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Canon Inc. Kyanon kabushiki-gaisha is a Japanese multinational corporation specialized in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. Its headquarters are located in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan.Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange. Wikipedia.


Although vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth has become a standard method for producing nanowires, the underlying growth mechanisms have not been fully elucidated because VLS growth is affected by thermodynamic and geometrical factors that, to date, have mainly been considered separately. Based on the assumption that the irregular nanowire growth reflects the conditions of the eutectic droplet during nanowire growth, we aimed to elucidate the thermodynamic and geometrical aspects of the growth mechanisms by the measurement and analysis of irregular kinked and curved Si nanowires grown by Au-catalyzed VLS. The results suggest that kinked nanowires may be caused by higher supersaturation, whereas curved nanowires may be caused by lower supersaturation within the eutectic Au-Si droplet. The results of measuring and analyzing irregular nanowires confirmed that both thermodynamic and geometrical effects complexly influence nanowire growth kinetics, particularly the supersaturation of eutectic droplets, and the effects are more pronounced in larger diameter nanowires. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Sugioka H.,Canon Inc.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2010

Two pressure-driven streams of two miscible liquids can only mix by diffusion in microfluidic channels because of the low Reynolds number. We present an idea to generate mixing by "chaotic advection" in microscale geometries. That is, we consider using induced-charge electro-osmosis to generate a second flow and then modulate between the pressure-driven and induced-charge flows. By using the combined method consisting of the boundary element method, the Lagrangian particle tracking method, and the random-walk method, we analyze mixing efficiency, mixing time, and mixing length, with the effects of modulation frequency and molecular diffusivity, and compare our proposed mixer with other mixers. By this analysis, we find that chaotic mixing can be produced efficiently in a microfluidic channel by switching between pressure-driven and induced-charge flows in a wide range of Péclet number under the specific condition of Strouhal number. By using our proposed mixer, we can expect to realize efficient chaotic mixing with minimum voltage in an ordinary flow channel with a simple structure without an oblique electric field even at large Péclet number. © 2010 The American Physical Society. Source


Sugioka H.,Canon Inc.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2012

It is well known that the Poisson-Nernst-Planck (PNP) theory and the classical Gouy-Chapman theory are inconsistent at a high applied voltage. For solving this problem, we propose an ion-conserving Poisson-Boltzmann theory, which shows remarkable agreement with the numerical PNP solutions, even at a high applied voltage. In other words, we have found the exact analytical solutions for steady PNP equations; we believe that this finding greatly contributes to understanding surface science between solids and liquids. © 2012 American Physical Society. Source


Sugioka H.,Canon Inc.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2010

The development of a high-speed microactuator in water is difficult because of electrostatic problems and hydrodynamic resistance. To overcome these problems, we consider using induced-charge electrophoresis (ICEP) to move actuators. We propose rotary microvalves in water using hydrodynamic force due to ICEP and numerically examine the performance of valves. By the multiphysics coupled simulation technique between fluidics and electrostatics based on the boundary element method along with the thin-double-layer approximation, we find rotary valves using ICEP function effectively at high frequency. In the calculations, the electric and flow field problems in a bounded domain are solved, and the proper boundary conditions are discussed. By employing similar actuators using ICEP, we can dramatically improve the performance of promising microfluidic systems such as lab-on-a-chip. © 2010 The American Physical Society. Source


Sugioka H.,Canon Inc.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2014

Induced-charge electro-osmosis (ICEO) is important since it can be used for realizing high performance microfluidic devices. Here, we analyze the simplest problem of ion relaxation around a circular polarizable cylinder between parallel blocking electrodes in a closed cell by using a multiphysics coupled simulation technique. This technique is based on a combination of the finite-element method and finite-volume method for the Poisson-Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations having a flow term and the Stokes equation having an electric stress term. Through this analysis, we successfully demonstrate that on application of dc voltages, quadorapolar ICEO vortex flows grow during the charging time of the cylinder for both unbounded and bounded problems and decay during the charging time of the parallel electrodes only for the bounded problem using blocking electrodes. Further, by proposing a simple model that considers the two-dimensional (2D) PNP equations analytically, we successfully explain the step response time of the ICEO flow for the both unbounded and bounded problems. Furthermore, at low applied voltages, we find analytical formulations on steady diffused-ion problems and steady ICEO-flow problems and examine that our numerical results agree well with the analytical results. Moreover, by considering an ion-conserving condition with 2D Poisson-Boltzmann equations, we explain significant decrease of the maximum slip velocity at large applied voltages fairly well. We believe that our analysis will contribute greatly to the realistic designs of prospective high-performance microfluidic devices. © 2014 American Physical Society. Source

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