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Xing B.,Cangzhou City Central Hospital | Wang L.,Cangzhou City Peoples Hospital | Li Q.,Cangzhou City Central Hospital | Cao Y.,Cangzhou City Central Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Nutrition Research | Year: 2015

Gestational diabetes mellitus is a condition commonly encountered during mid to late pregnancy with pathologic manifestations including hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, and fetal maldevelopment. The cause of gestational diabetes mellitus can be attributed to both genetic and environmental factors, hence complicating its diagnosis and treatment. Pancreatic progenitors derived from human embryonic stem cells were shown to be able to effectively treat diabetes in mice. In this study, we have developed a system of treating diabetes using human embryonic stem cell-derived pancreatic endoderm in a mouse model of gestational diabetes mellitus. Human embryonic stem cells were differentiated in vitro into pancreatic endoderm, which were then transplanted into db/+ mice suffering from gestational diabetes mellitus. The transplant greatly improved glucose metabolism and reproductive outcome of the females compared with the control groups. Our findings support the feasibility of using differentiated human embryonic stem cells for treating gestational diabetes mellitus patients. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Xing B.,Cangzhou City Central Hospital | Wang L.,Cangzhou City Peoples Hospital | Li Q.,Cangzhou City Central Hospital | Cao Y.,Cangzhou City Central Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2015

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has emerged as an epidemic disease during the last decade, affecting about 2 to 5 % pregnant women. Even among women who have gestational hyperglycemia may also be positively related to adverse outcomes as GDM. Since heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 has been reported to be associated with diabetes and insulin resistance and its expression was reported to be negatively regulated by the membrane-permeable Hsp70 inhibitor MAL3-101 while positively regulated by the Hsp70 activator BGP-15, we investigated whether Hsp70 played a role in a gestational hyperglycemia mouse model. Mice were divided into non-pregnant and pregnant groups, and each comprised three subgroups: control, high-fat diet (HFD) + MAL3-101, and HFD + BGP-15. We examined the serum levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose, and insulin, as well as conducted thermal detection of brown adipose tissue (BAT). The role of Hsp70 in BAT apoptosis was also investigated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and caspase-3 staining. Higher serum level of Hsp70 was associated with increased bodyweight gain after pregnancy in mice fed HFD. Circulating Hsp70 was elevated in control pregnant mice compared to control non-pregnant mice. BGP-induced serum Hsp70 expression reduced triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose, and insulin levels in the serum. Additionally, thermal detection of BAT, TUNEL, and caspase-3 staining revealed relationship correlation between Hsp70 and BAT functions. Hsp70 level is associated with hyperglycemia during pregnancy. Our results support the role of Hsp70 in facilitating BAT activities and protecting BAT cells from apoptosis via caspase-3 pathway. © 2015, University of Navarra. Source

Hu R.-R.,PUMC Hospital | Ma J.,PUMC Hospital | Tao J.-L.,PUMC Hospital | Wen Y.-B.,PUMC Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae | Year: 2014

Objective To investigate the regulation of calcineurin (CaN) by endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in podocytes in vitro and in vivo at the stage microalbuminuria in diabetic nehropathy (DN).Methods The urinary albumin excretions of C57BLKS/JLepr db/db and db/m mice at the ages of 6, 9, and 12 weeks were measured. The expressions of CaN and synaptopodin of these mice were observed. In immortalized mouse podocytes, the expression of podocyte CaN incubated with different concentrations of paltimate was quantitatively determined by real-time PCR. The changes of CaN incubated with paltimate with or without ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) were analyzed by confocal microscopy and Western blotting.Results As urine protein increased, the expression of CaN was enhanced and the expression of synaptopodin was reduced in early stage DN db/db mice potocytes. In immortalized mouse podocytes, as the concentrations of palmitate increased, CaN mRNA increased. By confocal microscopy, the fluorescence intensity of CaN increased in palmitate treatment group. After co-incubation with palmitate and UDCA, the fluorescence intensity decreased. The similar results were shown by Western blotting.Conclusion At the stage of microalbuminuria in DN, ERS in podocytes up-regu-lates the expression of CaN. Source

Ma L.,Fudan University | Liu C.,Hebei Provincial Childrens Hospital | Wang Y.,Baoding Womens and Childrens Hospital | Li S.,Handan Womens and Childrens Hospital | And 14 more authors.
Neonatology | Year: 2011

Dramatic progress has occurred in neonatal intensive care in tertiary centers in mid-eastern China. We investigated the characteristics of neonatal respiratory failure (NRF) including the incidence, management, outcomes and costs in 14 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) of Hebei, a province at an intermediate economic level in China. Over a period of 12 consecutive months in 2007-2008, perinatal data were collected prospectively from all NICU admissions (n = 11,100). NRF was defined as severe hypoxemia requiring respiratory support for more than 24 h, and was diagnosed in 1,875 newborns (16.9%). The average birth weight of newborns with NRF was 2,200 g (range 600-5,500 g), with 60.9% <2,500 g, and 2% <1,000 g. The male:female ratio was 2.6:1. The leading diagnosis was respiratory distress syndrome; 58.3% of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome received surfactant. Continuous positive airway pressure was used more than ventilation (73.3 vs. 49.1%,p < 0.001). Overall, the mortality rate until discharge was 31.4% (583/1,859). Most deaths (432, 74.1%) followed a parental decision to withdraw care. NRF mortality varied in association with different gross domestic product levels, family annual income and nurse-to-bed ratios. The median cost of a hospital stay was 10,169 CNY (interquartile range: 6,745-16,386) for NRF survivors. We conclude that, despite the available respiratory support in these emerging NICUs, the mortality of NRF remains. This was associated with prematurity, standard of care but also with socioeconomic factors affecting treatment decisions. Assessment of efficacy of respiratory support for NRF in such emerging neonatal services should account for both standard of care and socioeconomic conditions. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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