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Hammersmith, United Kingdom

Mura M.,Imperial College London | Hopkins T.G.,Imperial College London | Michael T.,Imperial College London | Abd-Latip N.,Imperial College London | And 11 more authors.
Oncogene | Year: 2015

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) bind to and post-transcriptionally regulate the stability of mRNAs. La-related protein 1 (LARP1) is a conserved RBP that interacts with poly-A-binding protein and is known to regulate 5′-terminal oligopyrimidine tract (TOP) mRNA translation. Here, we show that LARP1 is complexed to 3000 mRNAs enriched for cancer pathways. A prominent member of the LARP1 interactome is mTOR whose mRNA transcript is stabilized by LARP1. At a functional level, we show that LARP1 promotes cell migration, invasion, anchorage-independent growth and in vivo tumorigenesis. Furthermore, we show that LARP1 expression is elevated in epithelial cancers such as cervical and non-small cell lung cancers, where its expression correlates with disease progression and adverse prognosis, respectively. We therefore conclude that, through the post-transcriptional regulation of genes such as mTOR within cancer pathways, LARP1 contributes to cancer progression. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source

Stanway S.J.,Imperial College London | Palmieri C.,Cancer Research UK Laboratories | Stanczyk F.Z.,University of Southern California | Folkerd E.J.,Royal Marsden Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2011

Background: In postmenopausal women estrogens can be formed by the aromatase pathway, which gives rise to estrone, and the steroid sulfatase (STS) route which can result in the formation of estrogens and androstenediol, a steroid with potent estrogenic properties. Aromatase inhibitors, such as anastrozole, are now in clinical use whereas STS inhibitors, such as STX64, are still undergoing clinical evaluation. STX64 was recently shown to block STS activity and reduce serum androstenediol concentrations in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. In contrast, little is known about the effects of aromatase inhibitors or anti-estrogens on STS activity or serum androgen levels. Patients and Methods: Study 1: Blood was collected from ten postmenopausal women with breast cancer before and after two-week treatment with anastrozole and serum concentrations of androstenediol and other androgens and estrogens were assessed. Study 2: Blood samples were collected from 15 breast cancer patients before and after four-week treatment with anastrozole and 10 patients before and after four-week treatment with tamoxifen. Blood was used to assess STS activity in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and dehydroepiandrosterone levels. Results: Neither anastrozole nor tamoxifen had any significant effect on STS activity as measured in PBLs. Anastrozole did not affect serum androstenediol concentrations. Conclusion: Anastrozole and tamoxifen did not inhibit STS activity and serum androstenediol concentrations were not reduced by aromatase inhibition. As androstenediol has estrogenic properties, it is possible that the combination of an aromatase inhibitor and STS inhibitor may give a therapeutic advantage over the use of either agent alone. Source

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