2. A questionnaire to audit the activities of the three cultural organisations thought by staff to be of cultural value. 3. Focus workshops to discuss with staff, participatory art practitioners, funders, collaborators, partners and volunteers of the three organisations, their perceptions of the delivery and impact of culture-led activities and their relationship to social capital and cultural value. 4. Pre and post focus group discussions with arts practitioners and participants of three short-term cultural activity programmes, one in each of the cultural organisations, to generate an in-depth understanding of attitudes and experiences. 5. A mind mapping wall within cultural organisations where the customer-base is invited to pin up individual mind maps illustrating their perceptions of the organisations connections. 6. Social media - where the customers of the three organisations will be invited to take part in discussions on social media sites relating to the research topics. The results of data gathered by these methods will inform co-design/co-delivery stages of the project which will use a Design Charrette (an iterative, participatory process) to explore and improve the connectivity (physical, virtual, social and cultural) and user experience of the cultural organisations and analyse the extent to which their interior and exterior layouts, programming and (social) media strategies engender connections and opportunities for access and interaction. Our approach blends social capital theory with participatory action research and draws upon a modified version of DOTT: the Design Councils double diamond design process model, which is widely used as an iterative, inclusive method to engage local people and communities. Our intention is to explore the potential for developing new research methodology that adapts to the needs of cultural value research, which builds on the proven strengths of DOTT and in turn meets the requirements of the research aims, objectives and questions in an innovative and productive manner.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 58.44K | Year: 2014
To create an integrated and adaptive business structure through the optimisation of advanced reporting systems and communication techniques, embedding growth capability and a customer orientated culture.