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Renneville A.,Biology and Pathology Center | Renneville A.,University of Lille Nord de France | Renneville A.,Cancer Research Institute of Lille | Boissel N.,University Paris Diderot | And 23 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2012

Recently, DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) mutations have been identified in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the highest frequency being found within cytogenetically normal (CN) AML. In this study, diagnostic samples from 123 adults younger than 60 years with primary CN-AML homogeneously treated in the Acute Leukemia French Association-9801 and-9802 trials were screened for mutations in DNMT3A-conserved domains by direct sequencing. Patients were also assessed for the presence of FLT3 (fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor-3), NPM1 (nucleophosmin), CEBPA, WT1 (Wilms tumor 1), IDH1 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 1) and IDH2 mutations. Thirty-eight mutations were detected in 36 patients (29%): 36 nucleotide substitutions, mostly affecting amino-acid residue R882 and two frameshift deletions. DNMT3A mutations were significantly associated with the French-American-British subtypes M4/M5 and the presence of NPM1 mutations. In the whole cohort, DNMT3A mutated patients had a shorter event-free survival (5-year EFS: 13% vs 32%, P0.02) and overall survival (5-year OS: 23% vs 45%, P0.02) compared with DNMT3A wild-type patients. In multivariate analysis including age, white blood cell count, NPM1/FLT3-internal tandem duplication/CEBPA risk group and DNMT3A mutational status, the presence of a DNMT3A mutation remained an independent adverse prognostic factor for EFS and OS, suggesting that testing for DNMT3A mutations could help further improve risk stratification in CN-AML. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

Smol T.,Biology and Pathology Center | Smol T.,University of Lille Nord de France | Nibourel O.,Biology and Pathology Center | Nibourel O.,University of Lille Nord de France | And 20 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2015

EVI1 overexpression confers poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Quantification of EVI1 expression has been mainly assessed by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) based on relative quantification of EVI1-1D splice variant. In this study, we developed a RT-qPCR assay to perform quantification of EVI1 expression covering the different splice variants. A sequence localized in EVI1 exons 14 and 15 was cloned into plasmids that were used to establish RT-qPCR standard curves. Threshold values to define EVI1 overexpression were determined using 17 bone marrow (BM) and 31 peripheral blood (PB) control samples and were set at 1% in BM and 0.5% in PB. Samples from 64 AML patients overexpressing EVI1 included in the ALFA-0701 or -0702 trials were collected at diagnosis and during follow-up (n =152). Median EVI1 expression at AML diagnosis was 23.3% in BM and 3.6% in PB. EVI1 expression levels significantly decreased between diagnostic and post-induction samples, with an average variation from 21.6% to 3.56% in BM and from 4.0% to 0.22% in PB, but did not exceed 1 log10 reduction. Our study demonstrates that the magnitude of reduction in EVI1 expression levels between AML diagnosis and follow-up is not sufficient to allow sensitive detection of minimal residual disease. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Meyer C.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Hofmann J.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Burmeister T.,Oncology and Tumor Immunology | Groger D.,Oncology and Tumor Immunology | And 82 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2013

Chromosomal rearrangements of the human MLL (mixed lineage leukemia) gene are associated with high-risk infant, pediatric, adult and therapy-induced acute leukemias. We used long-distance inverse-polymerase chain reaction to characterize the chromosomal rearrangement of individual acute leukemia patients. We present data of the molecular characterization of 1590 MLL-rearranged biopsy samples obtained from acute leukemia patients. The precise localization of genomic breakpoints within the MLL gene and the involved translocation partner genes (TPGs) were determined and novel TPGs identified. All patients were classified according to their gender (852 females and 745 males), age at diagnosis (558 infant, 416 pediatric and 616 adult leukemia patients) and other clinical criteria. Combined data of our study and recently published data revealed a total of 121 different MLL rearrangements, of which 79 TPGs are now characterized at the molecular level. However, only seven rearrangements seem to be predominantly associated with illegitimate recombinations of the MLL gene (∼90%): AFF1/AF4, MLLT3/AF9, MLLT1/ENL, MLLT10/AF10, ELL, partial tandem duplications (MLL PTDs) and MLLT4/AF6, respectively. The MLL breakpoint distributions for all clinical relevant subtypes (gender, disease type, age at diagnosis, reciprocal, complex and therapy-induced translocations) are presented. Finally, we present the extending network of reciprocal MLL fusions deriving from complex rearrangements. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

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